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Fourth Substitute S.B. 72
5 AN ACT RELATING TO THE CRIMINAL CODE; REVISING CATEGORIES OF
6 RESTRICTED PERSONS; ALLOWING THE BUREAU OF CRIMINAL IDENTIFICATION TO
7 ACCESS JUVENILE COURT RECORDS FOR THE PURPOSE OF BACKGROUND CHECKS
8 FOR FIREARM PURCHASES; PROVIDING FOR CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION;
9 AND MAKING TECHNICAL CHANGES.
10 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
12 53-10-208, as last amended by Chapter 187 and renumbered and amended by Chapter 263,
13 Laws of Utah 1998
14 62A-12-247, as last amended by Chapter 161, Laws of Utah 1989
15 76-10-501, as last amended by Chapters 5, 97 and 366, Laws of Utah 1999
16 76-10-504, as last amended by Chapter 289, Laws of Utah 1997
17 76-10-509.6, as enacted by Chapter 10, Laws of Utah 1993, Second Special Session
18 76-10-512, as last amended by Chapter 12, Laws of Utah 1994
19 76-10-526, as last amended by Chapter 227, Laws of Utah 1999
20 78-3a-206, as last amended by Chapter 377, Laws of Utah 1999
22 53-10-208.1, Utah Code Annotated 1953
23 REPEALS AND REENACTS:
24 76-10-503, as last amended by Chapter 97, Laws of Utah 1999
25 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
26 Section 1. Section 53-10-208 is amended to read:
27 53-10-208. Definition -- Offenses included on statewide warrant system --
28 Transportation fee to be included -- Statewide warrant system responsibility -- Quality
29 control -- Training -- Technical support -- Transaction costs.
30 (1) "Statewide warrant system" means the portion of the state court computer system that
31 is accessible by modem from the state mainframe computer and contains:
32 (a) records of criminal warrant information; and
33 (b) after notice and hearing, records of protective orders issued pursuant to:
34 (i) Title 30, Chapter 6, Cohabitant Abuse Act; or
35 (ii) Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
48 issued for felony offenses and class A, B, and C misdemeanor offenses in the state.
49 (ii) For each offense the division shall indicate whether the magistrate ordered under
50 Section 77-7-5 and Rule 6, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure, that the accused appear in court.
51 (b) Infractions shall not be included on the statewide warrant system, including any
52 subsequent failure to appear warrants issued on an infraction.
54 (a) ensure quality control of all warrants of arrest or commitment and protective orders
55 contained in the statewide warrant system by conducting regular validation checks with every clerk
56 of a court responsible for entering the information on the system;
57 (b) upon the expiration of the protective orders and in the manner prescribed by the
58 division, purge information regarding protective orders described in Subsection [
59 53-10-208.1 (4) within 30 days of the time after expiration;
60 (c) establish system procedures and provide training to all criminal justice agencies having
61 access to information contained on the state warrant system;
62 (d) provide technical support, program development, and systems maintenance for the
63 operation of the system; and
64 (e) pay data processing and transaction costs for state, county, and city law enforcement
65 agencies and criminal justice agencies having access to information contained on the state warrant
68 appropriation shall be paid on a pro rata basis by all agencies using the system during the fiscal
70 (b) This Subsection (4) supersedes any conflicting provision in Subsection [
71 Section 2. Section 53-10-208.1 is enacted to read:
72 53-10-208.1. Magistrates and court clerks to supply information.
73 Every magistrate or clerk of a court responsible for court records in this state shall, within
74 30 days of the disposition and on forms and in the manner provided by the division, furnish the
75 division with information pertaining to:
76 (1) all dispositions of criminal matters, including:
77 (a) guilty pleas;
78 (b) convictions;
79 (c) dismissals;
80 (d) acquittals;
81 (e) pleas held in abeyance;
82 (f) judgments of not guilty by reason of insanity for a felony offense;
83 (g) findings of mental incompetence to stand trial for a felony offense; or
84 (h) probations granted;
85 (2) orders of civil commitment under the terms of Section 62A-12-234 ;
86 (3) the issuance, recall, cancellation, or modification of all warrants of arrest or
87 commitment as described in Rule 6, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure and Section 78-32-4 , within
88 one day of the action and in a manner provided by the division; and
89 (4) protective orders issued after notice and hearing, pursuant to:
90 (a) Title 30, Chapter 6, Cohabitant Abuse Act; or
91 (b) Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
92 Section 3. Section 62A-12-247 is amended to read:
93 62A-12-247. Confidentiality of information and records -- Exceptions -- Penalty.
94 (1) All certificates, applications, records, and reports made for the purpose of this part,
95 including those made on judicial proceedings for involuntary commitment, that directly or
96 indirectly identify a patient or former patient or an individual whose commitment has been sought
97 under this part, shall be kept confidential and may not be disclosed by any person except insofar
99 (a) the individual identified or his legal guardian, if any, or, if a minor, his parent or legal
100 guardian shall consent;
101 (b) disclosure may be necessary to carry out [
102 (i) this part; or
103 (ii) Section 53-10-208.1 ; or
104 (c) a court may direct, upon its determination that disclosure is necessary for the conduct
105 of proceedings before it, and that failure to make the disclosure would be contrary to the public
107 (2) A person who [
108 information not authorized by this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
109 Section 4. Section 76-10-501 is amended to read:
110 76-10-501. Definitions.
111 As used in this part:
112 (1) (a) "Concealed dangerous weapon" means a dangerous weapon that is covered, hidden,
113 or secreted in a manner that the public would not be aware of its presence and is readily accessible
114 for immediate use.
115 (b) A dangerous weapon shall not be considered a concealed dangerous weapon if it is a
116 firearm which is unloaded and is securely encased.
123 conducted by a licensed firearms dealer on every purchaser of a handgun through the division or
124 the local law enforcement agency where the firearms dealer conducts business.
126 use is capable of causing death or serious bodily injury. The following factors shall be used in
127 determining whether a knife, or any other item, object, or thing not commonly known as a
128 dangerous weapon is a dangerous weapon:
129 (i) the character of the instrument, object, or thing;
130 (ii) the character of the wound produced, if any;
131 (iii) the manner in which the instrument, object, or thing was used; and
132 (iv) the other lawful purposes for which the instrument, object, or thing may be used.
133 (b) "Dangerous weapon" does not include any explosive, chemical, or incendiary device
134 as defined by Section 76-10-306 .
136 procedure, 18 U.S.C. 923 and engaged in the business of selling, leasing, or otherwise transferring
137 a handgun, whether the person is a retail or wholesale dealer, pawnbroker, or otherwise.
139 of the Department of Public Safety, created in Section 53-10-103 .
142 sawed-off rifle, or any device that could be used as a dangerous weapon from which is expelled
143 a projectile by action of an explosive.
145 completed by a person purchasing, selling, or transferring a handgun from a dealer in the state.
147 can be readily restored to fire, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading by a
148 single function of the trigger.
150 or unloaded, from which any shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged, the length of which,
151 not including any revolving, detachable, or magazine breech, does not exceed 12 inches.
153 building set apart primarily for the purpose of worship in which religious services are held and the
154 main body of which is kept for that use and not put to any other use inconsistent with its primary
158 weapon is carried on the person or within such close proximity and in such a manner that it can
159 be retrieved and used as readily as if carried on the person.
161 primary or secondary residence.
163 barrels of fewer than 18 inches in length, or in the case of a rifle, having a barrel or barrels of fewer
164 than 16 inches in length, or any dangerous weapon made from a rifle or shotgun by alteration,
165 modification, or otherwise, if the weapon as modified has an overall length of fewer than 26
168 held in a gun rack, or in a closed case or container, whether or not locked, or in a trunk or other
169 storage area of a motor vehicle, not including a glove box or console box.
171 institution, officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library,
172 unit, bureau, panel, or other administrative unit of the state.
173 (18) "Violent felony" means the same as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 .
174 Section 5. Section 76-10-503 is repealed and reenacted to read:
175 76-10-503. Restrictions on possession, purchase, transfer, and ownership of
176 dangerous weapons by certain persons.
177 (1) For purposes of this section:
178 (a) A Category I restricted person is a person who:
179 (i) has been convicted of any violent felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 ;
180 (ii) is on probation or parole for any felony;
181 (iii) is on parole from a secure facility as defined in Section 62A-7-101 ; or
182 (iv) within the last ten years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if
183 committed by an adult would have been a violent felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 .
184 (b) A Category II restricted person is a person who:
185 (i) has been convicted of or is under indictment for any felony;
186 (ii) within the last seven years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if
187 committed by an adult would have been a felony;
188 (iii) is an unlawful user of a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
189 (iv) is in possession of a dangerous weapon and is knowingly and intentionally in unlawful
190 possession of a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
191 (v) has been found not guilty by reason of insanity for a felony offense;
192 (vi) has been found mentally incompetent to stand trial for a felony offense;
193 (vii) has been civilly committed under the terms of Section 62A-12-234 ;
194 (viii) has been adjudicated as mentally defective;
195 (ix) is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States;
196 (x) has been dishonorably discharged from the armed forces; or
197 (xi) has renounced his citizenship after having been a citizen of the United States.
198 (2) A Category I restricted person who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under
199 his custody or control:
200 (a) any firearm is guilty of a second degree felony; or
201 (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a third degree felony.
202 (3) A Category II restricted person who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under
203 his custody or control:
204 (a) any firearm is guilty of a third degree felony; or
205 (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
206 (4) A person may be subject to the restrictions of both categories at the same time.
207 (5) If a higher penalty than is prescribed in this section is provided in another section for
208 one who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under this custody or control any dangerous
209 weapon, the penalties of that section control.
210 Section 6. Section 76-10-504 is amended to read:
211 76-10-504. Carrying concealed dangerous weapon -- Penalties.
212 (1) Except as provided in Section 76-10-503 and in Subsections (2) and (3):
213 (a) a person who carries a concealed dangerous weapon, as defined in Section 76-10-501 ,
214 which is not a firearm on his person or one that is readily accessible for immediate use which is
215 not securely encased, as defined in this part, in a place other than his residence, property, or
216 business under his control is guilty of a class B misdemeanor; and
217 (b) a person without a valid concealed firearm permit who carries a concealed dangerous
218 weapon which is a firearm and that contains no ammunition is guilty of a class B misdemeanor,
219 but if the firearm contains ammunition the person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
220 (2) A person who carries concealed a sawed-off shotgun or a sawed-off rifle is guilty of
221 a second degree felony.
222 (3) If the concealed firearm is used in the commission of a [
223 felony as defined in Section [
224 person is guilty of a second degree felony.
225 (4) Nothing in Subsection (1) shall prohibit a person engaged in the lawful taking of
226 protected or unprotected wildlife as defined in Title 23, [
227 from carrying a concealed weapon or a concealed firearm with a barrel length of four inches or
228 greater as long as the taking of wildlife does not occur:
229 (a) within the limits of a municipality in violation of that municipality's ordinances; or
230 (b) upon the highways of the state as defined in Section 41-6-1 .
231 Section 7. Section 76-10-509.6 is amended to read:
232 76-10-509.6. Parent or guardian providing firearm to violent minor.
233 (1) A parent or guardian may not intentionally or knowingly provide a firearm to, or permit
234 the possession of a firearm by, any minor who has been convicted of a [
235 felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 or any minor who has been adjudicated in juvenile court
236 for an offense which would constitute a [
238 (2) Any person who violates this section is guilty of:
239 (a) a class A misdemeanor upon the first offense; and
240 (b) a third degree felony for each subsequent offense.
241 Section 8. Section 76-10-512 is amended to read:
242 76-10-512. Target concessions, shooting ranges, competitions, and hunting excepted
243 from prohibitions.
244 The provisions of [
245 76-10-509.4 (1) regarding possession of handguns by minors shall not apply to any of the
247 (1) Patrons firing at lawfully operated target concessions at amusement parks, piers, and
248 similar locations provided that the firearms to be used are firmly chained or affixed to the counters.
249 (2) Any person in attendance at a hunter's safety course or a firearms safety course.
250 (3) Any person engaging in practice or any other lawful use of a firearm at an established
251 range or any other area where the discharge of a firearm is not prohibited by state or local law.
252 (4) Any person engaging in an organized competition involving the use of a firearm, or
253 participating in or practicing for such competition.
254 (5) Any minor under 18 years of age who is on real property with the permission of the
255 owner, licensee, or lessee of the property and who has the permission of a parent or legal guardian
256 or the owner, licensee, or lessee to possess a firearm not otherwise in violation of law.
257 (6) Any resident or nonresident hunters with a valid hunting license or other persons who
258 are lawfully engaged in hunting.
259 (7) Any person traveling to or from any activity described in Subsection (2), (3), (4), (5),
260 or (6) with an unloaded firearm in his possession.
261 Section 9. Section 76-10-526 is amended to read:
262 76-10-526. Criminal background check prior to purchase of a firearm -- Fee --
263 Exemption for concealed firearm permit holders.
264 (1) A criminal background check required by this section shall only apply to the purchase
265 of a handgun until federal law requires the background check to extend to other firearms.
266 (2) At the time that federal law extends the criminal background check requirement to
267 other firearms, the division shall make rules to extend the background checks required under this
268 section to the other firearms.
269 (3) For purposes of this section, "valid permit to carry a concealed firearm" does not
270 include a temporary permit issued pursuant to Section 53-5-705 .
271 (4) To establish personal identification and residence in this state for purposes of this part,
272 a dealer shall require any person receiving a firearm to present:
273 (a) one photo identification on a form issued by a governmental agency of the state; and
274 (b) one other documentation of residence which must show an address identical to that
275 shown on the photo identification form.
276 (5) A criminal history background check is required for the sale of a firearm by a licensed
277 firearm dealer in the state.
278 (6) Any person, except a dealer, purchasing a firearm from a dealer shall consent in writing
279 to a criminal background check, on a form provided by the division. The form shall also contain
280 the following information:
281 (a) the dealer identification number;
282 (b) the name and address of the person receiving the firearm;
283 (c) the date of birth, height, weight, eye color, and hair color of the person receiving the
284 firearm; and
285 (d) the Social Security number or any other identification number of the person receiving
286 the firearm.
287 (7) (a) The dealer shall send the form required by Subsection (6) to the division
288 immediately upon its completion.
289 (b) No dealer shall sell or transfer any firearm to any person until the dealer has provided
290 the division with the information in Subsection (6) and has received approval from the division
291 under Subsection [
292 (8) The dealer shall make a request for criminal history background information by
293 telephone or other electronic means to the division and shall receive approval or denial of the
294 inquiry by telephone or other electronic means.
295 (9) When the dealer calls for or requests a criminal history background check, the division
297 (a) review the criminal history files, including juvenile court records, to determine if the
298 person is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm by state or federal law;
299 (b) inform the dealer that:
300 (i) the [
301 (ii) the person is approved for purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm;
302 (c) provide the dealer with a unique transaction number for that inquiry; and
303 (d) provide a response to the requesting dealer during the call for a criminal background,
304 or by return call, or other electronic means, without delay, except in case of electronic failure or
305 other circumstances beyond the control of the division, the division shall advise the dealer of the
306 reason for [
307 (10) The division shall not maintain any records of the criminal history background check
308 longer than 20 days from the date of the dealer's request if the division determines that the person
309 receiving the gun is not prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or transferring the firearm under
310 state or federal law. However, the division shall maintain a log of requests containing the dealer's
311 federal firearms number, the transaction number, and the transaction date for a period of 12
313 (11) If the criminal history background check discloses information indicating that the
314 person attempting to purchase the firearm is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or
315 transferring a firearm, the division shall inform the law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction
316 where the person resides.
317 (12) If a person is denied the right to purchase a firearm under this section, the person may
318 review his criminal history information and may challenge or amend the information as provided
319 in Section 53-10-108 .
320 (13) The division shall make rules as provided in Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
321 Administrative Rulemaking Act, to ensure the identity, confidentiality, and security of all records
322 provided by the division pursuant to this part are in conformance with the requirements of the
323 Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993).
324 (14) (a) All dealers shall collect a criminal history background check fee which is $7.50.
325 This fee remains in effect until changed by the division through the process under Section
326 63-38-3.2 .
327 (b) The dealer shall forward at one time all fees collected for criminal history background
328 checks performed during the month to the division by the last day of the month following the sale
329 of a firearm. The division shall deposit the fees in the General Fund as dedicated credits to cover
330 the cost of administering and conducting the criminal history background check program.
331 (15) A person with a concealed firearm permit issued pursuant to Title 53, Chapter 5, Part
332 7, Concealed Weapon Act, shall be exempt from the background check and corresponding fee
333 required in this section for the purchase of a firearm if:
334 (a) the person presents his concealed firearm permit to the dealer prior to purchase of the
335 firearm; and
336 (b) the dealer verifies with the division that the person's concealed firearm permit is valid.
337 Section 10. Section 78-3a-206 is amended to read:
338 78-3a-206. Court records -- Inspection.
339 (1) The court and the probation department shall keep records as required by the board and
340 the presiding judge.
341 (2) Court records shall be open to inspection by:
342 (a) the parents or guardian, other parties in the case, the attorneys, and agencies to which
343 custody of a minor has been transferred;
344 (b) for information relating to adult offenders alleged to have committed a sexual offense,
345 a felony or class A misdemeanor drug offense, or an offense against the person under Title 76,
346 Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person, the State Office of Education for the purpose of evaluating
347 whether an individual should be permitted to obtain or retain a license as an educator or serve as
348 an employee or volunteer in a school, with the understanding that the office must provide the
349 individual with an opportunity to respond to any information gathered from its inspection of the
350 records before it makes a decision concerning licensure or employment; and
351 (c) the Division of Criminal Investigations and Technical Services, established in Section
352 53-10-103 , for the purpose of a criminal history background check for the purchase of a firearm
353 and establishing good character for issuance of a concealed firearm permit as provided in Section
354 53-5-704 .
355 (3) With the consent of the judge, court records may be inspected by the minor, by persons
356 having a legitimate interest in the proceedings, and by persons conducting pertinent research
358 (4) If a petition is filed charging a minor 14 years of age or older with an offense that
359 would be a felony if committed by an adult, the court shall make available to any person upon
360 request the petition, any adjudication or disposition orders, and the delinquency history summary
361 of the minor charged unless the records are closed by the court upon findings on the record for
362 good cause.
363 (5) Probation officers' records and reports of social and clinical studies are not open to
364 inspection, except by consent of the court, given under rules adopted by the board.
365 (6) (a) Any juvenile delinquency adjudication or disposition orders and the delinquency
366 history summary of any person charged as an adult with a felony offense shall be made available
367 to any person upon request.
368 (b) This provision does not apply to records that have been destroyed or expunged in
369 accordance with court rules.
370 (c) The court may charge a reasonable fee to cover the costs associated with retrieving a
371 requested record that has been archived.
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