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H.B. 164





Sponsor: Chad E. Bennion

             5      This act modifies the Motor Vehicle Code by requiring a court to order restitution for towing
             6      and impound expenses. This act prohibits the use of vehicle immobilization devices unless
             7      they are authorized by a municipal or county ordinance. This act requires a local authority
             8      to allow parking for the delivery of goods for a minimum period. This act provides that
             9      ordinances may allow tenant vehicles with expired plates to be towed under certain
             10      conditions. This act provides for exemptions and penalties.
             11      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             12      ENACTS:
             13          41-6-102.8, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             14          41-6-102.9, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             15          41-6-102.10, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             16          41-6-102.11, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             17      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             18          Section 1. Section 41-6-102.8 is enacted to read:
             19          41-6-102.8. Restitution for towing and impound expenses required -- Additional
             20      restitution.
             21          (1) If a person who removes or causes a vehicle to be removed or impounded under this
             22      article is convicted of a crime in connection with the removal or impoundment, the court shall
             23      order the defendant to pay restitution, on behalf of the registered owner of the vehicle, for towing,
             24      seizure, storage, and impoundment expenses.
             25          (2) The court may order additional restitution up to double the restitution under Subsection
             26      (1) to compensate for any other losses of the registered owner of the vehicle.
             27          Section 2. Section 41-6-102.9 is enacted to read:

             28          41-6-102.9. Definitions -- Vehicle immobilization device ordinance required prior to
             29      use -- Penalties.
             30          (1) As used in this section:
             31          (a) "Local jurisdiction" means a municipality for the corporate limits of the municipality
             32      and a county for the unincorporated limits of the county.
             33          (b) "Vehicle immobilization device" means a device or mechanism which, when attached
             34      to a vehicle, makes the vehicle inoperable.
             35          (2) A person may not use a vehicle immobilization device on a vehicle owned by another
             36      person unless the local jurisdiction where the vehicle is located has an ordinance regulating the:
             37          (a) conditions of use of the immobilization device;
             38          (b) fees that may be charged and conditions that must be met prior to release of a vehicle
             39      that has been immobilized; and
             40          (c) qualifications of a person who uses an immobilization device on a vehicle owned by
             41      another person.
             42          (3) A person who uses a vehicle immobilization device in violation of this section is guilty
             43      of a class C misdemeanor.
             44          Section 3. Section 41-6-102.10 is enacted to read:
             45          41-6-102.10. Parking for the delivery of goods -- Time period.
             46          A local authority shall allow a person engaged in the delivery of goods to park a vehicle
             47      used in the delivery for at least 12 minutes in designated parking, delivery, or loading areas and
             48      in street parking areas where a parking permit is required.
             49          Section 4. Section 41-6-102.11 is enacted to read:
             50          41-6-102.11. Ordinances allowing tenant contracts to tow vehicles with expired plates
             51      -- Notice -- Exemptions -- Penalties for violation.
             52          (1) A local authority may provide by ordinance that the owner of a condominium or
             53      apartment building may require that each motor vehicle parked on the property display a current
             54      license plate or registration if the requirement is included in the tenant or resident's contract.
             55          (2) If a provision under Subsection (1) is included in the tenant or resident's contract, the
             56      motor vehicle may be towed away or immobilized, at the motor vehicle owner's expense, by order
             57      of the property owner or his designee only if:
             58          (a) the motor vehicle license plate or registration has expired for more than three months;

             59      and
             60          (b) (i) at least two written notices of the intent to tow or immobilize the motor vehicle have
             61      been:
             62          (A) mailed to the last-known address of the registered owner of the motor vehicle; and
             63          (B) posted on the windshield of the motor vehicle.
             64          (ii) (A) The last notice is mailed and posted at least 15 days prior to the tow; and
             65          (B) other notice is mailed and posted at least 15 days prior to the last notice.
             66          (3) A property owner of a condominium or apartment building under this section shall
             67      provide an exemption from the tenant or resident's contract provision for towing for expired
             68      license plates or registration for a person who is serving as an active duty member in the U.S.
             69      military.
             70          (4) Any expenses for a tow or immobilization performed in violation of this section is the
             71      responsibility of the property owner of the condominium or apartment building.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-25-01 8:55 AM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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