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[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

Second Substitute H.B. 154

Representative Glenn L. Way proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
EXPANSION OF DNA DATABASE

             2     
2002 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Sponsor: Glenn L. Way

             5      This act amends the Public Safety Code regarding the collection of DNA specimens and the
             6      functions of the Bureau of Forensic Services regarding collection of these specimens. The
             7      act expands the number of offenses for which a DNA specimen may be collected for the state
             8      criminal identification data base and includes saliva as an acceptable DNA specimen, in
             9      addition to blood. The act also requires DNA specimens be obtained from juveniles
             10      determined to be serious youth offenders, upon conviction in district court of specified
             11      offenses. The act provides that collection of the offender's payment of a fee for collection of
             12      the specimen is second in priority to victim restitution. The act creates the DNA Specimen
             13      Restricted Account and specifies funding sources and uses of the account. The effective date
             14      of this act is July 1, 2002.
             15      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             16      AMENDS:
             17          17-22-2, as last amended by Chapter 133, Laws of Utah 2000
             18          17-22-2.5, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 46, Laws of Utah 2001
             19          53-10-403, as last amended by Chapter 302, Laws of Utah 1999
             20          53-10-404, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
             21          53-10-405, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
             22          53-10-406, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
             23          62A-7-104, as last amended by Chapter 363, Laws of Utah 1999
             24          64-13-21, as last amended by Chapter 282, Laws of Utah 1998
             25          64-13-23, as last amended by Chapter 217, Laws of Utah 1992


             26          64-13-30, as last amended by Chapter 119, Laws of Utah 1998
             27          77-38a-404, as enacted by Chapter 137, Laws of Utah 2001
             28          78-3a-118, as last amended by Chapters 255 and 293, Laws of Utah 2001
             29      ENACTS:
             30          53-10-403.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31          53-10-406.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             33          Section 1. Section 17-22-2 is amended to read:
             34           17-22-2. Sheriff -- General duties.
             35          (1) The sheriff shall:
             36          (a) preserve the peace;
             37          (b) make all lawful arrests;
             38          (c) attend in person or by deputy the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals when
             39      required or when the court is held within his county, all courts of record, and court commissioner
             40      and referee sessions held within his county, obey their lawful orders and directions, and comply
             41      with the court security rule, Rule 3-414, of the Utah Code of Judicial Administration;
             42          (d) upon request of the juvenile court, aid the court in maintaining order during hearings
             43      and transport a minor to and from youth corrections facilities, other institutions, or other
             44      designated places;
             45          (e) attend county justice courts if the judge finds that the matter before the court requires
             46      the sheriff's attendance for security, transportation, and escort of jail prisoners in his custody, or
             47      for the custody of jurors;
             48          (f) command the aid of as many inhabitants of his county as he considers necessary in the
             49      execution of these duties;
             50          (g) take charge of and keep the county jail and the jail prisoners;
             51          (h) receive and safely keep all persons committed to his custody, file and preserve the
             52      commitments of those persons, and record the name, age, place of birth, and description of each
             53      person committed;
             54          (i) release on the record all attachments of real property when the attachment he receives
             55      has been released or discharged;
             56          (j) endorse on all process and notices the year, month, day, hour, and minute of reception,


             57      and, upon payment of fees, issue a certificate to the person delivering process or notice showing
             58      the names of the parties, title of paper, and the time of receipt;
             59          (k) serve all process and notices as prescribed by law;
             60          (l) if he makes service of process or notice, certify on the process or notices the manner,
             61      time, and place of service, or, if he fails to make service, certify the reason upon the process or
             62      notice, and return them without delay;
             63          (m) extinguish fires occurring in the undergrowth, trees, or wooded areas on the public
             64      land within his county;
             65          (n) perform as required by any contracts between the county and private contractors for
             66      management, maintenance, operation, and construction of county jails entered into under the
             67      authority of Section 17-53-311 ;
             68          (o) manage search and rescue services in his county; [and]
             69          (p) obtain saliva DNA specimens as required under Section 53-10-404 ; and
             70          [(p)] (q) perform any other duties that are required by law.
             71          (2) Violation of Subsection (1)(j) is a class C misdemeanor. Violation of any other
             72      subsection under Subsection (1) is a class A misdemeanor.
             73          Section 2. Section 17-22-2.5 is amended to read:
             74           17-22-2.5. Fees of sheriff.
             75          (1) The sheriff shall receive the following fees:
             76          (a) for serving a notice, rule, order, subpoena, garnishment, summons, or summons and
             77      complaint, or garnishee execution, or other process by which an action or proceeding is
             78      commenced, on each defendant, including copies when furnished by plaintiff, $6;
             79          (b) for taking or approving a bond or undertaking in any case in which he is authorized to
             80      take or approve a bond or undertaking, including justification, $2;
             81          (c) for a copy of any writ, process or other paper when demanded or required by law, for
             82      each folio, 50 cents;
             83          (d) for serving an attachment on property, or levying an execution, or executing an order
             84      of arrest or an order for the delivery of personal property, including copies when furnished by
             85      plaintiff, $25;
             86          (e) for taking and keeping possession of and preserving property under attachment or
             87      execution or other process, the amount the court orders to a maximum of $5 per day;


             88          (f) for advertising property for sale on execution, or any judgment, or order of sale,
             89      exclusive of the cost of publication, $5;
             90          (g) for drawing and executing a sheriff's deed or a certificate of redemption, exclusive of
             91      acknowledgment, $5, to be paid by the grantee;
             92          (h) for recording each deed, conveyance, or other instrument affecting real estate,
             93      exclusive of the cost of recording, $2, to be paid by the grantee;
             94          (i) for serving a writ of possession or restitution, and putting any person entitled to
             95      possession into possession of premises, and removing occupant, $25;
             96          (j) for holding each trial of right of property, to include all services in the matter, except
             97      mileage, $15;
             98          (k) for conducting, postponing, or canceling a sale of property, $5;
             99          (l) for taking a prisoner in civil cases from prison before a court or magistrate, for each
             100      mile necessarily traveled, in going only, $1;
             101          (m) for taking a prisoner from the place of arrest to prison, in civil cases, or before a court
             102      or magistrate, for each mile necessarily traveled, in going only, $1;
             103          (n) for receiving and paying over money on execution or other process, as follows:
             104          (i) if the amount collected does not exceed $1,000, 2% of this amount, with a minimum
             105      of $1; and
             106          (ii) if the amount collected exceeds $1,000, 2% on the first $1,000 and 1-1/2% on the
             107      balance; and
             108          (o) for executing in duplicate a certificate of sale, exclusive of filing it, $5.
             109          (2) The fees allowed by Subsection (1)(f) for the levy of execution and for advertising shall
             110      be collected from the judgment debtor as part of the execution in the same manner as the sum
             111      directed to be made.
             112          (3) When serving an attachment on property, an order of arrest, or an order for the delivery
             113      of personal property, the sheriff may only collect traveling fees for the distance actually traveled
             114      beyond the distance required to serve the summons if the attachment or those orders:
             115          (a) accompany the summons in the action; and
             116          (b) may be executed at the time of the service of the summons.
             117          (4) (a) (i) When traveling generally to serve notices, orders, process, or other papers, the
             118      sheriff may receive $1 for each mile necessarily traveled, in going only, computed from the


             119      courthouse for each person served.
             120          (ii) When transmitting notices, orders, process, or other papers by mail, the sheriff may
             121      receive $1 for each mile necessarily traveled, in going only, computed from the post office where
             122      received for each person served.
             123          (b) The sheriff may only charge one mileage fee if any two or more papers are required to
             124      be served in the same action or proceeding at the same time and at the same address.
             125          (c) If it is necessary to make more than one trip to serve any notice, order, process, or other
             126      paper, the sheriff may not collect more than two additional mileage charges.
             127          (5) (a) For delivering an insane person to the Utah State Hospital, when the cost of
             128      delivery is payable by private individuals, the sheriff may collect $1 per mile for the distance from
             129      the county seat of his county to the Utah State Hospital.
             130          (b) If the sheriff requires assistance to deliver the person to the Utah State Hospital, the
             131      sheriff may also charge the actual and necessary cost of that assistance.
             132          (6) For obtaining a saliva DNA specimen under Section 53-10-404 , the sheriff shall collect
             133      the fee of $75 in accordance with Section 53-10-404 .
             134          Section 3. Section 53-10-403 is amended to read:
             135           53-10-403. DNA specimen analysis -- Application to offenders, including minors.
             136          (1) Sections 53-10-404 , 53-10-405 , and 53-10-406 apply to any person who has pled guilty
             137      to or has been convicted of any of the [following] offenses[:] under Subsection (2) or is a minor
             138      under Subsection (3).
             139          [(1) unlawful sexual activity with minor, sexual abuse of a minor, unlawful sexual conduct
             140      with a 16 or 17 year old, rape, rape of a child, object rape, object rape of a child, forcible sodomy,
             141      sodomy of a child, forcible sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a
             142      child, aggravated sexual assault, sexual abuse without consent of the victim, incest, sexual
             143      exploitation of a minor; or]
             144          [(2) murder or aggravated murder.]
             145          (2) Offenses referred to in Subsection (1) are:
             146          (a) any felony under Title 76, Utah Criminal Code, and any violation of Section
             147      76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
             148          (b) an attempt to commit a burglary, or any class A burglary offense; or
             149          (c) any offense under Subsection (2)(a) or (b):


             150          (i) for which the court enters a judgment for conviction to a lower degree of offense under
             151      Section 76-3-402 ; or
             152          (ii) regarding which the court allows the defendant to enter a plea in abeyance as defined
             153      in Section 77-2a-1 .
             154          (3) A minor under Subsection (1) is a minor 14 years of age or older, whom the court has
             155      adjudicated to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court due to the commission of any offense
             156      described in Subsection (2).
             157          Section 4. Section 53-10-403.5 is enacted to read:
             158          53-10-403.5. Definitions.
             159          As used in Sections 53-10-404 , 53-10-405 , and 53-10-406 :
             160          (1) "DNA" means deoxyribonucleic acid.
             161          (2) "DNA specimen" or "specimen" means a sample of a person's saliva or blood.
             162          Section 5. Section 53-10-404 is amended to read:
             163           53-10-404. DNA specimen analysis -- Requirement to obtain the specimen.
             164          (1) As used in this section, "person" refers to any person described under Section
             165      53-10-403 .
             166          [(1)] (2) A person [convicted of an offense listed in] under Section 53-10-403 or any
             167      person added to the sex offender register as defined in Section 77-27-21.5 shall provide a [blood
             168      sample at the request of the appropriate agency designated in Subsection (4)] DNA specimen.
             169          [(2)] (3) (a) The court shall include in the judgment of conviction an order stating that a
             170      [blood sample] DNA specimen shall be [drawn at the request of the appropriate agency] obtained
             171      and, unless the [convicted] person lacks the ability to pay, he shall reimburse the [appropriate]
             172      responsible agency $75 for the cost of [drawing and transmitting the blood sample] obtaining the
             173      DNA specimen.
             174          (b) All fees collected under Subsection (3)(a) shall be deposited in the DNA Specimen
             175      Restricted Account created in Section 53-10-406.5 , except that sheriffs collecting the fee shall
             176      deposit $60 of the fee in the DNA Specimen Restricted Account and retain the balance of $15 for
             177      the costs of obtaining the saliva DNA specimen.
             178          (c) Obtaining a saliva DNA specimen complies with the court order under Subsection
             179      (3)(a), or Subsection 17-22-2 (1)(p), 62A-7-104 (18), or 78-3a-118 (4) unless the court specifies in
             180      the order that the DNA specimen is to be blood.


             181          [(b)] (d) If the judgment places the [convicted] person on probation, the court shall order
             182      him to submit to the [drawing of a blood sample] obtaining of a DNA specimen as a condition of
             183      the probation.
             184          (e) Under this section a person is required to provide one DNA specimen. The person
             185      shall provide an additional DNA specimen only if the DNA specimen previously provided is not
             186      adequate for analysis.
             187          [(3)] (4) (a) The [appropriate] responsible agency shall cause a [blood sample] DNA
             188      specimen to be [drawn] obtained as soon as possible after conviction, plea, or finding of
             189      jurisdiction by the juvenile court, and transmitted to the Department of Public Safety.
             190          (b) If notified by the Department of Public Safety that a [sample] DNA specimen is not
             191      adequate for analysis, the agency shall [draw] obtain and transmit an additional [sample] DNA
             192      specimen.
             193          [(4)]     (5) (a) The Department of Corrections is the [appropriate] responsible agency
             194      whenever the [convicted] person is committed to the custody of or is under the supervision of the
             195      Department of Corrections. [In all other cases, the appropriate agency is the law enforcement
             196      agency attending upon the court.]
             197          (b) The juvenile court is the responsible agency regarding a minor under Subsection
             198      53-10-403 (3), but if the minor has been committed to the legal custody of the Division of Youth
             199      Corrections, that division is the responsible agency if a DNA specimen of the minor has not
             200      previously been obtained by the juvenile court under Section 78-3a-118 .
             201          (c) (i) The sheriff operating a county jail is the responsible agency regarding the collection
             202      of DNA specimens from persons incarcerated in the county jail:
             203          (A) as a condition of probation for a felony offense; or
             204          (B) for a class A burglary offense.
             205          (ii) The sheriff shall designate employees to obtain the saliva DNA specimens required
             206      under Section 53-10-403 . The sheriff shall ensure that employees designated to collect the DNA
             207      specimens receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with
             208      accepted protocol.
             209          (6) (a) As used in this Subsection (6), "department" means the Department of Corrections.
             210          (b) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the department is:
             211          (i) first, to obtain DNA specimens of persons who as of July 1, 2002, are in the custody


             212      of or under the supervision of the department before these persons are released from incarceration,
             213      parole, or probation, if their release date is prior to that of persons under Subsections (6)(b)(ii), but
             214      in no case later than July 1, 2004; and
             215          (ii) second, the department shall obtain DNA specimens from persons who are committed
             216      to the custody of the department or who are placed under the supervision of the department after
             217      July 1, 2002, within 120 days after the commitment, if possible, but not later than prior to release
             218      from incarceration if the person is imprisoned, or prior to the termination of probation if the person
             219      is placed on probation.
             220          (c) The priority for obtaining DNA specimens from persons under Subsection (6)(b)(ii)
             221      is:
             222          (i) persons on probation;
             223          (ii) persons on parole; and
             224          (iii) incarcerated persons.
             225          (d) Implementation of the schedule of priority under Subsection (6)(c) is subject to the
             226      priority of Subsection (6)(b)(i), to ensure that the Department of Corrections obtains DNA
             227      specimens from persons in the custody of or under the supervision of the Department of
             228      Corrections as of July 1, 2002, prior to their release.
             229          (7) (a) As used in this Subsection (7), "court" means the juvenile court and "division"
             230      means the Division of Youth Corrections.
             231          (b) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the court from minors under Section
             232      53-10-403 who are under the jurisdiction of the court but who are not in the legal custody of the
             233      division shall be:
             234          (i) first, to obtain specimens from minors who as of July 1, 2002, are within the court's
             235      jurisdiction, prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction over these minors; and
             236          (ii) second, to obtain specimens from minors who are found to be within the court's
             237      jurisdiction after July 1, 2002, within 120 days of the minor's being found to be within the court's
             238      jurisdiction, if possible, but not later than prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction over the
             239      minor.
             240          (c) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the division from minors under Section
             241      53-10-403 who are committed to the legal custody of the division shall be:
             242          (i) first, to obtain specimens from minors who as of July 1, 2002, are within the division's


             243      legal custody and who have not previously provided a DNA specimen under this section, prior to
             244      termination of the division's legal custody of these minors; and
             245          (ii) second, to obtain specimens from minors who are placed in the legal custody of the
             246      division after July 1, 2002, within 120 days of the minor's being placed in the custody of the
             247      division, jurisdiction, if possible, but not later than prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction
             248      over the minor.
             249          (8) (a) The Department of Corrections, the juvenile court, and the Division of Youth
             250      Corrections shall by rule establish procedures for obtaining saliva DNA specimens, and shall
             251      provide training for employees designated to collect saliva DNA specimens.
             252          (b) The department may designate correctional officers, including those employed by the
             253      adult probation and parole section of the Department of Corrections, to obtain the saliva DNA
             254      specimens required under this section. The department shall ensure that the designated employees
             255      receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted
             256      protocol.
             257          (c) Blood DNA specimens shall be obtained in accordance with Section 53-10-405 .
             258          Section 6. Section 53-10-405 is amended to read:
             259           53-10-405. DNA specimen analysis -- Saliva sample to be obtained by agency -- Blood
             260      sample to be drawn by professional.
             261          (1) (a) A blood sample shall be drawn in a medically acceptable manner by a licensed
             262      professional nurse, a licensed practical nurse, a paramedic, a qualified medical technician, a
             263      licensed physician, or other person licensed by the state [of Utah] for this purpose.
             264          [(2)] (b) A person authorized by this section to draw a blood sample [shall] may not be
             265      held civilly liable for drawing a sample in a medically acceptable manner.
             266          (2) (a) A saliva sample shall be obtained by the responsible agency, as provided under
             267      Subsection 53-10-404 (5).
             268          (b) The sample shall be obtained in a professionally acceptable manner, using appropriate
             269      procedures to ensure the sample is adequate for DNA analysis.
             270          (3) [No] A test result or opinion based upon a test result [shall] regarding a DNA specimen
             271      may not be rendered inadmissible as evidence solely because of deviations from procedures
             272      adopted by the department that do not affect the reliability of the opinion or test result.
             273          (4) [No sample] A DNA specimen is not required to be [drawn] obtained if:


             274          (a) the department notifies the court or the [appropriate] responsible agency that it has
             275      previously received an adequate [blood sample drawn] DNA specimen obtained from the
             276      convicted person in accordance with this section; or
             277          (b) the court determines that [drawing a sample] obtaining a DNA specimen would create
             278      a substantial and unreasonable risk to the health of the convicted person.
             279          Section 7. Section 53-10-406 is amended to read:
             280           53-10-406. DNA specimen analysis -- Bureau responsibilities.
             281          (1) The bureau shall:
             282          (a) store all [blood samples] DNA specimens received and [autoradiographs and] other
             283      physical evidence obtained from analysis of those [samples] specimens;
             284          (b) analyze the [samples] specimens to establish the genetic profile of the donor or to
             285      otherwise determine the identity of persons or contract with other qualified public or private
             286      laboratories to conduct the analysis;
             287          (c) maintain a criminal identification data base containing information derived from
             288      [blood] DNA analysis;
             289          (d) utilize the [samples] specimens to create statistical population frequency data bases,
             290      provided that genetic profiles or other information in a population frequency data base may not be
             291      identified with specific individuals; [and]
             292          (e) ensure that the DNA identification system does not provide information allowing
             293      prediction of genetic disease or predisposition to illness; and
             294          [(e)] (f) make rules in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative
             295      Rulemaking Act, establishing procedures for [drawing] obtaining, transmitting, and analyzing
             296      [blood samples] DNA specimens and for storing and destroying [blood samples, autoradiographs]
             297      DNA specimens and other physical evidence and criminal identification information obtained from
             298      [such] the analysis.
             299          (2) Procedures for [blood] DNA analysis may include all techniques which the Department
             300      of Public Safety determines are accurate and reliable in establishing identity, including but not
             301      limited to, analysis of DNA [(deoxyribonucleic acid)], antigen antibodies, polymorphic enzymes,
             302      or polymorphic proteins.
             303          (3) (a) In accordance with Subsection 63-2-302 (1), all [samples] DNA specimens received
             304      shall be classified as private [and the].


             305          (b) The Department of Public Safety may not transfer or disclose any [sample,
             306      autoradiograph] DNA specimen, physical evidence, or criminal identification information
             307      obtained, stored, or maintained under this section, except under its provisions.
             308          (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection 63-2-202 (1), the department may deny
             309      inspection if it determines that there is a reasonable likelihood that [such] the inspection would
             310      prejudice a pending criminal investigation.
             311          (5) The department shall adopt procedures governing the inspection of records, [samples,
             312      and autoradiographs] DNA specimens, and challenges to the accuracy of records. The procedures
             313      shall accommodate the need to preserve the materials from contamination and destruction.
             314          (6) (a) Whenever a court reverses the conviction, judgment, or order that created an
             315      obligation to provide a [blood sample] DNA specimen, the person who provided the [sample]
             316      specimen, may request destruction of the [sample] specimen and any criminal identification record
             317      created in connection with that [sample] specimen.
             318          (b) Upon receipt of a written request for destruction pursuant to this section and a certified
             319      copy of the court order reversing the conviction, judgment, or order, the Department of Public
             320      Safety shall destroy any [sample] specimen received from the person, any physical evidence
             321      obtained from that [sample] specimen, and any criminal identification records pertaining to the
             322      person, unless the department determines that the person has otherwise become obligated to submit
             323      a [blood sample] DNA specimen as a result of a separate conviction or juvenile adjudication for
             324      an offense listed in Section 53-10-403 .
             325          (7) The department is not required to destroy [an autoradiograph or other] any item of
             326      physical evidence obtained from a [blood sample] DNA specimen if evidence relating to another
             327      person subject to the provisions of Sections 53-10-404 and 53-10-405 would [thereby] as a result
             328      be destroyed.
             329          (8) A [sample, autoradiograph] DNA specimen, physical evidence, or criminal
             330      identification record may not be affected by an order to set aside a conviction, except under the
             331      provisions of this section.
             332          (9) If funding is not available for analysis of any of the DNA specimens collected under
             333      this part, the bureau shall store the collected specimens until funding is made available for analysis
             334      through state or federal funds.
             335          Section 8. Section 53-10-406.5 is enacted to read:


             336          53-10-406.5. DNA Specimen Restricted Account.
             337          (1) There is created the DNA Specimen Restricted Account, which is referred to in this
             338      section as "the account."
             339          (2) The sources of monies for the account are:
             340          (a) DNA collection fees paid under Section 53-10-404 ;
             341          (b) any appropriations made to the account by the Legislature; and
             342          (c) all federal monies provided to the state for the purpose of funding the collection or
             343      analysis of DNA specimens collected under Section 53-10-403 .
             344          (3) The account shall earn interest, and this interest shall be deposited in the account.
             345          (4) The Legislature may appropriate monies from the account solely for the following
             346      purposes:
             347          (a) to the Department of Corrections for the costs of collecting DNA specimens as required
             348      under Section 53-10-403 ;
             349          (b) to the juvenile court for the costs of collecting DNA specimens as required under
             350      Sections 53-10-403 and 78-3a-118 ;
             351          (c) to the Division of Youth Corrections for the costs of collecting DNA specimens as
             352      required under Sections 53-10-403 and 62A-7-104 ; and
             353          (d) to the Department of Public Safety for the costs of storing and analyzing DNA
             354      specimens in accordance with the requirements of this part.
             355          (5) Appropriations from the account to the Department of Corrections, the juvenile court,
             356      the Division of Youth Corrections, and to the Department of Public Safety are nonlapsing.
             357          Section 9. Section 62A-7-104 is amended to read:
             358           62A-7-104. Division responsibilities.
             359          (1) The division is responsible for all youth offenders committed to it by juvenile courts
             360      for secure confinement or supervision and treatment in the community.
             361          (2) The division shall establish and maintain all detention and secure facilities and set
             362      minimum standards for those facilities.
             363          (3) (a) The division shall, in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative
             364      Rulemaking Act, promulgate written statewide rules as guidelines for admission to secure
             365      detention and home detention.
             366          (b) The division shall implement those rules as guidelines and provide training regarding


             367      the implementation of those guidelines to law enforcement agencies, division employees, juvenile
             368      court employees, and to other affected agencies and individuals upon their request.
             369          (4) The division shall establish and administer a continuum of community, secure, and
             370      nonsecure programs for all youth offenders committed to the division.
             371          (5) The division shall establish and administer Juvenile Receiving Centers, Juvenile
             372      Assessment Programs, and other programs to provide temporary custody, care, risk-needs
             373      assessments, evaluations, and control for nonadjudicated youth placed with the division.
             374          (6) The division shall place youth offenders committed to it in the most appropriate
             375      program for supervision and treatment.
             376          (7) The division shall establish and maintain all secure residential facilities.
             377          (8) In any order committing a youth offender to the division, the juvenile court shall
             378      specify whether the youth offender is being committed for secure confinement or placement in a
             379      community-based program. The division shall place the youth offender in the most appropriate
             380      program within the category specified by the court.
             381          (9) The division shall employ staff necessary to:
             382          (a) supervise and control youth offenders in secure facilities or in the community;
             383          (b) supervise and coordinate treatment of youth offenders committed to the division for
             384      placement in community-based programs; and
             385          (c) control and supervise nonadjudicated youth placed with the division for temporary
             386      services in receiving centers and other programs established by the division.
             387          (10) The division shall establish observation and assessment programs necessary to serve
             388      youth offenders committed by the juvenile court for short-term observation under Subsection
             389      78-3a-118 (2)(e). Whenever possible, those programs shall be conducted in settings separate and
             390      distinct from secure facilities for youth offenders.
             391          (11) Youth in the custody or temporary custody of the division are controlled or detained
             392      in a manner consistent with public safety and rules promulgated by the division. In the event of
             393      an unauthorized leave from a secure facility, detention center, community-based program,
             394      receiving center, home, or any other designated placement, division employees have the authority
             395      and duty to locate and apprehend the youth, or to initiate action with local law enforcement
             396      agencies for assistance.
             397          (12) The director of the division shall appoint regional directors within the various juvenile


             398      court districts. Regional directors shall administer community-based programs, secure facilities,
             399      other division programs, and shall have experience in corrections, behavioral sciences, law,
             400      criminology, or related fields, and in administration.
             401          (13) The division shall establish and operate compensatory-service work programs
             402      designed to place youth offenders in public or private service work projects for the purpose of
             403      rehabilitation, education, and restitution to victims.
             404          (14) The division may establish and operate compensatory-service work programs for
             405      youth offenders committed to the division by the juvenile court. The compensatory-service work
             406      program shall:
             407          (a) provide labor to help in the operation, repair, and maintenance of public facilities,
             408      parks, highways, and other programs designated by the division;
             409          (b) provide educational and prevocational programs in cooperation with the State Board
             410      of Education for youth offenders placed in the program; and
             411          (c) provide counseling to youth offenders.
             412          (15) The division shall establish minimum standards for the operation of all private
             413      residential and nonresidential rehabilitation facilities which provide services to juveniles who have
             414      committed a delinquent act, in this state or in any other state.
             415          (16) In accordance with policies established by the board, the division shall provide regular
             416      training for staff of secure facilities, detention staff, case management staff, and staff of the
             417      community-based programs.
             418          (17) The division is authorized to employ special function officers, as defined in Section
             419      53-13-105 , to locate and apprehend absconders from division custody, transport minors taken into
             420      custody pursuant to division policy, investigate cases, and carry out other duties as assigned by the
             421      division. Special function officers may be employed through contract with the Department of
             422      Public Safety, any P.O.S.T. certified law enforcement agency, or directly hired by the division.
             423          (18) The division shall designate employees to obtain the saliva DNA specimens required
             424      under Section 53-10-403 . The division shall ensure that the designated employees receive
             425      appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted protocol.
             426          Section 10. Section 64-13-21 is amended to read:
             427           64-13-21. Supervision of sentenced offenders placed in community -- Rulemaking
             428      -- POST certified parole or probation officers and peace officers -- Duties -- DNA collection


             429      fee -- Supervision fee.
             430          (1) (a) The department, except as otherwise provided by law, shall supervise sentenced
             431      offenders placed in the community on probation by the courts, on parole by the Board of Pardons
             432      and Parole, or upon acceptance for supervision under the terms of the Interstate Compact for the
             433      Supervision of Parolees and Probationers.
             434          (b) Standards for the supervision of offenders shall be established by the department in
             435      accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, giving priority,
             436      based on available resources, to felony offenders.
             437          (2) Employees of the department who are POST certified as law enforcement officers or
             438      correctional officers and who are designated as parole and probation officers by the executive
             439      director have the following duties:
             440          (a) monitoring, investigating, and supervising a parolee's or probationer's compliance with
             441      the conditions of the parole or probation agreement;
             442          (b) investigating or apprehending any offender who has escaped from the custody of the
             443      department or absconded from supervision;
             444          (c) providing investigative services for the courts, the department, or the Board of Pardons
             445      and Parole; [or]
             446          (d) supervising any offender during transportation; or
             447          (e) collecting DNA specimens when the specimens are required under Section 53-10-404 .
             448          (3) (a) A monthly supervision fee of $30 shall be collected from each offender on
             449      probation or parole. The fee may be suspended or waived by the department upon a showing by
             450      the offender that imposition would create a substantial hardship or if the offender owes restitution
             451      to a victim.
             452          (b) (i) The department shall make rules in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             453      Administrative Rulemaking Act, specifying the criteria for suspension or waiver of the supervision
             454      fee and the circumstances under which an offender may request a hearing.
             455          (ii) In determining whether the imposition of the supervision fee would constitute a
             456      substantial hardship, the department shall consider the financial resources of the offender and the
             457      burden that the fee would impose, with regard to the offender's other obligations.
             458          Section 11. Section 64-13-23 is amended to read:
             459           64-13-23. Offender's income and finances.


             460          The department may require each offender, while in the custody of the department or while
             461      on probation or parole, to place funds received or earned by him from any source into an account
             462      administered by the department or into a joint account with the department at a federally insured
             463      financial institution.
             464          (1) The department may require each offender to maintain a minimum balance in either
             465      or both accounts for the particular offender's use upon discharge from the custody of the
             466      department or upon completion of parole or probation.
             467          (2) If the funds are placed in a joint account at a federally insured financial institution:
             468          (a) any interest accrues to the benefit of the offender account; and
             469          (b) the department may require that the signatures of both the offender and a departmental
             470      representative be submitted to the financial institution to withdraw funds from the account.
             471          (3) If the funds are placed in an account administered by the department, the department
             472      may by rule designate a certain portion of the offender's funds as interest-bearing savings, and
             473      another portion as noninterest-bearing to be used for day-to-day expenses.
             474          (4) The department may withhold part of the offender's funds in either account for
             475      expenses of:
             476          (a) incarceration, supervision, or treatment; [for]
             477          (b) court-ordered restitution, reparation, fines, alimony, support payments, or similar
             478      court-ordered payments; [for]
             479          (c) obtaining the offender's DNA specimen, if the offender is required under Section
             480      53-10-404 to provide a specimen;
             481          (d) department-ordered restitution; and [for]
             482          (e) any other debt to the state.
             483          (5) (a) Offenders [shall] may not be granted free process in civil actions, including
             484      petitions for a writ of habeas corpus, if, at any time from the date the cause of action arose through
             485      the date the cause of action remains pending, there are any funds in either account which have not
             486      been withheld or are not subject to withholding under Subsection (3) or (4).
             487          (b) The amount assessed for the filing fee, service of process and other fees and costs shall
             488      not exceed the total amount of funds the offender has in excess of the indigence threshold
             489      established by the department but not less than $25 including the withholdings under Subsection
             490      (3) or (4) during the identified period of time.


             491          (c) The amounts assessed shall not exceed the regular fees and costs provided by law.
             492          (6) The department may disclose information on offender accounts to the Office of
             493      Recovery Services and other appropriate state agencies.
             494          Section 12. Section 64-13-30 is amended to read:
             495           64-13-30. Expenses incurred by offenders -- Payment to department or county jail.
             496          (1) (a) The department shall establish and collect from offenders on work release programs
             497      reasonable costs of maintenance, transportation, and incidental expenses incurred by the
             498      department on behalf of the offenders.
             499          (b) Priority shall be given to restitution and family support obligations.
             500          (c) The offender's reimbursement to the department for the cost of obtaining the offender's
             501      DNA specimen, under Section 53-10-404 is the next priority after Subsection (1)(b).
             502          (2) The department, under its rules, may advance funds to any offender as necessary to
             503      establish the offender in a work release program.
             504          (3) The department or county jail may require an inmate to make a reasonable copayment
             505      for medical services provided by the department or county jail. An inmate may not be denied
             506      medical treatment if he is unable to pay the copayment because of inadequate financial resources.
             507          Section 13. Section 77-38a-404 is amended to read:
             508           77-38a-404. Priority.
             509          (1) If restitution to more than one person, agency, or entity is set at the same time, the
             510      department shall establish the following priorities of payment, except as provided in Subsection
             511      (2):
             512          (a) the crime victim;
             513          (b) the Office of Crime Victim Reparations;
             514          (c) any other government agency which has provided reimbursement to the victim as a
             515      result of the offender's criminal conduct; and
             516          (d) any insurance company which has provided reimbursement to the victim as a result of
             517      the offender's criminal conduct.
             518          (2) If the offender is required under Section 53-10-404 to reimburse the department for the
             519      cost of obtaining the offender's DNA specimen, this reimbursement is the next priority after
             520      restitution to the crime victim under h [ Subsections ] SUBSECTION h (1)(a) h [ and (b) ] h .
             521          [(2)] (3) All money collected for court-ordered obligations from offenders by the


             522      department will be applied:
             523          (a) first, to victim restitution[, absent], except the $30 per month required to be collected
             524      by the department under Section 64-13-21 , if applicable; and
             525          (b) second, if applicable, to the cost of obtaining a DNA specimen under Subsection (2).
             526          Section 14. Section 78-3a-118 is amended to read:
             527           78-3a-118. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases --
             528      Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.
             529          (1) (a) When a minor is found to come within the provisions of Section 78-3a-104 , the
             530      court shall so adjudicate. The court shall make a finding of the facts upon which it bases its
             531      jurisdiction over the minor. However, in cases within the provisions of Subsection 78-3a-104 (1),
             532      findings of fact are not necessary.
             533          (b) If the court adjudicates a minor for a crime of violence or an offense in violation of
             534      Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, it shall order that notice of the adjudication be provided to
             535      the school superintendent of the district in which the minor resides or attends school. Notice shall
             536      be made to the district superintendent within three days of the adjudication and shall include the
             537      specific offenses for which the minor was adjudicated.
             538          (2) Upon adjudication the court may make the following dispositions by court order:
             539          (a) (i) The court may place the minor on probation or under protective supervision in the
             540      minor's own home and upon conditions determined by the court, including compensatory service
             541      as provided in Section 78-11-20.7 .
             542          (ii) The court may place the minor in state supervision with the probation department of
             543      the court, under the legal custody of:
             544          (A) his parent or guardian;
             545          (B) the Division of Youth Corrections; or
             546          (C) the Division of Child and Family Services.
             547          (iii) If the court orders probation or state supervision, the court shall direct that notice of
             548      its order be provided to designated persons in the local law enforcement agency and the school or
             549      transferee school, if applicable, which the minor attends. The designated persons may receive the
             550      information for purposes of the minor's supervision and student safety.
             551          (iv) Any employee of the local law enforcement agency and the school which the minor
             552      attends who discloses the court's order of probation is not:


             553          (A) civilly liable except when the disclosure constitutes fraud or malice as provided in
             554      Section 63-30-4 ; and
             555          (B) civilly or criminally liable except when the disclosure constitutes a knowing violation
             556      of Section 63-2-801 .
             557          (b) The court may place the minor in the legal custody of a relative or other suitable
             558      person, with or without probation or protective supervision, but the juvenile court may not assume
             559      the function of developing foster home services.
             560          (c) (i) The court may:
             561          (A) vest legal custody of the minor in the Division of Child and Family Services, Division
             562      of Youth Corrections, or the Division of Mental Health; and
             563          (B) order the Department of Human Services to provide dispositional recommendations
             564      and services.
             565          (ii) For minors who may qualify for services from two or more divisions within the
             566      Department of Human Services, the court may vest legal custody with the department.
             567          (iii) (A) Minors who are committed to the custody of the Division of Child and Family
             568      Services on grounds other than abuse or neglect are subject to the provisions of Title 78, Chapter
             569      3a, Part 3A, Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect, and Title 62A, Chapter
             570      4a, Part 2A, Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect.
             571          (B) Prior to the court entering an order to place a minor in the custody of the Division of
             572      Child and Family Services on grounds other than abuse or neglect, the court shall provide the
             573      division with notice of the hearing no later than five days before the time specified for the hearing
             574      so the division may attend the hearing.
             575          (C) Prior to committing a minor to the custody of the Division of Child and Family
             576      Services, the court shall make a finding as to what reasonable efforts have been attempted to
             577      prevent the minor's removal from his home.
             578          (d) (i) The court may commit the minor to the Division of Youth Corrections for secure
             579      confinement.
             580          (ii) A minor under the jurisdiction of the court solely on the ground of abuse, neglect, or
             581      dependency under Subsection 78-3a-104 (1)(c) may not be committed to the Division of Youth
             582      Corrections.
             583          (e) The court may commit the minor, subject to the court retaining continuing jurisdiction


             584      over him, to the temporary custody of the Division of Youth Corrections for observation and
             585      evaluation for a period not to exceed 45 days, which period may be extended up to 15 days at the
             586      request of the director of the Division of Youth Corrections.
             587          (f) (i) The court may commit the minor to a place of detention or an alternative to
             588      detention for a period not to exceed 30 days subject to the court retaining continuing jurisdiction
             589      over the minor. This commitment may be stayed or suspended upon conditions ordered by the
             590      court.
             591          (ii) Subsection (2)(f) applies only to those minors adjudicated for:
             592          (A) an act which if committed by an adult would be a criminal offense; or
             593          (B) contempt of court under Section 78-3a-901 .
             594          (g) The court may vest legal custody of an abused, neglected, or dependent minor in the
             595      Division of Child and Family Services or any other appropriate person in accordance with the
             596      requirements and procedures of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
             597      Proceedings.
             598          (h) The court may place the minor on a ranch or forestry camp, or similar facility for care
             599      and also for work, if possible, if the person, agency, or association operating the facility has been
             600      approved or has otherwise complied with all applicable state and local laws. A minor placed in
             601      a forestry camp or similar facility may be required to work on fire prevention, forestation and
             602      reforestation, recreational works, forest roads, and on other works on or off the grounds of the
             603      facility and may be paid wages, subject to the approval of and under conditions set by the court.
             604          (i) The court may:
             605          (i) order the minor to repair, replace, or otherwise make restitution for damage or loss
             606      caused by the minor's wrongful act, including costs of treatment as stated in Section 78-3a-318 ;
             607      and
             608          (ii) impose fines in limited amounts.
             609          (j) The court may issue orders necessary for the collection of restitution and fines ordered
             610      by the court, including garnishments, wage withholdings, and executions.
             611          (k) (i) The court may through its probation department encourage the development of
             612      employment or work programs to enable minors to fulfill their obligations under Subsection (2)(i)
             613      and for other purposes considered desirable by the court.
             614          (ii) Consistent with the order of the court, the probation officer may permit the minor


             615      found to be within the jurisdiction of the court to participate in a program of work restitution or
             616      compensatory service in lieu of paying part or all of the fine imposed by the court.
             617          (l) (i) In violations of traffic laws within the court's jurisdiction, the court may, in addition
             618      to any other disposition authorized by this section:
             619          (A) restrain the minor from driving for periods of time the court considers necessary; and
             620          (B) take possession of the minor's driver license.
             621          (ii) The court may enter any other disposition under Subsection (2)(l)(i); however, the
             622      suspension of driving privileges for an offense under Section 78-3a-506 are governed only by
             623      Section 78-3a-506 .
             624          (m) (i) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
             625      78-3a-104 because of violating Section 58-37-8 , Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia
             626      Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act, the court shall, in addition to
             627      any fines or fees otherwise imposed, order that the minor perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no
             628      more than 100 hours, of compensatory service. Satisfactory completion of an approved substance
             629      abuse prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as compensatory service
             630      hours.
             631          (ii) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
             632      78-3a-104 because of a violation of Section 32A-12-209 or Subsection 76-9-701 (1), the court may,
             633      upon the first adjudication, and shall, upon a second or subsequent adjudication, order that the
             634      minor perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no more than 100 hours of compensatory service, in
             635      addition to any fines or fees otherwise imposed. Satisfactory completion of an approved substance
             636      abuse prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as compensatory service
             637      hours.
             638          (n) The court may order that the minor be examined or treated by a physician, surgeon,
             639      psychiatrist, or psychologist or that he receive other special care. For these purposes the court may
             640      place the minor in a hospital or other suitable facility.
             641          (o) (i) The court may appoint a guardian for the minor if it appears necessary in the interest
             642      of the minor, and may appoint as guardian a public or private institution or agency in which legal
             643      custody of the minor is vested.
             644          (ii) In placing a minor under the guardianship or legal custody of an individual or of a
             645      private agency or institution, the court shall give primary consideration to the welfare of the minor.


             646      When practicable, the court may take into consideration the religious preferences of the minor and
             647      of the minor's parents.
             648          (p) (i) In support of a decree under Section 78-3a-104 , the court may order reasonable
             649      conditions to be complied with by the parents or guardian, the minor, the minor's custodian, or any
             650      other person who has been made a party to the proceedings. Conditions may include:
             651          (A) parent-time by the parents or one parent;
             652          (B) restrictions on the minor's associates;
             653          (C) restrictions on the minor's occupation and other activities; and
             654          (D) requirements to be observed by the parents or custodian.
             655          (ii) A minor whose parents or guardians successfully complete a family or other counseling
             656      program may be credited by the court for detention, confinement, or probation time.
             657          (q) The court may order the minor to be placed in the legal custody of the Division of
             658      Mental Health or committed to the physical custody of a local mental health authority, in
             659      accordance with the procedures and requirements of Title 62A, Chapter 12, Part 2A, Commitment
             660      of Persons Under Age 18 to Division of Mental Health.
             661          (r) (i) The court may make an order committing a minor within its jurisdiction to the Utah
             662      State Developmental Center if the minor has mental retardation in accordance with the provisions
             663      of Title 62A, Chapter 5, Part 3, Admission to Mental Retardation Facility.
             664          (ii) The court shall follow the procedure applicable in the district courts with respect to
             665      judicial commitments to the Utah State Developmental Center when ordering a commitment under
             666      Subsection (2)(r)(i).
             667          (s) The court may terminate all parental rights upon a finding of compliance with the
             668      provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act.
             669          (t) The court may make any other reasonable orders for the best interest of the minor or
             670      as required for the protection of the public, except that a person younger than 18 years of age may
             671      not be committed to jail or prison.
             672          (u) The court may combine the dispositions listed in this section if they are compatible.
             673          (v) Before depriving any parent of custody, the court shall give due consideration to the
             674      rights of parents concerning their minor. The court may transfer custody of a minor to another
             675      person, agency, or institution in accordance with the requirements and procedures of Title 78,
             676      Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.


             677          (w) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(y)(i), an order under this section for probation
             678      or placement of a minor with an individual or an agency shall include a date certain for a review
             679      of the case by the court. A new date shall be set upon each review.
             680          (x) In reviewing foster home placements, special attention shall be given to making
             681      adoptable minors available for adoption without delay.
             682          (y) (i) The juvenile court may enter an order of permanent custody and guardianship with
             683      a relative or individual of a minor where the court has previously acquired jurisdiction as a result
             684      of an adjudication of abuse, neglect, or dependency, excluding cases arising under Subsection
             685      78-3a-105 (4).
             686          (ii) Orders under Subsection (2)(y)(i):
             687          (A) shall remain in effect until the minor reaches majority;
             688          (B) are not subject to review under Section 78-3a-119 ; and
             689          (C) may be modified by petition or motion as provided in Section 78-3a-903 .
             690          (iii) Orders permanently terminating the rights of a parent, guardian, or custodian and
             691      permanent orders of custody and guardianship do not expire with a termination of jurisdiction of
             692      the juvenile court.
             693          (3) In addition to the dispositions described in Subsection (2), when a minor comes within
             694      the court's jurisdiction he may be given a choice by the court to serve in the National Guard in lieu
             695      of other sanctions, provided:
             696          (a) the minor meets the current entrance qualifications for service in the National Guard
             697      as determined by a recruiter, whose determination is final;
             698          (b) the minor is not under the jurisdiction of the court for any act that:
             699          (i) would be a felony if committed by an adult;
             700          (ii) is a violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act; or
             701          (iii) was committed with a weapon; and
             702          (c) the court retains jurisdiction over the minor under conditions set by the court and
             703      agreed upon by the recruiter or the unit commander to which the minor is eventually assigned.
             704          (4) (a) The court shall order that a DNA specimen shall be obtained from a minor who is
             705      under the jurisdiction of the court as described in Subsection 53-10-403 (3). The specimen shall
             706      be obtained by designated employees of the court or, if the minor is in the legal custody of the
             707      Division of Youth Corrections, then by designated employees of the division under Subsection


             708      53-10-404 (5)(b).
             709          (b) The court shall ensure that employees designated to collect the saliva DNA specimens
             710      receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted
             711      protocol.
             712          (c) The court shall order the minor to reimburse the agency obtaining the DNA specimen
             713      for $75 toward the costs of obtaining the specimen, unless the court finds the minor is unable to
             714      pay the reimbursement. Reimbursements shall be placed in the DNA Specimen Restricted
             715      Account created in Section 53-10-406.5 .
             716          (d) Payment of the reimbursement is second in priority to payments the minor is ordered
             717      to make for restitution under this section and treatment under Section 78-3a-318 .
             718          Section 15. Effective date.
             719          This act takes effect on July 1, 2002.


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