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H.B. 245

             1     

AMENDMENTS TO SEX OFFENDER REGISTRY

             2     
2002 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Sponsor: Afton B. Bradshaw

             5      This act modifies the sex offender registration requirements S [ to require registration for two
             6      additional sexual offenses and
] s
to add procedures to track a sex offender's enrollment or
             7      employment at an institution of higher education. S [ This act provides a coordination clause. ] s
             8      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             9      AMENDS:
             10          77-27-21.5, as last amended by Chapter 4, Laws of Utah 2001, First Special Session
             11      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             12          Section 1. Section 77-27-21.5 is amended to read:
             13           77-27-21.5. Sex offender registration -- Information system -- Law enforcement and
             14      courts to report -- Registration -- Penalty -- Effect of expungement.
             15          (1) As used in this section:
             16          (a) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
             17          (b) "Employed" or "carries on a vocation" includes employment that is full time or part
             18      time for a period of time exceeding 14 days or for an aggregate period of time exceeding 30 days
             19      during any calendar year, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of
             20      government or educational benefit."
             21          [(b)] (c) "Notification" means a person's acquisition of information from the department
             22      about a sex offender, including his place of habitation, physical description, and other information
             23      as provided in Subsections (11) and (12).
             24          [(c)] (d) "Register" means to comply with the rules of the department made under this
             25      section.
             26          [(d)] (e) "Sex offender" means any person:
             27          (i) convicted by this state of:


             28          (A) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor over
             29      the Internet;
             30          (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , kidnapping of a child;
             31          (C) a felony violation of Section 76-5-401 , unlawful sexual activity with a minor;
             32          (D) Section 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
             33          (E) Section 76-5-401.2 , unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old;
             34          (F) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             35          (G) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             36          (H) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             37          (I) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             38          (J) a felony violation of Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             39          (K) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             40          (L) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
             41          (M) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             42          (N) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             43           h [ (O) Section 76-5-413 , custodial sexual relations or misconduct with a youth receiving state
             44      services; ]
h
             45           h [[](O) []] [ (P) ] h Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor;
             46           h [[](P) []] [ (Q) ] h Section 76-7-102 , incest;
             47           h [[](Q) []] [ (R) ] h Section 76-9-702.5 , lewdness involving a child;
             48           h [ (S) a second degree felony violation of Section 76-10-1206 , dealing in material harmful
             49      to a minor; ] h

             50           h [[](R) []] [ (T) ] h Section 76-10-1306 , aggravated exploitation of prostitution; or
             51           h [[](S) []] [ (U) ] h attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
             52      Subsection (1)[(d)] (e)(i)[(A), (B), (C), (E) through (P), or (R)];
             53          (ii) convicted by any other state or the United States government of an offense which if
             54      committed in this state would be punishable as one or more of the offenses listed in Subsection
             55      (1)[(d)] (e)(i) and who is:
             56          (A) a Utah resident; or
             57          (B) not a Utah resident, but who is in the state for a period exceeding 14 consecutive days,
             58      or for an aggregate period exceeding 30 days, during any calendar year; or


             59          (iii) who is found not guilty by reason of insanity of one or more offenses listed in
             60      Subsection (1)[(d)] (e)(i).
             61          (2) The department, to assist in investigating sex-related crimes and in apprehending
             62      offenders, shall:
             63          (a) develop and operate a system to collect, analyze, maintain, and disseminate information
             64      on sex offenders and sex offenses; and
             65          (b) make information collected and developed under this section available to the public.
             66          (3) Any law enforcement agency shall, in the manner prescribed by the department, inform
             67      the department of:
             68          (a) the receipt of a report or complaint of an offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e), within
             69      three working days; and
             70          (b) the arrest of a person suspected of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e),
             71      within five working days.
             72          (4) Upon convicting a person of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e), the
             73      convicting court shall within three working days forward a copy of the judgment and sentence to
             74      the department.
             75          (5) A sex offender in the custody of the department shall be registered by agents of the
             76      department upon:
             77          (a) being placed on probation;
             78          (b) commitment to a secure correctional facility operated by or under contract to the
             79      department;
             80          (c) release from confinement to parole status, termination or expiration of sentence, or
             81      escape;
             82          (d) entrance to and release from any community-based residential program operated by or
             83      under contract to the department; or
             84          (e) termination of probation or parole.
             85          (6) A sex offender not in the custody of the department and who is confined in a
             86      correctional facility not operated by or under contract to the department shall be registered with
             87      the department by the sheriff of the county in which the offender is confined upon:
             88          (a) commitment to the correctional facility; and
             89          (b) release from confinement.


             90          (7) A sex offender committed to a state mental hospital shall be registered with the
             91      department by the hospital upon admission and upon discharge.
             92          (8) A sex offender convicted by any other state or by the United States government is
             93      required to register under Subsection (1)[(d)] (e)(ii) and shall register with the department within
             94      ten days after entering the state.
             95          (9) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (9)(b) and (c), a sex offender shall, for the
             96      duration of the sentence and for ten years after termination of sentence, register annually and again
             97      within ten days of every change of his place of habitation.
             98          (b) (i) A sex offender convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (9)(b)(ii) shall,
             99      for the offender's lifetime, register annually and again within ten days of every change of the
             100      offender's place of habitation. This registration requirement is not subject to exemptions and may
             101      not be terminated or altered during the offender's lifetime.
             102          (ii) Offenses referred to in Subsection (9)(b)(i) are:
             103          (A) any offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e) if the offender has previously been
             104      convicted of an offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e);
             105          (B) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             106          (C) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             107          (D) Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             108          (E) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child; and
             109          (F) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault.
             110          (c) Notwithstanding Subsections (9)(a) and (b), a sex offender who is confined in a secure
             111      facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to register annually.
             112          (10) An agency in the state that registers a sex offender on probation, a sex offender who
             113      has been released from confinement to parole status or termination, or a sex offender whose
             114      sentence has expired shall inform the offender of the duty to comply with the continuing
             115      registration requirements of this section during the period of registration required in Subsection
             116      (9), including:
             117          (a) notification to the state agencies in the states where the registrant presently resides and
             118      plans to reside when moving across state lines;
             119          (b) verification of address at least every 60 days pursuant to a parole agreement for lifetime
             120      parolees; and


             121          (c) notification to the out-of-state agency where the offender is living, whether or not the
             122      offender is a resident of that state.
             123          (11) A sex offender shall provide the department with the following information:
             124          (a) all names or aliases the sex offender is or has been known by;
             125          (b) the sex offender's name and residential address;
             126          (c) a physical description, including the sex offender's age, height, weight, eye and hair
             127      color;
             128          (d) the type of vehicle or vehicles the sex offender drives; [and]
             129          (e) a current photograph of the sex offender[.]; and
             130          (f) each institution of higher education in Utah at which the sex offender is employed,
             131      carries on a vocation, or is a student, and any change of enrollment or employment status of the
             132      sex offender at any institution of higher education.
             133          (12) The department shall:
             134          (a) provide the following additional information when available:
             135          [(a)] (i) the crimes the sex offender was convicted of; and
             136          [(b)] (ii) a description of the sex offender's primary and secondary targets[.]; and
             137          (b) ensure that the registration information collected regarding a sex offender's enrollment
             138      or employment at an institution of higher education is:
             139          (i) promptly made available to any law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction where the
             140      institution is located; and
             141          (ii) entered into the appropriate state records or data system.
             142          (13) (a) A sex offender who knowingly fails to register under this section is guilty of a
             143      class A misdemeanor and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for not fewer than 90
             144      days and also at least one year of probation.
             145          (b) Neither the court nor the Board of Pardons and Parole may release a person who
             146      violates this section from serving a term of at least 90 days and of completing probation of at least
             147      one year. This Subsection (13)(b) supersedes any other provision of the law contrary to this
             148      section.
             149          (14) Notwithstanding Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management
             150      Act, information in Subsections (11) and (12) collected and released under this section is public
             151      information.


             152          (15) (a) If a sex offender is to be temporarily sent outside a secure facility in which he is
             153      confined on any assignment, including, without limitation, firefighting or disaster control, the
             154      official who has custody of the offender shall, within a reasonable time prior to removal from the
             155      secure facility, notify the local law enforcement agencies where the assignment is to be filled.
             156          (b) This Subsection (15) does not apply to any person temporarily released under guard
             157      from the institution in which he is confined.
             158          (16) Notwithstanding Sections 77-18-9 through 77-18-14 regarding expungement, a person
             159      convicted of any offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e) is not relieved from the responsibility to
             160      register as required under this section.
             161          (17) Notwithstanding Section 42-1-1 , a sex offender:
             162          (a) may not change his name:
             163          (i) while under the jurisdiction of the department; and
             164          (ii) until the registration requirements of this statute have expired; or
             165          (b) may not change his name at any time, if registration is under Subsection (9)(b).
             166          (18) The department may make rules necessary to implement this section, including:
             167          (a) the method for dissemination of the information; and
             168          (b) instructions to the public regarding the use of the information.
             169          (19) Any information regarding the identity or location of a victim shall be redacted by the
             170      department from information provided under Subsections (11) and (12).
             171          (20) Nothing in this section shall be construed to create or impose any duty on any person
             172      to request or obtain information regarding any sex offender from the department.
             173          (21) If the department chooses to post registry information on the Internet, the website
             174      shall contain a disclaimer informing the public of the following:
             175          (a) the information contained on the site is obtained from sex offenders and the department
             176      does not guarantee its accuracy;
             177          (b) members of the public are not allowed to publicize the information or use it to harass
             178      or threaten sex offenders or members of their families; and
             179          (c) harassment, stalking, or threats against sex offenders or their families are prohibited
             180      and doing so may violate Utah criminal laws.
             181          (22) The department shall construct the website so that users, before accessing registry
             182      information, must indicate that they have read the disclaimer, understand it, and agree to comply


             183      with its terms.
             184          (23) The department, its personnel, and any individual or entity acting at the request or
             185      upon the direction of the department are immune from civil liability for damages for good faith
             186      compliance with this section and will be presumed to have acted in good faith by reporting
             187      information.
             188          (24) The department shall redact information that, if disclosed, could reasonably identify
             189      a victim.
             190           h [ Section 2. Coordination clause.
             191          If S.B.11, Prohibiting Intimacy With Youth Receiving State Services, does not pass, it is
             192      the intent of the Legislature that Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)(e)(i)(O) be removed from this bill and
             193      that the remaining subsections be renumbered accordingly.
] h





Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-28-01 3:31 PM


A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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