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H.B. 197 Enrolled
This act modifies the Motor Vehicle Code by amending safety provisions relating to
off-highway vehicles. The act increases the stipend paid to off-highway vehicle volunteer
This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
41-22-2, as last amended by Chapter 9, Laws of Utah 2001
41-22-10.7, as last amended by Chapter 73, Laws of Utah 1999
41-22-10.8, as last amended by Chapter 363, Laws of Utah 1997
41-22-12.1, as enacted by Chapter 162, Laws of Utah 1987
41-22-30, as last amended by Chapter 13, Laws of Utah 1998
41-22-33, as last amended by Chapter 363, Laws of Utah 1997
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
Section 1. Section 41-22-2 is amended to read:
As used in this chapter:
(1) "Advisory council" means the Off-highway Vehicle Advisory Council appointed by
the Board of Parks and Recreation.
(2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" means any motor vehicle [
having an unladen dry weight of 800 pounds or less, traveling on three or more low pressure tires,
having a seat designed to be straddled by the operator, and designed for or capable of travel over
(3) "All-terrain type II vehicle" means any other motor vehicle, not defined in Subsection
(2), (9), or (20), designed for or capable of travel over unimproved terrain. This term does not
include golf carts, any vehicle designed to carry a disabled person, any vehicle not specifically
designed for recreational use, or farm tractors as defined under Section 41-1a-102 .
(4) "Board" means the Board of Parks and Recreation.
(5) "Dealer" means a person engaged in the business of selling off-highway vehicles at
wholesale or retail.
(6) "Division" means the Division of Parks and Recreation.
(7) "Low pressure tire" means any pneumatic tire six inches or more in width designed for
use on wheels with rim diameter of 12 inches or less and utilizing an operating pressure of ten
pounds per square inch or less as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
(8) "Manufacturer" means a person engaged in the business of manufacturing off-highway
(9) "Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the operator and
designed to travel on not more than two tires.
(10) "Motor vehicle" means every vehicle which is self-propelled.
(11) "Off-highway vehicle" means any snowmobile, all-terrain type I vehicle, all-terrain type
II vehicle, or motorcycle.
(12) "Off-highway implement of husbandry" means every all-terrain type I vehicle,
motorcycle, or snowmobile which is used by the owner or his agent for agricultural operations.
(13) "Operate" means to control the movement of or otherwise use an off-highway vehicle.
(14) "Operator" means the person who is in actual physical control of an off-highway
(15) "Organized user group" means an off-highway vehicle organization incorporated as a
nonprofit corporation in the state under Title 16, Chapter 6a, Utah Revised Nonprofit Corporation
Act, for the purpose of promoting the interests of off-highway vehicle recreation.
(16) "Owner" means a person, other than a person with a security interest, having a property
interest or title to an off-highway vehicle and entitled to the use and possession of that vehicle.
(17) "Public land" means land owned or administered by any federal or state agency or any
political subdivision of the state.
(18) "Register" means the act of assigning a registration number to an off-highway vehicle.
(19) "Roadway" is used as defined in Section 41-6-1 .
(20) "Snowmobile" means any motor vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice and steered
and supported in whole or in part by skis, belts, cleats, runners, or low pressure tires.
(21) "Street or highway" means the entire width between boundary lines of every way or
place of whatever nature, when any part of it is open to the use of the public for vehicular travel.
Section 2. Section 41-22-10.7 is amended to read:
41-22-10.7. Vehicle equipment requirements -- Rulemaking -- Exceptions.
(1) Except as provided under Subsection (3), an off-highway vehicle shall be equipped with:
(a) brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold the vehicle under
normal operating conditions;
(b) headlights and taillights when operated between sunset and sunrise;
(c) a noise control device and except for a snowmobile, a spark arrestor device; and
(d) a safety flag, red or orange in color and a minimum of six by 12 inches, attached to the
off-highway vehicle at least eight feet above the surface of level ground, when operated on sand
dunes designated by the board.
(2) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the board
may make rules which set standards for the equipment [
dunes where safety flags are required under Subsection (1).
(3) An off-highway implement of husbandry used only in agricultural operations and not
operated on a highway, is exempt from the provisions of this section.
Section 3. Section 41-22-10.8 is amended to read:
41-22-10.8. Protective headgear requirements -- Owner duty -- Penalty for violation.
(1) A person under the age of 18 may not operate or ride on all-terrain type I vehicles,
snowmobiles, or motorcycles on public land unless the person is wearing a properly fitted[
fastened, United States Department of Transportation safety-rated protective headgear designed for
motorized vehicle use.
(2) The owner of an off-highway vehicle or any other person may not give permission to a
person who is under 18 years of age to operate or ride on an off-highway vehicle in violation of this
operated in the manner prescribed by Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) [
from the requirements of this section.
(4) Any person convicted of violations of this section is guilty of an infraction and shall be
fined not more than $50 per offense.
Section 4. Section 41-22-12.1 is amended to read:
41-22-12.1. Restrictions on use of snowmobile trails.
pounds or more on any snowmobile trail that the division has [
maintained as a snowmobile trail [
Section 5. Section 41-22-30 is amended to read:
41-22-30. Supervision, safety certificate, or driver license required -- Penalty.
(1) A person may not operate and an owner may not give that person permission to operate
an off-highway vehicle on any public land, trail, street, or highway of this state unless the person:
(a) is under the direct supervision of a certified off-highway vehicle safety instructor during
a scheduled safety training course;
(b) has in his possession the appropriate safety certificate issued by the division; or
(c) has in his immediate possession a valid motor vehicle operator's license, as provided in
Title 53, Chapter 3, Uniform Driver License Act.
(2) (a) Any person convicted of a violation of this section is guilty of an infraction and shall
be fined not more than $50 per offense.
(b) It is a defense to a charge under this section, if the person charged produces in court a
license or an appropriate safety certificate that was:
(i) valid at the time of the citation or arrest; and
(ii) issued to the person operating the off-highway vehicle [
(3) The requirements of this section:
(a) apply only to Utah residents[
(b) do not apply to an operator of an all-terrain type I vehicle with a properly displayed and
current off-highway implement of husbandry sticker.
Section 6. Section 41-22-33 is amended to read:
41-22-33. Fees for safety and education program -- Penalty -- Unlawful acts.
(1) A $2 fee shall be added to the registration fee required to register an off-highway vehicle
under Section 41-22-8 to help fund the off-highway vehicle safety and education program. The
division may also collect a fee not to exceed $10 from each person who receives the training and
takes the knowledge and skills test, or a fee not to exceed $5 from each person who takes the
knowledge and skills test for off-highway vehicle use.
(2) (a) To help defray instructors' costs, the division may reimburse volunteer certified
off-highway vehicle safety instructors up to [
takes the knowledge and skills test.
(b) On or before the 10th day of each calendar month, volunteer off-highway vehicle safety
instructors shall report to the division all fees collected and students trained and shall accompany the
report with all money received for off-highway vehicle training.
(c) If a volunteer off-highway vehicle safety instructor intentionally or negligently fails to
pay the amount due, the division may assess a penalty of 20% of the amount due. All delinquent
payments shall bear interest at the rate of 1% per month. If the amount due is not paid because of
bad faith or fraud, the division shall assess a penalty of 100% of the total due together with interest.
(d) All fees collected from students shall be kept separate and apart from private funds of
the instructor and shall at all times belong to the state. In case of an assignment for the benefit of
creditors, receivership, or bankruptcy, the state shall have a preferred claim against the instructor,
receiver, or trustee for all money owing the state for training and shall not be stopped from asserting
the claim by reason of commingling of funds or otherwise.
(i) willfully misdate an off-highway vehicle education safety certificate[
(ii) issue an [
(iii) issue a receipt in lieu of a certificate [
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