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H.B. 245 Enrolled

                 

AMENDMENTS TO SEX OFFENDER REGISTRY

                 
2002 GENERAL SESSION

                 
STATE OF UTAH

                 
Sponsor: Afton B. Bradshaw

                  This act modifies the sex offender registration requirements to add procedures to track a sex
                  offender's enrollment or employment at an institution of higher education.
                  This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
                  AMENDS:
                      77-27-21.5, as last amended by Chapter 4, Laws of Utah 2001, First Special Session
                  Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
                      Section 1. Section 77-27-21.5 is amended to read:
                       77-27-21.5. Sex offender registration -- Information system -- Law enforcement and
                  courts to report -- Registration -- Penalty -- Effect of expungement.
                      (1) As used in this section:
                      (a) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
                      (b) "Employed" or "carries on a vocation" includes employment that is full time or part
                  time for a period of time exceeding 14 days or for an aggregate period of time exceeding 30 days
                  during any calendar year, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of
                  government or educational benefit.
                      [(b)] (c) "Notification" means a person's acquisition of information from the department
                  about a sex offender, including his place of habitation, physical description, and other information
                  as provided in Subsections (11) and (12).
                      [(c)] (d) "Register" means to comply with the rules of the department made under this
                  section.
                      [(d)] (e) "Sex offender" means any person:
                      (i) convicted by this state of:
                      (A) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor over
                  the Internet;
                      (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , kidnapping of a child;


                      (C) a felony violation of Section 76-5-401 , unlawful sexual activity with a minor;
                      (D) Section 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
                      (E) Section 76-5-401.2 , unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old;
                      (F) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
                      (G) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
                      (H) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
                      (I) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
                      (J) a felony violation of Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
                      (K) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
                      (L) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
                      (M) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
                      (N) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
                      (O) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor;
                      (P) Section 76-7-102 , incest;
                      (Q) Section 76-9-702.5 , lewdness involving a child;
                      (R) Section 76-10-1306 , aggravated exploitation of prostitution; or
                      (S) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in Subsection
                  (1)[(d)] (e)(i)[(A), (B), (C), (E) through (P), or (R)];
                      (ii) convicted by any other state or the United States government of an offense which if
                  committed in this state would be punishable as one or more of the offenses listed in Subsection
                  (1)[(d)] (e)(i) and who is:
                      (A) a Utah resident; or
                      (B) not a Utah resident, but who is in the state for a period exceeding 14 consecutive days,
                  or for an aggregate period exceeding 30 days, during any calendar year; or
                      (iii) who is found not guilty by reason of insanity of one or more offenses listed in
                  Subsection (1)[(d)] (e)(i).
                      (2) The department, to assist in investigating sex-related crimes and in apprehending
                  offenders, shall:

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                      (a) develop and operate a system to collect, analyze, maintain, and disseminate information
                  on sex offenders and sex offenses; and
                      (b) make information collected and developed under this section available to the public.
                      (3) Any law enforcement agency shall, in the manner prescribed by the department, inform
                  the department of:
                      (a) the receipt of a report or complaint of an offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e), within
                  three working days; and
                      (b) the arrest of a person suspected of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e),
                  within five working days.
                      (4) Upon convicting a person of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e), the
                  convicting court shall within three working days forward a copy of the judgment and sentence to the
                  department.
                      (5) A sex offender in the custody of the department shall be registered by agents of the
                  department upon:
                      (a) being placed on probation;
                      (b) commitment to a secure correctional facility operated by or under contract to the
                  department;
                      (c) release from confinement to parole status, termination or expiration of sentence, or
                  escape;
                      (d) entrance to and release from any community-based residential program operated by or
                  under contract to the department; or
                      (e) termination of probation or parole.
                      (6) A sex offender not in the custody of the department and who is confined in a correctional
                  facility not operated by or under contract to the department shall be registered with the department
                  by the sheriff of the county in which the offender is confined upon:
                      (a) commitment to the correctional facility; and
                      (b) release from confinement.
                      (7) A sex offender committed to a state mental hospital shall be registered with the

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                  department by the hospital upon admission and upon discharge.
                      (8) A sex offender convicted by any other state or by the United States government is
                  required to register under Subsection (1)[(d)] (e)(ii) and shall register with the department within ten
                  days after entering the state.
                      (9) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (9)(b) and (c), a sex offender shall, for the duration
                  of the sentence and for ten years after termination of sentence, register annually and again within ten
                  days of every change of his place of habitation.
                      (b) (i) A sex offender convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (9)(b)(ii) shall,
                  for the offender's lifetime, register annually and again within ten days of every change of the
                  offender's place of habitation. This registration requirement is not subject to exemptions and may
                  not be terminated or altered during the offender's lifetime.
                      (ii) Offenses referred to in Subsection (9)(b)(i) are:
                      (A) any offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e) if the offender has previously been convicted
                  of an offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e);
                      (B) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
                      (C) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
                      (D) Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
                      (E) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child; and
                      (F) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault.
                      (c) Notwithstanding Subsections (9)(a) and (b), a sex offender who is confined in a secure
                  facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to register annually.
                      (10) An agency in the state that registers a sex offender on probation, a sex offender who has
                  been released from confinement to parole status or termination, or a sex offender whose sentence
                  has expired shall inform the offender of the duty to comply with the continuing registration
                  requirements of this section during the period of registration required in Subsection (9), including:
                      (a) notification to the state agencies in the states where the registrant presently resides and
                  plans to reside when moving across state lines;
                      (b) verification of address at least every 60 days pursuant to a parole agreement for lifetime

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                  parolees; and
                      (c) notification to the out-of-state agency where the offender is living, whether or not the
                  offender is a resident of that state.
                      (11) A sex offender shall provide the department with the following information:
                      (a) all names or aliases the sex offender is or has been known by;
                      (b) the sex offender's name and residential address;
                      (c) a physical description, including the sex offender's age, height, weight, eye and hair
                  color;
                      (d) the type of vehicle or vehicles the sex offender drives; [and]
                      (e) a current photograph of the sex offender[.]; and
                      (f) each institution of higher education in Utah at which the sex offender is employed, carries
                  on a vocation, or is a student, and any change of enrollment or employment status of the sex offender
                  at any institution of higher education.
                      (12) The department shall:
                      (a) provide the following additional information when available:
                      [(a)] (i) the crimes the sex offender was convicted of; and
                      [(b)] (ii) a description of the sex offender's primary and secondary targets[.]; and
                      (b) ensure that the registration information collected regarding a sex offender's enrollment
                  or employment at an institution of higher education is:
                      (i) promptly made available to any law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction where the
                  institution is located; and
                      (ii) entered into the appropriate state records or data system.
                      (13) (a) A sex offender who knowingly fails to register under this section is guilty of a class
                  A misdemeanor and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for not fewer than 90 days
                  and also at least one year of probation.
                      (b) Neither the court nor the Board of Pardons and Parole may release a person who violates
                  this section from serving a term of at least 90 days and of completing probation of at least one year.
                  This Subsection (13)(b) supersedes any other provision of the law contrary to this section.

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                      (14) Notwithstanding Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management
                  Act, information in Subsections (11) and (12) collected and released under this section is public
                  information.
                      (15) (a) If a sex offender is to be temporarily sent outside a secure facility in which he is
                  confined on any assignment, including, without limitation, firefighting or disaster control, the official
                  who has custody of the offender shall, within a reasonable time prior to removal from the secure
                  facility, notify the local law enforcement agencies where the assignment is to be filled.
                      (b) This Subsection (15) does not apply to any person temporarily released under guard from
                  the institution in which he is confined.
                      (16) Notwithstanding Sections 77-18-9 through 77-18-14 regarding expungement, a person
                  convicted of any offense listed in Subsection (1)[(d)] (e) is not relieved from the responsibility to
                  register as required under this section.
                      (17) Notwithstanding Section 42-1-1 , a sex offender:
                      (a) may not change his name:
                      (i) while under the jurisdiction of the department; and
                      (ii) until the registration requirements of this statute have expired; or
                      (b) may not change his name at any time, if registration is under Subsection (9)(b).
                      (18) The department may make rules necessary to implement this section, including:
                      (a) the method for dissemination of the information; and
                      (b) instructions to the public regarding the use of the information.
                      (19) Any information regarding the identity or location of a victim shall be redacted by the
                  department from information provided under Subsections (11) and (12).
                      (20) Nothing in this section shall be construed to create or impose any duty on any person
                  to request or obtain information regarding any sex offender from the department.
                      (21) If the department chooses to post registry information on the Internet, the website shall
                  contain a disclaimer informing the public of the following:
                      (a) the information contained on the site is obtained from sex offenders and the department
                  does not guarantee its accuracy;

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                      (b) members of the public are not allowed to publicize the information or use it to harass or
                  threaten sex offenders or members of their families; and
                      (c) harassment, stalking, or threats against sex offenders or their families are prohibited and
                  doing so may violate Utah criminal laws.
                      (22) The department shall construct the website so that users, before accessing registry
                  information, must indicate that they have read the disclaimer, understand it, and agree to comply
                  with its terms.
                      (23) The department, its personnel, and any individual or entity acting at the request or upon
                  the direction of the department are immune from civil liability for damages for good faith
                  compliance with this section and will be presumed to have acted in good faith by reporting
                  information.
                      (24) The department shall redact information that, if disclosed, could reasonably identify a
                  victim.

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