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Third Substitute H.B. 80

Senator David H. Steele proposes the following substitute bill:




Sponsor: Patrice M. Arent

             5      This act enacts provisions imposing requirements on persons who send unsolicited
             6      commercial email. The act provides for a cause of action in favor of those who receive an
             7      unsolicited commercial email that violates those requirements and provides a defense to an
             8      action.
             9      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             10      ENACTS:
             11          13-34-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             12          13-34-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             13          13-34-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             14          13-34-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             15      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             16          Section 1. Section 13-34-101 is enacted to read:

             18          13-34-101. Title.
             19          This chapter is known as the "Unsolicited Commercial Email Act."
             20          Section 2. Section 13-34-102 is enacted to read:
             21          13-34-102. Definitions.
             22          As used in this chapter:
             23          (1) "Commercial" means for the purpose of promoting the sale, lease, or exchange of
             24      goods, services, or real property.
             25          (2) "Computer network" means two or more computers that are interconnected to exchange

             26      electronic messages, files, data, or other information.
             27          (3) "Email" means an electronic message, file, data, or other information that is
             28      transmitted:
             29          (a) between two or more computers, computer networks, or electronic terminals; or
             30          (b) within a computer network.
             31          (4) "Email address" means a destination, commonly expressed as a string of characters,
             32      to which email may be sent or delivered.
             33          (5) "Email service provider" means a person that:
             34          (a) is an intermediary in the transmission of email from the sender to the recipient; or
             35          (b) provides to end users of email service the ability to send and receive email.
             36          (6) "Internet domain name" means a globally unique, hierarchal reference to an Internet
             37      host or service, assigned through centralized Internet authorities, comprising a series of character
             38      strings separated by periods, with the right-most string specifying the top of the hierarchy.
             39          (7) (a) "Unsolicited" means without the recipient's express permission, except as provided
             40      in Subsection (7)(b).
             41          (b) A commercial email is not "unsolicited" if the sender has a preexisting business or
             42      personal relationship with the recipient.
             43          Section 3. Section 13-34-103 is enacted to read:
             44          13-34-103. Unsolicited commercial email -- Requirements.
             45          (1) Each person who sends or causes to be sent an unsolicited commercial email through
             46      the intermediary of an email service provider located in the state or to an email address held by a
             47      resident of the state shall:
             48          (a) conspicuously state in the email the sender's:
             49          (i) legal name;
             50          (ii) correct street address; and
             51          (iii) valid Internet domain name;
             52          (b) include in the email a subject line that contains "ADV:" as the first four characters;
             53          (c) provide the recipient a convenient, no-cost mechanism to notify the sender not to send
             54      any future email to the recipient, including return email to a valid, functioning return electronic
             55      address; and
             56          (d) conspicuously provide in the text of the email a notice that informs the recipient that

             57      the recipient may conveniently and at no cost be excluded from future commercial email from the
             58      sender.
             59          (2) A person who sends or causes to be sent an unsolicited commercial email through the
             60      intermediary of an email service provider located in the state or to an email address held by a
             61      resident of the state may not:
             62          (a) use a third party's Internet domain name in identifying the point of origin or in stating
             63      the transmission path of the email without the third party's consent;
             64          (b) misrepresent any information in identifying the point of origin or the transmission path
             65      of the email; or
             66          (c) fail to include in the email the information necessary to identify the point of origin of
             67      the email.
             68          (3) If the recipient of an unsolicited commercial email notifies the sender that the recipient
             69      does not want to receive future commercial email from the sender, the sender may not send that
             70      recipient a commercial email, either directly or through a subsidiary or affiliate.
             71          Section 4. Section 13-34-104 is enacted to read:
             72          13-34-104. Civil action for violation -- Election on damages -- Costs and attorney fees
             73      -- Defense.
             74          (1) For any violation of a provision of Section 13-34-103 , an action may be brought by:
             75          (a) a person who received the unsolicited commercial email with respect to which the
             76      violation under Section 13-34-103 occurred; or
             77          (b) an email service provider through whose facilities the unsolicited commercial email
             78      was transmitted.
             79          (2) In each action under Subsection (1):
             80          (a) a recipient or email service provider may:
             81          (i) recover actual damages; or
             82          (ii) elect, in lieu of actual damages, to recover the lesser of:
             83          (A) $10 per unsolicited commercial email received by the recipient or transmitted through
             84      the email service provider; or
             85          (B) $25,000 per day that the violation occurs; and
             86          (b) each prevailing recipient or email service provider shall be awarded costs and
             87      reasonable attorney fees.

             88          (3) An email service provider does not violate Section 13-34-103 solely by being an
             89      intermediary between the sender and recipient in the transmission of an email that violates that
             90      section.
             91          (4) The violation of Section 13-34-103 by an employee does not subject the employee's
             92      employer to liability under that section if the employee's violation of Section 13-34-103 is also a
             93      violation of an established policy of the employer that requires compliance with the requirements
             94      of Section 13-34-103 .
             95          (5) It is a defense to an action brought under this section that the unsolicited commercial
             96      email was transmitted accidentally.

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