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H.B. 113





Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             5      This act modifies the Agriculture Code to allow the commissioner of agriculture to declare
             6      an insect infestation emergency on federal lands and direct emergency measures to alleviate
             7      the situation.
             8      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             9      AMENDS:
             10          4-35-4, as enacted by Chapter 133, Laws of Utah 1985
             11      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             12          Section 1. Section 4-35-4 is amended to read:
             13           4-35-4. Commissioner to declare emergency -- Powers of commissioner in emergency.
             14          (1) (a) The commissioner, with the consent of the governor, may declare that an insect
             15      infestation emergency situation exists which jeopardizes property and resources, and designate the
             16      area or areas affected.
             17          (b) The area referred to in Subsection (1)(a) may include federal lands.
             18          (2) The commissioner is authorized, subject to the requirements of Section 4-35-5 , to
             19      direct all emergency measures the commission considers necessary to alleviate the emergency
             20      condition. The commissioner shall:
             21          (a) utilize equipment, supplies, facilities, personnel, and other available resources;
             22          (b) enter into contracts for the acquisition, rental, or hire of equipment, services, materials,
             23      and supplies;
             24          (c) accept assistance, services, and facilities offered by federal and local governmental
             25      units or private agencies; and
             26          (d) accept on behalf of the state the provisions and benefits of acts of Congress designated
             27      to provide assistance.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-9-02 10:03 AM

This bill raises federal constitutional issues under the United States Supreme Court's interpretation
of the Property Clause, Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution. The
Property Clause provides that Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules
and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States. The
United States Supreme Court held in Kleppe v. New Mexico, 426 U.S. 529 (1976), that when
Congress acts under the Property Clause, federal law overrides inconsistent state law under the
Supremacy Clause, Article VI, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution. Occasionally,
exemptions from the preemption doctrine of the Supremacy Clause have been granted by courts,
if the state can convince the court that under its police power the statute was necessary to protect
the health and safety of the public.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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