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Second Substitute H.B. 154
5 This act amends the Public Safety Code regarding the collection of DNA specimens and the
6 functions of the Bureau of Forensic Services regarding collection of these specimens. The
7 act expands the number of offenses for which a DNA specimen may be collected for the state
8 criminal identification data base and includes saliva as an acceptable DNA specimen, in
9 addition to blood. The act also requires DNA specimens be obtained from juveniles
10 determined to be serious youth offenders, upon conviction in district court of specified
11 offenses. The act provides that collection of the offender's payment of a fee for collection of
12 the specimen is second in priority to victim restitution. The act creates the DNA Specimen
13 Restricted Account and specifies funding sources and uses of the account. The effective date
14 of this act is July 1, 2002.
15 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
17 17-22-2, as last amended by Chapter 133, Laws of Utah 2000
18 17-22-2.5, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 46, Laws of Utah 2001
19 53-10-403, as last amended by Chapter 302, Laws of Utah 1999
20 53-10-404, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
21 53-10-405, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
22 53-10-406, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
23 62A-7-104, as last amended by Chapter 363, Laws of Utah 1999
24 64-13-21, as last amended by Chapter 282, Laws of Utah 1998
25 64-13-23, as last amended by Chapter 217, Laws of Utah 1992
26 64-13-30, as last amended by Chapter 119, Laws of Utah 1998
27 77-38a-404, as enacted by Chapter 137, Laws of Utah 2001
28 78-3a-118, as last amended by Chapters 255 and 293, Laws of Utah 2001
30 53-10-403.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 53-10-406.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
33 Section 1. Section 17-22-2 is amended to read:
34 17-22-2. Sheriff -- General duties.
35 (1) The sheriff shall:
36 (a) preserve the peace;
37 (b) make all lawful arrests;
38 (c) attend in person or by deputy the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals when
39 required or when the court is held within his county, all courts of record, and court commissioner
40 and referee sessions held within his county, obey their lawful orders and directions, and comply
41 with the court security rule, Rule 3-414, of the Utah Code of Judicial Administration;
42 (d) upon request of the juvenile court, aid the court in maintaining order during hearings
43 and transport a minor to and from youth corrections facilities, other institutions, or other
44 designated places;
45 (e) attend county justice courts if the judge finds that the matter before the court requires
46 the sheriff's attendance for security, transportation, and escort of jail prisoners in his custody, or
47 for the custody of jurors;
48 (f) command the aid of as many inhabitants of his county as he considers necessary in the
49 execution of these duties;
50 (g) take charge of and keep the county jail and the jail prisoners;
51 (h) receive and safely keep all persons committed to his custody, file and preserve the
52 commitments of those persons, and record the name, age, place of birth, and description of each
53 person committed;
54 (i) release on the record all attachments of real property when the attachment he receives
55 has been released or discharged;
56 (j) endorse on all process and notices the year, month, day, hour, and minute of reception,
57 and, upon payment of fees, issue a certificate to the person delivering process or notice showing
58 the names of the parties, title of paper, and the time of receipt;
59 (k) serve all process and notices as prescribed by law;
60 (l) if he makes service of process or notice, certify on the process or notices the manner,
61 time, and place of service, or, if he fails to make service, certify the reason upon the process or
62 notice, and return them without delay;
63 (m) extinguish fires occurring in the undergrowth, trees, or wooded areas on the public
64 land within his county;
65 (n) perform as required by any contracts between the county and private contractors for
66 management, maintenance, operation, and construction of county jails entered into under the
67 authority of Section 17-53-311 ;
68 (o) manage search and rescue services in his county; [
69 (p) obtain saliva DNA specimens as required under Section 53-10-404 ; and
71 (2) Violation of Subsection (1)(j) is a class C misdemeanor. Violation of any other
72 subsection under Subsection (1) is a class A misdemeanor.
73 Section 2. Section 17-22-2.5 is amended to read:
74 17-22-2.5. Fees of sheriff.
75 (1) The sheriff shall receive the following fees:
76 (a) for serving a notice, rule, order, subpoena, garnishment, summons, or summons and
77 complaint, or garnishee execution, or other process by which an action or proceeding is
78 commenced, on each defendant, including copies when furnished by plaintiff, $6;
79 (b) for taking or approving a bond or undertaking in any case in which he is authorized to
80 take or approve a bond or undertaking, including justification, $2;
81 (c) for a copy of any writ, process or other paper when demanded or required by law, for
82 each folio, 50 cents;
83 (d) for serving an attachment on property, or levying an execution, or executing an order
84 of arrest or an order for the delivery of personal property, including copies when furnished by
85 plaintiff, $25;
86 (e) for taking and keeping possession of and preserving property under attachment or
87 execution or other process, the amount the court orders to a maximum of $5 per day;
88 (f) for advertising property for sale on execution, or any judgment, or order of sale,
89 exclusive of the cost of publication, $5;
90 (g) for drawing and executing a sheriff's deed or a certificate of redemption, exclusive of
91 acknowledgment, $5, to be paid by the grantee;
92 (h) for recording each deed, conveyance, or other instrument affecting real estate,
93 exclusive of the cost of recording, $2, to be paid by the grantee;
94 (i) for serving a writ of possession or restitution, and putting any person entitled to
95 possession into possession of premises, and removing occupant, $25;
96 (j) for holding each trial of right of property, to include all services in the matter, except
97 mileage, $15;
98 (k) for conducting, postponing, or canceling a sale of property, $5;
99 (l) for taking a prisoner in civil cases from prison before a court or magistrate, for each
100 mile necessarily traveled, in going only, $1;
101 (m) for taking a prisoner from the place of arrest to prison, in civil cases, or before a court
102 or magistrate, for each mile necessarily traveled, in going only, $1;
103 (n) for receiving and paying over money on execution or other process, as follows:
104 (i) if the amount collected does not exceed $1,000, 2% of this amount, with a minimum
105 of $1; and
106 (ii) if the amount collected exceeds $1,000, 2% on the first $1,000 and 1-1/2% on the
107 balance; and
108 (o) for executing in duplicate a certificate of sale, exclusive of filing it, $5.
109 (2) The fees allowed by Subsection (1)(f) for the levy of execution and for advertising shall
110 be collected from the judgment debtor as part of the execution in the same manner as the sum
111 directed to be made.
112 (3) When serving an attachment on property, an order of arrest, or an order for the delivery
113 of personal property, the sheriff may only collect traveling fees for the distance actually traveled
114 beyond the distance required to serve the summons if the attachment or those orders:
115 (a) accompany the summons in the action; and
116 (b) may be executed at the time of the service of the summons.
117 (4) (a) (i) When traveling generally to serve notices, orders, process, or other papers, the
118 sheriff may receive $1 for each mile necessarily traveled, in going only, computed from the
119 courthouse for each person served.
120 (ii) When transmitting notices, orders, process, or other papers by mail, the sheriff may
121 receive $1 for each mile necessarily traveled, in going only, computed from the post office where
122 received for each person served.
123 (b) The sheriff may only charge one mileage fee if any two or more papers are required to
124 be served in the same action or proceeding at the same time and at the same address.
125 (c) If it is necessary to make more than one trip to serve any notice, order, process, or other
126 paper, the sheriff may not collect more than two additional mileage charges.
127 (5) (a) For delivering an insane person to the Utah State Hospital, when the cost of
128 delivery is payable by private individuals, the sheriff may collect $1 per mile for the distance from
129 the county seat of his county to the Utah State Hospital.
130 (b) If the sheriff requires assistance to deliver the person to the Utah State Hospital, the
131 sheriff may also charge the actual and necessary cost of that assistance.
132 (6) For obtaining a saliva DNA specimen under Section 53-10-404 , the sheriff shall collect
133 the fee of $75 in accordance with Section 53-10-404 .
134 Section 3. Section 53-10-403 is amended to read:
135 53-10-403. DNA specimen analysis -- Application to offenders, including minors.
136 (1) Sections 53-10-404 , 53-10-405 , and 53-10-406 apply to any person who has pled guilty
137 to or has been convicted of any of the [
138 under Subsection (3).
145 (2) Offenses referred to in Subsection (1) are:
146 (a) any felony under Title 76, Utah Criminal Code, and any violation of Section
147 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
148 (b) an attempt to commit a burglary, or any class A burglary offense; or
149 (c) any offense under Subsection (2)(a) or (b):
150 (i) for which the court enters a judgment for conviction to a lower degree of offense under
151 Section 76-3-402 ; or
152 (ii) regarding which the court allows the defendant to enter a plea in abeyance as defined
153 in Section 77-2a-1 .
154 (3) A minor under Subsection (1) is a minor 14 years of age or older, whom the court has
155 adjudicated to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court due to the commission of any offense
156 described in Subsection (2).
157 Section 4. Section 53-10-403.5 is enacted to read:
158 53-10-403.5. Definitions.
159 As used in Sections 53-10-404 , 53-10-405 , and 53-10-406 :
160 (1) "DNA" means deoxyribonucleic acid.
161 (2) "DNA specimen" or "specimen" means a sample of a person's saliva or blood.
162 Section 5. Section 53-10-404 is amended to read:
163 53-10-404. DNA specimen analysis -- Requirement to obtain the specimen.
164 (1) As used in this section, "person" refers to any person described under Section
165 53-10-403 .
167 person added to the sex offender register as defined in Section 77-27-21.5 shall provide a [
171 and, unless the [
172 responsible agency $75 for the cost of [
173 DNA specimen.
174 (b) All fees collected under Subsection (3)(a) shall be deposited in the DNA Specimen
175 Restricted Account created in Section 53-10-406.5 , except that sheriffs collecting the fee shall
176 deposit $60 of the fee in the DNA Specimen Restricted Account and retain the balance of $15 for
177 the costs of obtaining the saliva DNA specimen.
178 (c) Obtaining a saliva DNA specimen complies with the court order under Subsection
179 (3)(a), or Subsection 17-22-2 (1)(p), 62A-7-104 (18), or 78-3a-118 (4) unless the court specifies in
180 the order that the DNA specimen is to be blood.
182 him to submit to the [
183 the probation.
184 (e) Under this section a person is required to provide one DNA specimen. The person
185 shall provide an additional DNA specimen only if the DNA specimen previously provided is not
186 adequate for analysis.
188 specimen to be [
189 jurisdiction by the juvenile court, and transmitted to the Department of Public Safety.
190 (b) If notified by the Department of Public Safety that a [
191 adequate for analysis, the agency shall [
194 whenever the [
195 Department of Corrections. [
197 (b) The juvenile court is the responsible agency regarding a minor under Subsection
198 53-10-403 (3), but if the minor has been committed to the legal custody of the Division of Youth
199 Corrections, that division is the responsible agency if a DNA specimen of the minor has not
200 previously been obtained by the juvenile court under Section 78-3a-118 .
201 (c) (i) The sheriff operating a county jail is the responsible agency regarding the collection
202 of DNA specimens from persons incarcerated in the county jail:
203 (A) as a condition of probation for a felony offense; or
204 (B) for a class A burglary offense.
205 (ii) The sheriff shall designate employees to obtain the saliva DNA specimens required
206 under Section 53-10-403 . The sheriff shall ensure that employees designated to collect the DNA
207 specimens receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with
208 accepted protocol.
209 (6) (a) As used in this Subsection (6), "department" means the Department of Corrections.
210 (b) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the department is:
211 (i) first, to obtain DNA specimens of persons who as of July 1, 2002, are in the custody
212 of or under the supervision of the department before these persons are released from incarceration,
213 parole, or probation, if their release date is prior to that of persons under Subsections (6)(b)(ii), but
214 in no case later than July 1, 2004; and
215 (ii) second, the department shall obtain DNA specimens from persons who are committed
216 to the custody of the department or who are placed under the supervision of the department after
217 July 1, 2002, within 120 days after the commitment, if possible, but not later than prior to release
218 from incarceration if the person is imprisoned, or prior to the termination of probation if the person
219 is placed on probation.
220 (c) The priority for obtaining DNA specimens from persons under Subsection (6)(b)(ii)
222 (i) persons on probation;
223 (ii) persons on parole; and
224 (iii) incarcerated persons.
225 (d) Implementation of the schedule of priority under Subsection (6)(c) is subject to the
226 priority of Subsection (6)(b)(i), to ensure that the Department of Corrections obtains DNA
227 specimens from persons in the custody of or under the supervision of the Department of
228 Corrections as of July 1, 2002, prior to their release.
229 (7) (a) As used in this Subsection (7), "court" means the juvenile court and "division"
230 means the Division of Youth Corrections.
231 (b) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the court from minors under Section
232 53-10-403 who are under the jurisdiction of the court but who are not in the legal custody of the
233 division shall be:
234 (i) first, to obtain specimens from minors who as of July 1, 2002, are within the court's
235 jurisdiction, prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction over these minors; and
236 (ii) second, to obtain specimens from minors who are found to be within the court's
237 jurisdiction after July 1, 2002, within 120 days of the minor's being found to be within the court's
238 jurisdiction, if possible, but not later than prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction over the
240 (c) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the division from minors under Section
241 53-10-403 who are committed to the legal custody of the division shall be:
242 (i) first, to obtain specimens from minors who as of July 1, 2002, are within the division's
243 legal custody and who have not previously provided a DNA specimen under this section, prior to
244 termination of the division's legal custody of these minors; and
245 (ii) second, to obtain specimens from minors who are placed in the legal custody of the
246 division after July 1, 2002, within 120 days of the minor's being placed in the custody of the
247 division, jurisdiction, if possible, but not later than prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction
248 over the minor.
249 (8) (a) The Department of Corrections, the juvenile court, and the Division of Youth
250 Corrections shall by rule establish procedures for obtaining saliva DNA specimens, and shall
251 provide training for employees designated to collect saliva DNA specimens.
252 (b) The department may designate correctional officers, including those employed by the
253 adult probation and parole section of the Department of Corrections, to obtain the saliva DNA
254 specimens required under this section. The department shall ensure that the designated employees
255 receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted
257 (c) Blood DNA specimens shall be obtained in accordance with Section 53-10-405 .
258 Section 6. Section 53-10-405 is amended to read:
259 53-10-405. DNA specimen analysis -- Saliva sample to be obtained by agency -- Blood
260 sample to be drawn by professional.
261 (1) (a) A blood sample shall be drawn in a medically acceptable manner by a licensed
262 professional nurse, a licensed practical nurse, a paramedic, a qualified medical technician, a
263 licensed physician, or other person licensed by the state [
265 held civilly liable for drawing a sample in a medically acceptable manner.
266 (2) (a) A saliva sample shall be obtained by the responsible agency, as provided under
267 Subsection 53-10-404 (5).
268 (b) The sample shall be obtained in a professionally acceptable manner, using appropriate
269 procedures to ensure the sample is adequate for DNA analysis.
270 (3) [
271 may not be rendered inadmissible as evidence solely because of deviations from procedures
272 adopted by the department that do not affect the reliability of the opinion or test result.
273 (4) [
274 (a) the department notifies the court or the [
275 previously received an adequate [
276 convicted person in accordance with this section; or
277 (b) the court determines that [
278 a substantial and unreasonable risk to the health of the convicted person.
279 Section 7. Section 53-10-406 is amended to read:
280 53-10-406. DNA specimen analysis -- Bureau responsibilities.
281 (1) The bureau shall:
282 (a) store all [
283 physical evidence obtained from analysis of those [
284 (b) analyze the [
285 otherwise determine the identity of persons or contract with other qualified public or private
286 laboratories to conduct the analysis;
287 (c) maintain a criminal identification data base containing information derived from
289 (d) utilize the [
290 provided that genetic profiles or other information in a population frequency data base may not be
291 identified with specific individuals; [
292 (e) ensure that the DNA identification system does not provide information allowing
293 prediction of genetic disease or predisposition to illness; and
295 Rulemaking Act, establishing procedures for [
297 DNA specimens and other physical evidence and criminal identification information obtained from
299 (2) Procedures for [
300 of Public Safety determines are accurate and reliable in establishing identity, including but not
301 limited to, analysis of DNA [
302 or polymorphic proteins.
303 (3) (a) In accordance with Subsection 63-2-302 (1), all [
304 shall be classified as private [
305 (b) The Department of Public Safety may not transfer or disclose any [
307 obtained, stored, or maintained under this section, except under its provisions.
308 (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection 63-2-202 (1), the department may deny
309 inspection if it determines that there is a reasonable likelihood that [
310 prejudice a pending criminal investigation.
311 (5) The department shall adopt procedures governing the inspection of records, [
313 shall accommodate the need to preserve the materials from contamination and destruction.
314 (6) (a) Whenever a court reverses the conviction, judgment, or order that created an
315 obligation to provide a [
316 specimen, may request destruction of the [
317 created in connection with that [
318 (b) Upon receipt of a written request for destruction pursuant to this section and a certified
319 copy of the court order reversing the conviction, judgment, or order, the Department of Public
320 Safety shall destroy any [
321 obtained from that [
322 person, unless the department determines that the person has otherwise become obligated to submit
323 a [
324 an offense listed in Section 53-10-403 .
325 (7) The department is not required to destroy [
326 physical evidence obtained from a [
327 person subject to the provisions of Sections 53-10-404 and 53-10-405 would [
328 be destroyed.
329 (8) A [
330 identification record may not be affected by an order to set aside a conviction, except under the
331 provisions of this section.
332 (9) If funding is not available for analysis of any of the DNA specimens collected under
333 this part, the bureau shall store the collected specimens until funding is made available for analysis
334 through state or federal funds.
335 Section 8. Section 53-10-406.5 is enacted to read:
336 53-10-406.5. DNA Specimen Restricted Account.
337 (1) There is created the DNA Specimen Restricted Account, which is referred to in this
338 section as "the account."
339 (2) The sources of monies for the account are:
340 (a) DNA collection fees paid under Section 53-10-404 ;
341 (b) any appropriations made to the account by the Legislature; and
342 (c) all federal monies provided to the state for the purpose of funding the collection or
343 analysis of DNA specimens collected under Section 53-10-403 .
344 (3) The account shall earn interest, and this interest shall be deposited in the account.
345 (4) The Legislature may appropriate monies from the account solely for the following
347 (a) to the Department of Corrections for the costs of collecting DNA specimens as required
348 under Section 53-10-403 ;
349 (b) to the juvenile court for the costs of collecting DNA specimens as required under
350 Sections 53-10-403 and 78-3a-118 ;
351 (c) to the Division of Youth Corrections for the costs of collecting DNA specimens as
352 required under Sections 53-10-403 and 62A-7-104 ; and
353 (d) to the Department of Public Safety for the costs of storing and analyzing DNA
354 specimens in accordance with the requirements of this part.
355 (5) Appropriations from the account to the Department of Corrections, the juvenile court,
356 the Division of Youth Corrections, and to the Department of Public Safety are nonlapsing.
357 Section 9. Section 62A-7-104 is amended to read:
358 62A-7-104. Division responsibilities.
359 (1) The division is responsible for all youth offenders committed to it by juvenile courts
360 for secure confinement or supervision and treatment in the community.
361 (2) The division shall establish and maintain all detention and secure facilities and set
362 minimum standards for those facilities.
363 (3) (a) The division shall, in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative
364 Rulemaking Act, promulgate written statewide rules as guidelines for admission to secure
365 detention and home detention.
366 (b) The division shall implement those rules as guidelines and provide training regarding
367 the implementation of those guidelines to law enforcement agencies, division employees, juvenile
368 court employees, and to other affected agencies and individuals upon their request.
369 (4) The division shall establish and administer a continuum of community, secure, and
370 nonsecure programs for all youth offenders committed to the division.
371 (5) The division shall establish and administer Juvenile Receiving Centers, Juvenile
372 Assessment Programs, and other programs to provide temporary custody, care, risk-needs
373 assessments, evaluations, and control for nonadjudicated youth placed with the division.
374 (6) The division shall place youth offenders committed to it in the most appropriate
375 program for supervision and treatment.
376 (7) The division shall establish and maintain all secure residential facilities.
377 (8) In any order committing a youth offender to the division, the juvenile court shall
378 specify whether the youth offender is being committed for secure confinement or placement in a
379 community-based program. The division shall place the youth offender in the most appropriate
380 program within the category specified by the court.
381 (9) The division shall employ staff necessary to:
382 (a) supervise and control youth offenders in secure facilities or in the community;
383 (b) supervise and coordinate treatment of youth offenders committed to the division for
384 placement in community-based programs; and
385 (c) control and supervise nonadjudicated youth placed with the division for temporary
386 services in receiving centers and other programs established by the division.
387 (10) The division shall establish observation and assessment programs necessary to serve
388 youth offenders committed by the juvenile court for short-term observation under Subsection
389 78-3a-118 (2)(e). Whenever possible, those programs shall be conducted in settings separate and
390 distinct from secure facilities for youth offenders.
391 (11) Youth in the custody or temporary custody of the division are controlled or detained
392 in a manner consistent with public safety and rules promulgated by the division. In the event of
393 an unauthorized leave from a secure facility, detention center, community-based program,
394 receiving center, home, or any other designated placement, division employees have the authority
395 and duty to locate and apprehend the youth, or to initiate action with local law enforcement
396 agencies for assistance.
397 (12) The director of the division shall appoint regional directors within the various juvenile
398 court districts. Regional directors shall administer community-based programs, secure facilities,
399 other division programs, and shall have experience in corrections, behavioral sciences, law,
400 criminology, or related fields, and in administration.
401 (13) The division shall establish and operate compensatory-service work programs
402 designed to place youth offenders in public or private service work projects for the purpose of
403 rehabilitation, education, and restitution to victims.
404 (14) The division may establish and operate compensatory-service work programs for
405 youth offenders committed to the division by the juvenile court. The compensatory-service work
406 program shall:
407 (a) provide labor to help in the operation, repair, and maintenance of public facilities,
408 parks, highways, and other programs designated by the division;
409 (b) provide educational and prevocational programs in cooperation with the State Board
410 of Education for youth offenders placed in the program; and
411 (c) provide counseling to youth offenders.
412 (15) The division shall establish minimum standards for the operation of all private
413 residential and nonresidential rehabilitation facilities which provide services to juveniles who have
414 committed a delinquent act, in this state or in any other state.
415 (16) In accordance with policies established by the board, the division shall provide regular
416 training for staff of secure facilities, detention staff, case management staff, and staff of the
417 community-based programs.
418 (17) The division is authorized to employ special function officers, as defined in Section
419 53-13-105 , to locate and apprehend absconders from division custody, transport minors taken into
420 custody pursuant to division policy, investigate cases, and carry out other duties as assigned by the
421 division. Special function officers may be employed through contract with the Department of
422 Public Safety, any P.O.S.T. certified law enforcement agency, or directly hired by the division.
423 (18) The division shall designate employees to obtain the saliva DNA specimens required
424 under Section 53-10-403 . The division shall ensure that the designated employees receive
425 appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted protocol.
426 Section 10. Section 64-13-21 is amended to read:
427 64-13-21. Supervision of sentenced offenders placed in community -- Rulemaking
428 -- POST certified parole or probation officers and peace officers -- Duties -- DNA collection
429 fee -- Supervision fee.
430 (1) (a) The department, except as otherwise provided by law, shall supervise sentenced
431 offenders placed in the community on probation by the courts, on parole by the Board of Pardons
432 and Parole, or upon acceptance for supervision under the terms of the Interstate Compact for the
433 Supervision of Parolees and Probationers.
434 (b) Standards for the supervision of offenders shall be established by the department in
435 accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, giving priority,
436 based on available resources, to felony offenders.
437 (2) Employees of the department who are POST certified as law enforcement officers or
438 correctional officers and who are designated as parole and probation officers by the executive
439 director have the following duties:
440 (a) monitoring, investigating, and supervising a parolee's or probationer's compliance with
441 the conditions of the parole or probation agreement;
442 (b) investigating or apprehending any offender who has escaped from the custody of the
443 department or absconded from supervision;
444 (c) providing investigative services for the courts, the department, or the Board of Pardons
445 and Parole; [
446 (d) supervising any offender during transportation; or
447 (e) collecting DNA specimens when the specimens are required under Section 53-10-404 .
448 (3) (a) A monthly supervision fee of $30 shall be collected from each offender on
449 probation or parole. The fee may be suspended or waived by the department upon a showing by
450 the offender that imposition would create a substantial hardship or if the offender owes restitution
451 to a victim.
452 (b) (i) The department shall make rules in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
453 Administrative Rulemaking Act, specifying the criteria for suspension or waiver of the supervision
454 fee and the circumstances under which an offender may request a hearing.
455 (ii) In determining whether the imposition of the supervision fee would constitute a
456 substantial hardship, the department shall consider the financial resources of the offender and the
457 burden that the fee would impose, with regard to the offender's other obligations.
458 Section 11. Section 64-13-23 is amended to read:
459 64-13-23. Offender's income and finances.
460 The department may require each offender, while in the custody of the department or while
461 on probation or parole, to place funds received or earned by him from any source into an account
462 administered by the department or into a joint account with the department at a federally insured
463 financial institution.
464 (1) The department may require each offender to maintain a minimum balance in either
465 or both accounts for the particular offender's use upon discharge from the custody of the
466 department or upon completion of parole or probation.
467 (2) If the funds are placed in a joint account at a federally insured financial institution:
468 (a) any interest accrues to the benefit of the offender account; and
469 (b) the department may require that the signatures of both the offender and a departmental
470 representative be submitted to the financial institution to withdraw funds from the account.
471 (3) If the funds are placed in an account administered by the department, the department
472 may by rule designate a certain portion of the offender's funds as interest-bearing savings, and
473 another portion as noninterest-bearing to be used for day-to-day expenses.
474 (4) The department may withhold part of the offender's funds in either account for
475 expenses of:
476 (a) incarceration, supervision, or treatment; [
477 (b) court-ordered restitution, reparation, fines, alimony, support payments, or similar
478 court-ordered payments; [
479 (c) obtaining the offender's DNA specimen, if the offender is required under Section
480 53-10-404 to provide a specimen;
481 (d) department-ordered restitution; and [
482 (e) any other debt to the state.
483 (5) (a) Offenders [
484 petitions for a writ of habeas corpus, if, at any time from the date the cause of action arose through
485 the date the cause of action remains pending, there are any funds in either account which have not
486 been withheld or are not subject to withholding under Subsection (3) or (4).
487 (b) The amount assessed for the filing fee, service of process and other fees and costs shall
488 not exceed the total amount of funds the offender has in excess of the indigence threshold
489 established by the department but not less than $25 including the withholdings under Subsection
490 (3) or (4) during the identified period of time.
491 (c) The amounts assessed shall not exceed the regular fees and costs provided by law.
492 (6) The department may disclose information on offender accounts to the Office of
493 Recovery Services and other appropriate state agencies.
494 Section 12. Section 64-13-30 is amended to read:
495 64-13-30. Expenses incurred by offenders -- Payment to department or county jail.
496 (1) (a) The department shall establish and collect from offenders on work release programs
497 reasonable costs of maintenance, transportation, and incidental expenses incurred by the
498 department on behalf of the offenders.
499 (b) Priority shall be given to restitution and family support obligations.
500 (c) The offender's reimbursement to the department for the cost of obtaining the offender's
501 DNA specimen, under Section 53-10-404 is the next priority after Subsection (1)(b).
502 (2) The department, under its rules, may advance funds to any offender as necessary to
503 establish the offender in a work release program.
504 (3) The department or county jail may require an inmate to make a reasonable copayment
505 for medical services provided by the department or county jail. An inmate may not be denied
506 medical treatment if he is unable to pay the copayment because of inadequate financial resources.
507 Section 13. Section 77-38a-404 is amended to read:
508 77-38a-404. Priority.
509 (1) If restitution to more than one person, agency, or entity is set at the same time, the
510 department shall establish the following priorities of payment, except as provided in Subsection
512 (a) the crime victim;
513 (b) the Office of Crime Victim Reparations;
514 (c) any other government agency which has provided reimbursement to the victim as a
515 result of the offender's criminal conduct; and
516 (d) any insurance company which has provided reimbursement to the victim as a result of
517 the offender's criminal conduct.
518 (2) If the offender is required under Section 53-10-404 to reimburse the department for the
519 cost of obtaining the offender's DNA specimen, this reimbursement is the next priority after
520 restitution to the crime victim under Subsections (1)(a) and (b).
522 department will be applied:
523 (a) first, to victim restitution[
524 by the department under Section 64-13-21 , if applicable; and
525 (b) second, if applicable, to the cost of obtaining a DNA specimen under Subsection (2).
526 Section 14. Section 78-3a-118 is amended to read:
527 78-3a-118. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases --
528 Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.
529 (1) (a) When a minor is found to come within the provisions of Section 78-3a-104 , the
530 court shall so adjudicate. The court shall make a finding of the facts upon which it bases its
531 jurisdiction over the minor. However, in cases within the provisions of Subsection 78-3a-104 (1),
532 findings of fact are not necessary.
533 (b) If the court adjudicates a minor for a crime of violence or an offense in violation of
534 Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, it shall order that notice of the adjudication be provided to
535 the school superintendent of the district in which the minor resides or attends school. Notice shall
536 be made to the district superintendent within three days of the adjudication and shall include the
537 specific offenses for which the minor was adjudicated.
538 (2) Upon adjudication the court may make the following dispositions by court order:
539 (a) (i) The court may place the minor on probation or under protective supervision in the
540 minor's own home and upon conditions determined by the court, including compensatory service
541 as provided in Section 78-11-20.7 .
542 (ii) The court may place the minor in state supervision with the probation department of
543 the court, under the legal custody of:
544 (A) his parent or guardian;
545 (B) the Division of Youth Corrections; or
546 (C) the Division of Child and Family Services.
547 (iii) If the court orders probation or state supervision, the court shall direct that notice of
548 its order be provided to designated persons in the local law enforcement agency and the school or
549 transferee school, if applicable, which the minor attends. The designated persons may receive the
550 information for purposes of the minor's supervision and student safety.
551 (iv) Any employee of the local law enforcement agency and the school which the minor
552 attends who discloses the court's order of probation is not:
553 (A) civilly liable except when the disclosure constitutes fraud or malice as provided in
554 Section 63-30-4 ; and
555 (B) civilly or criminally liable except when the disclosure constitutes a knowing violation
556 of Section 63-2-801 .
557 (b) The court may place the minor in the legal custody of a relative or other suitable
558 person, with or without probation or protective supervision, but the juvenile court may not assume
559 the function of developing foster home services.
560 (c) (i) The court may:
561 (A) vest legal custody of the minor in the Division of Child and Family Services, Division
562 of Youth Corrections, or the Division of Mental Health; and
563 (B) order the Department of Human Services to provide dispositional recommendations
564 and services.
565 (ii) For minors who may qualify for services from two or more divisions within the
566 Department of Human Services, the court may vest legal custody with the department.
567 (iii) (A) Minors who are committed to the custody of the Division of Child and Family
568 Services on grounds other than abuse or neglect are subject to the provisions of Title 78, Chapter
569 3a, Part 3A, Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect, and Title 62A, Chapter
570 4a, Part 2A, Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect.
571 (B) Prior to the court entering an order to place a minor in the custody of the Division of
572 Child and Family Services on grounds other than abuse or neglect, the court shall provide the
573 division with notice of the hearing no later than five days before the time specified for the hearing
574 so the division may attend the hearing.
575 (C) Prior to committing a minor to the custody of the Division of Child and Family
576 Services, the court shall make a finding as to what reasonable efforts have been attempted to
577 prevent the minor's removal from his home.
578 (d) (i) The court may commit the minor to the Division of Youth Corrections for secure
580 (ii) A minor under the jurisdiction of the court solely on the ground of abuse, neglect, or
581 dependency under Subsection 78-3a-104 (1)(c) may not be committed to the Division of Youth
583 (e) The court may commit the minor, subject to the court retaining continuing jurisdiction
584 over him, to the temporary custody of the Division of Youth Corrections for observation and
585 evaluation for a period not to exceed 45 days, which period may be extended up to 15 days at the
586 request of the director of the Division of Youth Corrections.
587 (f) (i) The court may commit the minor to a place of detention or an alternative to
588 detention for a period not to exceed 30 days subject to the court retaining continuing jurisdiction
589 over the minor. This commitment may be stayed or suspended upon conditions ordered by the
591 (ii) Subsection (2)(f) applies only to those minors adjudicated for:
592 (A) an act which if committed by an adult would be a criminal offense; or
593 (B) contempt of court under Section 78-3a-901 .
594 (g) The court may vest legal custody of an abused, neglected, or dependent minor in the
595 Division of Child and Family Services or any other appropriate person in accordance with the
596 requirements and procedures of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
598 (h) The court may place the minor on a ranch or forestry camp, or similar facility for care
599 and also for work, if possible, if the person, agency, or association operating the facility has been
600 approved or has otherwise complied with all applicable state and local laws. A minor placed in
601 a forestry camp or similar facility may be required to work on fire prevention, forestation and
602 reforestation, recreational works, forest roads, and on other works on or off the grounds of the
603 facility and may be paid wages, subject to the approval of and under conditions set by the court.
604 (i) The court may:
605 (i) order the minor to repair, replace, or otherwise make restitution for damage or loss
606 caused by the minor's wrongful act, including costs of treatment as stated in Section 78-3a-318 ;
608 (ii) impose fines in limited amounts.
609 (j) The court may issue orders necessary for the collection of restitution and fines ordered
610 by the court, including garnishments, wage withholdings, and executions.
611 (k) (i) The court may through its probation department encourage the development of
612 employment or work programs to enable minors to fulfill their obligations under Subsection (2)(i)
613 and for other purposes considered desirable by the court.
614 (ii) Consistent with the order of the court, the probation officer may permit the minor
615 found to be within the jurisdiction of the court to participate in a program of work restitution or
616 compensatory service in lieu of paying part or all of the fine imposed by the court.
617 (l) (i) In violations of traffic laws within the court's jurisdiction, the court may, in addition
618 to any other disposition authorized by this section:
619 (A) restrain the minor from driving for periods of time the court considers necessary; and
620 (B) take possession of the minor's driver license.
621 (ii) The court may enter any other disposition under Subsection (2)(l)(i); however, the
622 suspension of driving privileges for an offense under Section 78-3a-506 are governed only by
623 Section 78-3a-506 .
624 (m) (i) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
625 78-3a-104 because of violating Section 58-37-8 , Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia
626 Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act, the court shall, in addition to
627 any fines or fees otherwise imposed, order that the minor perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no
628 more than 100 hours, of compensatory service. Satisfactory completion of an approved substance
629 abuse prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as compensatory service
631 (ii) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
632 78-3a-104 because of a violation of Section 32A-12-209 or Subsection 76-9-701 (1), the court may,
633 upon the first adjudication, and shall, upon a second or subsequent adjudication, order that the
634 minor perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no more than 100 hours of compensatory service, in
635 addition to any fines or fees otherwise imposed. Satisfactory completion of an approved substance
636 abuse prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as compensatory service
638 (n) The court may order that the minor be examined or treated by a physician, surgeon,
639 psychiatrist, or psychologist or that he receive other special care. For these purposes the court may
640 place the minor in a hospital or other suitable facility.
641 (o) (i) The court may appoint a guardian for the minor if it appears necessary in the interest
642 of the minor, and may appoint as guardian a public or private institution or agency in which legal
643 custody of the minor is vested.
644 (ii) In placing a minor under the guardianship or legal custody of an individual or of a
645 private agency or institution, the court shall give primary consideration to the welfare of the minor.
646 When practicable, the court may take into consideration the religious preferences of the minor and
647 of the minor's parents.
648 (p) (i) In support of a decree under Section 78-3a-104 , the court may order reasonable
649 conditions to be complied with by the parents or guardian, the minor, the minor's custodian, or any
650 other person who has been made a party to the proceedings. Conditions may include:
651 (A) parent-time by the parents or one parent;
652 (B) restrictions on the minor's associates;
653 (C) restrictions on the minor's occupation and other activities; and
654 (D) requirements to be observed by the parents or custodian.
655 (ii) A minor whose parents or guardians successfully complete a family or other counseling
656 program may be credited by the court for detention, confinement, or probation time.
657 (q) The court may order the minor to be placed in the legal custody of the Division of
658 Mental Health or committed to the physical custody of a local mental health authority, in
659 accordance with the procedures and requirements of Title 62A, Chapter 12, Part 2A, Commitment
660 of Persons Under Age 18 to Division of Mental Health.
661 (r) (i) The court may make an order committing a minor within its jurisdiction to the Utah
662 State Developmental Center if the minor has mental retardation in accordance with the provisions
663 of Title 62A, Chapter 5, Part 3, Admission to Mental Retardation Facility.
664 (ii) The court shall follow the procedure applicable in the district courts with respect to
665 judicial commitments to the Utah State Developmental Center when ordering a commitment under
666 Subsection (2)(r)(i).
667 (s) The court may terminate all parental rights upon a finding of compliance with the
668 provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act.
669 (t) The court may make any other reasonable orders for the best interest of the minor or
670 as required for the protection of the public, except that a person younger than 18 years of age may
671 not be committed to jail or prison.
672 (u) The court may combine the dispositions listed in this section if they are compatible.
673 (v) Before depriving any parent of custody, the court shall give due consideration to the
674 rights of parents concerning their minor. The court may transfer custody of a minor to another
675 person, agency, or institution in accordance with the requirements and procedures of Title 78,
676 Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.
677 (w) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(y)(i), an order under this section for probation
678 or placement of a minor with an individual or an agency shall include a date certain for a review
679 of the case by the court. A new date shall be set upon each review.
680 (x) In reviewing foster home placements, special attention shall be given to making
681 adoptable minors available for adoption without delay.
682 (y) (i) The juvenile court may enter an order of permanent custody and guardianship with
683 a relative or individual of a minor where the court has previously acquired jurisdiction as a result
684 of an adjudication of abuse, neglect, or dependency, excluding cases arising under Subsection
685 78-3a-105 (4).
686 (ii) Orders under Subsection (2)(y)(i):
687 (A) shall remain in effect until the minor reaches majority;
688 (B) are not subject to review under Section 78-3a-119 ; and
689 (C) may be modified by petition or motion as provided in Section 78-3a-903 .
690 (iii) Orders permanently terminating the rights of a parent, guardian, or custodian and
691 permanent orders of custody and guardianship do not expire with a termination of jurisdiction of
692 the juvenile court.
693 (3) In addition to the dispositions described in Subsection (2), when a minor comes within
694 the court's jurisdiction he may be given a choice by the court to serve in the National Guard in lieu
695 of other sanctions, provided:
696 (a) the minor meets the current entrance qualifications for service in the National Guard
697 as determined by a recruiter, whose determination is final;
698 (b) the minor is not under the jurisdiction of the court for any act that:
699 (i) would be a felony if committed by an adult;
700 (ii) is a violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act; or
701 (iii) was committed with a weapon; and
702 (c) the court retains jurisdiction over the minor under conditions set by the court and
703 agreed upon by the recruiter or the unit commander to which the minor is eventually assigned.
704 (4) (a) The court shall order that a DNA specimen shall be obtained from a minor who is
705 under the jurisdiction of the court as described in Subsection 53-10-403 (3). The specimen shall
706 be obtained by designated employees of the court or, if the minor is in the legal custody of the
707 Division of Youth Corrections, then by designated employees of the division under Subsection
708 53-10-404 (5)(b).
709 (b) The court shall ensure that employees designated to collect the saliva DNA specimens
710 receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted
712 (c) The court shall order the minor to reimburse the agency obtaining the DNA specimen
713 for $75 toward the costs of obtaining the specimen, unless the court finds the minor is unable to
714 pay the reimbursement. Reimbursements shall be placed in the DNA Specimen Restricted
715 Account created in Section 53-10-406.5 .
716 (d) Payment of the reimbursement is second in priority to payments the minor is ordered
717 to make for restitution under this section and treatment under Section 78-3a-318 .
718 Section 15. Effective date.
719 This act takes effect on July 1, 2002.
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