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H.B. 183






Sponsor: J. Morgan Philpot

             6      This act modifies provisions related to firearm criminal background checks. The act
             7      provides that a fee may not be charged for criminal background checks required to purchase
             8      a firearm. The act provides an effective date.
             9      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             10      AMENDS:
             11          53-10-202.5, as enacted by Chapter 227, Laws of Utah 1999
             12          76-10-526, as last amended by Chapters 90 and 303, Laws of Utah 2000
             13      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             14          Section 1. Section 53-10-202.5 is amended to read:
             15           53-10-202.5. Bureau services -- Fees.
             16          The bureau shall collect fees for the following services:
             17          (1) applicant fingerprint card as determined by Section 53-10-108 ;
             18          (2) bail enforcement licensing as determined by Section 53-11-115 ;
             19          (3) concealed firearm permit as determined by Section 53-5-707 ;
             20          (4) expungement certificate of eligibility as determined by Section 77-18-11 ;
             21          [(5) firearm purchase background check as determined by Section 76-10-526 ;]
             22          [(6)] (5) name check as determined by Section 53-10-108 ;
             23          [(7)] (6) private investigator licensing as determined by Section 53-9-111 ; and
             24          [(8)] (7) right of access as determined by Section 53-10-108 .
             25          Section 2. Section 76-10-526 is amended to read:
             26           76-10-526. Criminal background check prior to purchase of a firearm -- Exemption
             27      for concealed firearm permit holders.

             28          (1) A criminal background check required by this section shall only apply to the purchase
             29      of a handgun until federal law requires the background check to extend to other firearms.
             30          (2) At the time that federal law extends the criminal background check requirement to
             31      other firearms, the division shall make rules to extend the background checks required under this
             32      section to the other firearms.
             33          (3) For purposes of this section, "valid permit to carry a concealed firearm" does not
             34      include a temporary permit issued [pursuant to] under Section 53-5-705 .
             35          (4) To establish personal identification and residence in this state for purposes of this part,
             36      a dealer shall require any person receiving a firearm to present:
             37          (a) one photo identification on a form issued by a governmental agency of the state; and
             38          (b) one other documentation of residence which must show an address identical to that
             39      shown on the photo identification form.
             40          (5) A criminal history background check is required for the sale of a firearm by a licensed
             41      firearm dealer in the state.
             42          (6) (a) Any person, except a dealer, purchasing a firearm from a dealer shall consent in
             43      writing to a criminal background check, on a form provided by the division.
             44          (b) The form shall [also] contain the following information:
             45          [(a)] (i) the dealer identification number;
             46          [(b)] (ii) the name and address of the person receiving the firearm;
             47          [(c)] (iii) the date of birth, height, weight, eye color, and hair color of the person receiving
             48      the firearm; and
             49          [(d)] (iv) the Social Security number or any other identification number of the person
             50      receiving the firearm.
             51          (7) (a) The dealer shall send the form required by Subsection (6) to the division
             52      immediately upon its completion.
             53          (b) [No] A dealer [shall] may not sell or transfer any firearm to any person until the dealer
             54      has provided the division with the information in Subsection (6) and has received approval from
             55      the division under Subsection (9).
             56          (8) The dealer shall make a request for criminal history background information by
             57      telephone or other electronic means to the division and shall receive approval or denial of the
             58      inquiry by telephone or other electronic means.

             59          (9) When the dealer calls for or requests a criminal history background check, the division
             60      shall:
             61          (a) review the criminal history files, including juvenile court records, to determine if the
             62      person is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm by state or federal law;
             63          (b) inform the dealer that:
             64          (i) the records indicate the person is so prohibited; or
             65          (ii) the person is approved for purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm;
             66          (c) provide the dealer with a unique transaction number for that inquiry; and
             67          (d) provide a response to the requesting dealer during the call for a criminal background,
             68      or by return call, or other electronic means, without delay, except in case of electronic failure or
             69      other circumstances beyond the control of the division, the division shall advise the dealer of the
             70      reason for the delay and give the dealer an estimate of the length of the delay.
             71          (10) (a) The division shall [not maintain any] immediately destroy all records of the
             72      criminal history background check [longer than 20 days from the date of the dealer's request] if the
             73      division determines that the person receiving the gun is not prohibited from purchasing,
             74      possessing, or transferring the firearm under state or federal law.
             75          (b) However, the division shall maintain a log of requests containing the dealer's federal
             76      firearms number, the transaction number, and the transaction date for a period of 12 months.
             77          (11) If the criminal history background check discloses information indicating that the
             78      person attempting to purchase the firearm is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or
             79      transferring a firearm, the division shall inform the law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction
             80      where the person resides.
             81          (12) If a person is denied the right to purchase a firearm under this section, the person may
             82      review his criminal history information and may challenge or amend the information as provided
             83      in Section 53-10-108 .
             84          (13) The division shall make rules as provided in Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             85      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to ensure the identity, confidentiality, and security of all records
             86      provided by the division [pursuant to] under this part are in conformance with the requirements
             87      of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993).
             88          (14) [(a) All dealers shall collect] Neither the division nor a dealer may charge a fee for
             89      a criminal history background check [fee which is $7.50. This fee remains in effect until changed

             90      by the division through the process under Section 63-38-3.2 ] required under this section.
             91          [(b) The dealer shall forward at one time all fees collected for criminal history background
             92      checks performed during the month to the division by the last day of the month following the sale
             93      of a firearm. The division shall deposit the fees in the General Fund as dedicated credits to cover
             94      the cost of administering and conducting the criminal history background check program.]
             95          (15) A person with a concealed firearm permit issued pursuant to Title 53, Chapter 5, Part
             96      7, Concealed Weapon Act, shall be exempt from the background check [and corresponding fee]
             97      required in this section for the purchase of a firearm if:
             98          (a) the person presents his concealed firearm permit to the dealer prior to purchase of the
             99      firearm; and
             100          (b) the dealer verifies with the division that the person's concealed firearm permit is valid.
             101          Section 3. Effective date.
             102          This act takes effect on July 1, 2002.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-16-02 11:14 AM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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