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Second Substitute H.B. 263
6 This act amends the Mobile Home Park Residency Act. The act adds defined terms. The act
7 requires disclosure by the mobile home park of certain rights and protections of residents.
8 The act requires a copy of the chapter to be posted in a conspicuous place in the mobile home
9 park. The act requires mobile home park management to meet with park residents to
10 discuss any proposal to reduce or restrict park amenities and to discuss disputed occurrences
11 of noncompliance with rules. The act adds a grace period for nonpayment of rent, fees, and
12 service charges. The act modifies provisions regarding the promulgation of rules by a mobile
13 home park and delays the permitted effective date of certain park rules. The act makes
14 technical changes.
15 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
17 57-16-3, as enacted by Chapter 178, Laws of Utah 1981
18 57-16-4, as last amended by Chapter 256, Laws of Utah 2001
19 57-16-5, as last amended by Chapter 256, Laws of Utah 2001
20 57-16-7, as last amended by Chapter 114, Laws of Utah 1997
22 57-16-4.1, Utah Code Annotated 1953
23 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
24 Section 1. Section 57-16-3 is amended to read:
25 57-16-3. Definitions.
26 As used in this chapter:
27 (1) "Amenities" means recreational or social facilities located at a mobile home park, such
28 as a club house, a park, a playground, a swimming pool or hot tub, a tennis court, or a basketball
31 of it, for a purpose other than the rental of mobile home spaces.
33 limited to, late fees, charges for pets, charges for storage of recreational vehicles, charges for the
34 use of park facilities, and security deposits.
36 plumbing, heating, and electrical systems contained within the unit, which when erected on a site,
37 may be used with or without a permanent foundation as a family dwelling.
39 spaces are leased, or offered for lease or rent, to accommodate mobile homes for residential
42 designed to accommodate one mobile home.
44 and may include service charges and fees.
47 service improvements which exist at a mobile home space, or for trash removal, sewage and water,
48 or any combination of the above.
49 (10) "Settlement discussion expiration" means:
50 (a) the resident has failed to give a written notice of dispute within the period specified in
51 Subsection 57-16-4.1 (2); or
52 (b) the resident and management of the mobile home park have met together under
53 Subsection 57-16-4.1 (3) but were unsuccessful in resolving the dispute in their meeting.
54 Section 2. Section 57-16-4 is amended to read:
55 57-16-4. Termination of lease or rental agreement -- Required contents of lease --
56 Increases in rents or fees -- Sale of homes -- Notice regarding planned reduction or
57 restriction of amenities.
58 (1) A mobile home park or its agents may not terminate a lease or rental agreement upon
59 any ground other than as specified in this chapter.
60 (2) Each agreement for the lease of mobile home space shall be written and signed by the
61 parties. Each lease shall contain at least the following information:
62 (a) the name and address of the mobile home park owner and any persons authorized to
63 act for the owner, upon whom notice and service of process may be served;
64 (b) the type of the leasehold, [
65 into on or after May 6, 2002, a conspicuous disclosure describing the protection a resident has
66 under Subsection (1) against unilateral termination of the lease by the mobile home park except
67 for the causes described in Section 57-16-5 ;
68 (c) a full disclosure of all rent, service charges, and other fees presently being charged on
69 a periodic basis;
70 (d) the date or dates on which the payment of rent, fees, and service charges are due; [
71 (e) all rules that pertain to the mobile home park which, if broken, may constitute grounds
72 for eviction[
74 (i) the causes for which the mobile home park may terminate the lease as described in
75 Section 57-16-5 ; and
76 (ii) the resident's rights to terminate the lease at any time without cause, upon giving the
77 notice specified in the resident's lease, and to advertise and sell the resident's mobile home.
78 (3) (a) Increases in rent or fees for periodic tenancies shall be unenforceable until 60 days
79 after notice of the increase is mailed to the resident. If service charges are not included in the rent,
80 service charges may be increased during the leasehold period after notice to the resident is given,
81 and increases or decreases in electricity rates shall be passed through to the resident. Annual
82 income to the park for service charges may not exceed the actual cost to the park of providing the
83 services on an annual basis. In determining the costs of the services, the park may include
84 maintenance costs related to those utilities which are part of the service charges.
85 (b) The mobile home park may not alter the date or dates on which rent, fees, and service
86 charges are due unless a 60-day written notice precedes the alteration.
87 (4) Any rule or condition of a lease purporting to prevent or unreasonably limit the sale
88 of a mobile home belonging to a resident is void and unenforceable. The mobile home park may,
89 however, reserve the right to approve the prospective purchaser of a mobile home who intends to
90 become a resident, but the approval may not be unreasonably withheld. The mobile home park
91 may require proof of ownership as a condition of approval. The mobile home park may
92 unconditionally refuse to approve any purchaser of a mobile home who does not register prior to
94 (5) If all of the conditions of Section 41-1a-116 are met, a mobile home park may request
95 from the Motor Vehicle Division the names and addresses of the lienholder or owner of any mobile
96 home located in the park.
97 (6) A mobile home park may not restrict a resident's right to advertise for sale or to sell
98 his mobile home. However, the park may limit the size of a "for sale" sign affixed to the mobile
99 home to not more than 144 square inches.
100 (7) A mobile home park may not compel a resident who desires to sell his mobile home,
101 either directly or indirectly, to sell it through an agent designated by the mobile home park.
102 (8) In order to upgrade the quality of a mobile home park, it may require that a mobile
103 home be removed from the park upon sale if:
104 (a) the mobile home does not meet minimum size specifications; or
105 (b) the mobile home is in rundown condition or in disrepair.
106 (9) Within 30 days after a mobile home park proposes reducing or restricting amenities,
107 the mobile home park shall schedule at least one meeting for the purpose of discussing the
108 proposed restriction or reduction of amenities with residents and shall provide at least ten days'
109 advance written notice of the date, time, location, and purposes of the meeting to all residents.
110 (10) A copy of this chapter shall be posted at all times in a conspicuous place in the mobile
111 home park.
112 Section 3. Section 57-16-4.1 is enacted to read:
113 57-16-4.1. Meeting to attempt resolution of disputes.
114 (1) If a mobile home park determines that a resident has failed to comply with a mobile
115 home park rule, the mobile home park may not terminate the lease agreement or commence legal
116 proceedings without first giving a written notice of noncompliance to the resident. The written
117 notice of noncompliance shall:
118 (a) specify in detail each and every rule violation then claimed by the mobile home park;
120 (b) advise the resident of the resident's rights under Subsection (2).
121 (2) If the resident disputes the occurrences of noncompliance claimed by the mobile home
122 park in the written notice of noncompliance, then notwithstanding the provisions of the lease the
123 resident has the right to require management of the mobile home park to participate in a meeting
124 with the resident by giving to the mobile home park, within five days after receiving the written
125 notice of noncompliance, a written notice disputing the occurrences of breach and requesting a
126 meeting with management of the mobile home park to attempt to resolve the dispute. If the
127 resident fails to give the mobile home park a written notice of dispute within the seven-day period,
128 the resident's right to request a meeting under this section is considered to be waived.
129 (3) If the resident gives a timely written notice under Subsection (2), the resident and
130 management of the mobile home park shall meet in person in a settlement discussion to attempt
131 to resolve the dispute between the parties. The meeting shall take place within two days after the
132 resident gives the written notice under Subsection (2), unless both parties agree to a later date.
133 (4) Subsections (1), (2), and (3) do not apply to a rule violation arising from:
134 (a) behavior described in Section 57-16-5(1)(c); or
135 (b) nonpayment or rent, fees, or service charges.
136 Section 4. Section 57-16-5 is amended to read:
137 57-16-5. Cause required for terminating lease -- Causes -- Cure periods -- Notice.
138 (1) An agreement for the lease of mobile home space in a mobile home park may be
139 terminated by mutual agreement or for any one or more of the following causes:
140 (a) failure of a resident to comply with a mobile home park rule:
141 (i) relating to repair, maintenance, or construction of awnings, skirting, decks, or sheds for
142 a period of 60 days after receipt by a resident of a written notice of noncompliance from the mobile
143 home park under Subsection 57-16-4.1 (1); or
144 (ii) relating to any other park rule for a period of seven days after the latter to occur of
145 settlement discussion expiration or receipt [
146 notice of noncompliance from the mobile home park, except relating to maintenance of a resident's
147 yard and space, the mobile home park may elect not to proceed with the seven-day cure period and
148 may provide the resident with written notice as provided in Subsection (2);
149 (b) repeated failure of a resident to abide by a mobile home park rule, if the original
150 written notice of noncompliance states that another violation of the same or a different rule might
151 result in forfeiture without any further period of cure;
152 (c) behavior by a resident[
153 invited guest or visitor of a resident, that threatens or substantially endangers the security, safety,
154 well-being, or health of other persons in the park or threatens or damages property in the park[
156 (i) use or distribution of illegal drugs;
157 (ii) distribution of alcohol to minors; or
158 (iii) commission of a crime against property or a person in the park.
159 (d) nonpayment of rent, fees, or service charges for a period of five days after the due date;
161 (e) a change in the land use or condemnation of the mobile home park or any part of it[
163 (f) a prospective resident provides materially false information on the application for
164 residency regarding the prospective resident's criminal history.
165 (2) If the mobile home park elects not to proceed with the seven-day cure period in
166 Subsection (1)(a)(ii), a 15-day written notice of noncompliance shall:
167 (a) state that if the resident does not perform the resident's duties or obligations under the
168 lease agreement or rules of the mobile home park within 15 days after receipt by the resident of
169 the written notice of noncompliance, the mobile home park may enter onto the resident's space and
170 cure any default;
171 (b) state the expected reasonable cost of curing the default;
172 (c) require the resident to pay all costs incurred by the mobile home park to cure the
173 default by the first day of the month following receipt of a billing statement from the mobile home
175 (d) state that the payment required under Subsection (2)(b) shall be considered additional
176 rent; and
177 (e) state that the resident's failure to make the payment required by Subsection (2)(b) in
178 a timely manner shall be a default of the resident's lease and shall subject the resident to all other
179 remedies available to the mobile home park for a default, including remedies available for failure
180 to pay rent.
181 Section 5. Section 57-16-7 is amended to read:
182 57-16-7. Rules of parks.
183 (1) (a) A mobile home park may promulgate rules related to the health, safety, and
184 appropriate conduct of residents and to the maintenance and upkeep of such park. No change in
185 rule that is unconscionable is valid.
186 (b) (i) No new or amended rule shall take effect, nor provide the basis for an eviction
187 notice, until the expiration of at least:
188 (A) 120 days after its promulgation if it is a rule that requires a resident to make
189 improvements to the resident's mobile home or mobile home space and to incur expenses greater
190 than $2,000 in order to comply with the rule;
191 (B) 90 days after its promulgation if it is a rule that requires a resident to make
192 improvements to the resident's mobile home or mobile home space and to incur expenses greater
193 than $250 up to $2,000 in order to comply with the rule; or
194 (C) 60 days after its promulgation if it is a rule that requires a resident to make
195 improvements to the resident's mobile home or mobile home space and to incur expenses of $250
196 or less in order to comply with the rule.
197 (ii) Each resident, as a condition precedent to [
198 Subsection (1)(b) becoming effective, shall be provided with a copy of each new or amended rule
199 that does not appear in [
201 (c) (i) For 30 days after the mobile home park proposes amendments to the mobile home
202 park rules, the mobile home park shall allow residents, individually or through a representative of
203 a group of residents, the opportunity to meet with the mobile home park management about the
204 proposed amendments. [
205 written request for the meeting by the residents or the representative.
206 (ii) Within 30 days after the mobile home park proposes amendments to the mobile home
207 park rules, the mobile home park shall schedule at least one meeting for the purpose of discussing
208 the proposed rule amendments with residents and shall provide at least ten days' advance written
209 notice of the date, time, location, and purposes of the meeting to all residents.
210 (2) A mobile home park may specify the type of material used, and the methods used in
211 the installation of, underskirting, awnings, porches, fences, or other additions or alterations to the
212 exterior of a mobile home, and may also specify the tie-down equipment used in a mobile home
213 space, in order to insure the safety and good appearance of the park; but under no circumstances
214 may it require a resident to purchase such material or equipment from a supplier designated by the
215 mobile home park.
216 (3) No mobile home park may charge an entrance fee, exit fee, nor installation fee, but
217 reasonable landscaping and maintenance requirements may be included in the mobile home park
218 rules. The resident is responsible for all costs incident to connection of the mobile home to
219 existing mobile home park facilities and for the installation and maintenance of the mobile home
220 on the mobile home space.
221 (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a mobile home park from
222 requiring a reasonable initial security deposit.
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