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6 This act modifies the Utah Criminal Code. The act provides that a person is guilty of child
7 abuse if the person commits an act of domestic violence in the presence of a child. The act
8 eliminates the requirement that there be one or more prior occasions of acts of domestic
9 violence in the presence of a child before a person is guilty of child abuse. The act clarifies
10 that a charge of child abuse arising from domestic violence in the presence of a child is
11 separate and distinct from a charge of domestic violence where the victim is the cohabitant.
12 The act adds domestic violence in the presence of a child to the list of acts constituting
13 domestic violence. The act makes technical changes.
14 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
16 76-5-109.1, as last amended by Chapter 81, Laws of Utah 1998
17 77-36-1, as last amended by Chapter 229, Laws of Utah 1999
18 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
19 Section 1. Section 76-5-109.1 is amended to read:
20 76-5-109.1. Commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child.
21 (1) As used in this section:
22 (a) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as defined in Section 30-6-1 .
24 Section 77-36-1 .
26 (i) in the physical presence of a child; or
27 (ii) having knowledge that a child is present and may see or hear an act of domestic
29 (2) A person is guilty of child abuse if [
30 (a) commits or attempts to commit criminal homicide, as defined in Section 76-5-201 ,
31 against a cohabitant in the presence of a child; or
32 (b) intentionally causes serious bodily injury to a cohabitant or uses a dangerous weapon,
33 as defined in Section 76-1-601 , or other means or force likely to produce death or serious bodily
34 injury against a cohabitant, in the presence of a child; or
35 (c) under circumstances not amounting to a violation of Subsection (2)(a) or (b), commits
36 an act of domestic violence in the presence of a child [
40 (3) (a) A person who violates Subsection (2)(a) or (b) is guilty of a third degree felony.
41 (b) A person who violates Subsection (2)(c) is guilty of a class [
42 (4) A charge under this section is separate and distinct from, and is in addition to, a charge
43 of domestic violence where the victim is the cohabitant. Either or both charges may be filed by
44 the prosecutor.
45 Section 2. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
46 77-36-1. Definitions.
47 As used in this chapter:
48 (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 30-6-1 .
49 (2) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical harm
50 or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a
51 criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one cohabitant against
52 another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit, any of the following
53 offenses by one cohabitant against another:
54 (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
55 (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
56 (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
57 (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
58 (e) telephone harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
59 (f) kidnaping, child kidnaping, or aggravated kidnaping, as described in Sections 76-5-301 ,
60 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
61 (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
62 (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, and Title 76, Chapter 5a;
63 (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
64 (j) unlawful detention, as described in Section 76-5-304 ;
65 (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
66 76-5-108 ;
67 (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, 2, or 3;
68 (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
69 76-10-507 ;
70 (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any person,
71 building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ; [
72 (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
73 conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with any
74 of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection (2). Conviction of
75 disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this Subsection
76 (2)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18 U.S.C. Section 921,
77 and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C. Section 921 et seq.; or
78 (p) child abuse as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .
79 (3) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-23-02 12:31 PM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.