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6 This act modifies the County Code relating to agricultural protection areas and the Utah
7 Criminal Code relating to nuisances. The act extends the sound agricultural practices
8 defense to criminal actions for public nuisance.
9 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
11 17-41-403, as last amended by Chapter 383, Laws of Utah 1997
12 76-10-803, as last amended by Chapter 1, Laws of Utah 2000
13 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
14 Section 1. Section 17-41-403 is amended to read:
15 17-41-403. Nuisances.
16 (1) Each political subdivision shall ensure that any of its laws or ordinances that define or
17 prohibit a public nuisance exclude from the definition or prohibition any agricultural activity or
18 operation within an agriculture protection area conducted using sound agricultural practices unless
19 that activity or operation bears a direct relationship to public health or safety.
20 (2) In a civil action for nuisance [
21 public nuisance under Section 76-10-803 , it is a complete defense if the action involves
22 agricultural activities and those agricultural activities were:
23 (a) [
24 (b) [
25 regulation relating to the alleged nuisance or were conducted according to sound agricultural
27 (3) For any new subdivision development located in whole or in part within 300 feet of
28 the boundary of an agriculture protection area, the owner of the development shall provide notice
29 on any plat filed with the county recorder the following notice:
31 This property is located in the vicinity of an established agriculture protection area in
32 which normal agricultural uses and activities have been afforded the highest priority use
33 status. It can be anticipated that such agricultural uses and activities may now or in the
34 future be conducted on property included in the agriculture protection area. The use and
35 enjoyment of this property is expressly conditioned on acceptance of any annoyance or
36 inconvenience which may result from such normal agricultural uses and activities."
37 Section 2. Section 76-10-803 is amended to read:
38 76-10-803. "Public nuisance" defined.
39 (1) A public nuisance is a crime against the order and economy of the state and consists
40 in unlawfully doing any act or omitting to perform any duty, which act or omission:
41 (a) annoys, injures, or endangers the comfort, repose, health, or safety of three or more
43 (b) offends public decency;
44 (c) unlawfully interferes with, obstructs, or tends to obstruct, or renders dangerous for
45 passage, any lake, stream, canal, or basin, or any public park, square, street, or highway;
46 (d) is a nuisance as defined in Section 78-38-9 ; or
47 (e) in any way renders three or more persons insecure in life or the use of property.
48 (2) An act which affects three or more persons in any of the ways specified in this section
49 is still a nuisance regardless of the extent to which the annoyance or damage inflicted on
50 individuals is unequal.
51 (3) (a) Agricultural operations that are consistent with sound agricultural practices are
52 presumed to be reasonable and do not constitute a public nuisance under Subsection (1) unless the
53 agricultural operation has a substantial adverse effect on the public health and safety.
54 (b) Agricultural operations undertaken in conformity with federal, state, and local laws and
55 regulations, including zoning ordinances, are presumed to be operating within sound agricultural
Legislative Review Note
as of 11-14-01 2:07 PM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
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