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First Substitute S.B. 96

Senator Bill Wright proposes the following substitute bill:




Sponsor: Bill Wright

             5      This act modifies the Radiation Control Act to authorize the Department of Environmental
             6      Quality to regulate uranium recovery and specified related operations. The act imposes a
             7      fee on these operations, with specified contingencies. This act also increases the size of the
             8      Radiation Control Board by two members.
             9      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             10      AMENDS:
             11          19-1-108, as last amended by Chapter 314, Laws of Utah 2001
             12          19-3-103, as last amended by Chapter 243, Laws of Utah 1996
             13          19-3-104, as last amended by Chapter 311, Laws of Utah 2001
             14      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             15          Section 1. Section 19-1-108 is amended to read:
             16           19-1-108. Creation of Environmental Quality Restricted Account -- Purpose of
             17      restricted account -- Sources of funds -- Uses of funds.
             18          (1) There is created the Environmental Quality Restricted Account.
             19          (2) The sources of monies for the restricted account are:
             20          (a) radioactive waste disposal fees collected under Sections 19-3-106 and 19-3-106.4 and
             21      other fees collected under Subsection 19-3-104 (5);
             22          (b) hazardous waste disposal fees collected under Section 19-6-118 ;
             23          (c) PCB waste disposal fees collected under Section 19-6-118.5 ;
             24          (d) nonhazardous solid waste disposal fees collected under Section 19-6-119 ; and
             25          (e) all investment income derived from money in the restricted account created in this

             26      section.
             27          (3) In each fiscal year, the first $500,000 collected from all waste disposal fees listed in
             28      Subsection (2), collectively, shall be deposited in the General Fund as free revenue. The balance
             29      shall be deposited in the restricted account created in this section.
             30          (4) The Legislature may annually appropriate monies from the Environmental Quality
             31      Restricted Account to:
             32          (a) the department for the costs of administering radiation control programs;
             33          (b) the department for the costs of administering solid and hazardous waste programs; and
             34          (c) the Hazardous Substances Mitigation Fund, up to $400,000, for purposes set forth in
             35      Title 19, Chapter 6, Part 3, Hazardous Substances Mitigation Act.
             36          (5) In order to stabilize funding for the radiation control program and the solid and
             37      hazardous waste program, the Legislature shall in years of excess revenues reserve in the restricted
             38      account sufficient monies to meet departmental needs in years of projected shortages.
             39          (6) The Legislature may not appropriate money from the General Fund to the department
             40      as a supplemental appropriation to cover the costs of the radiation control program and the solid
             41      and hazardous waste program in an amount exceeding 25% of the amount of waste disposal fees
             42      collected during the most recent prior fiscal year.
             43          (7) The Legislature may annually appropriate not more than $200,000 from this account
             44      to the Department of Public Safety, created in Section 53-1-103 , to be used by that department
             45      solely for hazardous materials:
             46          (a) management training; and
             47          (b) response preparation and emergency response training.
             48          (8) All funds appropriated under this part that are not expended at the end of the fiscal year
             49      lapse into the account created in Subsection (1).
             50          (9) For fiscal year 1998-99, up to $537,000 in the Environmental Quality Restricted
             51      Account may be appropriated by the Legislature to fund legislative priorities.
             52          Section 2. Section 19-3-103 is amended to read:
             53           19-3-103. Radiation Control Board -- Members -- Organization -- Meetings -- Per
             54      diem and expenses.
             55          (1) The board created under Section 19-1-106 comprises [11] 13 members, one of whom
             56      shall be the executive director, or his designee, and the remainder of whom shall be appointed by

             57      the governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate.
             58          (2) No more than [five] six appointed members shall be from the same political party.
             59          (3) The appointed members shall be knowledgeable about radiation protection and shall
             60      be as follows:
             61          (a) one physician;
             62          (b) one dentist;
             63          (c) one health physicist or other professional employed in the field of radiation safety;
             64          (d) [two] three representatives of regulated industry, at least one of whom represents the
             65      radioactive waste management industry, and at least one of whom represents the uranium milling
             66      industry;
             67          (e) one registrant or licensee representative from academia;
             68          (f) one representative of a local health department;
             69          (g) one elected county official; and
             70          (h) [two] three members of the general public, at least one of whom represents organized
             71      environmental interests.
             72          (4) (a) Except as required by Subsection (4)(b), as terms of current board members expire,
             73      the governor shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a four-year term.
             74          (b) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (4)(a), the governor shall, at the time
             75      of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of board
             76      members are staggered so that approximately half of the board is appointed every two years.
             77          (5) Each board member is eligible for reappointment to more than one term.
             78          (6) Each board member shall continue in office until the expiration of his term and until
             79      a successor is appointed, but not more than 90 days after the expiration of his term.
             80          (7) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the replacement shall be
             81      appointed for the unexpired term by the governor, after considering recommendations by the
             82      department and with the consent of the Senate.
             83          (8) The board shall annually elect a chair and vice chair from its members.
             84          (9) The board shall meet at least quarterly. Other meetings may be called by the chair, by
             85      the executive secretary, or upon the request of three members of the board.
             86          (10) Reasonable notice shall be given each member of the board prior to any meeting.
             87          (11) [Six] Seven members constitute a quorum. The action of a majority of the members

             88      present is the action of the board.
             89          (12) (a) (i) Members who are not government employees [shall] receive no compensation
             90      or benefits for their services, but may receive per diem and expenses incurred in the performance
             91      of the member's official duties at the rates established by the Division of Finance under Sections
             92      63A-3-106 and 63A-3-107 .
             93          (ii) Members may decline to receive per diem and expenses for their service.
             94          (b) (i) State government officer and employee members who do not receive salary, per
             95      diem, or expenses from their agency for their service may receive per diem and expenses incurred
             96      in the performance of their official duties from the board at the rates established by the Division
             97      of Finance under Sections 63A-3-106 and 63A-3-107 .
             98          (ii) State government officer and employee members may decline to receive per diem and
             99      expenses for their service.
             100          (c) (i) Local government members who do not receive salary, per diem, or expenses from
             101      the entity that they represent for their service may receive per diem and expenses incurred in the
             102      performance of their official duties at the rates established by the Division of Finance under
             103      Sections 63A-3-106 and 63A-3-107 .
             104          (ii) Local government members may decline to receive per diem and expenses for their
             105      service.
             106          Section 3. Section 19-3-104 is amended to read:
             107           19-3-104. Registration and licensing of radiation sources by department --
             108      Assessment of fees -- Rulemaking authority and procedure -- Siting criteria.
             109          (1) As used in this section:
             110          (a) "Decommissioning" includes financial assurance.
             111          (b) "Source material" and "byproduct material" have the same definitions as in 42
             112      U.S.C.A. 2014, Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended.
             113          [(1)] (2) The board may require the registration or licensing of radiation sources that
             114      constitute a significant health hazard.
             115          [(2)] (3) All sources of ionizing radiation, including ionizing radiation producing
             116      machines, shall be registered or licensed by the department.
             117          [(3)] (4) The board may make rules:
             118          (a) necessary for controlling exposure to sources of radiation that constitute a significant

             119      health hazard;
             120          (b) to meet the requirements of federal law relating to radiation control to ensure the
             121      radiation control program under this part is qualified to maintain primacy from the federal
             122      government; [and]
             123          (c) to establish:
             124          (i) board accreditation requirements and procedures for mammography facilities; and
             125          (ii) certification procedure and qualifications for persons who survey mammography
             126      equipment and oversee quality assurance practices at mammography facilities[.]; and
             127          (d) as necessary regarding the possession, use, transfer, or delivery of source and byproduct
             128      material and the disposal of byproduct material to establish requirements for:
             129          (i) the licensing, operation, decontamination, and decommissioning, including financial
             130      assurances; and
             131          (ii) the reclamation of sites, structures, and equipment used in conjunction with the
             132      activities described in this Subsection (4).
             133          (5) (a) On and after January 1, 2003, a fee is imposed for the regulation of source and
             134      byproduct material and the disposal of byproduct material at uranium mills or commercial waste
             135      facilities, as provided in this Subsection (5).
             136          (b) On and after January 1, 2003 through March 30, 2003:
             137          (i) $6, 667 per month for uranium mills or commercial sites disposing of or reprocessing
             138      byproduct material; and
             139          (ii) $4,167 per month for those uranium mills the executive secretary has determined are
             140      on standby status.
             141          (c) On and after March 31, 2003 through June 30, 2003 the same fees as in Subsection
             142      (5)(b) apply, but only if the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission grants to Utah an amendment
             143      for agreement state status for uranium recovery regulation on or before March 30, 2003.
             144          (d) If the Nuclear Regulatory Commission does not grant the amendment for state
             145      agreement status on or before March 30, 2003, fees under Subsection (5)(e) do not apply and are
             146      not required to be paid until on and after the later date of:
             147          (i) October 1, 2003; or
             148          (ii) the date the Nuclear Regulatory Commission grants to Utah an amendment for
             149      agreement state status for uranium recovery regulation.

             150          (e) For the payment periods beginning on and after July 1, 2003, the department shall
             151      establish the fees required under Subsection (5)(a) under Section 63-38-3.2 , subject to the
             152      restrictions under Subsection (5)(d).
             153          (f) The department shall deposit fees it receives under this Subsection (5) into the
             154      Environmental Quality Restricted Account created in Section 19-1-108 .
             155          [(4)] (6) (a) The department shall assess fees for registration, licensing, and inspection of
             156      radiation sources under this section.
             157          (b) The department shall comply with the requirements of Section 63-38-3.2 in assessing
             158      fees for licensure and registration.
             159          [(5)] (7) The department shall coordinate its activities with the Department of Health rules
             160      made under Section 26-21a-203 .
             161          [(6)] (8) (a) Except as provided in Subsection [(7),] (9) the board may not adopt rules, for
             162      the purpose of the state assuming responsibilities from the United States Nuclear Regulatory
             163      Commission with respect to regulation of sources of ionizing radiation, that are more stringent than
             164      the corresponding federal regulations which address the same circumstances.
             165          (b) In adopting those rules, the board may incorporate corresponding federal regulations
             166      by reference.
             167          [(7)] (9) (a) The board may adopt rules more stringent than corresponding federal
             168      regulations for the purpose described in Subsection [(6)] (8) only if it makes a written finding after
             169      public comment and hearing and based on evidence in the record that corresponding federal
             170      regulations are not adequate to protect public health and the environment of the state.
             171          (b) Those findings shall be accompanied by an opinion referring to and evaluating the
             172      public health and environmental information and studies contained in the record which form the
             173      basis for the board's conclusion.
             174          [(8)] (10) (a) The board shall by rule:
             175          (i) authorize independent qualified experts to conduct inspections required under this
             176      chapter of x-ray facilities registered with the division; and
             177          (ii) establish qualifications and certification procedures necessary for independent experts
             178      to conduct these inspections.
             179          (b) Independent experts under this Subsection [(8)] (10) are not considered employees or
             180      representatives of the division or the state when conducting the inspections.

             181          [(9)] (11) (a) The board may by rule establish criteria for siting commercial low-level
             182      radioactive waste treatment or disposal facilities.
             183          (b) Any facility under Subsection (11)(a) for which a radioactive material license is
             184      required by this section shall comply with those criteria.
             185          (c) A facility may not receive a radioactive material license until siting criteria have been
             186      established by the board. The criteria also apply to facilities that have applied for but not received
             187      a radioactive material license.
             188          [(10)] (12) The board shall by rule establish financial assurance requirements for closure
             189      and postclosure care of radioactive waste land disposal facilities, taking into account existing
             190      financial assurance requirements.

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