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First Substitute S.B. 99

Representative David N. Cox proposes the following substitute bill:




Sponsor: David L. Gladwell

             5      This act modifies provisions related to the State System of Public Education by requiring the
             6      State Board of Education to consult with teachers and parents in establishing the core
             7      curriculum and to align the core curriculum and tests administered under the Utah
             8      Performance Assessment System for Students (U-PASS) with each other. This act directs the
             9      State Board of Education to recommend instructional materials for use in public schools and
             10      allows each school to select instructional materials and teaching methods it considers most
             11      appropriate to meet core curriculum objectives.
             12      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             13      AMENDS:
             14          53A-1-402.6, as enacted by Chapter 301, Laws of Utah 2000
             15          53A-12-204, as last amended by Chapter 174, Laws of Utah 1997
             16          53A-13-101, as last amended by Chapter 105, Laws of Utah 2001
             17          53A-14-101, as last amended by Chapter 84, Laws of Utah 2001
             18          53A-14-102, as last amended by Chapter 84, Laws of Utah 2001
             19          53A-17a-121, as last amended by Chapter 335, Laws of Utah 2001
             20          53A-25a-105, as enacted by Chapter 280, Laws of Utah 1994
             21      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             22          Section 1. Section 53A-1-402.6 is amended to read:
             23           53A-1-402.6. Core curriculum.
             24          (1) In establishing minimum standards related to curriculum and instruction requirements
             25      under [Subsection] Section 53A-1-402 [(1)(c)], the State Board of Education shall, in consultation

             26      with local school boards [and local], school superintendents, teachers, and parents define and
             27      establish a core curriculum.
             28          (2) The board shall:
             29          (a) include in its definition an identification of the basic knowledge, skills, and
             30      competencies each student is expected to acquire or master as the student advances through the
             31      public education system[.]; and
             32          (b) align the core curriculum and tests administered under the Utah Performance
             33      Assessment System for Students (U-PASS) with each other.
             34          (3) (a) Local school boards shall design their school programs to focus on the core
             35      curriculum with the expectation that each program will enhance or help achieve mastery of the
             36      core curriculum.
             37          (b) As part of the report required by each school for its participation in the School LAND
             38      Trust Program under Section 53A-16-101.5 , the school committee shall report on the value of each
             39      program at the school that is part of the school trust land plan as it relates to enhancing the core
             40      curriculum.
             41          (4) Except as provided in Section 53A-13-101 , each school may select instructional
             42      materials and methods of teaching that it considers most appropriate to meet core curriculum
             43      objectives.
             44          Section 1. Section 53A-12-204 is amended to read:
             45           53A-12-204. Purchase of textbooks by local school board -- Sales to pupils -- Free
             46      textbooks -- Textbooks provided to teachers -- Payment of costs -- Rental of textbooks.
             47          (1) A local school board, under rules adopted by the State Board of Education, may
             48      purchase textbooks [approved by the state board] for use in the public schools directly from the
             49      publisher at prices and terms approved by the state board and may sell those books to pupils in
             50      grades nine through 12 at a cost not to exceed the actual cost of the book plus costs of
             51      transportation and handling.
             52          (2) Each local school board, however, shall provide, free of charge, textbooks and
             53      workbooks required for courses of instruction for each child attending public schools whose parent
             54      or guardian is financially unable to purchase them.
             55          (3) Children who are receiving cash assistance under Title 35A, Chapter 3, Part 3, Family
             56      Employment Program, supplemental security income, or who are in the custody of the Division

             57      of Child and Family Services within the Department of Human Services are eligible for free
             58      textbooks and workbooks under this section.
             59          (4) The local school board shall also purchase all books necessary for teachers to conduct
             60      their classes.
             61          (5) The cost of furnishing textbooks and workbooks may be paid from school operating
             62      funds, the textbook fund, or from other available funds.
             63          (6) Books provided to teachers and pupils without charge or at less than full cost are paid
             64      for out of funds of the district and remain the property of the district.
             65          (7) In school districts that require pupils to rent books instead of purchasing them or
             66      providing them free of charge, the local school board shall waive rental fees for a child whose
             67      parent or guardian is financially unable to pay the rental fee. The children considered eligible
             68      under Subsection (3) are also eligible for the purposes of this Subsection (7).
             69          Section 2. Section 53A-13-101 is amended to read:
             70           53A-13-101. Instruction in health -- Parental consent requirements -- Character
             71      habits -- Conduct and speech of school employees and volunteers -- Political and religious
             72      doctrine prohibited.
             73          (1) (a) The State Board of Education shall establish curriculum requirements under Section
             74      53A-1-402 , that include instruction in:
             75          (i) community and personal health;
             76          (ii) physiology;
             77          (iii) personal hygiene; and
             78          (iv) prevention of communicable disease.
             79          (b) (i) That instruction shall stress:
             80          (A) the importance of abstinence from all sexual activity before marriage and fidelity after
             81      marriage as methods for preventing certain communicable diseases; and
             82          (B) personal skills that encourage individual choice of abstinence and fidelity.
             83          (ii) (A) At no time may instruction be provided, including responses to spontaneous
             84      questions raised by students, regarding any means or methods that facilitate or encourage the
             85      violation of any state or federal criminal law by a minor or an adult.
             86          (B) Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) does not preclude an instructor from responding to a
             87      spontaneous question as long as the response is consistent with the provisions of this section.

             88          (c) (i) The board shall [approve] recommend instructional materials for use in the curricula
             89      required under Subsection (1)(a) [upon recommendation of] after considering evaluations of
             90      instruction materials by the State [Textbook] Instructional Materials Commission [or its
             91      successor].
             92          (ii) A local school board may choose to adopt:
             93          (A) the instructional materials [approved] recommended under Subsection (1)(c)(i); or
             94          (B) other instructional materials as provided in state board rule.
             95          (iii) The state board rule made under Subsection (1)(c)(ii)(B) shall include, at a minimum:
             96          (A) that the materials adopted by a local school board under Subsection (1)(c)(ii)(B) shall
             97      be based upon recommendations of the school district's Curriculum Materials Review Committee
             98      that comply with state law and state board rules emphasizing abstinence before marriage and
             99      fidelity after marriage, and prohibiting instruction in:
             100          (I) the intricacies of intercourse, sexual stimulation, or erotic behavior;
             101          (II) the advocacy of homosexuality;
             102          (III) the advocacy or encouragement of the use of contraceptive methods or devices; or
             103          (IV) the advocacy of sexual activity outside of marriage;
             104          (B) that the adoption of instructional materials shall take place in an open and regular
             105      meeting of the local school board for which prior notice is given to parents and guardians of
             106      students attending schools in the district and an opportunity for them to express their views and
             107      opinions on the materials at the meeting;
             108          (C) provision for an appeal and review process of the local school board's decision; and
             109          (D) provision for a report by the local school board to the State Board of Education of the
             110      action taken and the materials adopted by the local school board under Subsections (1)(c)(ii)(B)
             111      and (1)(c)(iii).
             112          (2) (a) Instruction in the courses described in Subsection (1) shall be consistent and
             113      systematic in grades eight through 12.
             114          (b) At the request of the board, the Department of Health shall cooperate with the board
             115      in developing programs to provide instruction in those areas.
             116          (3) (a) The board shall adopt rules that:
             117          (i) provide that the parental consent requirements of Sections 76-7-322 and 76-7-323 are
             118      complied with; and

             119          (ii) require a student's parent or legal guardian to be notified in advance and have an
             120      opportunity to review the information for which parental consent is required under Sections
             121      76-7-322 and 76-7-323 .
             122          (b) The board shall also provide procedures for disciplinary action for violation of Section
             123      76-7-322 or 76-7-323 .
             124          (4) Honesty, temperance, morality, courtesy, obedience to law, respect for and an
             125      understanding of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitutions of the United States and
             126      the state of Utah, Utah history including territorial and preterritorial development to the present,
             127      the essentials and benefits of the free enterprise system, respect for parents and home, and the
             128      dignity and necessity of honest labor and other skills, habits, and qualities of character which will
             129      promote an upright and desirable citizenry and better prepare students for a richer, happier life
             130      shall be taught in connection with regular school work.
             131          (5) (a) In keeping with the requirements of Subsection (4), and because school employees
             132      and volunteers serve as examples to their students, school employees or volunteers acting in their
             133      official capacities may not support or encourage criminal conduct by students, teachers, or
             134      volunteers.
             135          (b) To ensure the effective performance of school personnel, the limitations described in
             136      Subsection (5)(a) also apply to school employees or volunteers acting outside of their official
             137      capacities if:
             138          (i) they knew or should have known that their action could result in a material and
             139      substantial interference or disruption in the normal activities of the school; and
             140          (ii) that action does result in a material and substantial interference or disruption in the
             141      normal activities of the school.
             142          (c) Neither the State Office of Education nor local school districts may provide training
             143      of school employees or volunteers that supports or encourages criminal conduct.
             144          (d) The State Board of Education shall adopt rules implementing this section.
             145          (e) Nothing in this section limits the ability or authority of the State Board of Education
             146      and local school boards to enact and enforce rules or take actions that are otherwise lawful,
             147      regarding educators', employees', or volunteers' qualifications or behavior evidencing unfitness for
             148      duty.
             149          (6) Except as provided in Section 53A-13-101.1 , political, atheistic, sectarian, religious,

             150      or denominational doctrine may not be taught in the public schools.
             151          (7) (a) Local school boards and their employees shall cooperate and share responsibility
             152      in carrying out the purposes of this chapter.
             153          (b) Each school district shall provide appropriate inservice training for its teachers,
             154      counselors, and school administrators to enable them to understand, protect, and properly instruct
             155      students in the values and character traits referred to in this section and Sections 53A-13-101.1 ,
             156      53A-13-101.2 , 53A-13-101.3 , 53A-13-301 , and 53A-13-302 and distribute appropriate written
             157      materials on the values, character traits, and conduct to each individual receiving the inservice
             158      training.
             159          (c) The written materials shall also be made available to classified employees, students,
             160      and parents and guardians of students.
             161          (d) In order to assist school districts in providing the inservice training required under
             162      Subsection (7)(b), the State Board of Education shall as appropriate, contract with a qualified
             163      individual or entity possessing expertise in the areas referred to in Subsection (7)(b) to develop and
             164      disseminate model teacher inservice programs which districts may use to train the individuals
             165      referred to in Subsection (7)(b) to effectively teach the values and qualities of character referenced
             166      in that subsection.
             167          (e) In accordance with the provisions of Subsection (5)(c), inservice training may not
             168      support or encourage criminal conduct.
             169          (8) If any one or more provision, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this
             170      section, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is found to be unconstitutional,
             171      the balance of this section shall be given effect without the invalid provision, subsection, sentence,
             172      clause, phrase, or word.
             173          Section 3. Section 53A-14-101 is amended to read:
             174           53A-14-101. Creation of commission -- Powers -- Payment of expenses.
             175          (1) The State Board of Education shall appoint a State Instructional Materials Commission
             176      consisting of:
             177          (a) the state superintendent of public instruction or the superintendent's designee;
             178          (b) a school district superintendent;
             179          (c) a secondary school principal;
             180          (d) an elementary school principal;

             181          (e) a secondary school teacher;
             182          (f) an elementary school teacher;
             183          (g) five persons not employed in public education; and
             184          (h) a dean of a school of education of a state college or university.
             185          (2) The commission shall [recommend] evaluate instructional materials for [approval]
             186      recommendation by the board.
             187          (3) As used in this chapter, "instructional materials" means textbooks or materials used
             188      as, or in place, of textbooks and which may be used within the state curriculum framework for
             189      courses of study by students in public schools to include:
             190          (a) textbooks;
             191          (b) workbooks;
             192          (c) computer software;
             193          (d) laserdiscs or videodiscs; and
             194          (e) multiple forms of communications media.
             195          (4) Members shall serve without compensation, but their actual and necessary expenses
             196      incurred in the performance of their official duties shall be paid out of money appropriated to the
             197      board.
             198          Section 4. Section 53A-14-102 is amended to read:
             199           53A-14-102. Commission's evaluation of instructional materials -- Recommendation
             200      by the state board.
             201          (1) [(a)] Semi-annually after reviewing the [recommendations] evaluations of the
             202      commission, the board shall [approve] recommend instructional materials for use in the public
             203      schools [under rules adopted by the board].
             204          [(b) The board shall make a rule in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             205      Administrative Rulemaking Act, providing for a process to:]
             206          [(i) allow three school districts or more to use or substitute in courses within the state
             207      curriculum framework instructional materials not recommended by the commission; and]
             208          [(ii) appeal any recommendation of the commission to the board.]
             209          (2) The standard [approval] period of time instructional materials shall remain on the list
             210      of recommended instructional materials shall be five years.
             211          (3) [An unsatisfactory textbook] Unsatisfactory instructional materials may be removed

             212      from the list of [approved textbooks] recommended instructional materials at any time within the
             213      period applicable to [that book] the instructional materials.
             214          (4) Except as provided in Section 53A-13-101 , each school shall have discretion to select
             215      instructional materials for use by the school. A school may select:
             216          (a) instructional materials recommended by the board as provided in this section; or
             217          (b) other instructional materials it considers appropriate to teach the core curriculum.
             218          Section 5. Section 53A-17a-121 is amended to read:
             219           53A-17a-121. Appropriation for At-risk programs.
             220          (1) There is appropriated to the State Board of Education $25,023,588 for allocation to
             221      local school boards for at-risk programs, including the following:
             222          (a) youth in custody;
             223          (b) adolescent pregnancy prevention;
             224          (c) homeless and disadvantaged minority students;
             225          (d) mathematics, engineering, and science achievement programs;
             226          (e) gang prevention and intervention; and
             227          (f) at-risk flow through.
             228          (2) Districts shall spend monies for these programs according to standards established by
             229      the State Board of Education in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative
             230      Rulemaking Act.
             231          (3) (a) From the amount appropriated for at-risk programs, the board shall allocate moneys
             232      for adolescent pregnancy prevention programs to school districts on the basis of a district's total
             233      number of students enrolled in classes as of October 1 that teach a curriculum of adolescent
             234      pregnancy prevention as compared to the total number of students enrolled in such programs in
             235      school districts throughout the state.
             236          (b) The adolescent pregnancy prevention programs funded under this subsection shall
             237      require written consent from parents or guardians for student participation, involve parents or
             238      guardians of participating students in a substantial and consistent manner, and comply with the
             239      requirements of Sections 76-7-321 through 76-7-325 .
             240          (c) To qualify for participation in the program, a district shall demonstrate to the state
             241      board through prior research and pilot studies with similar student populations that those students
             242      attained and retained knowledge, values, attitudes, and behaviors that promote abstinence from

             243      sexual activity before marriage, and that the students had a lower pregnancy rate than comparison
             244      groups that did not participate in the program.
             245          (d) Further qualification requires approval by the local board [and state board] in
             246      accordance with Section 53A-13-101 of all teaching materials, handouts, media materials,
             247      audiovisual materials, textbooks, curriculum materials, and course outlines to be used in the
             248      program.
             249          (e) The state board may not use a district's participation in the adolescent pregnancy
             250      prevention program as an offset against the district's historical proportionate share of the remaining
             251      fund balance.
             252          (f) A school district may spend any additional monies allocated for adolescent pregnancy
             253      prevention programs as long as the programs comply with the guidelines established in
             254      Subsections (3)(b), (c), and (d), if the need for such a program is greater than the allocation
             255      received under Subsection (3)(a).
             256          (4) (a) From the amount appropriated for youth at risk programs, the board shall allocate
             257      moneys to school districts for homeless and disadvantaged minority students.
             258          (b) Each district shall receive its allocation on the basis of:
             259          (i) the total number of homeless students in the district;
             260          (ii) added to 50% of the number of disadvantaged minority students in the district;
             261          (iii) multiplying the total of Subsections (4)(b)(i) and (ii) by the value of the weighted
             262      pupil unit; and
             263          (iv) prorating the amount under Subsection (4)(b)(iii) to the amount in Subsection (4)(a).
             264          (5) (a) From the amount appropriated for at-risk programs, the board shall allocate monies
             265      for mathematics, engineering, and science achievement programs, MESA programs, in the
             266      districts.
             267          (b) The board shall make the distribution to school districts on a competitive basis by
             268      application under guidelines established by the board.
             269          (6) (a) From the amount appropriated for at-risk programs, the board shall distribute
             270      moneys for gang prevention and intervention programs at the district or school level.
             271          (b) The board shall make the distribution to school districts under guidelines established
             272      by the board consistent with Section 53A-15-601 .
             273          (7) (a) From the amount appropriated for at-risk programs, the board shall distribute

             274      moneys for programs for youth in custody.
             275          (b) The board shall allocate these moneys to school districts which operate programs for
             276      youth in custody in accordance with standards established by the board.
             277          (8) From the amount appropriated for at-risk programs, the board shall allocate monies
             278      based on:
             279          (a) a formula which takes into account prior year WPU's per district and a district's low
             280      income population; and
             281          (b) a minimum base of no less than $18,600 for small school districts.
             282          Section 6. Section 53A-25a-105 is amended to read:
             283           53A-25a-105. Braille versions of textbooks.
             284          (1) As a condition of the annual contract for instructional materials process and as a
             285      condition of textbook acceptance, the State Board of Education through the State Office of
             286      Education shall require publishers of textbooks [adopted] recommended by the state board to
             287      furnish their textbooks on computer diskettes, on request, for literary subjects in the American
             288      Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) from which Braille versions of all or part of
             289      the textbook can be produced.
             290          (2) When Braille translation software for specialty code translation becomes available,
             291      publishers shall make computer diskettes available, on request, in ASCII for nonliterary subjects
             292      such as mathematics and science.

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