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First Substitute S.B. 111
5 This act modifies provisions relating to Divorce, providing that if a family home is awarded
6 in a divorce to one party, the other party should receive an equitable lien on the home to
7 protect any interest they may have.
8 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
10 30-3-5, as last amended by Chapter 255, Laws of Utah 2001
11 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
12 Section 1. Section 30-3-5 is amended to read:
13 30-3-5. Disposition of property -- Maintenance and health care of parties and
14 children -- Division of debts -- Court to have continuing jurisdiction -- Custody and
15 parent-time -- Determination of alimony -- Nonmeritorious petition for modification.
16 (1) When a decree of divorce is rendered, the court may include in it equitable orders
17 relating to the children, property, debts or obligations, and parties.
18 (a) If the family home is awarded to one party and the other party is awarded an equitable
19 lien on the property, the equitable lien shall accrue interest at the current postjudgment interest rate
20 specified in Section 15-1-4 , unless the court orders otherwise.
21 (b) The court shall include the following in every decree of divorce:
23 medical and dental expenses of the dependent children;
25 purchase and maintenance of appropriate health, hospital, and dental care insurance for the
26 dependent children;
29 obligations, or liabilities of the parties contracted or incurred during marriage;
31 the court's division of debts, obligations, or liabilities and regarding the parties' separate, current
32 addresses; and
35 Recovery Services.
36 (2) The court may include, in an order determining child support, an order assigning
37 financial responsibility for all or a portion of child care expenses incurred on behalf of the
38 dependent children, necessitated by the employment or training of the custodial parent. If the court
39 determines that the circumstances are appropriate and that the dependent children would be
40 adequately cared for, it may include an order allowing the noncustodial parent to provide child care
41 for the dependent children, necessitated by the employment or training of the custodial parent.
42 (3) The court has continuing jurisdiction to make subsequent changes or new orders for
43 the custody of the children and their support, maintenance, health, and dental care, and for
44 distribution of the property and obligations for debts as is reasonable and necessary.
45 (4) (a) In determining parent-time rights of parents and visitation rights of grandparents
46 and other members of the immediate family, the court shall consider the best interest of the child.
47 (b) Upon a specific finding by the court of the need for peace officer enforcement, the
48 court may include in an order establishing a parent-time or visitation schedule a provision, among
49 other things, authorizing any peace officer to enforce a court-ordered parent-time or visitation
50 schedule entered under this chapter.
51 (5) If a petition for modification of child custody or parent-time provisions of a court order
52 is made and denied, the court shall order the petitioner to pay the reasonable attorneys' fees
53 expended by the prevailing party in that action, if the court determines that the petition was without
54 merit and not asserted or defended against in good faith.
55 (6) If a petition alleges substantial noncompliance with a parent-time order by a parent,
56 or a visitation order by a grandparent or other member of the immediate family pursuant to Section
57 78-32-12.2 where a visitation or parent-time right has been previously granted by the court, the
58 court may award to the prevailing party costs, including actual attorney fees and court costs
59 incurred by the prevailing party because of the other party's failure to provide or exercise
60 court-ordered visitation or parent-time.
61 (7) (a) The court shall consider at least the following factors in determining alimony:
62 (i) the financial condition and needs of the recipient spouse;
63 (ii) the recipient's earning capacity or ability to produce income;
64 (iii) the ability of the payor spouse to provide support;
65 (iv) the length of the marriage;
66 (v) whether the recipient spouse has custody of minor children requiring support;
67 (vi) whether the recipient spouse worked in a business owned or operated by the payor
68 spouse; and
69 (vii) whether the recipient spouse directly contributed to any increase in the payor spouse's
70 skill by paying for education received by the payor spouse or allowing the payor spouse to attend
71 school during the marriage.
72 (b) The court may consider the fault of the parties in determining alimony.
73 (c) As a general rule, the court should look to the standard of living, existing at the time
74 of separation, in determining alimony in accordance with Subsection (7)(a). However, the court
75 shall consider all relevant facts and equitable principles and may, in its discretion, base alimony
76 on the standard of living that existed at the time of trial. In marriages of short duration, when no
77 children have been conceived or born during the marriage, the court may consider the standard of
78 living that existed at the time of the marriage.
79 (d) The court may, under appropriate circumstances, attempt to equalize the parties'
80 respective standards of living.
81 (e) When a marriage of long duration dissolves on the threshold of a major change in the
82 income of one of the spouses due to the collective efforts of both, that change shall be considered
83 in dividing the marital property and in determining the amount of alimony. If one spouse's earning
84 capacity has been greatly enhanced through the efforts of both spouses during the marriage, the
85 court may make a compensating adjustment in dividing the marital property and awarding alimony.
86 (f) In determining alimony when a marriage of short duration dissolves, and no children
87 have been conceived or born during the marriage, the court may consider restoring each party to
88 the condition which existed at the time of the marriage.
89 (g) (i) The court has continuing jurisdiction to make substantive changes and new orders
90 regarding alimony based on a substantial material change in circumstances not foreseeable at the
91 time of the divorce.
92 (ii) The court may not modify alimony or issue a new order for alimony to address needs
93 of the recipient that did not exist at the time the decree was entered, unless the court finds
94 extenuating circumstances that justify that action.
95 (iii) In determining alimony, the income of any subsequent spouse of the payor may not
96 be considered, except as provided in this Subsection (7).
97 (A) The court may consider the subsequent spouse's financial ability to share living
99 (B) The court may consider the income of a subsequent spouse if the court finds that the
100 payor's improper conduct justifies that consideration.
101 (h) Alimony may not be ordered for a duration longer than the number of years that the
102 marriage existed unless, at any time prior to termination of alimony, the court finds extenuating
103 circumstances that justify the payment of alimony for a longer period of time.
104 (8) Unless a decree of divorce specifically provides otherwise, any order of the court that
105 a party pay alimony to a former spouse automatically terminates upon the remarriage or death of
106 that former spouse. However, if the remarriage is annulled and found to be void ab initio, payment
107 of alimony shall resume if the party paying alimony is made a party to the action of annulment and
108 his rights are determined.
109 (9) Any order of the court that a party pay alimony to a former spouse terminates upon
110 establishment by the party paying alimony that the former spouse is cohabitating with another
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