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H.B. 62





Sponsor: Brent H. Goodfellow

             5      This act modifies the Utah Code of Criminal Procedure by giving public emergency
             6      response agencies a civil cause of action for expenses of an emergency response against an
             7      offender whose criminal conduct caused the incident, providing procedures for
             8      establishing the claim, and specifying a beginning date for application of these provisions.
             9      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             10      ENACTS:
             11          77-18-6.3, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             12      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             13          Section 1. Section 77-18-6.3 is enacted to read:
             14          77-18-6.3. Liability of person for costs of emergency response relating to criminal
             15      conduct.
             16          (1) As used in this section:
             17          (a) "Expense of an emergency response" means reasonable costs incurred by a public
             18      agency in reasonably making an appropriate emergency response to an incident. These costs
             19      include those costs directly arising because of the response to the particular incident. These
             20      costs include the costs of providing police, firefighting, rescue, and emergency medical
             21      services at the scene of the incident, as well as the salaries of the personnel responding to the
             22      incident.
             23          (b) "Public agency" means a political subdivision of the state or an agency of a political
             24      subdivision of the state that exists to provide firefighting, law enforcement, ambulance,
             25      medical, or other emergency services.
             26          (2) A person is liable for the costs of emergency response to an incident, if:
             27          (a) the incident results in a conviction of the person under:

             28          (i) Section h [ 41-4-44 ] 41-6-44 h ;
             29          (ii) Title 76, Utah Criminal Code;
             30          (iii) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             31          (iv) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             32          (v) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act;
             33          (vi) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act;
             34          (vii) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
             35          (viii) any other felony offense under state law; or
             36          (ix) an ordinance essentially similar to an offense under Subsections (2)(a)(i) through
             37      (vi); and
             38          (b) the person's conduct that resulted in the conviction also proximately caused the
             39      need for the emergency response.
             40          (3) When an agency obtains a judgment establishing civil liability under this section for
             41      emergency response costs h AND IT h is recorded in the registry of civil judgments, the judgment:
             42          (a) constitutes a lien when recorded in the judgment docket;
             43          (b) has the same effect and is subject to the same rules as a judgment for money in a
             44      civil action; and
             45          (c) may be collected by any means authorized by law for the collection of a civil
             46      judgment.
             47          (4) (a) The emergency response provider is responsible for timely renewal of the
             48      judgment under Section 78-22-1 .
             49          (b) A judgment entered in the small claims court division of any court shall be
             50      abstracted and recorded in accordance with Section 78-22-1 in order to qualify as a lien against
             51      real property.
             52          (5) The liability imposed under this section is in addition to and not in limitation of any
             53      other liability that may be imposed.
             54          (6) Any testimony, admission, or any other statement made by the defendant in any
             55      proceeding brought under this section, or any evidence derived from the testimony, admission,
             56      or other statement, may not be admitted or otherwise used in any criminal proceeding arising
             57      out of the same incident.
             58          (7) (a) It is not the intent of the Legislature that this section:

             59          (i) occupy the field of recovery of the expenses of an emergency response by a public
             60      agency;
             61          (ii) preempt local regulations; h [ or ] h
             62          (iii) otherwise limit the remedies available to any public agency to recover the
             63      expenses of an emergency response to any incident that does not result in a criminal conviction h ; h OR h
             63a          (iv) h [ NOT ] h TAKE PRECEDENCE OVER VICTIM RESTITUTION h                   .    
             64          (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the recovery of the expenses of an emergency
             65      response under this section supplements and does not supplant any other provision of law
             66      relating to the recovery of those expenses.
             67          (8) This section applies to offenses committed on and after July 1, 2003.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-21-02 2:54 PM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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