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H.B. 87 Enrolled







Sponsor: Gordon E. Snow

                  This act modifies the Property Tax Act to provide definitions and to address the property
                  tax assessment of low-income housing tax credits and low-income housing covenants.
                  This act makes technical changes. This act provides an effective date and provides for
                  retrospective operation.
                  This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
                      59-2-102, as last amended by Chapters 196 and 240, Laws of Utah 2002
                      59-2-301.3, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                  Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
                      Section 1. Section 59-2-102 is amended to read:
                       59-2-102. Definitions.
                      As used in this chapter and title:
                      (1) "Aerial applicator" means aircraft or rotorcraft used exclusively for the purpose of
                  engaging in dispensing activities directly affecting agriculture or horticulture with an
                  airworthiness certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration certifying the aircraft or
                  rotorcraft's use for agricultural and pest control purposes.
                      (2) "Air charter service" means an air carrier operation which requires the customer to
                  hire an entire aircraft rather than book passage in whatever capacity is available on a scheduled
                      (3) "Air contract service" means an air carrier operation available only to customers
                  who engage the services of the carrier through a contractual agreement and excess capacity on
                  any trip and is not available to the public at large.

                      (4) "Aircraft" is as defined in Section 72-10-102 .
                      (5) "Airline" means any air carrier operating interstate routes on a scheduled basis which
                  offers to fly passengers or cargo on the basis of available capacity on regularly scheduled routes.
                      (6) "Assessment roll" means a permanent record of the assessment of property as
                  assessed by the county assessor and the commission and may be maintained manually or as a
                  computerized file as a consolidated record or as multiple records by type, classification, or
                      (7) "Certified revenue levy" means a property tax levy that provides the same amount of
                  ad valorem property tax revenue as was collected for the prior year, plus new growth, but
                  exclusive of revenue from collections from redemptions, interest, and penalties.
                      (8) "County-assessed commercial vehicle" means:
                      (a) any commercial vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer which is not apportioned under Section
                  41-1a-301 and is not operated interstate to transport the vehicle owner's goods or property in
                  furtherance of the owner's commercial enterprise;
                      (b) any passenger vehicle owned by a business and used by its employees for
                  transportation as a company car or vanpool vehicle; and
                      (c) vehicles which are:
                      (i) especially constructed for towing or wrecking, and which are not otherwise used to
                  transport goods, merchandise, or people for compensation;
                      (ii) used or licensed as taxicabs or limousines;
                      (iii) used as rental passenger cars, travel trailers, or motor homes;
                      (iv) used or licensed in this state for use as ambulances or hearses;
                      (v) especially designed and used for garbage and rubbish collection; or
                      (vi) used exclusively to transport students or their instructors to or from any private,
                  public, or religious school or school activities.
                      (9) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (9)(b), for purposes of Section 59-2-801 ,
                  "designated tax area" means a tax area created by the overlapping boundaries of only the
                  following taxing entities:

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                      (i) a county; and
                      (ii) a school district.
                      (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (9)(a), "designated tax area" includes a tax area created
                  by the overlapping boundaries of:
                      (i) the taxing entities described in Subsection (9)(a); and
                      (ii) (A) a city or town if the boundaries of the school district under Subsection (9)(a) and
                  the boundaries of the city or town are identical; or
                      (B) a special service district if the boundaries of the school district under Subsection
                  (9)(a) are located entirely within the special service district.
                      (10) "Eligible judgment" means a final and unappealable judgment or order under
                  Section 59-2-1330 :
                      (a) that became a final and unappealable judgment or order no more than 14 months prior
                  to the day on which the notice required by Subsection 59-2-919 (4) is required to be mailed; and
                      (b) for which a taxing entity's share of the final and unappealable judgment or order is
                  greater than or equal to the lesser of:
                      (i) $5,000; or
                      (ii) 2.5% of the total ad valorem property taxes collected by the taxing entity in the
                  previous fiscal year.
                      (11) (a) "Escaped property" means any property, whether personal, land, or any
                  improvements to the property, subject to taxation and is:
                      (i) inadvertently omitted from the tax rolls, assigned to the incorrect parcel, or assessed
                  to the wrong taxpayer by the assessing authority;
                      (ii) undervalued or omitted from the tax rolls because of the failure of the taxpayer to
                  comply with the reporting requirements of this chapter; or
                      (iii) undervalued because of errors made by the assessing authority based upon
                  incomplete or erroneous information furnished by the taxpayer.
                      (b) Property which is undervalued because of the use of a different valuation
                  methodology or because of a different application of the same valuation methodology is not

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                  "escaped property."
                      (12) "Fair market value" means the amount at which property would change hands
                  between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither being under any compulsion to buy or sell
                  and both having reasonable knowledge of the relevant facts. For purposes of taxation, "fair
                  market value" shall be determined using the current zoning laws applicable to the property in
                  question, except in cases where there is a reasonable probability of a change in the zoning laws
                  affecting that property in the tax year in question and the change would have an appreciable
                  influence upon the value.
                      (13) "Farm machinery and equipment," for purposes of the exemption provided under
                  Section 59-2-1101 , means tractors, milking equipment and storage and cooling facilities, feed
                  handling equipment, irrigation equipment, harvesters, choppers, grain drills and planters, tillage
                  tools, scales, combines, spreaders, sprayers, haying equipment, and any other machinery or
                  equipment used primarily for agricultural purposes; but does not include vehicles required to be
                  registered with the Motor Vehicle Division or vehicles or other equipment used for business
                  purposes other than farming.
                      (14) "Geothermal fluid" means water in any form at temperatures greater than 120
                  degrees centigrade naturally present in a geothermal system.
                      (15) "Geothermal resource" means:
                      (a) the natural heat of the earth at temperatures greater than 120 degrees centigrade; and
                      (b) the energy, in whatever form, including pressure, present in, resulting from, created
                  by, or which may be extracted from that natural heat, directly or through a material medium.
                      (16) "Improvements" includes all buildings, structures, fixtures, fences, and
                  improvements erected upon or affixed to the land, whether the title has been acquired to the land
                  or not.
                      (17) "Intangible property" means:
                      (a) [means] property that is capable of private ownership separate from tangible
                  property[; and (b) includes:], including:
                      (i) moneys;

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                      (ii) credits;
                      (iii) bonds;
                      (iv) stocks;
                      (v) representative property;
                      (vi) franchises;
                      (vii) licenses;
                      (viii) trade names;
                      (ix) copyrights; and
                      (x) patents[.]; or
                      (b) a low-income housing tax credit.
                      (18) "Low-income housing tax credit" means:
                      (a) a federal low-income housing tax credit under Section 42, Internal Revenue Code; or
                      (b) a low-income housing tax credit under:
                      (i) Section 59-7-607 ; or
                      (ii) Section 59-10-129 .
                      [(18)] (19) "Metalliferous minerals" includes gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, and
                      [(19)] (20) "Mine" means a natural deposit of either metalliferous or nonmetalliferous
                  valuable mineral.
                      [(20)] (21) "Mining" means the process of producing, extracting, leaching, evaporating,
                  or otherwise removing a mineral from a mine.
                      [(21)] (22) (a) "Mobile flight equipment" means tangible personal property that is:
                      (i) owned or operated by an:
                      (A) air charter service;
                      (B) air contract service; or
                      (C) airline; and
                      (ii) (A) capable of flight;
                      (B) attached to an aircraft that is capable of flight; or

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                      (C) contained in an aircraft that is capable of flight if the tangible personal property is
                  intended to be used:
                      (I) during multiple flights;
                      (II) during a takeoff, flight, or landing; and
                      (III) as a service provided by an air charter service, air contract service, or airline.
                      (b) (i) "Mobile flight equipment" does not include a spare part other than a spare engine
                  that is rotated:
                      (A) at regular intervals; and
                      (B) with an engine that is attached to the aircraft.
                      (ii) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
                  commission may make rules defining the term "regular intervals."
                      [(22)] (23) "Nonmetalliferous minerals" includes, but is not limited to, oil, gas, coal,
                  salts, sand, rock, gravel, and all carboniferous materials.
                      [(23)] (24) "Personal property" includes:
                      (a) every class of property as defined in Subsection [(24)] (25) which is the subject of
                  ownership and not included within the meaning of the terms "real estate" and "improvements";
                      (b) gas and water mains and pipes laid in roads, streets, or alleys;
                      (c) bridges and ferries; and
                      (d) livestock which, for the purposes of the exemption provided under Section
                  59-2-1112 , means all domestic animals, honeybees, poultry, fur-bearing animals, and fish.
                      [(24)] (25) (a) "Property" means property that is subject to assessment and taxation
                  according to its value.
                      (b) "Property" does not include intangible property as defined in this section.
                      [(25)] (26) "Public utility," for purposes of this chapter, means the operating property of
                  a railroad, gas corporation, oil or gas transportation or pipeline company, coal slurry pipeline
                  company, electrical corporation, telephone corporation, sewerage corporation, or heat corporation
                  where the company performs the service for, or delivers the commodity to, the public generally
                  or companies serving the public generally, or in the case of a gas corporation or an electrical

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                  corporation, where the gas or electricity is sold or furnished to any member or consumers within
                  the state for domestic, commercial, or industrial use. Public utility also means the operating
                  property of any entity or person defined under Section 54-2-1 except water corporations.
                      [(26)] (27) "Real estate" or "real property" includes:
                      (a) the possession of, claim to, ownership of, or right to the possession of land;
                      (b) all mines, minerals, and quarries in and under the land, all timber belonging to
                  individuals or corporations growing or being on the lands of this state or the United States, and
                  all rights and privileges appertaining to these; and
                      (c) improvements.
                      [(27)] (28) "Residential property," for the purposes of the reductions and adjustments
                  under this chapter, means any property used for residential purposes as a primary residence. It
                  does not include property used for transient residential use or condominiums used in rental pools.
                      [(28)] (29) For purposes of Subsection 59-2-801 (1)(e), "route miles" means the number
                  of miles calculated by the commission that is:
                      (a) measured in a straight line by the commission; and
                      (b) equal to the distance between a geographical location that begins or ends:
                      (i) at a boundary of the state; and
                      (ii) where an aircraft:
                      (A) takes off; or
                      (B) lands.
                      [(29)] (30) (a) "State-assessed commercial vehicle" means:
                      (i) any commercial vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer which operates interstate or intrastate to
                  transport passengers, freight, merchandise, or other property for hire; or
                      (ii) any commercial vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer which operates interstate and transports
                  the vehicle owner's goods or property in furtherance of the owner's commercial enterprise.
                      (b) "State-assessed commercial vehicle" does not include vehicles used for hire which
                  are specified in Subsection (8)(c) as county-assessed commercial vehicles.
                      [(30)] (31) "Taxable value" means fair market value less any applicable reduction

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                  allowed for residential property under Section 59-2-103 .
                      [(31)] (32) "Tax area" means a geographic area created by the overlapping boundaries of
                  one or more taxing entities.
                      [(32)] (33) "Taxing entity" means any county, city, town, school district, special taxing
                  district, or any other political subdivision of the state with the authority to levy a tax on property.
                      [(33)] (34) "Tax roll" means a permanent record of the taxes charged on property, as
                  extended on the assessment roll and may be maintained on the same record or records as the
                  assessment roll or may be maintained on a separate record properly indexed to the assessment
                  roll. It includes tax books, tax lists, and other similar materials.
                      Section 2. Section 59-2-301.3 is enacted to read:
                      59-2-301.3. Definitions -- Assessment of real property subject to a low-income
                  housing covenant.
                      (1) As used in this section:
                      (a) "low-income housing covenant" means an agreement:
                      (i) between:
                      (A) the Utah Housing Corporation; and
                      (B) an owner of real property upon which residential housing is located; and
                      (ii) in which the owner described in Subsection (1)(a)(i)(B) agrees to limit the amount of
                  rent that a renter may be charged for the residential housing; and
                      (b) "residential housing" means housing that:
                      (i) is used:
                      (A) for residential purposes; and
                      (B) as a primary residence; and
                      (ii) is rental property.
                      (2) In assessing the fair market value of real property that is subject to a low-income
                  housing covenant, a county assessor shall include as part of the assessment any effects the
                  low-income housing covenant may have on the fair market value of the real property.
                      Section 3. Effective date.

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                      Section 59-2-102 takes effect on January 1, 2004.
                      Section 4. Retrospective operation.
                      Section 59-2-301.3 has retrospective operation to January 1, 2003 .

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