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First Substitute H.B. 5
6 This act modifies the Mental Health Professional Licensing Act. The act restricts the use,
7 practice, or application of restraint to certain circumstances.
8 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
10 58-60-117, Utah Code Annotated 1953
11 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
12 Section 1. Section 58-60-117 is enacted to read:
13 58-60-117. Coercive restraint practices.
14 (1) As used in this section:
15 (a) "Coercive restraint" means a restraint used for purposes other than the safety of the
16 patient or others.
17 (b) (i) "Restraint" means personal, physical, or mechanical restraint, that includes:
18 (A) the application of physical force without the use of any device, for the purpose of
19 restraining the movement of the patient's body; or
20 (B) any manual method or physical or mechanical device, material, or equipment
21 attached to or adjacent to the patient's body that the patient cannot easily remove that restricts
22 freedom of movement or normal access to one's body.
23 (ii) "Restraint" does not include briefly holding, without undue force, a patient, in order
24 to calm the patient, or holding a patient's hand to escort the patient safely from one area to
26 (2) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (3), a licensed mental health therapist
27 or any other unlicensed individual may not:
28 (a) practice, use, or apply coercive restraint on or to a patient; or
29 (b) direct, instruct, prescribe, supervise, or recommend that coercive restraint be used
30 or applied on or to a patient.
31 (3) Subsection (2) does not apply:
32 (a) to a hospital that is subject to Requirements for States and Long Term Care
33 Facilities, 42 C.F.R. Subchapter G, Part 482;
34 (b) to a residential treatment facility that is subject to Requirements for States and
35 Long Term Care Facilities, 42 C.F.R. Subchapter G, Part 483; or
36 (c) when a mental health therapist determines that restraint is reasonably needed to:
37 (i) protect the patient or another person from what reasonably appears to be imminent
38 physical injury; or
39 (ii) protect property from what reasonably appears to be imminent, substantial damage.
40 (4) All use of restraint by a mental health therapist shall be fully documented in the
41 patient's file or chart.
42 (5) Any restraint permitted under Subsection (3)(c) must be terminated when
43 conditions described in Subsection (3)(c) no longer exist or may be remediated by less
44 restrictive means.
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