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5 This act modifies the penalties provision of the Air Conservation Act by making a
6 knowing violation of asbestos work practices a third degree felony. The act also makes
7 certain technical changes.
8 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
10 19-2-115, as last amended by Chapter 271, Laws of Utah 1998
11 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
12 Section 1. Section 19-2-115 is amended to read:
13 19-2-115. Violations -- Penalties -- Reimbursement for expenses.
14 (1) [
15 negligence" shall mean as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
16 (2) (a) [
18 $10,000 per day for each violation.
19 (b) Subsection (2)(a) also applies to rules [
20 Section 19-2-104 , for implementation of 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq., Toxic Substances Control
21 Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response.
22 (c) Penalties assessed for violations described in 15 U.S.C.A. 2647, Toxic Substances
23 Control Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response, may not exceed the
24 amounts specified in that section and shall be used in accordance with [
26 (3) A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor and is subject to imprisonment under
27 Section 76-3-204 and a fine of not more than $25,000 per day of violation if that person
28 knowingly violates any of the following under this chapter:
29 (a) an applicable standard or limitation;
30 (b) a permit condition; or
31 (c) a fee or filing requirement.
32 (4) A person is guilty of a third degree felony and is subject to imprisonment under
33 Section 76-3-203 and a fine of not more than $25,000 per day of violation who knowingly:
34 (a) makes any false material statement, representation, or certification, in any notice or
35 report required by permit; or
36 (b) renders inaccurate any monitoring device or method required to be maintained by
37 this chapter or applicable rules made under this chapter.
38 (5) Any fine or penalty assessed under Subsections (2) or (3) is in lieu of any penalty
39 under Section 19-2-109.1 .
40 (6) [
42 (7) [
43 implementation plan adopted by the board, more than 30 days after having been notified in
44 writing by the executive secretary that [
45 knowingly violates an order issued under [
46 handles or disposes of asbestos in violation of a rule made under this chapter is guilty of a third
47 degree felony and subject to imprisonment under Section 76-3-203 and a fine of not more than
48 $25,000 per day of violation in the case of the first offense, and not more than $50,000 per day
49 of violation in the case of subsequent offenses.
50 (8) (a) As used in this section:
51 (i) "Hazardous air pollutant" means any hazardous air pollutant listed [
52 under 42 USC 7412 or any extremely hazardous substance listed [
54 (ii) "Organization" means a legal entity, other than a government, established or
55 organized for any purpose, and includes a corporation, company, association, firm, partnership,
56 joint stock company, foundation, institution, trust, society, union, or any other association of
58 (iii) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury which involves a substantial risk of
59 death, unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or
60 protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
61 (b) (i) A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor and subject to imprisonment under
62 Section 76-3-204 and a fine of not more than $25,000 per day of violation if that person with
63 criminal negligence:
64 (A) releases into the ambient air any hazardous air pollutant; and
65 (B) places another person in imminent danger of death or serious bodily injury.
66 (ii) As used in this Subsection (8)(b), "person" does not include an employee who is
67 carrying out [
68 personnel or a corporate officer.
69 (c) A person is guilty of a second degree felony and is subject to imprisonment under
70 Section 76-3-203 and a fine of not more than $50,000 per day of violation if that person:
71 (i) knowingly releases into the ambient air any hazardous air pollutant; and
72 (ii) knows at the time that he is placing another person in imminent danger of death or
73 serious bodily injury.
74 (d) If a person is an organization, it shall, upon conviction of violating Subsection
75 (8)(c), be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000,000.
76 (e) (i) A defendant who is an individual is considered to have acted knowingly under
77 Subsections (8)(c) and (d), if:
78 (A) the defendant's conduct placed another person in imminent danger of death or
79 serious bodily injury; and
80 (B) the defendant was aware of or believed that there was an imminent danger of death
81 or serious bodily injury to another person.
82 (ii) Knowledge possessed by a person other than the defendant may not be attributed to
83 the defendant.
84 (iii) Circumstantial evidence may be used to prove that the defendant possessed actual
85 knowledge, including evidence that the defendant took affirmative steps to be shielded from
86 receiving relevant information.
87 (f) (i) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this Subsection (8) that the
88 conduct charged was freely consented to by the person endangered and that the danger and
89 conduct charged were reasonably foreseeable hazards of:
90 (A) an occupation, a business, a profession; or
91 (B) medical treatment or medical or scientific experimentation conducted by
92 professionally approved methods and the other person was aware of the risks involved prior to
93 giving consent.
94 (ii) The defendant has the burden of proof to establish any affirmative defense under
95 this Subsection (8)(f) and must prove that defense by a preponderance of the evidence.
96 (9) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (9)(b), and unless prohibited by federal law,
97 all penalties assessed and collected under the authority of this section shall be deposited in the
98 General Fund.
99 (b) The department may reimburse itself and local governments from monies collected
100 from civil penalties for extraordinary expenses incurred in environmental enforcement
102 (c) The department shall regulate reimbursements by making rules in accordance with
103 Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, that:
104 (i) define qualifying environmental enforcement activities; and
105 (ii) define qualifying extraordinary expenses.
Legislative Review Note
as of 10-30-02 2:13 PM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.