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H.R. 10






Sponsor: Greg J. Curtis

             6      This resolution modifies House Rules by establishing a process to address the
             7      impeachment of Judge Ray M. Harding, Jr. This resolution provides grounds for
             8      impeachment, outlines a process for taking evidence and evaluating that evidence,
             9      provides for the appointment and responsibilities of impeachment managers, and outlines
             10      the process for preparing articles of impeachment. This resolution establishes voting
             11      requirements for the committee and the House of Representatives. This resolution
             12      establishes requirements for notifying the Senate about House action on impeachments
             13      and defines the role of House impeachment managers and special counsel in the Senate
             14      trial on impeachment. This resolution takes effect immediately. This resolution provides
             15      a repeal date of December 1, 2003.
             16      This resolution affects legislative rules as follows:
             17      ENACTS:
             18          HR-37.11
             19          HR-37.12
             20          HR-37.13
             21          HR-37.14
             22          HR-37.15
             23          HR-37.16
             24          HR-37.17
             25          HR-37.18
             26      Be it resolved by the House of Representatives of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. HR-37.11 is enacted to read:

             28          HR-37.11. Grounds for Impeachment.
             29          The House may impeach a state or judicial officer for high crimes, misdemeanors, or
             30      malfeasance in office, which include:
             31          (1) personal misconduct in the discharge of the officer's official duties;
             32          (2) neglect in the discharge of the officer's official duties;
             33          (3) usurpation of power in the discharge of the officer's official duties;
             34          (4) habitual disregard for the public interest in the discharge of the officer's official
             35      duties;
             36          (5) the commission of an indictable criminal offense;
             37          (6) an intentional act or omission relating to the officer's official duties involving a
             38      substantial breach of trust;
             39          (7) conduct amounting to a substantial breach of the trust imposed upon the official by
             40      the nature of his office that is of such a character as to offend against commonly accepted
             41      standards of honest and morality; or
             42          (8) any other meanings of "high crimes," "misdemeanors," or "malfeasance in office"
             43      that have existed historically and at common law.
             44          Section 2. HR-37.12 is enacted to read:
             45          HR-37.12. Beginning Impeachment Proceedings.
             46          The House may begin impeachment proceedings against a state or judicial officer by
             47      passing a resolution beginning an impeachment inquiry.
             48          Section 3. HR-37.13 is enacted to read:
             49          HR-37.13. Powers of Speaker; Reference to Committee.
             50          If the impeachment resolution passes, the Speaker of the House shall:
             51          (1) refer the matter to the House Judiciary Committee to begin an impeachment
             52      inquiry; and
             53          (2) as necessary, hire investigators, special impeachment counsel, court reporters, and
             54      other necessary staff to assist the committee in its inquiry.
             55          Section 4. HR-37.14 is enacted to read:
             56          HR-37.14. Committee Meeting; Record; Evidence.
             57          (1) The chair of the House Judiciary Committee may:
             58          (a) direct its impeachment staff to conduct an investigation and collect evidence before

             59      convening a meeting; or
             60          (b) convene an organizational meeting to orient committee members about committee
             61      requirements and procedures and to give instructions to impeachment staff.
             62          (2) The chair of the House Judiciary Committee shall ensure that each meeting is
             63      recorded.
             64          (3) (a) When not in conflict with these rules or House Rules, the Utah Rules of
             65      Evidence shall serve as a guide.
             66          (b) The chair may allow admission of reasonably reliable evidence that varies from the
             67      Utah Rules of Evidence whenever the interests of justice require.
             68          (c) The chair's determination of admissibility is final and may only be overruled by a
             69      majority vote of the committee.
             70          (4) When investigating the conduct of a state or judicial officer who is subject to an
             71      impeachment inquiry, the committee may receive:
             72          (a) evidence given by witnesses produced and sworn before them;
             73          (b) documentary evidence;
             74          (c) the written deposition of a witness; or
             75          (d) other reasonably reliable evidence authorized under Subsection (3).
             76          (5) (a) Any witness testifying before the committee may have his counsel present.
             77          (b) When the committee seeks factual testimony within the personal knowledge of the
             78      witness, the testimony and answers must be given by the witness himself and not suggested to
             79      the witness by counsel.
             80          (c) Counsel for a witness may advise the witness during the witness's testimony only
             81      when specifically requested to do so by the witness.
             82          (d) The participation of counsel at a hearing and while a witness is testifying is limited
             83      to advising the witness of his legal rights.
             84          (e) Counsel may not address the committee, ask questions of any witness, or engage in
             85      oral arguments with the committee.
             86          (f) Counsel's failure to abide by these rules is grounds for counsel's exclusion from the
             87      inquiry.
             88          (6) After convening, the chair shall proceed in the following order:
             89          (a) special impeachment counsel shall call each witness and begin the examination of

             90      the witness; and
             91          (b) after special impeachment counsel has finished, any member of the committee who
             92      wants to examine the witness may do so.
             93          (7) (a) If any committee member wants the committee to receive additional testimony
             94      or other evidence not presented, the committee member shall submit a written request to the
             95      chair identifying the area of inquiry, the witness that the member wants to call, and the
             96      evidence that the member wants the committee to review.
             97          (b) Unless the chair determines that the additional testimony or other evidence
             98      unreasonably delays or obstructs the committee's investigation, the chair shall allow the
             99      member to receive the additional testimony or other evidence identified by the committee
             100      member if the new area of inquiry is reasonably related to the matters under consideration by
             101      the committee.
             102          (8) (a) A majority of the members of the committee may compel obedience to the
             103      requirements of the committee by declaring in contempt of the Legislature any person who:
             104          (i) fails to comply with a subpoena or a subpoena duces tecum;
             105          (ii) refuses to answer a question relevant to the investigation which does not infringe
             106      on his constitutional rights; or
             107          (iii) is guilty of contempt on any other grounds specified in statute or recognized at
             108      common law.
             109          (b) The committee may petition the district court to enforce its order of contempt.
             110          Section 5. HR-37.15 is enacted to read:
             111          HR-37.15. Committee Action upon Completion of Inquiry; Speaker to Appoint
             112      Impeachment Managers; Presentation of Articles of Impeachment.
             113          (1) After the House Judiciary Committee has received testimony and other evidence,
             114      the committee, upon motion made by any member of the committee, may direct that articles of
             115      impeachment be drafted.
             116          (2) If the motion passes, the speaker shall appoint a committee of five impeachment
             117      managers from the membership of the House Judiciary Committee, no more than three of
             118      whom are from the same political party, to prepare the articles of impeachment.
             119          (3) The impeachment managers shall present the proposed articles of impeachment to
             120      the House Judiciary Committee for its approval, approval as modified by the committee, or

             121      rejection.
             122          (4) If the committee approves, by majority vote, any or all of the articles of
             123      impeachment submitted by the impeachment managers, the committee shall refer the approved
             124      articles of impeachment to the House of Representatives for its action.
             125          Section 6. HR-37.16 is enacted to read:
             126          HR-37.16. House action on Articles of Impeachment.
             127          (1) The impeachment managers shall submit the articles of impeachment and evidence
             128      supporting the articles of impeachment to each member of the House of Representatives.
             129          (2) After receiving articles of impeachment from the House Judiciary Committee, the
             130      House of Representatives shall vote on each article separately.
             131          (3) In order to impeach, each article must receive the approval of two-thirds of all the
             132      members elected to the House of Representatives.
             133          Section 7. HR-37.17 is enacted to read:
             134          HR-37.17. Notice to Senate of Approval of Articles of Impeachment.
             135          If the House of Representatives approves any or all of the articles of impeachment, the
             136      House shall submit the articles of impeachment that passed to the Senate.
             137          Section 8. HR-37.18 is enacted to read:
             138          HR-37.18. Impeachment Manager, Special Impeachment Counsel; Role in the
             139      Senate trial of impeachment.
             140          The impeachment managers and the special impeachment counsel shall:
             141          (1) inform the President of the Senate that the House has impeached a state or judicial
             142      officer and that the Senate is constitutionally required to convene a court of impeachment;
             143          (2) present the articles of impeachment at the bar of the Senate; and
             144          (3) prosecute the impeachment case against the impeached state or judicial officer
             145      based upon the articles of impeachment.
             146          Section 9. Effective date.
             147          This resolution takes effect upon approval by a constitutional majority vote of all
             148      members of the House of Representatives.
             149          Section 10. Repealer.
             150          HR-37.11 through HR-37.18 are repealed December 1, 2003.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-11-03 8:43 AM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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