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S.B. 84






Sponsor: Bill Wright

             6      This act modifies the Environmental Quality Code by creating a new chapter,
             7      "Environmental Institutional Control Act." The act allows for creation of environmental
             8      institutional controls which limit or otherwise affect the use of real property which has
             9      been affected by a cleanup or risk assessment. The act includes procedures for
             10      establishment and enforcement of the institutional controls, removal of the controls, and
             11      appeal of the executive director's decision regarding the controls.
             12      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             13      ENACTS:
             14          19-9-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             15          19-9-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             16          19-9-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             17          19-9-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             18          19-9-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             19          19-9-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             20          19-9-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             21          19-9-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             22      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             23          Section 1. Section 19-9-101 is enacted to read:

             25          19-9-101. Title.
             26          This chapter is known as the "Environmental Institutional Control Act."
             27          Section 2. Section 19-9-102 is enacted to read:

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Senate Committee Amendments 1-29-2003 rd/sca
         19-9-102. Definitions.
             29          As used in this chapter:
             30          (1) "Environmental institutional control" or "institutional control" means with respect
             31      to real property, any deed restriction, restrictive covenant, easement, reservation, environmental
             32      notice, engineering control, or other restriction or obligation that is designed to protect human
             33      health or the environment and:
             34          (a) is established in connection with a cleanup or risk assessment that is reviewed,
             35      overseen, conducted, or administered by the department; and
             36          (b) (i) limits the use of the real property, groundwater, or surface water;
             37          (ii) limits activities that may be performed on or at the property; or
             38          (iii) requires maintenance of any engineering or other control.
             39          (2) "Executive director" means the executive director of the state Department of
             40      Environment Quality or the executive director's designated representative.
             41          Section 3. Section 19-9-103 is enacted to read:
             42          19-9-103. Establishment of environmental institutional controls.
             43          An owner of real property may, with the approval of the executive director, restrict the
             44      use of the real property by imposing on the real property appropriate environmental
             45      institutional controls to mitigate the risk posed to the public health, safety, or welfare, or the
             46      environment.
             47          Section 4. Section 19-9-104 is enacted to read:
             48          19-9-104. Requirements for creation of institutional control.
             49          An environmental institutional control shall:
             50          (1) be in writing and shall be recorded by S THE OWNER OF THE REAL PROPERTY IN s the
             50a      county recorder's office in the county
             51      where the real property is located;
             52          (2) contain a legal description of the area of the real property that is subject to the
             53      institutional control;
             54          (3) include a statement documenting any requirements for maintenance of the
             55      institutional control, including a description of the institutional control and the reason it must
             56      remain in place to protect the public health, safety, or welfare, or the environment;
             57          (4) include a statement that the institutional control runs with the land and is binding
             58      on all successors in interest unless or until the institutional control is removed as provided in

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     Section 19-9-105 ;
             60          (5) include a statement acknowledging the department's right of access to the property
             61      at all reasonable times to verify that the institutional controls are being maintained;
             62          (6) include a statement explaining how the institutional control can be modified or
             63      terminated and stating that if any person desires to cancel or modify the institutional control in
             64      the future, the person must obtain prior written approval from the executive director pursuant
             65      to this chapter;
             66          (7) include a notarized signature of the executive director indicating approval of the
             67      environmental institutional control; and
             68          (8) include the notarized signature of the property owner indicating approval of the
             69      environmental institutional control.
             70          Section 5. Section 19-9-105 is enacted to read:
             71          19-9-105. Termination of institutional control.
             72          (1) An owner may request in writing that the executive director approve termination or
             73      modification of the environmental institutional control.
             74          (2) An environmental institutional control may be terminated or modified, in whole or
             75      in part, if the executive director determines an unacceptable risk is not posed to public health,
             76      safety, or welfare, or the environment.
             77          (3) (a) The executive director shall review the request and provide to the owner a
             78      written decision approving or denying the request within 120 days from the executive director's
             79      receipt of the request.
             80          (b) If the executive director denies the request, the executive director shall send the
             81      owner a written explanation for the denial.
             82          (c) If the executive director approves an owner's request to terminate or modify all or a
             83      portion of the environmental institutional controls, the owner shall file the approval with the
             84      county recorder in the county in which the real property is located.
             85          Section 6. Section 19-9-106 is enacted to read:
             86          19-9-106. Enforcement and inspection regarding institutional controls.
             87          (1) An environmental institutional control may be enforced or protected by a temporary
             88      restraining order or an injunction obtained in a court of competent jurisdiction by the
             89      department or other affected parties.

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         (2) In addition to injunctive relief, the department is entitled to recover costs for
             91      actions which, in its discretion, it may take in enforcing and protecting the institutional
             92      controls.
             93          (3) The department may enter the property at reasonable times to ensure compliance
             94      with the environmental institutional controls.
             95          Section 7. Section 19-9-107 is enacted to read:
             96          19-9-107. Records regarding institutional controls.
             97          The department shall maintain a record of the properties subject to environmental
             98      institutional controls established under this chapter. The department may archive the records.
             99          Section 8. Section 19-9-108 is enacted to read:
             100          19-9-108. Appeals of institutional control decisions.
             101          Any determination by the executive director under this chapter may be appealed as
             102      provided in Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 10-15-02 4:20 PM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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