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Third Substitute S.B. 27
6 Karen HaleLyle W. HillyardDavid L. Gladwell 7 This act, in memory of Susan Jenkins Gall, modifies the process by which adults are
8 involuntarily committed to mental health programs. It eliminates the "immediate
9 danger" standard and provides for a "substantial danger" standard for the purposes of
10 involuntary commitment, defines substantial danger, shortens the time period before a
11 hearing when a person is being detained pending a hearing, and requires a report to the
12 Health and Human Services Interim Committee. It also requires examiners to inform
13 patients of specific rights.
14 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
16 62A-15-103, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 8, Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth
17 Special Session
18 62A-15-602, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 8, Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth
19 Special Session
20 62A-15-631, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 8, Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth
21 Special Session
22 This act enacts uncodified material.
23 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
24 Section 1. Section 62A-15-103 is amended to read:
25 62A-15-103. Division -- Creation -- Responsibilities.
26 (1) There is created the Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health within the
27 department, under the administration and general supervision of the executive director, and,
28 with regard to its programs, under the policy direction of the board. The division is the
29 substance abuse authority and the mental health authority for this state.
30 (2) The division shall:
31 (a) (i) educate the general public regarding the nature and consequences of substance
32 abuse by promoting school and community-based prevention programs;
33 (ii) render support and assistance to public schools through approved school-based
34 substance abuse education programs aimed at prevention of substance abuse;
35 (iii) promote or establish programs for the prevention of substance abuse within the
36 community setting through community-based prevention programs;
37 (iv) cooperate and assist other organizations and private treatment centers for substance
38 abusers, by providing them with essential materials for furthering programs of prevention and
39 rehabilitation of actual and potential substance abusers; and
40 (v) promote or establish programs for education and certification of instructors to
41 educate persons convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or driving with
42 any measurable controlled substance in the body;
43 (b) (i) collect and disseminate information pertaining to mental health; and
44 (ii) provide direction over the state hospital including approval of its budget,
45 administrative policy, and coordination of services with local service plans; [
46 (iii) promulgate rules in accordance with the Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
47 Administrative Rulemaking Act, to educate families concerning mental illness and promote
48 family involvement, when appropriate, and with patient consent, in the treatment program of a
49 family member; and
50 (iv) promulgate rules in accordance with the Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
51 Administrative Rulemaking Act, to direct that all individuals receiving services through local
52 mental health authorities or the Utah State Hospital be informed about and, if desired, provided
53 assistance in completion of a declaration for mental health treatment in accordance with
54 Section 62A-15-1002 ; and
55 (c) (i) consult and coordinate with local substance abuse authorities and local mental
56 health authorities regarding programs and services;
57 (ii) provide consultation and other assistance to public and private agencies and groups
58 working on substance abuse and mental health issues;
59 (iii) promote and establish cooperative relationships with courts, hospitals, clinics,
60 medical and social agencies, public health authorities, law enforcement agencies, education and
61 research organizations, and other related groups;
62 (iv) promote or conduct research on substance abuse and mental health issues, and
63 submit to the governor and the Legislature recommendations for changes in policy and
65 (v) receive, distribute, and provide direction over public funds for substance abuse and
66 mental health services;
67 (vi) monitor and evaluate programs provided by local substance abuse authorities and
68 local mental health authorities;
69 (vii) examine expenditures of any local, state, and federal funds;
70 (viii) monitor the expenditure of public funds by:
71 (A) local substance abuse authorities;
72 (B) local mental health authorities; and
73 (C) in counties where they exist, the private contract provider that has an annual or
74 otherwise ongoing contract to provide comprehensive substance abuse or mental health
75 programs or services for the local substance abuse authority or local mental health authorities;
76 (ix) contract with local substance abuse authorities and local mental health authorities
77 to provide a comprehensive continuum of services in accordance with board and division
78 policy, contract provisions, and the local plan;
79 (x) contract with private and public entities for special statewide or nonclinical services
80 according to board and division policy;
81 (xi) review and approve each local substance abuse authority's plan and each local
82 mental health authority's plan in order to ensure:
83 (A) a statewide comprehensive continuum of substance abuse services;
84 (B) a statewide comprehensive continuum of mental health services; and
85 (C) appropriate expenditure of public funds;
86 (xii) review and make recommendations regarding each local substance abuse
87 authority's contract with its provider of substance abuse programs and services and each local
88 mental health authority's contract with its provider of mental health programs and services to
89 ensure compliance with state and federal law and policy;
90 (xiii) monitor and ensure compliance with board and division policy and contract
91 requirements; and
92 (xiv) withhold funds from local substance abuse authorities, local mental health
93 authorities, and public and private providers for contract noncompliance, failure to comply
94 with division directives regarding the use of public funds, or for misuse of public funds or
96 (3) (a) The division may refuse to contract with and may pursue its legal remedies
97 against any local substance abuse authority or local mental health authority that fails, or has
98 failed, to expend public funds in accordance with state law, division policy, contract
99 provisions, or directives issued in accordance with state law.
100 (b) The division may withhold funds from a local substance abuse authority or local
101 mental health authority if the authority's contract with its provider of substance abuse or mental
102 health programs or services fails to comply with state and federal law or policy.
103 (4) Before reissuing or renewing a contract with any local substance abuse authority or
104 local mental health authority, the division shall review and determine whether the local
105 substance abuse authority or local mental health authority is complying with its oversight and
106 management responsibilities described in Sections 17A-3-601 , 17A-3-603.5 , 17A-3-701 and
107 17A-3-703 . Nothing in this Subsection (4) may be used as a defense to the responsibility and
108 liability described in Section 17A-3-603.5 and to the responsibility and liability described in
109 Section 17A-3-703 .
110 (5) In carrying out its duties and responsibilities, the division may not duplicate
111 treatment or educational facilities that exist in other divisions or departments of the state, but
112 shall work in conjunction with those divisions and departments in rendering the treatment or
113 educational services that those divisions and departments are competent and able to provide.
114 (6) (a) The division may accept in the name of and on behalf of the state donations,
115 gifts, devises, or bequests of real or personal property or services to be used as specified by the
117 (b) Those donations, gifts, devises, or bequests shall be used by the division in
118 performing its powers and duties. Any money so obtained shall be considered private
119 nonlapsing funds and shall be deposited into an interest-bearing restricted special revenue fund
120 to be used by the division for substance abuse or mental health services. The state treasurer
121 may invest the fund and all interest shall remain with the fund.
122 (7) The division shall annually review with each local substance abuse authority and
123 each local mental health authority the authority's statutory and contract responsibilities
125 (a) the use of public funds;
126 (b) oversight responsibilities regarding public funds; and
127 (c) governance of substance abuse and mental health programs and services.
128 Section 2. Section 62A-15-602 is amended to read:
129 62A-15-602. Definitions.
130 As used in this part, Part 7, Commitment of Persons Under Age 18 to Division of
131 Substance Abuse and Mental Health, Part 8, Interstate Compact on Mental Health, Part 9, Utah
132 Forensic Mental Health Facility, and Part 10, Declaration for Mental Health Treatment:
133 (1) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or older.
134 (2) "Commitment to the custody of a local mental health authority" means that an adult
135 is committed to the custody of the local mental health authority that governs the mental health
136 catchment area in which the proposed patient resides or is found.
137 (3) "Designated examiner" means a licensed physician familiar with severe mental
138 illness, preferably a psychiatrist, designated by the division as specially qualified by training or
139 experience in the diagnosis of mental or related illness or another licensed mental health
140 professional designated by the division as specially qualified by training and at least five years'
141 continual experience in the treatment of mental or related illness. At least one designated
142 examiner in any case shall be a licensed physician. No person who is the applicant, or who
143 signs the certification, under Section 62A-15-631 may be a designated examiner in the same
145 (4) "Designee" means a physician who has responsibility for medical functions
146 including admission and discharge, an employee of a local mental health authority, or an
147 employee of an agency that has contracted with a local mental health authority to provide
148 mental health services under Section 17A-3-606 .
149 (5) "Institution" means a hospital, or a health facility licensed under the provisions of
150 Section 26-21-9 .
151 (6) "Licensed physician" means an individual licensed under the laws of this state to
152 practice medicine, or a medical officer of the United States government while in this state in
153 the performance of official duties.
154 (7) "Local comprehensive community mental health center" means an agency or
155 organization that provides treatment and services to residents of a designated geographic area,
156 operated by or under contract with a local mental health authority, in compliance with state
157 standards for local comprehensive community mental health centers.
158 (8) "Mental illness" means a psychiatric disorder as defined by the current edition of
159 the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American
160 Psychiatric Association which substantially impairs a person's mental, emotional, behavioral,
161 or related functioning.
162 (9) "Mental health facility" means the Utah State Hospital or other facility that
163 provides mental health services under contract with the division, a local mental health
164 authority, or organization that contracts with a local mental health authority.
165 (10) "Mental health officer" means an individual who is designated by a local mental
166 health authority as qualified by training and experience in the recognition and identification of
167 mental illness, to interact with and transport persons to any mental health facility.
168 (11) "Patient" means an individual [
169 commitment to the custody or to the treatment services of a local mental health authority[
171 (12) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury which involves a substantial risk of
172 death, unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or
173 protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
174 (13) "Substantial danger" means the person, by his or her behavior, due to mental
176 (a) is at serious risk to:
177 (i) commit suicide,
178 (ii) inflict serious bodily injury on himself or herself; or
179 (iii) because of his or her actions or inaction, suffer serious bodily injury because he or
180 she is incapable of providing the basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, and shelter;
181 (b) is at serious risk to cause or attempt to cause serious bodily injury; or
182 (c) has inflicted or attempted to inflict serious bodily injury on another.
184 of psychotropic medication, and other medical treatments that are generally accepted medical
185 and psychosocial interventions for the purpose of restoring the patient to an optimal level of
186 functioning in the least restrictive environment.
187 Section 3. Section 62A-15-631 is amended to read:
188 62A-15-631. Involuntary commitment under court order -- Examination --
189 Hearing -- Power of court -- Findings required -- Costs.
190 (1) Proceedings for involuntary commitment of an individual who is 18 years of age or
191 older may be commenced by filing a written application with the district court of the county in
192 which the proposed patient resides or is found, by a responsible person who has reason to know
193 of the condition or circumstances of the proposed patient which lead to the belief that the
194 individual is mentally ill and should be involuntarily committed. That application shall be
195 accompanied by:
196 (a) a certificate of a licensed physician or a designated examiner stating that within a
197 seven-day period immediately preceding the certification the physician or designated examiner
198 has examined the individual, and that he is of the opinion that the individual is mentally ill and
199 should be involuntarily committed; or
200 (b) a written statement by the applicant that the individual has been requested to but
201 has refused to submit to an examination of mental condition by a licensed physician or
202 designated examiner. That application shall be sworn to under oath and shall state the facts
203 upon which the application is based.
204 (2) Prior to issuing a judicial order, the court may require the applicant to consult with
205 the appropriate local mental health authority, or may direct a mental health professional from
206 that local mental health authority to interview the applicant and the proposed patient to
207 determine the existing facts and report them to the court.
208 (3) If the court finds from the application, from any other statements under oath, or
209 from any reports from a mental health professional that there is a reasonable basis to believe
210 that the proposed [
211 poses a substantial danger, as defined in Section 62A-15-602 , to himself, others, or property
213 proposed patient has refused to submit to an interview with a mental health professional as
214 directed by the court or to go to a treatment facility voluntarily, the court may issue an order,
215 directed to a mental health officer or peace officer, to immediately place the proposed patient in
216 the custody of a local mental health authority or in a temporary emergency facility as provided
217 in Section 62A-15-634 to be detained for the purpose of examination. Within 24 hours of the
218 issuance of the order for examination, a local mental health authority or its designee shall
219 report to the court, orally or in writing, whether the patient is, in the opinion of the examiners,
220 mentally ill, whether the patient has agreed to become a voluntary patient under Section
221 62A-15-625 , and whether treatment programs are available and acceptable without court
222 proceedings. Based on that information, the court may, without taking any further action,
223 terminate the proceedings and dismiss the application. In any event, if the examiner reports
224 orally, he shall immediately send the report in writing to the clerk of the court.
225 (4) Notice of commencement of proceedings for involuntary commitment, setting forth
226 the allegations of the application and any reported facts, together with a copy of any official
227 order of detention, shall be provided by the court to a proposed patient prior to, or upon,
228 placement in the custody of a local mental health authority or, with respect to any individual
229 presently in the custody of a local mental health authority whose status is being changed from
230 voluntary to involuntary, upon the filing of an application for that purpose with the court. A
231 copy of that order of detention shall be maintained at the place of detention.
232 (5) Notice of commencement of those proceedings shall be provided by the court as
233 soon as practicable to the applicant, any legal guardian, any immediate adult family members,
234 legal counsel for the parties involved, and any other persons whom the proposed patient or the
235 court shall designate. That notice shall advise those persons that a hearing may be held within
236 the time provided by law. If the patient has refused to permit release of information necessary
237 for provisions of notice under this subsection, the extent of notice shall be determined by the
239 (6) Proceedings for commitment of an individual under the age of 18 years to the
240 division may be commenced by filing a written application with the juvenile court in
241 accordance with the provisions of Part 7.
242 (7) The district court may, in its discretion, transfer the case to any other district court
243 within this state, provided that the transfer will not be adverse to the interest of the proposed
245 (8) (a) Within 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, of the
246 issuance of a judicial order, or after commitment of a proposed patient to a local mental health
247 authority under court order for detention or examination, the court shall appoint two designated
248 examiners to examine the proposed patient. If requested by the proposed patient's counsel, the
249 court shall appoint, as one of the examiners, a reasonably available qualified person designated
250 by counsel. The examinations, to be conducted separately, shall be held at the home of the
251 proposed patient, a hospital or other medical facility, or at any other suitable place that is not
252 likely to have a harmful effect on the patient's health.
253 (b) The examiner shall inform the patient if not represented by an attorney that, if
254 desired, the patient does not have to say anything, the nature and reasons for the examination,
255 that it was ordered by the court, that any information volunteered could form part of the basis
256 for his or her involuntary commitment, and that findings resulting from the examination will be
257 made available to the court.
259 the appointment of the designated examiners, unless those examiners or a local mental health
260 authority or its designee informs the court prior to that hearing date that the patient is not
261 mentally ill, that he has agreed to become a voluntary patient under Section 62A-15-625 , or
262 that treatment programs are available and acceptable without court proceedings, in which event
263 the court may, without taking any further action, terminate the proceedings and dismiss the
265 (9) (a) Prior to the hearing, an opportunity to be represented by counsel shall be
266 afforded to every proposed patient, and if neither the patient nor others provide counsel, the
267 court shall appoint counsel and allow him sufficient time to consult with the patient prior to the
268 hearing. In the case of an indigent patient, the payment of reasonable attorneys' fees for
269 counsel, as determined by the court, shall be made by the county in which the patient resides or
270 was found.
271 (b) The proposed patient, the applicant, and all other persons to whom notice is
272 required to be given shall be afforded an opportunity to appear at the hearing, to testify, and to
273 present and cross-examine witnesses. The court may, in its discretion, receive the testimony of
274 any other person. The court may allow a waiver of the patient's right to appear only for good
275 cause shown, and that cause shall be made a matter of court record.
276 (c) The court is authorized to exclude all persons not necessary for the conduct of the
277 proceedings and may, upon motion of counsel, require the testimony of each examiner to be
278 given out of the presence of any other examiners.
279 (d) The hearing shall be conducted in as informal a manner as may be consistent with
280 orderly procedure, and in a physical setting that is not likely to have a harmful effect on the
281 mental health of the proposed patient.
282 (e) The court shall [
283 information which is offered, subject to the rules of evidence, including reliable hearsay under
284 Rule 1102, Utah Rules of Evidence.
285 (f) (i) A local mental health authority or its designee, or the physician in charge of the
286 patient's care shall, at the time of the hearing, provide the court with the following information:
294 (ii) That information shall also be supplied to the patient's counsel at the time of the
295 hearing, and at any time prior to the hearing upon request.
296 (10) The court shall order commitment of an individual who is 18 years of age or older
297 to a local mental health authority if, upon completion of the hearing and consideration of the
299 and convincing evidence that:
300 (a) the proposed patient has a mental illness;
301 (b) because of the proposed patient's mental illness he poses [
302 substantial danger, as defined in Section 62A-15-602 , of physical injury to others or himself,
303 which may include the inability to provide the basic necessities of life such as food, clothing,
304 and shelter, if allowed to remain at liberty;
305 (c) the patient lacks the ability to engage in a rational decision-making process
306 regarding the acceptance of mental treatment as demonstrated by evidence of inability to weigh
307 the possible [
308 (d) there is no appropriate less-restrictive alternative to a court order of commitment;
310 (e) the local mental health authority can provide the individual with treatment that is
311 adequate and appropriate to his conditions and needs. In the absence of the required findings of
312 the court after the hearing, the court shall forthwith dismiss the proceedings.
313 (11) (a) The order of commitment shall designate the period for which the individual
314 shall be treated. When the individual is not under an order of commitment at the time of the
315 hearing, that period may not exceed six months without benefit of a review hearing. Upon
316 such a review hearing, to be commenced prior to the expiration of the previous order, an order
317 for commitment may be for an indeterminate period, if the court finds by clear and convincing
318 evidence that the required conditions in Subsection (10) will last for an indeterminate period.
319 (b) The court shall maintain a current list of all patients under its order of commitment.
320 That list shall be reviewed to determine those patients who have been under an order of
321 commitment for the designated period. At least two weeks prior to the expiration of the
322 designated period of any order of commitment still in effect, the court that entered the original
323 order shall inform the appropriate local mental health authority or its designee. The local
324 mental health authority or its designee shall immediately reexamine the reasons upon which the
325 order of commitment was based. If the local mental health authority or its designee determines
326 that the conditions justifying that commitment no longer exist, it shall discharge the patient
327 from involuntary commitment and immediately report that to the court. Otherwise, the court
328 shall immediately appoint two designated examiners and proceed under Subsections (8)
329 through (10).
330 (c) The local mental health authority or its designee responsible for the care of a patient
331 under an order of commitment for an indeterminate period, shall at six-month intervals
332 reexamine the reasons upon which the order of indeterminate commitment was based. If the
333 local mental health authority or its designee determines that the conditions justifying that
334 commitment no longer exist, that local mental health authority or its designee shall discharge
335 the patient from its custody and immediately report the discharge to the court. If the local
336 mental health authority or its designee determines that the conditions justifying that
337 commitment continue to exist, the local mental health authority or its designee shall send a
338 written report of those findings to the court. The patient and his counsel of record shall be
339 notified in writing that the involuntary commitment will be continued, the reasons for that
340 decision, and that the patient has the right to a review hearing by making a request to the court.
341 Upon receiving the request, the court shall immediately appoint two designated examiners and
342 proceed under Subsections (8) through (10).
343 (12) In the event that the designated examiners are unable, because a proposed patient
344 refuses to submit to an examination, to complete that examination on the first attempt, the
345 court shall fix a reasonable compensation to be paid to those designated examiners for their
347 (13) Any person committed as a result of an original hearing or a person's legally
348 designated representative who is aggrieved by the findings, conclusions, and order of the court
349 entered in the original hearing has the right to a new hearing upon a petition filed with the court
350 within 30 days of the entry of the court order. The petition must allege error or mistake in the
351 findings, in which case the court shall appoint three impartial designated examiners previously
352 unrelated to the case to conduct an additional examination of the patient. The new hearing
353 shall, in all other respects, be conducted in the manner otherwise permitted.
354 (14) Costs of all proceedings under this section shall be paid by the county in which the
355 proposed patient resides or is found.
356 Section 4. Reporting requirements.
357 On or before November 1, 2004, the division shall report to the Health and Human
358 Services Interim Committee an analysis of mental health commitments using the following
360 (1) the total number of individuals committed under the definitions of mental illness
361 and substantial danger;
362 (2) the length of time between issuance of an order of detention and commitment
363 hearing, and the mental health facility or unit where the individual was placed during this time
365 (3) the total cost of care given between detention of the individual and formal
366 commitment, or until the time the individual hold is dropped;
367 (4) for each individual committed, actual placement, including days in inpatient
368 settings before a community placement occurred;
369 (5) the duration for the commitment, including all recommitments;
370 (6) the length of time between termination of the commitment and recommitment, if it
371 occurs; and
372 (7) the number of people lost to followup and why.
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