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S.B. 48





Sponsor: David L. Thomas

             5      This act modifies the Code of Criminal Procedure by amending provisions regarding
             6      when and how forcible entry may be made to effect an arrest. The amendments reflect
             7      rulings in two U.S. Supreme Court decisions.
             8      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             9      AMENDS:
             10          77-7-8, as enacted by Chapter 15, Laws of Utah 1980
             11      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             12          Section 1. Section 77-7-8 is amended to read:
             13           77-7-8. Forcible entry to make arrest -- Conditions requiring a warrant.
             14          [To make] (1) (a) Subject to Subsection (2), a peace officer when making an arrest[, a
             15      private person, if the offense is a felony, and in all cases, a peace officer,] may [break the door
             16      or window of] forcibly enter the building in which the person to be arrested is, or in which
             17      there are reasonable grounds for believing him to be.
             18          (b) Before making the [break] forcible entry, the [person] officer shall demand
             19      admission and explain the purpose for which admission is desired. [Demand and explanation]
             20          (c) The officer need not [be given] give a demand and explanation before [breaking]
             21      making a forcible entry under the exceptions in Section 77-7-6 or where there is reason to
             22      believe evidence will be secreted or destroyed.
             23          (2) If the building to be entered under Subsection (1) appears to be a private residence
             24      or the officer knows the building is a private residence, and if there is no consent to enter or
             25      there are no exigent circumstances, the officer shall, before entering the building:
             26          (a) obtain an arrest or search warrant if the building is the residence of the person to be
             27      arrested; or

             28          (b) obtain a search warrant if the building is a residence, but not the residence of the
             29      person whose arrest is sought.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-8-03 3:31 PM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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