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H.B. 121 Enrolled
This bill amends the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the conditions under which
misdemeanor and infraction traffic violations may be compromised by amending
procedures for pleas in abeyance. This bill also makes technical changes.
. clarifies the conditions under which misdemeanor and infraction traffic violations
may be compromised;
. allows the same surcharges to be imposed on fees paid as part of plea in abeyance
agreements as are imposed on a fine for a criminal conviction; and
. makes technical changes.
Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
Other Special Clauses:
Utah Code Sections Affected:
77-2a-3, as last amended by Chapter 35, Laws of Utah 2002
77-2-4.2, Utah Code Annotated 1953
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
Section 1. Section 77-2-4.2 is enacted to read:
77-2-4.2. Compromise of traffic charges -- Limitations.
(1) As used in this section:
(a) "Compromise" means referral of a person charged with a traffic violation to traffic
school or other school, class, or remedial or rehabilitative program.
(b) "Traffic violation" means any charge, by citation or information, of a violation of:
(i) Title 41, Chapter 6, Traffic Rules and Regulations, amounting to:
(A) a class B misdemeanor;
(B) a class C misdemeanor; or
(C) an infraction; or
(ii) any local traffic ordinance.
(2) Any compromise of a traffic violation shall be done pursuant to a plea in abeyance
agreement as provided in Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, except:
(a) when the criminal prosecution is dismissed pursuant to Section 77-2-4 ; or
(b) when there is a plea by the defendant to and entry of a judgment by a court for the
offense originally charged or for an amended charge.
(3) In all cases which are compromised pursuant to the provisions of Subsection (2):
(a) the court, taking into consideration the offense charged, shall collect a plea in
abeyance fee which shall:
(i) be subject to the same surcharge as if imposed on a criminal fine; and
(ii) be allocated subject to the surcharge as if paid as a criminal fine under Section
78-3-14.5 and a surcharge under Title 63, Chapter 63a, Crime Victim Reparation Trust, Public
Safety Support Funds, Substance Abuse Prevention Account, and Services for Victims of
Domestic Violence Account; or
(b) if no plea in abeyance fee is collected, a surcharge on the fee charged for the traffic
school or other school, class, or rehabilitative program shall be collected, which surcharge shall:
(i) be computed, assessed, collected, and remitted in the same manner as if the traffic
school fee and surcharge had been imposed as a criminal fine and surcharge; and
(ii) be subject to the financial requirements contained in Title 63, Chapter 63a, Crime
Victim Reparation Trust, Public Safety Support Funds, Substance Abuse Prevention Account, and
Services for Victims of Domestic Violence Account.
Section 2. Section 77-2a-3 is amended to read:
77-2a-3. Manner of entry of plea -- Powers of court.
(1) (a) Acceptance of any plea in anticipation of a plea in abeyance agreement shall be
done in full compliance with the provisions of Rule 11, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure.
(b) In cases charging offenses for which bail may be forfeited, a plea in abeyance
agreement may be entered into without a personal appearance before a magistrate.
(2) A plea in abeyance agreement may provide that the court may, upon finding that the
defendant has successfully completed the terms of the agreement:
(a) reduce the degree of the offense and enter judgment of conviction and impose
sentence for a lower degree of offense; or
(b) allow withdrawal of defendant's plea and order the dismissal of the case.
(3) Upon finding that a defendant has successfully completed the terms of a plea in
abeyance agreement, the court [
only as provided in the plea in abeyance agreement or as agreed to by all parties. Upon
sentencing a defendant for any lesser offense pursuant to a plea in abeyance agreement, the court
may not invoke Section 76-3-402 to further reduce the degree of the offense.
(4) The court may require the Department of Corrections to assist in the administration of
the plea in abeyance agreement as if the defendant were on probation to the court under Section
(5) The [
(a) an order that the defendant [
surcharge based on the amount of the plea in abeyance fee, both of which shall be allocated in the
same manner as if [
and a surcharge under Title 63, Chapter 63a, Crime Victim Reparation Trust, Public Safety
Support Funds, Substance Abuse Prevention Account, and Services for Victims of Domestic
Violence Account, and [
which could have been imposed upon conviction and sentencing for the same offense;
provided in Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act;
program required by the terms of the agreement; and
have been imposed as conditions of probation upon conviction and sentencing for the same
(6) A court may not hold a plea in abeyance without the consent of both the prosecuting
attorney and the defendant. A decision by a prosecuting attorney not to agree to a plea in
abeyance is not subject to judicial review.
(7) No plea may be held in abeyance in any case involving a sexual offense against a
victim who is under the age of 14.
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