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First Substitute H.B. 90

Representative Michael T. Morley proposes the following substitute bill:




Sponsor: Michael T. Morley

             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill amends the Judicial Code.
             9      Highlighted Provisions:
             10          This bill:
             11          .    changes the date on which any person may be admitted to a child abuse, neglect, or
             12      dependency hearing in juvenile court from July 1, 2005 to July 1, 2004.
             13      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             14          None
             15      Other Special Clauses:
             16          None
             17      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             18      AMENDS:
             19          78-3a-115, as last amended by Chapter 332, Laws of Utah 2003
             20          78-3a-115.1, as enacted by Chapter 332, Laws of Utah 2003
             21          78-3a-116, as last amended by Chapter 332, Laws of Utah 2003
             23      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             24          Section 1. Section 78-3a-115 is amended to read:
             25           78-3a-115. Hearings -- Public excluded, exceptions -- Victims admitted -- Minor's

             26      cases heard separately from adult cases -- Minor or parents or custodian heard
             27      separately -- Continuance of hearing -- Consolidation of proceedings involving more than
             28      one minor.
             29          (1) Hearings in minor's cases shall be held before the court without a jury and may be
             30      conducted in an informal manner.
             31          (a) In abuse, neglect, and dependency cases in all districts other than pilot districts
             32      selected by the Judicial Council under Subsection 78-3-21 (15)(a), the court shall exclude all
             33      persons from hearings held prior to July 1, [2005] 2004 who do not have a direct interest in the
             34      proceedings.
             35          (b) In delinquency cases the court shall admit all persons who have a direct interest in
             36      the case and may admit persons requested by the parent or legal guardian to be present. The
             37      court shall exclude all other persons except as provided in Subsection (1)(c).
             38          (c) In delinquency cases in which the minor charged is 14 years of age or older, the
             39      court shall admit any person unless the hearing is closed by the court upon findings on the
             40      record for good cause if:
             41          (i) the minor has been charged with an offense which would be a felony if committed
             42      by an adult; or
             43          (ii) the minor is charged with an offense that would be a class A or B misdemeanor if
             44      committed by an adult, and the minor has been previously charged with an offense which
             45      would be a misdemeanor or felony if committed by an adult.
             46          (d) The victim of any act charged in a petition or information involving an offense
             47      committed by a minor which if committed by an adult would be a felony or a class A or class B
             48      misdemeanor shall, upon request, be afforded all rights afforded victims in Title 77, Chapter
             49      36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act, Title 77, Chapter 37, Victims' Rights, and Title 77,
             50      Chapter 38, Rights of Crime Victims Act. The notice provisions in Section 77-38-3 do not
             51      apply to important juvenile justice hearings as defined in Section 77-38-2 .
             52          (e) A victim, upon request to appropriate juvenile court personnel, shall have the right
             53      to inspect and duplicate juvenile court legal records that have not been expunged concerning:
             54          (i) the scheduling of any court hearings on the petition;
             55          (ii) any findings made by the court; and
             56          (iii) any sentence or decree imposed by the court.

             57          (2) Minor's cases shall be heard separately from adult cases. The minor or his parents
             58      or custodian may be heard separately when considered necessary by the court. The hearing
             59      may be continued from time to time to a date specified by court order.
             60          (3) When more than one minor is involved in a home situation which may be found to
             61      constitute neglect or dependency, or when more than one minor is alleged to be involved in the
             62      same law violation, the proceedings may be consolidated, except that separate hearings may be
             63      held with respect to disposition.
             64          Section 2. Section 78-3a-115.1 is amended to read:
             65           78-3a-115.1. Access to abuse, neglect, and dependency hearings.
             66          (1) This section applies:
             67          (a) beginning November 1, 2003, to districts selected by the Judicial Council as pilot
             68      districts under Subsection 78-3-21 (15)(a); and
             69          (b) beginning July 1, [2005] 2004, to all other districts.
             70          (2) (a) In abuse, neglect, and dependency cases the court shall admit any person to a
             71      hearing, including a hearing under Subsection 78-3a-320 (3), unless the court makes a finding
             72      upon the record that the person's presence at the hearing would:
             73          (i) be detrimental to the best interest of a child who is a party to the proceeding;
             74          (ii) impair the fact-finding process; or
             75          (iii) be otherwise contrary to the interests of justice.
             76          (b) The court may exclude a person from a hearing under Subsection (2)(a) on its own
             77      motion or by motion of a party to the proceeding.
             78          Section 3. Section 78-3a-116 is amended to read:
             79           78-3a-116. Hearings -- Record -- County attorney or district attorney
             80      responsibilities -- Attorney general responsibilities -- Admissibility of evidence.
             81          (1) (a) A verbatim record of the proceedings shall be taken by an official court reporter
             82      or by means of a mechanical recording device in all cases that might result in deprivation of
             83      custody as defined in this chapter. In all other cases a verbatim record shall also be made
             84      unless dispensed with by the court.
             85          (b) (i) Notwithstanding any other provision, including Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             86      Records Access and Management Act, a record of a proceeding made under Subsection (1)(a)
             87      shall be released by the court to any person upon a finding on the record for good cause.

             88          (ii) Following a petition for a record of a proceeding made under Subsection (1)(a), the
             89      court shall:
             90          (A) provide notice to all subjects of the record that a request for release of the record
             91      has been made; and
             92          (B) allow sufficient time for the subjects of the record to respond before making a
             93      finding on the petition.
             94          (iii) A record of a proceeding may not be released under this Subsection (1)(b) if the
             95      court's jurisdiction over the subjects of the proceeding ended more than 12 months prior to the
             96      request.
             97          (iv) For purposes of this Subsection (1)(b):
             98          (A) "record of a proceeding" does not include documentary materials of any type
             99      submitted to the court as part of the proceeding, including items submitted under Subsection
             100      (4)(a); and
             101          (B) "subjects of the record" includes the child's guardian ad litem, the child's legal
             102      guardian, the Division of Child and Family Services, and any other party to the proceeding.
             103          (v) This Subsection (1)(b) applies:
             104          (A) to records of proceedings made on or after November 1, 2003 in districts selected
             105      by the Judicial Council as pilot districts under Subsection 78-3-21 (15)(a); and
             106          (B) to records of proceedings made on or after July 1, [2005] 2004 in all other districts.
             107          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), the county attorney or, if within a
             108      prosecution district, the district attorney shall represent the state in any proceeding in a minor's
             109      case.
             110          (b) The attorney general shall enforce all provisions of Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child
             111      and Family Services, and Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Courts, relating to:
             112          (i) protection or custody of an abused, neglected, or dependent child; and
             113          (ii) petitions for termination of parental rights.
             114          (c) The attorney general shall represent the Division of Child and Family Services in
             115      actions involving minors who have not been adjudicated as abused or neglected, but who are
             116      otherwise committed to the custody of that division by the juvenile court, and who are
             117      classified in the division's management information system as having been placed in custody
             118      primarily on the basis of delinquent behavior or a status offense. Nothing in this Subsection

             119      (2)(c) may be construed to affect the responsibility of the county attorney or district attorney to
             120      represent the state in those matters, in accordance with the provisions of Subsection (2)(a).
             121          (3) The board may adopt special rules of procedure to govern proceedings involving
             122      violations of traffic laws or ordinances, fish and game laws, and boating laws. However,
             123      proceedings involving offenses under Section 78-3a-506 are governed by that section regarding
             124      suspension of driving privileges.
             125          (4) (a) For the purposes of determining proper disposition of the minor in dispositional
             126      hearings and establishing the fact of abuse, neglect, or dependency in adjudication hearings and
             127      in hearings upon petitions for termination of parental rights, written reports and other material
             128      relating to the minor's mental, physical, and social history and condition may be received in
             129      evidence and may be considered by the court along with other evidence. The court may require
             130      that the person who wrote the report or prepared the material appear as a witness if the person
             131      is reasonably available.
             132          (b) For the purpose of determining proper disposition of a minor alleged to be or
             133      adjudicated as abused, neglected, or dependent, dispositional reports prepared by Foster Care
             134      Citizen Review Boards pursuant to Section 78-3g-103 may be received in evidence and may be
             135      considered by the court along with other evidence. The court may require any person who
             136      participated in preparing the dispositional report to appear as a witness, if the person is
             137      reasonably available.
             138          (5) For the purpose of establishing the fact of abuse, neglect, or dependency, the court
             139      may, in its discretion, consider evidence of statements made by a minor under eight years of
             140      age to a person in a trust relationship.

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