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7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the conditions under which
10 misdemeanor and infraction traffic violations may be compromised by amending
11 procedures for pleas in abeyance. This bill also makes technical changes.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . clarifies the conditions under which misdemeanor and infraction traffic violations
15 may be compromised;
16 . allows the same surcharges to be imposed on fees paid as part of plea in abeyance
17 agreements as are imposed on a fine for a criminal conviction; and
18 . makes technical changes.
19 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
21 Other Special Clauses:
23 Utah Code Sections Affected:
25 77-2a-3, as last amended by Chapter 35, Laws of Utah 2002
27 77-2-4.2, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
30 Section 1. Section 77-2-4.2 is enacted to read:
31 77-2-4.2. Compromise of traffic charges -- Limitations.
32 (1) As used in this section:
33 (a) "Compromise" means referral of a person charged with a traffic violation to traffic
34 school or other school, class, or remedial or rehabilitative program.
35 (b) "Traffic violation" means any charge, by citation or information, of a violation of:
36 (i) Title 41, Chapter 6, Traffic Rules and Regulations, amounting to:
37 (A) a class B misdemeanor;
38 (B) a class C misdemeanor; or
39 (C) an infraction; or
40 (ii) any local traffic ordinance.
41 (2) Any compromise of a traffic violation shall be done pursuant to a plea in abeyance
42 agreement as provided in Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, except:
43 (a) when the criminal prosecution is dismissed pursuant to Section 77-2-4 ; or
44 (b) when there is a plea by the defendant to and entry of a judgment by a court for the
45 offense originally charged or for an amended charge.
46 (3) In all cases which are compromised pursuant to the provisions of Subsection (2):
47 (a) the court, taking into consideration the offense charged, shall collect a plea in
48 abeyance fee which shall:
49 (i) be subject to the same surcharge as if imposed on a criminal fine; and
50 (ii) be allocated subject to the surcharge as if paid as a criminal fine under Section
51 78-3-14.5 and a surcharge under Title 63, Chapter 63a, Crime Victim Reparation Trust, Public
52 Safety Support Funds, Substance Abuse Prevention Account, and Services for Victims of
53 Domestic Violence Account; or
54 (b) if no plea in abeyance fee is collected, the prosecuting authority shall assess and
55 collect a surcharge on the fee charged for the traffic school or other school, class, or
56 rehabilitative program, which surcharge shall:
57 (i) be computed, assessed, collected, and remitted in the same manner as if the traffic
58 school fee and surcharge had been imposed as a criminal fine and surcharge; and
59 (ii) be subject to the financial requirements contained in Title 63, Chapter 63a, Crime
60 Victim Reparation Trust, Public Safety Support Funds, Substance Abuse Prevention Account,
61 and Services for Victims of Domestic Violence Account.
62 Section 2. Section 77-2a-3 is amended to read:
63 77-2a-3. Manner of entry of plea -- Powers of court.
64 (1) (a) Acceptance of any plea in anticipation of a plea in abeyance agreement shall be
65 done in full compliance with the provisions of Rule 11, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure.
66 (b) In cases charging offenses for which bail may be forfeited, a plea in abeyance
67 agreement may be entered into without a personal appearance before a magistrate.
68 (2) A plea in abeyance agreement may provide that the court may, upon finding that the
69 defendant has successfully completed the terms of the agreement:
70 (a) reduce the degree of the offense and enter judgment of conviction and impose
71 sentence for a lower degree of offense; or
72 (b) allow withdrawal of defendant's plea and order the dismissal of the case.
73 (3) Upon finding that a defendant has successfully completed the terms of a plea in
74 abeyance agreement, the court [
75 case only as provided in the plea in abeyance agreement or as agreed to by all parties. Upon
76 sentencing a defendant for any lesser offense pursuant to a plea in abeyance agreement, the
77 court may not invoke Section 76-3-402 to further reduce the degree of the offense.
78 (4) The court may require the Department of Corrections to assist in the administration
79 of the plea in abeyance agreement as if the defendant were on probation to the court under
80 Section 77-18-1 .
81 (5) The [
83 (a) an order that the defendant [
84 surcharge, both of which shall be allocated in the same manner as if [
85 for a criminal conviction under Section 78-3-14.5 and a surcharge under Title 63, Chapter 63a,
86 Crime Victim Reparation Trust, Public Safety Support Funds, Substance Abuse Prevention
87 Account, and Services for Victims of Domestic Violence Account, and [
88 exceed in amount the maximum fine and surcharge which could have been imposed upon
89 conviction and sentencing for the same offense;
93 provided in Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act;
95 program required by the terms of the agreement; and
97 have been imposed as conditions of probation upon conviction and sentencing for the same
99 (6) A court may not hold a plea in abeyance without the consent of both the
100 prosecuting attorney and the defendant. A decision by a prosecuting attorney not to agree to a
101 plea in abeyance is not subject to judicial review.
102 (7) No plea may be held in abeyance in any case involving a sexual offense against a
103 victim who is under the age of 14.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-14-04 3:12 PM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.