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H.B. 294





Sponsor: James A. Ferrin

             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill modifies provisions related to the purchase of firearms in the Utah Criminal
             9      code.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    makes Utah law consistent with current federal law regarding the purchase of
             13      firearms; and
             14          .    provides, consistent with federal law, for only one photo identification rather than
             15      two as part of the criminal background check required prior to the purchase of a
             16      firearm.
             17      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          76-10-524, as enacted by Chapter 196, Laws of Utah 1973
             24          76-10-526, as last amended by Chapters 90 and 303, Laws of Utah 2000
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 76-10-524 is amended to read:

             28           76-10-524. Purchase of firearms pursuant to federal law.
             29          This part will allow purchases of firearms and ammunition [by residents in contiguous
             30      states] pursuant to [the Federal Fire Arms Gun Control Act of 1968, section 922, paragraph B,
             31      no. 3] U.S.C. Title 18 Chapter 44 Sec. 922b(3).
             32          Section 2. Section 76-10-526 is amended to read:
             33           76-10-526. Criminal background check prior to purchase of a firearm -- Fee --
             34      Exemption for concealed firearm permit holders.
             35          [(1) A criminal background check required by this section shall only apply to the
             36      purchase of a handgun until federal law requires the background check to extend to other
             37      firearms.]
             38          [(2) At the time that federal law extends the criminal background check requirement to
             39      other firearms, the division shall make rules to extend the background checks required under
             40      this section to the other firearms.]
             41          [(3)] (1) For purposes of this section, "valid permit to carry a concealed firearm" does
             42      not include a temporary permit issued pursuant to Section 53-5-705 .
             43          [(4)] (2) To establish personal identification and residence in this state for purposes of
             44      this part, a dealer shall require [any person] an individual receiving a firearm to present[: (a)]
             45      one photo identification on a form issued by a governmental agency of the state[; and].
             46          [(b) one other documentation of residence which must show an address identical to that
             47      shown on the photo identification form.]
             48          [(5)] (3) A criminal history background check is required for the sale of a firearm by a
             49      licensed firearm dealer in the state.
             50          [(6) Any person] (4) (a) An individual, except a dealer, purchasing a firearm from a
             51      dealer shall consent in writing to a criminal background check, on a form provided by the
             52      division.
             53          (b) The form shall [also] contain the following information:
             54          [(a)] (i) the dealer identification number;
             55          [(b)] (ii) the name and address of the [person] individual receiving the firearm;
             56          [(c)] (iii) the date of birth, height, weight, eye color, and hair color of the [person]
             57      individual receiving the firearm; and
             58          [(d)] (iv) the Social Security number or any other identification number of the [person]

             59      individual receiving the firearm.
             60          [(7)] (5) (a) The dealer shall send the form required by Subsection [(6)] (4) to the
             61      division immediately upon its completion.
             62          (b) No dealer shall sell or transfer any firearm to [any person] an individual until the
             63      dealer has provided the division with the information in Subsection [(6)] (4) and has received
             64      approval from the division under Subsection [(9)] (7).
             65          [(8)] (6) The dealer shall make a request for criminal history background information
             66      by telephone or other electronic means to the division and shall receive approval or denial of
             67      the inquiry by telephone or other electronic means.
             68          [(9)] (7) When the dealer calls for or requests a criminal history background check, the
             69      division shall:
             70          (a) review the criminal history files, including juvenile court records, to determine if
             71      the [person] individual is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm by
             72      state or federal law;
             73          (b) inform the dealer that:
             74          (i) the records indicate the [person] individual is so prohibited; or
             75          (ii) the [person] individual is approved for purchasing, possessing, or transferring a
             76      firearm;
             77          (c) provide the dealer with a unique transaction number for that inquiry; and
             78          (d) provide a response to the requesting dealer during the call for a criminal
             79      background, or by return call, or other electronic means, without delay, except in case of
             80      electronic failure or other circumstances beyond the control of the division, the division shall
             81      advise the dealer of the reason for the delay and give the dealer an estimate of the length of the
             82      delay.
             83          [(10)] (8) (a) The division shall not maintain any records of the criminal history
             84      background check longer than 20 days from the date of the dealer's request if the division
             85      determines that the [person] individual receiving the gun is not prohibited from purchasing,
             86      possessing, or transferring the firearm under state or federal law.
             87          (b) However, the division shall maintain a log of requests containing the dealer's
             88      federal firearms number, the transaction number, and the transaction date for a period of 12
             89      months.

             90          [(11)] (9) If the criminal history background check discloses information indicating
             91      that the [person] individual attempting to purchase the firearm is prohibited from purchasing,
             92      possessing, or transferring a firearm, the division shall inform the law enforcement agency in
             93      the jurisdiction where the person resides.
             94          [(12)] (10) If [a person] an individual is denied the right to purchase a firearm under
             95      this section, the [person] individual may review his criminal history information and may
             96      challenge or amend the information as provided in Section 53-10-108 .
             97          [(13)] (11) The division shall make rules as provided in Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             98      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to ensure the identity, confidentiality, and security of all
             99      records provided by the division pursuant to this part are in conformance with the requirements
             100      of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993).
             101          [(14)] (12) (a) (i) All dealers shall collect a criminal history background check fee
             102      which is $7.50.
             103          (ii) This fee remains in effect until changed by the division through the process under
             104      Section 63-38-3.2 .
             105          (b) (i) The dealer shall forward at one time all fees collected for criminal history
             106      background checks performed during the month to the division by the last day of the month
             107      following the sale of a firearm.
             108          (ii) The division shall deposit the fees in the General Fund as dedicated credits to cover
             109      the cost of administering and conducting the criminal history background check program.
             110          [(15) A person] (13) An individual with a concealed firearm permit issued pursuant to
             111      Title 53, Chapter 5, Part 7, Concealed Weapon Act, shall be exempt from the background
             112      check and corresponding fee required in this section for the purchase of a firearm if:
             113          (a) the [person] individual presents his concealed firearm permit to the dealer prior to
             114      purchase of the firearm; and
             115          (b) the dealer verifies with the division that the [person's] individual's concealed
             116      firearm permit is valid.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-2-04 2:27 PM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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