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H.J.R. 3

             1     

RESOLUTION URGING CONGRESS TO

             2     
CONSIDER WITHDRAWING THE UNITED

             3     
STATES FROM THE UNITED NATIONS

             4     
2004 GENERAL SESSION

             5     
STATE OF UTAH

             6     
Sponsor: Don E. Bush

             7      Douglas C. Aagard
             8      Calvin G. Bird
             9      DeMar Bud Bowman
             10      Katherine M. Bryson
             11      Craig W. Buttars
             12      David N. CoxMargaret Dayton
Glenn A. Donnelson
Neil A. Hansen
Gregory H. Hughes
Eric K. HutchingsBradley T. Johnson
Rebecca D. Lockhart
Michael E. Noel
J. Morgan Philpot
Mike Thompson              13     
             14      LONG TITLE
             15      General Description:
             16          This joint resolution of the Legislature urges United States Congressional action.
             17      Highlighted Provisions:
             18          This resolution:
             19          .    urges the United States Congress to consider withdrawing the membership of the
             20      United States of America from the United Nations so that the United States may
             21      retain its sovereignty and control over its own funds and military forces.
             22      Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24     
             25      Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          WHEREAS, the United States is known for its compassionate people who are generous
             27      and kind in caring for the needs of those in other countries and whose resources are used
             28      worldwide to alleviate hunger and poverty;


             29          WHEREAS, United States military forces are called upon to bear the brunt of any
             30      conflicts that may arise, which costs the lives of many American armed forces members, while
             31      other nations stay on the sidelines;
             32          WHEREAS, the United States provides the largest share of the financial burden for the
             33      United Nations, amounting to hundreds of millions or even billions of dollars each year which
             34      could be used to address many of the nation's own needs;
             35          WHEREAS, many of the countries who are members of the United Nations are not only
             36      unfriendly to the United States, but also support ideas and interests that are detrimental to the
             37      United States;
             38          WHEREAS, member nations that are among the worst human rights violators are
             39      members of, and even chair, the committee to investigate human rights violations while the
             40      United States is denied membership;
             41          WHEREAS, the secretary-general of the United Nations, as well as most other leaders
             42      and committee chairs, are chosen from nations who do not share the values of the United
             43      States, but this nation is expected to follow their decisions and programs;
             44          WHEREAS, the United States was founded, and the constitution was created, for the
             45      purpose of providing freedoms and rights and for protecting the nation's values and way of life;
             46          WHEREAS, the United States was created to be independent from, not subject to, the
             47      laws and rules of other nations;
             48          WHEREAS, the United Nations has further imperiled the sovereignty of the United
             49      States' military serving abroad by adopting an International Criminal Court, which violates
             50      both the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the United States Constitution;
             51          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court has no legitimate authority and lacks any
             52      body of laws by which to adjudicate cases since the authority to enact laws rests with sovereign
             53      nations;
             54          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court merges the functions of prosecutor and
             55      adjudicator into one office, which is contrary to the United States Constitution;
             56          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court fails to provide any appeal from
             57      adjudication at the trial level and fails to provide for a trial by jury;
             58          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court fails to provide that the accused be
             59      confronted by his or her accusers, providing instead for the use of hearsay evidence;


             60          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court fails to provide for the accused the right
             61      to compel the production of witnesses;
             62          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court allows evidence obtained from the
             63      accused by compulsion;
             64          WHEREAS, the International Criminal Court denies other fundamental rights
             65      recognized in the constitutional jurisprudence of the United States;
             66          WHEREAS, even though the United States has not signed the agreement to abide by
             67      the decisions of the International Criminal Court, when two-thirds of the member nations sign,
             68      it will be binding on all members;
             69          WHEREAS, the United States Constitution, which provides America with the greatest
             70      form of government known to humankind, and which was made possible and protected by
             71      much sacrifice and bloodshed throughout the nation's history, is not recognized as a governing
             72      document by the United Nations;
             73          WHEREAS, the continual use of the nation's resources and armed forces to enforce its
             74      resolutions and to police the world as a result of failed United Nations peace overtures may
             75      eventually weaken the United States to the point where it can no longer defend its freedoms;
             76          WHEREAS, the absolute failure of the United Nations to support the United States in
             77      the war against terrorism in Iraq is but the latest affront to the citizens of the United States; and
             78          WHEREAS, the United States has nothing to gain and everything to lose by continuing
             79      as a member of the United Nations:
             80          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah
             81      respectfully but firmly requests that the United States Congress consider dissolving the
             82      membership of the United States in the United Nations, thereby freeing the nation from a large
             83      financial burden and retaining the nation's sovereignty to decide what is best for the nation and
             84      determine what steps it considers appropriate as the leader of the free world in full control of
             85      its armed forces and destiny.
             86          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to the President of
             87      the United States Senate, the Majority Leader of the United States Senate, the Speaker of the
             88      United States House of Representatives, the President of the United States, and to the members
             89      of Utah's congressional delegation.





Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-16-03 2:52 PM


A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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