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First Substitute S.B. 24

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Senate 2nd Reading Amendments 1-29-2004 sm/ecm
This document includes Senate 2nd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Jan 29, 2004 at 12:00 PM by smaeser. -->
Senator D. Chris Buttars proposes the following substitute bill:




Sponsor: D. Chris Buttars


             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill states that the policy of this state is to only recognize as a marriage the union
             9      between a man and a woman.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    creates a marriage recognition policy for the state; and
             13          .    adds the requirement that applicants for a marriage license be a man and a woman.
             14      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             15          None
             16      Other Special Clauses:
             17          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             18      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             19      AMENDS:
             19a           S 30-1-4.5, AS ENACTED BY CHAPTER 246, LAWS OF UTAH 1987 s
             20          30-1-8, as last amended by Chapter 212, Laws of Utah 1995
             21      ENACTS:
             22           S [     30-1-4.5, as enacted by Chapter 246, Laws of Utah 1987 ] s
             23          30-1-4.1, Utah Code Annotated 1953

             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:

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         Section 1. Section 30-1-4.1 is enacted to read:
             27          30-1-4.1. Marriage recognition policy.
             28          (1) (a) It is the policy of this state to recognize as marriage only the legal union of a
             29      man and a woman as provided in this chapter.
             30          (b) Except for the relationship of marriage between a man and a woman recognized
             31      pursuant to this chapter, this state will not recognize, enforce, or give legal effect to any law
             32      creating any legal status, rights, benefits, or duties that are substantially equivalent to those
             33      provided under Utah law to a man and a woman because they are married.
             34          (2) Nothing in Subsection (1) impairs any contract or other rights, benefits, or duties
             35      that are enforceable independently of this section.
             36          Section 2. Section 30-1-4.5 is amended to read:
             37           30-1-4.5. Validity of marriage not solemnized.
             38          (1) A marriage which is not solemnized according to this chapter shall be legal and
             39      valid if a court or administrative order establishes that it arises out of a contract between [two
             40      consenting parties] a man and a woman who:
             41          (a) are of legal age and capable of giving consent;
             42          (b) are legally capable of entering a solemnized marriage under the provisions of this
             43      chapter;
             44          (c) have cohabited;
             45          (d) mutually assume marital rights, duties, and obligations; and
             46          (e) who hold themselves out as and have acquired a uniform and general reputation as
             47      husband and wife.
             48          (2) The determination or establishment of a marriage under this section must occur
             49      during the relationship described in Subsection (1), or within one year following the
             50      termination of that relationship. Evidence of a marriage recognizable under this section may be
             51      manifested in any form, and may be proved under the same general rules of evidence as facts in
             52      other cases.
             53          Section 3. Section 30-1-8 is amended to read:
             54           30-1-8. Application for license -- Contents.
             55          (1) A marriage license may be issued by the county clerk to a man and a woman only
             56      after an application has been filed in his office, requiring the following information:

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         (a) the full names of the [parties] man and the woman, including the maiden name of
             58      the [female] woman;
             59          (b) the Social Security numbers of the parties, unless the party has not been assigned a
             60      number;
             61          (c) the current address of each party;
             62          (d) the date and place of birth (town or city, county, state or country, if possible);
             63          (e) the names of their respective parents, including the maiden name of the mother;
             64          (f) the birthplaces of fathers and mothers (town or city, county, state or country, if
             65      possible); and
             66          (g) the distinctive race or nationality of each of the parents.
             67          (2) If the [female] woman is a widow, her maiden name shall be shown in brackets.
             68          (3) If one or both of the parties is under 16 years of age, the clerk shall provide them
             69      with a standard petition on a form approved by the Judicial Council to be presented to the
             70      juvenile court to obtain the authorization required by Section 30-1-9 .
             71          (4) (a) The Social Security numbers obtained under the authority of this section may
             72      not be recorded on the marriage license, and are not open to inspection as a part of the vital
             73      statistics files.
             74          (b) The Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics shall,
             75      upon request, supply those Social Security numbers to the Office of Recovery Services within
             76      the Department of Human Services.
             77          (c) The Office of Recovery Services may not use any Social Security numbers obtained
             78      under the authority of this section for any reason other than the administration of child support
             79      services.
             80          Section 4. Effective date.
             81          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             82      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             83      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             84      the date of veto override.

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Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-26-04 6:36 PM

This bill provides that the state recognizes marriage as being only between a man and a
woman. This follows the pattern of over thirty other states who have passed similar statutes in
recent years, none of which have been reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Supreme
Court, however, has held that marriage is a fundamental right. Zablocki v. Redhail, 434 U.S.
374 (1978). The Court has also used due process and equal protection analyses to strike down
state action addressing homosexuals. Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620 (1996), Lawrence v.
, 123 S.Ct. 2472 (2003).

The recent decision of the Massachusetts Supreme Court in Goodridge v. Department of Public
, 440 Mass. 309, 798 N.E.2d 941 (2003) has caused new debate over the
constitutionality of these marriage statutes. Because the provision of Massachusetts'
Constitution under which that case was decided is unique, its impact on Utah's debate is less
clear. Article I, as amended by Article 106 of the Amendments to the Massachusetts
Constitution states: ". . .Equality under the law shall not be denied or abridged because of sex,
race, color, creed or national origin." Utah has no comparable provision in its Constitution
upon which a like result might be constructed.

It would be for a court to decide if this law would withstand a challenge under the analyses
used by the current U.S. Supreme Court.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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