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S.B. 48 Enrolled

                 

UNIFORM FIREARM LAWS

                 
2004 GENERAL SESSION

                 
STATE OF UTAH

                 
Sponsor: Michael G. Waddoups

                 
                  LONG TITLE
                  General Description:
                      This bill modifies the State Affairs in General title in recognizing the need to provide
                  uniform civil and criminal firearm laws throughout the state.
                  Highlighted Provisions:
                      This bill:
                      .    reflects current provisions in the Criminal Code that recognize the reservation of
                  authority with the state to regulate firearms; and
                      .    provides, in conjunction with current state criminal law, that a local authority or
                  entity may not enact, establish, or enforce any ordinance, regulation, rule, or policy
                  pertaining to firearms that inhibits or restricts the possession or use of firearms on
                  either public or private property, unless specifically authorized by the Legislature by
                  statute.
                  Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
                      None
                  Other Special Clauses:
                      None
                  Utah Code Sections Affected:
                  ENACTS:
                      63-98-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                      63-98-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                 
                  Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
                      Section 1. Section 63-98-101 is enacted to read:


                 
CHAPTER 98. FIREARM LAWS

                      63-98-101. Title.
                      This chapter is known as "Firearm Laws."
                      Section 2. Section 63-98-102 is enacted to read:
                      63-98-102. Uniform firearm laws.
                      (1) The individual right to keep and bear arms being a constitutionally protected right
                  under Article I, Section 6 of the Utah Constitution, the Legislature finds the need to provide
                  uniform civil and criminal firearm laws throughout the state.
                      (2) Except as specifically provided by state law, a local authority or state entity may not:
                      (a) prohibit an individual from owning, possessing, purchasing, selling, transferring,
                  transporting, or keeping a firearm at the individual's place of residence, property, business, or in
                  any vehicle lawfully in the individual's possession or lawfully under the individual's control; or
                      (b) require an individual to have a permit or license to purchase, own, possess, transport,
                  or keep a firearm.
                      (3) In conjunction with Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, this section is uniformly
                  applicable throughout this state and in all its political subdivisions and municipalities.
                      (4) All authority to regulate firearms is reserved to the state except where the Legislature
                  specifically delegates responsibility to local authorities or state entities.
                      (5) Unless specifically authorized by the Legislature by statute, a local authority or state
                  entity may not enact, establish, or enforce any ordinance, regulation, rule, or policy pertaining to
                  firearms that in any way inhibits or restricts the possession or use of firearms on either public or
                  private property.
                      (6) As used in this section:
                      (a) "firearm" has the same meaning as defined in Subsection 76-10-501 (9); and
                      (b) "local authority or state entity" includes public school districts, public schools, and
                  state institutions of higher education.
                      (7) Nothing in this section restricts or expands private property rights.

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