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S.B. 174






Sponsor: David L. Gladwell

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill enacts the Interstate Compact for Juveniles.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    repeals and reenacts the Interstate Compact for Juveniles;
             13          .    establishes a compact operating authority to administer ongoing compact activity;
             14          .    provides for gubernatorial appointment of representatives on a national governing
             15      commission;
             16          .    provides rulemaking authority to the governing commission;
             17          .    provides for the collection of standardized information and information sharing
             18      systems;
             19          .    creates sanctions to support essential compact operations;
             20          .    allows for the coordination and cooperation with other interstate compacts; and
             21          .     provides for an effective date upon enactment by 35 states.
             22      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      ENACTS:

             28          55-12-100, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29          55-12-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             30          55-12-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31          55-12-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32          55-12-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33          55-12-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          55-12-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35          55-12-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             36          55-12-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             37          55-12-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38          55-12-110, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             39          55-12-111, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             40          55-12-112, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             41          55-12-113, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             42      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             43          55-12-114, (Renumbered from 55-12-2, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
             44          55-12-115, (Renumbered from 55-12-3, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
             45          55-12-116, (Renumbered from 55-12-4, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
             46          55-12-117, (Renumbered from 55-12-5, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
             47          55-12-118, (Renumbered from 55-12-6, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
             48      REPEALS:
             49          55-12-1, as last amended by Chapter 170, Laws of Utah 1983
             51      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             52          Section 1. Section 55-12-100 is enacted to read:
             53          55-12-100. Interstate Compact for Juveniles -- Execution of compact.
             54          The governor is authorized and directed to execute a compact on behalf of this state
             55      with any other state or states substantially in the form of this chapter.
             56          Section 2. Section 55-12-101 is enacted to read:
             57          55-12-101. Article 1 -- Purpose.
             58          (1) The compacting states to this Interstate Compact recognize that each state is

             59      responsible for the proper supervision or return of juveniles, delinquents, and status offenders
             60      who are on probation or parole and who have absconded, escaped, or run away from
             61      supervision and control and in so doing have endangered their own safety and the safety of
             62      others.
             63          (2) The compacting states also recognize that each state is responsible for the safe
             64      return of juveniles who have run away from home and in doing so have left their state of
             65      residence.
             66          (3) The compacting states also recognize that Congress, by enacting the Crime Control
             67      Act, 4 U.S.C. Section 112 (1965), has authorized and encouraged compacts for cooperative
             68      efforts and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime.
             69          (4) It is the purpose of this compact, through means of joint and cooperative action
             70      among the compacting states to:
             71          (a) ensure that the adjudicated juveniles and status offenders subject to this compact
             72      are provided adequate supervision and services in the receiving state as ordered by the
             73      adjudicating judge or parole authority in the sending state;
             74          (b) ensure that the public safety interests of the citizens, including the victims of
             75      juvenile offenders, in both the sending and receiving states are adequately protected;
             76          (c) return juveniles who have run away, absconded, or escaped from supervision or
             77      control or have been accused of an offense to the state requesting their return;
             78          (d) make contracts for the cooperative institutionalization in public facilities in
             79      member states for delinquent youth needing special services;
             80          (e) provide for the effective tracking and supervision of juveniles;
             81          (f) equitably allocate the costs, benefits, and obligations of the compacting states;
             82          (g) establish procedures to manage the movement between states of juvenile offenders
             83      released to the community under the jurisdiction of courts, juvenile departments, or any other
             84      criminal or juvenile justice agency which has jurisdiction over juvenile offenders;
             85          (h) insure immediate notice to jurisdictions where defined offenders are authorized to
             86      travel or to relocate across state lines;
             87          (i) establish procedures to resolve pending charges (detainers) against juvenile
             88      offenders prior to transfer or release to the community under the terms of this compact;
             89          (j) establish a system of uniform data collection on information pertaining to juveniles

             90      subject to this compact that allows access by authorized juvenile justice and criminal justice
             91      officials, and regular reporting of compact activities to heads of state executive, judicial, and
             92      legislative branches and juvenile and criminal justice administrators;
             93          (k) monitor compliance with rules governing interstate movement of juveniles and
             94      initiate interventions to address and correct noncompliance;
             95          (l) coordinate training and education regarding the regulation of interstate movement of
             96      juveniles for officials involved in such activity; and
             97          (m) coordinate the implementation and operation of the compact with the Interstate
             98      Compact for the Placement of Children, the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender
             99      Supervision, and other compacts affecting juveniles particularly in those cases where
             100      concurrent or overlapping supervision issues arise.
             101          (5) It is the policy of the compacting states that the activities conducted by the
             102      Interstate Commission created herein are the formation of public policies and, therefore, are
             103      public business. Furthermore, the compacting states shall cooperate and observe their
             104      individual and collective duties and responsibilities for the prompt return and acceptance of
             105      juveniles subject to the provisions of this compact.
             106          (6) The provisions of this compact shall be reasonably and liberally construed to
             107      accomplish the purposes and policies of the compact.
             108          Section 3. Section 55-12-102 is enacted to read:
             109          55-12-102. Article 2 -- Definitions.
             110          As used in this compact, unless the context clearly requires a different construction:
             111          (1) "By-laws" means those by-laws established by the Interstate Commission for its
             112      governance, or for directing or controlling its actions or conduct.
             113          (2) "Compact Administrator" means the individual in each compacting state appointed
             114      pursuant to the terms of this compact, responsible for the administration and management of
             115      the state's supervision and transfer of juveniles subject to the terms of this compact, the rules
             116      adopted by the Interstate Commission, and policies adopted by the State Council under this
             117      compact.
             118          (3) "Compacting State" means any state which has enacted the enabling legislation for
             119      this compact.
             120          (4) "Commissioner" means the voting representative of each compacting state

             121      appointed pursuant to Section 55-12-103 .
             122          (5) "Court" means any court having jurisdiction over delinquent, neglected, or
             123      dependent children.
             124          (6) "Deputy Compact Administrator" means the individual, if any, in each compacting
             125      state appointed to act on behalf of a Compact Administrator pursuant to the terms of this
             126      compact responsible for the administration and management of the state's supervision and
             127      transfer of juveniles subject to the terms of this compact, the rules adopted by the Interstate
             128      Commission, and policies adopted by the State Council under this compact.
             129          (7) "Interstate Commission" or "commission" means the Interstate Commission for
             130      Juveniles created by Section 55-12-103 .
             131          (8) "Juvenile" means any person defined as a juvenile in any member state or by the
             132      rules of the Interstate Commission, including:
             133          (a) "accused delinquent" meaning a person charged with an offense that, if committed
             134      by an adult, would be a criminal offense;
             135          (b) "adjudicated delinquent" meaning a person found to have committed an offense
             136      that, if committed by an adult, would be a criminal offense;
             137          (c) "accused status offender" meaning a person charged with an offense that would not
             138      be a criminal offense if committed by an adult;
             139          (d) "adjudicated status offender" meaning a person found to have committed an offense
             140      that would not be a criminal offense if committed by an adult; and
             141          (e) "nonoffender" meaning a person in need of supervision who has not been accused
             142      or adjudicated a status offender or delinquent.
             143          (9) "Noncompacting state" means any state which has not enacted the enabling
             144      legislation for this compact.
             145          (10) "Probation or Parole" means any kind of supervision or conditional release of
             146      juveniles authorized under the laws of the compacting states.
             147          (11) "Rule" means a written statement by the Interstate Commission promulgated
             148      pursuant to Section 55-12-106 that is of general applicability, implements, interprets, or
             149      prescribes a policy or provision of the compact, or an organizational, procedural, or practice
             150      requirement of the Commission, and has the force and effect of statutory law in a compacting
             151      state, and includes the amendment, repeal, or suspension of an existing rule.

             152          (12) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the
             153      Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the
             154      Northern Marianas Islands.
             155          Section 4. Section 55-12-103 is enacted to read:
             156          55-12-103. Article 3 -- Interstate Commission for Juveniles.
             157          (1) The compacting states hereby create the "Interstate Commission for Juveniles."
             158          (2) The commission shall be a body corporate and joint agency of the compacting
             159      states.
             160          (3) The commission shall have all the responsibilities, powers, and duties set forth
             161      herein, and such additional powers as may be conferred upon it by subsequent action of the
             162      respective legislatures of the compacting states in accordance with the terms of this compact.
             163          (4) The commission shall consist of commissioners appointed by the appropriate
             164      appointing authority in each state pursuant to the rules and requirements of each compacting
             165      state and in consultation with the State Council for Interstate Juvenile Supervision created
             166      hereunder.
             167          (5) The commissioner shall be the compact administrator, deputy compact
             168      administrator, or designee from that state who shall serve on the commission in such capacity
             169      under or pursuant to the applicable law of the compacting state.
             170          (6) In addition to the commissioners who are the voting representatives of each state,
             171      the commission shall include individuals who are not commissioners, but who are members of
             172      interested organizations. Noncommissioner members shall include a member of the national
             173      organizations of governors, legislators, state chief justices, attorneys general, Interstate
             174      Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children,
             175      juvenile justice and juvenile corrections officials, and crime victims.
             176          (7) All noncommissioner members of the commission shall be ex officio, nonvoting
             177      members. The commission may provide in its by-laws for additional ex officio, nonvoting
             178      members, including members of other national organizations, in numbers to be determined by
             179      the commission.
             180          (8) Each compacting state represented at any meeting of the commission is entitled to
             181      one vote. A majority of the compacting states shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of
             182      business, unless a larger quorum is required by the by-laws of the commission.

             183          (9) The commission shall meet at least once each calendar year. The chairperson may
             184      call additional meetings and, upon the request of a simple majority of the compacting states,
             185      shall call additional meetings. Public notice shall be given of all meetings and meetings shall
             186      be open to the public.
             187          (10) The commission shall establish an executive committee, which shall include
             188      commission officers, members, and others as determined by the by-laws. The executive
             189      committee shall:
             190          (a) have the power to act on behalf of the commission during periods when the
             191      commission is not in session, with the exception of rulemaking or amendment to the compact;
             192          (b) oversee the day-to-day activities of the administration of the compact managed by
             193      an executive director and commission staff, which administers enforcement and compliance
             194      with the provisions of the compact, its by-laws, and rules; and
             195          (c) perform other duties as directed by the commission or set forth in the by-laws.
             196          (11) Each member of the commission shall have the right and power to cast a vote to
             197      which that compacting state is entitled and to participate in the business and affairs of the
             198      commission. A member shall vote in person and may not delegate a vote to another
             199      compacting state. However, a commissioner, in consultation with the state council, shall
             200      appoint another authorized representative, in the absence of the commissioner from that state,
             201      to cast a vote on behalf of the compacting state at a specified meeting. The by-laws may
             202      provide for members' participation in meetings by telephone or other means of
             203      telecommunication or electronic communication.
             204          (12) The commission's by-laws shall establish conditions and procedures under which
             205      the commission shall make its information and official records available to the public for
             206      inspection or copying. The commission may exempt from disclosure any information or
             207      official records to the extent they would adversely affect personal privacy rights or proprietary
             208      interests.
             209          (13) Public notice shall be given of all meetings and all meetings shall be open to the
             210      public, except as set forth in the rules or as otherwise provided in the compact. The
             211      commission and any of its committees may close a meeting to the public where it determines
             212      by two-thirds vote that an open meeting would be likely to:
             213          (a) relate solely to the commission's internal personnel practices and procedures;

             214          (b) disclose matters specifically exempted from disclosure by statute;
             215          (c) disclose trade secrets or commercial or financial information which is privileged or
             216      confidential;
             217          (d) involve accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any person;
             218          (e) disclose information of a personal nature where disclosure would constitute a
             219      clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;
             220          (f) disclose investigative records compiled for law enforcement purposes;
             221          (g) disclose information contained in or related to examination, operating, or condition
             222      reports prepared by, or on behalf of or for the use of, the commission with respect to a
             223      regulated person or entity for the purpose of regulation or supervision of such person or entity;
             224          (h) disclose information, the premature disclosure of which would significantly
             225      endanger the stability of a regulated person or entity; or
             226          (i) specifically relate to the commission's issuance of a subpoena, or its participation in
             227      a civil action or other legal proceeding.
             228          (14) For every meeting closed pursuant to this provision, the commission's legal
             229      counsel shall publicly certify that, in the legal counsel's opinion, the meeting may be closed to
             230      the public, and shall reference each relevant exemptive provision. The commission shall keep
             231      minutes which shall fully and clearly describe all matters discussed in any meeting and shall
             232      provide a full and accurate summary of any actions taken, and the reasons therefor, including a
             233      description of each of the views expressed on any item and the record of any roll call vote,
             234      reflected in the vote of each member on the question. All documents considered in connection
             235      with any action shall be identified in the minutes.
             236          (15) The commission shall collect standardized data concerning the interstate
             237      movement of juveniles as directed through its rules which shall specify the data to be collected,
             238      the means of collection, and data exchange and reporting requirements. Methods of data
             239      collection, exchange, and reporting shall insofar as is reasonably possible conform to
             240      up-to-date technology and coordinate its information functions with the appropriate repository
             241      of records.
             242          Section 5. Section 55-12-104 is enacted to read:
             243          55-12-104. Article 4 -- Powers and duties of the Interstate Commission.
             244          The commission shall have the following powers and duties:

             245          (1) provide for dispute resolution among compacting states;
             246          (2) promulgate rules to effect the purposes and obligations as enumerated in this
             247      compact, which shall have the force and effect of statutory law and shall be binding in the
             248      compacting states to the extent and in the manner provided in this compact;
             249          (3) oversee, supervise, and coordinate the interstate movement of juveniles subject to
             250      the terms of this compact and any by-laws adopted and rules promulgated by the commission;
             251          (4) enforce compliance with the compact provisions, the rules promulgated by the
             252      commission, and the by-laws, using all necessary and proper means, including, but not limited
             253      to, the use of judicial process;
             254          (5) establish and maintain offices which shall be located within one or more of the
             255      compacting states;
             256          (6) purchase and maintain insurance and bonds;
             257          (7) borrow, accept, hire, or contract for services of personnel;
             258          (8) establish and appoint committees and hire staff which it considers necessary for the
             259      carrying out of its functions including, but not limited to, an executive committee as required
             260      by Section 55-12-103 , which shall have the power to act on behalf of the commission in
             261      carrying out its powers and duties hereunder;
             262          (9) elect or appoint any officers, attorneys, employees, agents, or consultants, fix their
             263      compensation, define their duties, and determine their qualifications;
             264          (10) establish the commission's personnel policies and programs relating to, inter alia,
             265      conflicts of interest, rates of compensation, and qualifications of personnel;
             266          (11) accept any and all donations and grants of money, equipment, supplies, materials,
             267      and services, and to receive, utilize, and dispose of them;
             268          (12) lease, purchase, accept contributions or donations of, or otherwise to own, hold,
             269      improve or use any property, real, personal, or mixed;
             270          (13) sell, convey, mortgage, pledge, lease, exchange, abandon, or otherwise dispose of
             271      any property, real, personal, or mixed;
             272          (14) establish a budget and make expenditures and levy dues as provided in Section
             273      55-12-108 ;
             274          (15) sue and be sued;
             275          (16) adopt a seal and by-laws governing the management and operation of the

             276      commission;
             277          (17) perform any functions necessary or appropriate to achieve the purposes of this
             278      compact;
             279          (18) report annually to the legislatures, governors, judiciary, and state councils of the
             280      compacting states concerning the activities of the commission during the preceding year,
             281      including any recommendations that may have been adopted by the commission;
             282          (19) coordinate education, training, and public awareness regarding the interstate
             283      movement of juveniles for officials involved in the activity;
             284          (20) establish uniform standards for the reporting, collecting, and exchanging of data;
             285      and
             286          (21) maintain its corporate books and records in accordance with the by-laws.
             287          Section 6. Section 55-12-105 is enacted to read:
             288          55-12-105. Article 5 -- Organization and operation of the Interstate Commission.
             289          (1) Section A. By-laws
             290          The Interstate Commission shall, by a majority of the members present and voting,
             291      within 12 months after the first commission meeting, adopt by-laws to govern its conduct as
             292      may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the compact, including, but not
             293      limited to:
             294          (a) establishing the fiscal year of the commission;
             295          (b) establishing an executive committee and any other committees as necessary;
             296          (c) providing for the establishment of committees governing any general or specific
             297      delegation of any authority or function of the commission;
             298          (d) providing reasonable procedures for calling and conducting meetings of the
             299      commission, and ensuring reasonable notice of each meeting;
             300          (e) establishing the titles and responsibilities of the officers of the commission;
             301          (f) providing a mechanism for concluding the operations of the commission and the
             302      return of any surplus funds that may exist upon the termination of the compact after the
             303      payment and reserving of all of its debts and obligations;
             304          (g) providing "start-up" rules for initial administration of the compact; and
             305          (h) establishing standards and procedures for compliance and technical assistance in
             306      carrying out the compact.

             307          (2) Section B. Officers and Staff
             308          (a) The Interstate Commission shall, by a majority of the members, elect annually from
             309      among its members a chairperson and a vice chairperson, each of whom shall have the
             310      authority and duties specified in the by-laws. The chairperson or, in the chairperson's absence
             311      or disability, the vice chairperson shall preside at all meetings of the commission.
             312          (b) The officers shall serve without compensation or remuneration from the
             313      commission, provided that, subject to the availability of budgeted funds, the officers shall be
             314      reimbursed for any ordinary and necessary costs and expenses incurred by them in the
             315      performance of their duties and responsibilities as officers of the commission.
             316          (c) The commission shall, through its executive committee, appoint or retain an
             317      executive director for any time period, upon any terms and conditions, and for any
             318      compensation as the commission may consider appropriate. The executive director shall serve
             319      as secretary to the commission, but may not be a member and shall hire and supervise other
             320      staff as authorized by the commission.
             321          (3) Section C. Qualified Immunity, Defense, and Indemnification
             322          (a) The Interstate Commission's executive director and employees shall be immune
             323      from suit and liability, either personally or in their official capacity, for any claim for damage
             324      to or loss of property or personal injury or other civil liability caused or arising out of or
             325      relating to any actual or alleged act, error, or omission that occurred, or that the person had a
             326      reasonable basis for believing occurred within the scope of commission employment, duties, or
             327      responsibilities; provided, that a person may not be protected from suit or liability for any
             328      damage, loss, injury, or liability caused by the intentional or willful and wanton misconduct of
             329      the person.
             330          (b) The liability of any commissioner, or the employee or agent of a commissioner,
             331      acting within the scope of the person's employment or duties for acts, errors, or omissions
             332      occurring within the person's state may not exceed the limits of liability set forth under the
             333      constitution and laws of that state for state officials, employees, and agents. Nothing in this
             334      Subsection (3) shall be construed to protect any person from suit or liability for any damage,
             335      loss, injury, or liability caused by the intentional or willful and wanton misconduct of the
             336      person.
             337          (c) The commission shall defend the executive director or the employees or

             338      representatives of the commission and, subject to the approval of the attorney general of the
             339      state represented by any commissioner of a compacting state, shall defend the commissioner or
             340      the commissioner's representatives or employees in any civil action seeking to impose liability
             341      arising out of any actual or alleged act, error, or omission that occurred within the scope of
             342      commission employment, duties, or responsibilities, or that the defendant had a reasonable
             343      basis for believing occurred within the scope of commission employment, duties, or
             344      responsibilities, provided that the actual or alleged act, error, or omission did not result from
             345      intentional or willful and wanton misconduct on the part of the person.
             346          (d) The commission shall indemnify and hold the commissioner of a compacting state,
             347      the commissioner's representatives or employees, or the commission's representatives or
             348      employees harmless in the amount of any settlement or judgment obtained against the persons
             349      arising out of any actual or alleged act, error, or omission that occurred within the scope of
             350      commission employment, duties, or responsibilities, or that the persons had a reasonable basis
             351      for believing occurred within the scope of commission employment, duties, or responsibilities,
             352      provided that the actual or alleged act, error, or omission did not result from intentional or
             353      willful and wanton misconduct on the part of the persons.
             354          Section 7. Section 55-12-106 is enacted to read:
             355          55-12-106. Article 6 -- Rulemaking functions of the Interstate Commission.
             356          (1) The Interstate Commission shall promulgate and publish rules in order to
             357      effectively and efficiently achieve the purposes of the compact.
             358          (2) Rulemaking shall occur pursuant to the criteria set forth in this section and the
             359      by-laws and rules adopted pursuant thereto. Rulemaking shall substantially conform to the
             360      principles of the "Model State Administrative Procedures Act," 1981 Act, Uniform Laws
             361      Annotated, Vol. 15, p.1 (2000), or any other administrative procedures act, as the commission
             362      considers appropriate, consistent with due process requirements under the U.S. Constitution as
             363      interpreted by the U. S. Supreme Court. All rules and amendments shall become binding as of
             364      the date specified, as published with the final version of the rule as approved by the
             365      commission.
             366          (3) When promulgating a rule, the commission shall, at a minimum:
             367          (a) publish the proposed rule's entire text stating the reasons for that proposed rule;
             368          (b) allow and invite any and all persons to submit written data, facts, opinions, and

             369      arguments, which information shall be added to the record, and be made publicly available;
             370          (c) provide an opportunity for an informal hearing if petitioned by ten or more persons;
             371      and
             372          (d) promulgate a final rule and its effective date, if appropriate, based on input from
             373      state or local officials, or interested parties.
             374          (4) Not later than 60 days after a rule is promulgated, the commission shall allow any
             375      interested person to file a petition in the United States District Court for the District of
             376      Columbia or in the Federal District Court where the commission's principal office is located for
             377      judicial review of the rule. If the court finds that the commission's action is not supported by
             378      substantial evidence in the rulemaking record, the court shall hold the rule unlawful and set it
             379      aside. For purposes of this Subsection (4), evidence is substantial if it would be considered
             380      substantial evidence under the Model State Administrative Procedures Act.
             381          (5) If a majority of the legislatures of the compacting states reject a rule, those states
             382      may, by enactment of a statute or resolution in the same manner used to adopt the compact,
             383      state that the rule shall have no further force and effect in any compacting state.
             384          (6) The existing rules governing the operation of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles
             385      superceded by this act shall be null and void 12 months after the first meeting of the Interstate
             386      Commission created in this chapter.
             387          (7) Upon determination by the Interstate Commission that a state of emergency exists,
             388      it may promulgate an emergency rule which shall become effective immediately upon
             389      adoption, provided that the usual rulemaking procedures shall be retroactively applied to the
             390      rule as soon as reasonably possible, but no later than 90 days after the effective date of the
             391      emergency rule.
             392          Section 8. Section 55-12-107 is enacted to read:
             393          55-12-107. Article 7 -- Oversight, enforcement, and dispute resolution by the
             394      Interstate Commission.
             395          (1) Section A. Oversight
             396          (a) The Interstate Commission shall oversee the administration and operations of the
             397      interstate movement of juveniles subject to this compact in the compacting states and shall
             398      monitor activities being administered in noncompacting states which may significantly affect
             399      compacting states.

             400          (b) The courts and executive agencies in each compacting state shall enforce this
             401      compact and take all actions necessary and appropriate to effectuate the compact's purposes
             402      and intent. The provisions of this compact and the rules promulgated hereunder shall be
             403      received by all the judges, public officers, commissions, and departments of the state
             404      government as evidence of the authorized statute and administrative rules. All courts shall take
             405      judicial notice of the compact and the rules. In any judicial or administrative proceeding in a
             406      compacting state pertaining to the subject matter of this compact which may affect the powers,
             407      responsibilities, or actions of the commission, it shall be entitled to receive all service of
             408      process in any proceeding, and shall have standing to intervene in the proceeding for all
             409      purposes.
             410          (2) Section B. Dispute Resolution
             411          (a) The compacting states shall report to the Interstate Commission on all issues and
             412      activities necessary for the administration of the compact as well as issues and activities
             413      pertaining to compliance with the provisions of the compact and its by-laws and rules.
             414          (b) The Interstate Commission shall attempt, upon the request of a compacting state, to
             415      resolve any disputes or other issues which are subject to the compact and which may arise
             416      among compacting states and between compacting and noncompacting states. The commission
             417      shall promulgate a rule providing for both mediation and binding dispute resolution for
             418      disputes among the compacting states.
             419          (c) The commission, in the reasonable exercise of its discretion, shall enforce the
             420      provisions and rules of this compact using any or all means set forth in Section 55-12-109 .
             421          Section 9. Section 55-12-108 is enacted to read:
             422          55-12-108. Article 8 -- Finance.
             423          (1) The Interstate Commission shall pay or provide for the payment of the reasonable
             424      expenses of its establishment, organization, and ongoing activities.
             425          (2) The commission shall levy on and collect an annual assessment from each
             426      compacting state to cover the cost of the internal operations and activities of the commission
             427      and its staff which shall be in a total amount sufficient to cover the commission's annual budget
             428      as approved each year. The aggregate annual assessment amount shall be allocated based upon
             429      a formula to be determined by the commission, taking into consideration the population of each
             430      compacting state and the volume of interstate movement of juveniles in each compacting state.

             431      The commission shall promulgate a rule binding upon all compacting states which governs the
             432      assessment.
             433          (3) The commission may not incur any obligations of any kind prior to securing the
             434      funds adequate to meet the obligations, nor shall the commission pledge the credit of any of the
             435      compacting states, except by and with the authority of the compacting state.
             436          (4) The commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements.
             437      The receipts and disbursements of the commission shall be subject to the audit and accounting
             438      procedures established under its by-laws. All receipts and disbursements of funds handled by
             439      the commission shall be audited yearly by a certified or licensed public accountant and the
             440      report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual report of the commission.
             441          Section 10. Section 55-12-109 is enacted to read:
             442          55-12-109. Article 9 -- The state council.
             443          (1) Each member state shall create a State Council for Interstate Juvenile Supervision.
             444          (2) While each state may determine the membership of its own state council, its
             445      membership shall include at least one representative from the legislative, judicial, and
             446      executive branches of government, victims groups, and the compact administrator, deputy
             447      compact administrator, or designee.
             448          (3) Each compacting state retains the right to determine the qualifications of the
             449      compact administrator or deputy compact administrator.
             450          (4) Each state council shall advise and may exercise oversight and advocacy
             451      concerning that state's participation in commission activities and other duties determined by
             452      that state, including but not limited to, development of policy concerning operations and
             453      procedures of the compact within that state.
             454          Section 11. Section 55-12-110 is enacted to read:
             455          55-12-110. Article 10 -- Compacting states, effective date, and amendment.
             456          (1) Any state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S.
             457      Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas Islands as defined in
             458      Section 55-12-102 is eligible to become a compacting state.
             459          (2) The compact shall become effective and binding upon legislative enactment of the
             460      compact into law by no less than 35 states. The initial effective date shall be the later of July 1,
             461      2004 or upon enactment into law by the 35th jurisdiction. Thereafter it shall become effective

             462      and binding as to any other compacting state upon enactment of the compact into law by that
             463      state.
             464          (3) The governors of nonmember states or their designees shall be invited to participate
             465      in the activities of the Interstate Commission on a nonvoting basis prior to adoption of the
             466      compact by all states and territories of the United States.
             467          (4) The commission may propose amendments to the compact for enactment by the
             468      compacting states. No amendment shall become effective and binding upon the commission
             469      and the compacting states unless and until it is enacted into law by unanimous consent of the
             470      compacting states.
             471          Section 12. Section 55-12-111 is enacted to read:
             472          55-12-111. Article 11 -- Withdrawal, default, termination, and judicial
             473      enforcement.
             474          (1) Section A. Withdrawal
             475          (a) Once effective, the compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each
             476      and every compacting state.
             477          (b) A compacting state may withdraw from the compact by specifically repealing the
             478      statute which enacted the compact into law. The effective date of withdrawal is the effective
             479      date of the repeal.
             480          (c) The withdrawing state shall immediately notify the chairperson of the Interstate
             481      Commission in writing upon the introduction of legislation repealing the compact in the
             482      withdrawing state. The commission shall notify the other compacting states of the
             483      withdrawing state's intent to withdraw within 60 days of its receipt thereof.
             484          (d) The withdrawing state is responsible for all assessments, obligations, and liabilities
             485      incurred through the effective date of withdrawal, including any obligations, the performance
             486      of which extend beyond the effective date of withdrawal.
             487          (e) Reinstatement following withdrawal of any compacting state shall occur upon the
             488      withdrawing state reenacting the compact or upon a later date as determined by the
             489      commission.
             490          (2) Section B. Technical Assistance, Fines, Suspension, Termination, and Default
             491          (a) If the Interstate Commission determines that any compacting state has at any time
             492      defaulted in the performance of any of its obligations or responsibilities under this compact, or

             493      the by-laws or duly promulgated rules, the commission may impose any or all of the following
             494      penalties:
             495          (i) remedial training and technical assistance as directed by the commission;
             496          (ii) alternative dispute resolution;
             497          (iii) fines, fees, and costs in amounts considered to be reasonable as fixed by the
             498      commission; and
             499          (iv) suspension or termination of membership in the compact.
             500          (b) Suspension or termination of membership in the compact shall be imposed only
             501      after all other reasonable means of securing compliance under the by-laws and rules have been
             502      exhausted and the commission has determined that the offending state is in default.
             503          (c) Immediate notice of suspension shall be given by the commission to the governor,
             504      the chief justice, or the chief judicial officer of the state, the majority and minority leaders of
             505      the defaulting state's legislature, and the state council.
             506          (d) The grounds for default include, but are not limited to, failure of a compacting state
             507      to perform obligations or responsibilities imposed upon it by this compact, the by-laws, or duly
             508      promulgated rules, and any other grounds designated in commission by-laws and rules.
             509          (i) The commission shall immediately notify the defaulting state in writing of the
             510      penalty imposed by the commission and of the default pending a cure of the default.
             511          (ii) The commission shall stipulate the conditions and the time period within which the
             512      defaulting state must cure its default.
             513          (e) If the defaulting state fails to cure the default within the time period specified by the
             514      commission, the defaulting state shall be terminated from the compact upon an affirmative vote
             515      of a majority of the compacting states and all rights, privileges, and benefits conferred by this
             516      compact shall be terminated upon the effective date of termination.
             517          (f) Within 60 days of the effective date of termination of a defaulting state, the
             518      commission shall notify the governor, the chief justice or chief judicial officer, the majority and
             519      minority leaders of the defaulting state's legislature, and the state council of the termination.
             520          (g) The defaulting state is responsible for all assessments, obligations, and liabilities
             521      incurred through the effective date of termination including any obligations, the performance of
             522      which extends beyond the effective date of termination.
             523          (h) The commission may not bear any costs relating to the defaulting state unless

             524      otherwise mutually agreed upon in writing between the commission and the defaulting state.
             525          (i) Reinstatement following termination of any compacting state requires both a
             526      reenactment of the compact by the defaulting state and the approval of the commission
             527      pursuant to the rules.
             528          (3) Section C. Judicial Enforcement
             529          (a) The Interstate Commission may, by majority vote of the members, initiate legal
             530      action in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia or, at the discretion of
             531      the Interstate Commission, in the federal district where the Interstate Commission has its
             532      offices, to enforce compliance with the provisions of the compact, its duly promulgated rules
             533      and by-laws, against any compacting state in default.
             534          (b) In the event judicial enforcement is necessary, the prevailing party shall be awarded
             535      all costs of litigation, including reasonable attorneys' fees.
             536          (4) Section D. Dissolution of Compact
             537          (a) The compact dissolves effective upon the date of the withdrawal or default of a
             538      compacting state, which reduces membership in the compact to one compacting state.
             539          (b) Upon the dissolution of this compact, the compact becomes null and void and shall
             540      be of no further force or effect, the business and affairs of the Interstate Commission shall be
             541      concluded, and any surplus funds shall be distributed in accordance with the by-laws.
             542          Section 13. Section 55-12-112 is enacted to read:
             543          55-12-112. Article 12 -- Severability and construction.
             544          (1) The provisions of this compact shall be severable, and if any phrase, clause,
             545      sentence, or provision is considered unenforceable, the remaining provisions of the compact
             546      shall be enforceable.
             547          (2) The provisions of this compact shall be liberally construed to effectuate its
             548      purposes.
             549          Section 14. Section 55-12-113 is enacted to read:
             550          55-12-113. Article 13 -- Binding effect of compact and other laws.
             551          (1) Section A. Other Laws
             552          (a) Nothing herein prevents the enforcement of any other law of a compacting state that
             553      is not inconsistent with this compact.
             554          (b) All compacting states' laws other than state constitutions and other interstate

             555      compacts conflicting with this compact are superseded to the extent of the conflict.
             556          (2) Section B. Binding Effect of the Compact
             557          (a) All lawful actions of the commission, including all rules and by-laws promulgated
             558      by the commission, are binding upon the compacting states.
             559          (b) All agreements between the commission and the compacting states are binding in
             560      accordance with their terms.
             561          (c) Upon the request of a party to a conflict over meaning or interpretation of
             562      commission actions, and upon a majority vote of the compacting states, the commission may
             563      issue advisory opinions regarding the meaning or interpretation.
             564          (d) In the event any provision of this compact exceeds the constitutional limits imposed
             565      on the legislature of any compacting state, the obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction
             566      sought to be conferred by the provision upon the commission shall be ineffective and the
             567      obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction shall remain in the compacting state and shall be
             568      exercised by the agency thereof to which the obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction are
             569      delegated by law in effect at the time this compact becomes effective.
             570          Section 15. Section 55-12-114 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-2 is
             571      renumbered and amended to read:
             572           [55-12-2].     55-12-114. Juvenile compact administrator.
             573          (1) Pursuant to [said] this compact, the governor is [hereby] authorized and empowered
             574      to designate [an officer who shall be the] a compact administrator and who, acting jointly with
             575      like [officers] administrators of other party states, shall promulgate rules and regulations to
             576      carry out more effectively the terms of the compact. [Said] The compact administrator shall
             577      serve subject to the pleasure of the governor.
             578          (2) The compact administrator is [hereby] authorized, empowered and directed to
             579      cooperate with all departments, agencies and officers of and in the government of this state and
             580      its subdivisions in facilitating the proper administration of the compact or of any
             581      supplementary agreement or agreements entered into by this state [thereunder].
             582          Section 16. Section 55-12-115 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-3 is
             583      renumbered and amended to read:
             584           [55-12-3].     55-12-115. Supplementary agreements.
             585          The compact administrator is [hereby] authorized and empowered to enter into

             586      supplementary agreements with appropriate officials of other states pursuant to the compact. In
             587      the event that [such] the supplementary agreement [shall require] requires or [contemplate]
             588      contemplates the use of any institution or facility of this state or [require] requires or
             589      [contemplate] contemplates the provision of any service by this state, [said] the supplementary
             590      agreement shall have no force or effect until approved by the head of the department or agency
             591      under whose jurisdiction said institution or facility is operated or whose department or agency
             592      will be charged with the rendering of such service.
             593          Section 17. Section 55-12-116 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-4 is
             594      renumbered and amended to read:
             595           [55-12-4].     55-12-116. Financial arrangements.
             596          The compact administrator, subject to the approval of the Department of Finance, may
             597      make or arrange for any payments necessary to discharge any financial obligations imposed
             598      upon this state by the compact or by any supplementary agreement entered into [thereunder].
             599          Section 18. Section 55-12-117 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-5 is
             600      renumbered and amended to read:
             601           [55-12-5].     55-12-117. Responsibility of parents.
             602          The compact administrator is authorized to take appropriate action to recover from
             603      parents or guardians, any and all costs expended by the state, or any of its subdivisions, to
             604      return a delinquent or nondelinquent juvenile to this state, for care provided pursuant to any
             605      supplementary agreement [herein authorized], or for care pending the return of [such] the
             606      juvenile to this state.
             607          Section 19. Section 55-12-118 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-6 is
             608      renumbered and amended to read:
             609           [55-12-6].     55-12-118. Responsibilities of state courts, departments, agencies,
             610      and officers.
             611          The courts, departments, agencies and officers of this state and its subdivisions shall
             612      enforce this compact and [shall] do all things appropriate to the effectuation of its purposes and
             613      intent which may be within their respective jurisdictions.
             614          Section 20. Repealer.
             615          This bill repeals:
             616          Section 55-12-1, Execution of compact.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-3-04 9:27 AM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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