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S.B. 192





Sponsor: Michael G. Waddoups

             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill creates the Pawnshop Transaction Information Act within the Department of
             9      Financial Institutions. The bill establishes record keeping and reporting requirements
             10      for pawnbrokers and obligations of law enforcement agencies. This bill requires the
             11      creation of a statewide central database. This bill amends the Criminal Code regarding
             12      pawnbrokers. This bill also amends the Government Records Access and Management
             13      Act regarding reports pawnbrokers are required to provide to law enforcement agencies.
             14      Highlighted Provisions:
             15          This bill:
             16          .    creates transaction reporting requirements for pawnbroker businesses to report to
             17      law enforcement agencies;
             18          .    requires that pawnbroker reporting be conducted electronically and provides
             19      exceptions for small pawnbroker businesses and for situations when there is a
             20      malfunction;
             21          .    establishes a deadline for pawnbrokers to be reporting electronically and imposes a
             22      daily civil penalty for failure to comply;
             23          .    requires that a central statewide database be established for reported transactions;
             24          .    specifies the information and identification, including a fingerprint, that a
             25      pawnbroker must require in conducting a transaction;
             26          .    requires that pawnbrokers keep registers of transactions;
             27          .    requires that theft victims and pawnbrokers cooperate with law enforcement

             28      investigations in order to recover stolen property;
             29          .    requires that the pawnbroker be given time to comply with upgrades to the central
             30      database;
             31          .    specifies the holding period for pawned articles and provides extensions for articles
             32      held for law enforcement investigations;
             33          .    imposes annual fees on pawnshops and participating law enforcement officers;
             34          .    requires that pawnbrokers and law enforcement officers participate in annual
             35      training;
             36          .    provides that violations of specified sections of the chapter are class C
             37      misdemeanors;
             38          .    provides that this chapter preempts any local government ordinances regarding
             39      pawnshop businesses if the ordinances are more restrictive than or not consistent
             40      with this chapter;
             41          .    provides that records provided to a law enforcement agency in compliance with this
             42      chapter are protected records under the Government Records Access and
             43      Management Act;
             44          .    creates a Pawnshop Advisory Board within the Department of Financial Institutions;
             45          .    establishes a restricted account for civil penalties and fees imposed under this
             46      chapter and specifies uses of funds in the account, which includes training and the
             47      costs of the central database;
             48          .    amends the Criminal Code regarding the offense of receiving stolen property to
             49      exempt dealers in property who receive it for less than reasonable value from the
             50      presumption regarding possession of stolen property; and
             51          .    amends the Criminal Code to delete the value limitation regarding pawnbrokers'
             52      obligations to obtain information from individuals selling or delivering property to
             53      them.
             54      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             55          None
             56      Other Special Clauses:
             57          This bill provides an effective date.
             58      Utah Code Sections Affected:

             59      AMENDS:
             60          63-2-304, as last amended by Chapters 60 and 131, Laws of Utah 2003
             61          76-6-408, as last amended by Chapter 102, Laws of Utah 1993
             62      ENACTS:
             63          13-32a-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64          13-32a-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             65          13-32a-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             66          13-32a-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          13-32a-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          13-32a-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          13-32a-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          13-32a-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71          13-32a-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          13-32a-110, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          13-32a-111, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          13-32a-112, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75          13-32a-113, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             76          13-32a-114, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             78      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             79          Section 1. Section 13-32a-101 is enacted to read:

             81          13-32a-101. Title.
             82          This chapter is known as the "Pawnshop Transaction Information Act."
             83          Section 2. Section 13-32a-102 is enacted to read:
             84          13-32a-102. Definitions.
             85          As used in this chapter:
             86          (1) "Account" means the Pawnbroker Operations Restricted Account created in Section
             87      13-32a-113 .
             88          (2) "Board" means the Pawnshop Advisory Board created by this chapter.
             89          (3) "Central database" or "database" means the electronic database created and

             90      operated under Section 13-32a-105 .
             91          (4) "Identification" means a form of positive identification issued by a governmental
             92      entity that:
             93          (a) contains a numerical identifier and a photograph of the person identified; and
             94          (b) may include a state identification card, a state drivers license, a United States
             95      military identification card, or a United States passport.
             96          (5) "Local law enforcement agency" means a law enforcement agency that has
             97      jurisdiction over the location where the pawnshop is located.
             98          (6) "Misappropriated" means stolen, embezzled, converted, obtained by theft, or
             99      otherwise appropriated without authority of the lawful owner.
             100          (7) "Original victim" means a victim who is not a party to the pawn transaction.
             101          (8) "Pawnbroker" means a person whose business engages in the following activities:
             102          (a) loans money on one or more deposits of personal property;
             103          (b) deals in the purchase, exchange, or possession of personal property on condition of
             104      selling the same property back again to the pledgor or depositor;
             105          (c) loans or advances money on personal property by taking chattel mortgage security
             106      on the property and takes or receives the personal property into his possession, and who sells
             107      the unredeemed pledges; or
             108          (d) engages in a licensed business enterprise as a pawnshop.
             109          (9) "Pawn ticket" means a document upon which information regarding a pawn
             110      transaction is entered when the pawn transaction is made.
             111          (10) "Pawn transaction" means an extension of credit in which an individual delivers
             112      property to a pawnbroker for an advance of money or sells property to a pawnbroker and
             113      retains the right to redeem or repurchase the property for the redemption price within a fixed
             114      period of time.
             115          (11) "Pawnshop" means the physical location or premises where a pawnbroker
             116      conducts business.
             117          (12) "Property" means any tangible personal property.
             118          (13) "Register" means the record of information required under this chapter to be
             119      maintained by the pawnbroker. The register is an electronic record that is in a format that is
             120      compatible with the central database.

             121          Section 3. Section 13-32a-103 is enacted to read:
             122          13-32a-103. Compliance with criminal code.
             123          Every pawnbroker shall, regarding each article of property a person pawns or sells,
             124      comply with the requirements of Subsections 76-6-408 (2)(c)(i) through (iii) regarding the
             125      person's:
             126          (1) legal right to the property;
             127          (2) fingerprint; and
             128          (3) picture identification.
             129          Section 4. Section 13-32a-104 is enacted to read:
             130          13-32a-104. Register required to be maintained -- Contents -- Identification of
             131      items.
             132          (1) Every pawnbroker shall keep a register of pawn transactions, in which the
             133      pawnbroker or his employee shall enter the following information regarding every article
             134      pawned to him:
             135          (a) the date and time of the transaction;
             136          (b) the pawn transaction ticket number;
             137          (c) the date by which the article must be redeemed;
             138          (d) the following information regarding the person who pawns the article:
             139          (i) the person's name, residence address, and date of birth;
             140          (ii) the person's physical description, including gender, height, weight, race, age, hair
             141      color, and eye color, based on identification provided by the person;
             142          (iii) the number of the driver license or other form of positive identification presented
             143      by the person;
             144          (iv) the person's signature; and
             145          (v) a legible fingerprint of the person's right thumb, or if the right thumb cannot be
             146      fingerprinted, a legible fingerprint of the person with a written notation identifying the
             147      fingerprint and the reason why the thumb print was unavailable;
             148          (e) the amount loaned on or paid for the article, or the article for which it was traded;
             149          (f) the identification of the pawnbroker or his employee, whoever is making the
             150      register entry; and
             151          (g) an accurate description of the article of property, including available identifying

             152      marks such as:
             153          (i) names, brand names, numbers, serial numbers, model numbers, color,
             154      manufacturers' names, and size;
             155          (ii) metallic composition, and any jewels, stones, or glass;
             156          (iii) any other marks of identification or indicia of ownership on the article;
             157          (iv) the weight of the article, if the payment is based on weight;
             158          (v) any other unique identifying feature;
             159          (vi) gold content, if indicated; and
             160          (vii) if multiple articles of a similar nature are delivered together in one transaction and
             161      the articles do not bear serial or model numbers and do not include precious metals or
             162      gemstones, such as musical or video recordings, books, or hand tools, the description of the
             163      articles is adequate if it includes the quantity of the articles and a description of the type of
             164      articles delivered.
             165          (2) A pawnshop may not accept any personal property if, upon inspection, it is apparent
             166      that serial numbers, model names, or identifying characteristics have been intentionally defaced
             167      on that article of property.
             168          Section 5. Section 13-32a-105 is enacted to read:
             169          13-32a-105. Central database.
             170          (1) There is created under this section a central database as a statewide repository for
             171      all information pawnbrokers are required to submit in accordance with this chapter and for the
             172      use of all participating law enforcement agencies whose jurisdictions include one or more
             173      pawnshops.
             174          (2) The Division of Purchasing and General Services created in Title 63A, Chapter 2,
             175      shall:
             176          (a) meet with the board to determine the required elements of the database; and
             177          (b) conduct a statewide request for proposal for the creation of and maintenance of the
             178      central database.
             179          (3) Funding for the creation and operation of the central database shall be from the
             180      account.
             181          Section 6. Section 13-32a-106 is enacted to read:
             182          13-32a-106. Transaction information provided to the central database -- Protected

             183      information.
             184          (1) The information required to be recorded under Sections 13-32a-103 and
             185      13-32a-104 that is capable of being transmitted electronically shall be transmitted
             186      electronically to the central database on the next business day following the transaction.
             187          (2) The pawnbroker shall maintain all pawn tickets generated by the pawnshop and
             188      shall maintain the tickets in a manner so that the tickets are available to local law enforcement
             189      agencies as required by this chapter and as requested by any law enforcement agency as part of
             190      an investigation or reasonable random inspection conducted pursuant to this chapter.
             191          (3) (a) If a pawnshop experiences a computer or electronic malfunction that affects its
             192      ability to report transactions as required in Subsection (1), the pawnshop shall immediately
             193      notify the local law enforcement agency of the malfunction.
             194          (b) The pawnshop shall solve the malfunction within three business days or notify law
             195      enforcement under Subsection (4).
             196          (4) If the computer or electronic malfunction under Subsection (3) cannot be solved
             197      within three business days, the pawnshop shall notify the local law enforcement agency of the
             198      reasons for the delay and provide documentation from a reputable computer maintenance
             199      company of the reasons why the computer or electronic malfunction cannot be solved within
             200      three business days.
             201          (5) A computer or electronic malfunction does not suspend the pawnshop's obligation
             202      to comply with all other provisions of this chapter.
             203          (6) During the malfunction under Subsections (3) and (4), the pawnshop shall:
             204          (a) maintain the pawn tickets and other information required under this chapter in a
             205      written form; and
             206          (b) arrange with the local law enforcement agency a mutually acceptable alternative
             207      method by which the pawnshop provides the required information to the local law enforcement
             208      official.
             209          (7) Any pawnshop is subject to a civil penalty of $50 per day if:
             210          (a) the pawnshop is unable to submit the information electronically due to a computer
             211      or electronic malfunction;
             212          (b) the three business day period under Subsection (3) has expired; and
             213          (c) the pawnshop has not provided documentation regarding its inability to solve the

             214      malfunction as required under Subsection (4).
             215          (8) All civil penalty payments under Subsection (7) shall be remitted to the Department
             216      of Financial Institutions, which shall deposit the fees in the account.
             217          (9) A pawnshop is not responsible for a delay in transmission of information that
             218      results from a malfunction in the central database.
             219          Section 7. Section 13-32a-107 is enacted to read:
             220          13-32a-107. Deadline for registers to be electronic -- Notice for updating.
             221          (1) On and after January 1, 2005, each pawnbroker in the state that generates ten or
             222      more pawn transactions per month shall maintain the register in an electronic format that is
             223      compatible with the central database computer system.
             224          (2) On and after January 15, 2005, pawnbrokers under Subsection (1) shall pay a civil
             225      penalty of $50 a day to the Department of Financial Institutions for each daily report required
             226      under Section 13-32a-106 that is submitted as a written report rather than electronically.
             227          (3) The operators of the central database shall establish written procedures in
             228      conjunction with the Pawnshop Advisory Board to ensure that when the central database is
             229      upgraded, the affected pawnbrokers will receive adequate notice, information, and time to
             230      upgrade their computer systems so the systems are compatible with the upgraded central
             231      database.
             232          Section 8. Section 13-32a-108 is enacted to read:
             233          13-32a-108. Retention of records -- Reasonable inspection.
             234          (1) The pawnbroker or law enforcement agency, whichever has custody of pawn
             235      tickets, shall retain them for no less than three years from the date of the transaction.
             236          (2) (a) A law enforcement agency may conduct random reasonable inspections of
             237      pawnshops to monitor compliance with this chapter.
             238          (b) Inspections shall be performed during the regular business hours of the pawnshop.
             239          Section 9. Section 13-32a-109 is enacted to read:
             240          13-32a-109. Holding period for pawned articles.
             241          (1) (a) The pawnbroker shall hold all articles pawned or sold to him for not fewer than
             242      30 days after the date of receipt of the article, except that the pawnbroker may within this time
             243      period return an article to the person who pawned it.
             244          (b) This Subsection (1) does not preclude a law enforcement agency from requiring a

             245      pawnbroker to hold an article longer than 30 days if necessary in the course of an investigation.
             246          (2) If a law enforcement agency seizes an article or requires the pawnbroker to hold an
             247      article as part of an investigation, the agency shall provide to the pawnbroker a hold ticket
             248      issued by the agency, which:
             249          (a) states the active case number;
             250          (b) confirms the date of the hold request and the article to be held; and
             251          (c) facilitates the pawnbroker's ability to track the article when the prosecution takes
             252      over the case.
             253          (3) If an article is not seized by a law enforcement agency that has placed a hold on the
             254      property, the property may remain in the custody of the pawnbroker until further disposition by
             255      the law enforcement agency, and as consistent with this chapter.
             256          (4) The initial hold by a law enforcement agency is for a period of 45 days. If the
             257      article is not seized by the law enforcement agency, the article shall remain in the custody of
             258      the pawnshop and is subject to the hold unless exigent circumstances require the pawned article
             259      to be seized by the law enforcement agency.
             260          (5) (a) A law enforcement agency may extend any hold for up to an additional 45 days
             261      when exigent circumstances require the extension.
             262          (b) When there is an extension of a hold under Subsection (5)(a), the requesting law
             263      enforcement agency shall notify the pawnshop subject to the hold prior to the expiration of the
             264      initial 45 days.
             265          (c) A law enforcement agency may not hold an item for more than the 90 days allowed
             266      under Subsections (5)(a) and (b) without obtaining a court order authorizing the hold.
             267          (6) A hold on an article under Subsection (2) takes precedence over any request to
             268      claim or purchase the article subject to the hold.
             269          (7) When the purpose for the hold on or seizure of an article is terminated, the law
             270      enforcement agency requiring the hold or seizure shall within 15 days after the termination:
             271          (a) notify the pawnshop in writing that the hold or seizure has been terminated;
             272          (b) return the article subject to the seizure to the pawnbroker; or
             273          (c) if the article is not returned to the pawnbroker, advise the pawnbroker either in
             274      writing or electronically of the specific alternative disposition of the article.
             275          (8) If the article is subject to an investigation and a criminal prosecution results, the

             276      prosecuting agency shall, upon disposition of the case, request restitution to the pawnbroker for
             277      the crimes perpetrated against the pawnshop as a victim of theft by deception in addition to the
             278      request for restitution to the original victim.
             279          (9) If the original victim of the theft of the property files a police report and the
             280      property is subsequently located at a pawnshop, the victim must fully cooperate with the
             281      prosecution of the crimes perpetrated against the pawnshop as a victim of theft by deception, in
             282      order to qualify for restitution regarding the property.
             283          (10) If the victim does not wish to pursue criminal charges or does not cooperate in the
             284      prosecution of the property theft against the defendant and the theft by deception committed
             285      against the pawnshop, then the original victim must pay to the pawnshop the amount of money
             286      financed by the pawnshop to the defendant in order to obtain the property.
             287          (11) (a) The victim's cooperation in the prosecution of the property crimes and in the
             288      prosecution of the theft by deception offense committed against the pawnshop suspends the
             289      requirements of Subsections (9) and (10).
             290          (b) If the victim cooperates in the prosecution under Subsection (11)(a) and the
             291      defendants are convicted, the prosecuting agency shall direct the pawnshop to turn over the
             292      property to the victim.
             293          (c) Upon receipt of notice from the prosecuting agency that the property must be turned
             294      over to the victim, the pawnshop shall return the property to the victim as soon as reasonably
             295      possible.
             296          (12) A pawnshop must fully cooperate in the prosecution of the property crimes
             297      committed against the original victim and the property crime of theft by deception committed
             298      against the pawnshop in order to participate in any court-ordered restitution.
             299          (13) At all times during the course of a criminal investigation and subsequent
             300      prosecution, the article subject to a law enforcement hold shall be kept secure by the pawnshop
             301      subject to the hold unless the pawned article has been seized by the law enforcement agency.
             302          Section 10. Section 13-32a-110 is enacted to read:
             303          13-32a-110. Penalties.
             304          (1) A violation of any of the following sections is a class C misdemeanor:
             305          (a) Section 13-32a-103 , compliance with criminal code;
             306          (b) Section 13-32a-104 , register required to be maintained;

             307          (c) Section 13-32a-106 , transaction information provided to law enforcement;
             308          (d) Section 13-32a-108 , retention of records; or
             309          (e) Section 13-32a-109 , holding period for pawned articles.
             310          (2) This section does not prohibit civil action by a governmental entity regarding the
             311      pawnbroker's business operation or licenses.
             312          Section 11. Section 13-32a-111 is enacted to read:
             313          13-32a-111. Fees to fund training and central database.
             314          (1) On and after January 1, 2005, each pawnshop in operation shall annually pay $250
             315      to the Department of Financial Institutions, to be deposited in the account.
             316          (2) On and after January 1, 2005, each law enforcement agency that participates in the
             317      use of the database shall annually pay to the Department of Financial Institutions a fee of $2
             318      per sworn law enforcement officer who is employed by the agency as of January 1 of that year.
             319      The fee shall be deposited in the account.
             320          (3) The fees under Subsections (1) and (2) shall be paid to the account annually on or
             321      before January 30.
             322          Section 12. Section 13-32a-112 is enacted to read:
             323          13-32a-112. Pawnshop Advisory Board -- Membership -- Duties -- Provide
             324      training -- Records of compliance.
             325          (1) There is created within the Department of Financial Institutions the Pawnshop
             326      Advisory Board. The board consists of ten voting members and one nonvoting member:
             327          (a) one representative of the Utah Chiefs of Police Association;
             328          (b) one representative of the Utah Sheriffs Association;
             329          (c) one representative of the Statewide Association of Prosecutors;
             330          (d) five representatives from the pawnshop industry who are appointed by the director
             331      of the Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice (CCJJ) and who represent five
             332      separate pawnshops, each owned by a separate person or entity;
             333          (e) one law enforcement officer who is appointed by the board members under
             334      Subsections (1)(a) through (d);
             335          (f) one law enforcement officer whose work regularly involves pawnshops and who is
             336      appointed by the board members under Subsections (1)(a) through (d); and
             337          (g) one representative from the central database, who is nonvoting.

             338          (2) (a) The board shall elect one voting member as the chair of the board by a majority
             339      of the members present at the board's first meeting each year.
             340          (b) The chair shall preside over the board for a period of one year.
             341          (c) The advisory board shall meet quarterly upon the call of the chair.
             342          (3) (a) The board shall conduct quarterly training sessions regarding compliance with
             343      this chapter and other applicable state laws for any person defined as a pawnbroker in this
             344      chapter.
             345          (b) Each training session shall provide not fewer than two hours of training.
             346          (4) (a) Each pawnshop in operation as of January 1 shall ensure one or more persons
             347      employed by the pawnshop each participate in no fewer than four hours of compliance training
             348      within that year.
             349          (b) This requirement does not limit the number of employees, directors, or officers of a
             350      pawnshop who attend the compliance training.
             351          (5) The board shall monitor and keep a record of the hours of compliance training
             352      accrued by each pawnshop.
             353          (6) The board shall provide each pawnshop with a certificate of compliance upon
             354      completion by an employee of the four hours of compliance training.
             355          (7) (a) Each law enforcement agency that has a pawnshop located within its jurisdiction
             356      shall ensure that at least one of its officers completes four hours of compliance training yearly.
             357          (b) This requirement does not limit the number of law enforcement officers who attend
             358      the compliance training.
             359          Section 13. Section 13-32a-113 is enacted to read:
             360          13-32a-113. Pawnbroker Operations Restricted Account.
             361          (1) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the
             362      "Pawnbroker Operations Restricted Account."
             363          (2) (a) The account shall be funded from the fees and civil penalties imposed and
             364      collected under Sections 13-32a-106 , 13-32a-107 and 13-32a-111 . These fees and penalties
             365      shall be paid to the Department of Financial Institutions, which shall deposit them in the
             366      account.
             367          (b) The Legislature may appropriate the funds in this account to the board for the costs
             368      of providing training required under this chapter, costs of the central database created in

             369      Section 13-32a-105 , and for costs of operation of the board.
             370          (c) The board shall account to the Department of Financial Institutions for
             371      expenditures.
             372          (d) The board shall account separately for expenditures for:
             373          (i) training required under this chapter;
             374          (ii) operation of the database;
             375          (iii) operation of the board; and
             376          (iv) costs of operation of the board.
             377          Section 14. Section 13-32a-114 is enacted to read:
             378          13-32a-114. Preemption of local ordinances -- Exceptions.
             379          (1) This chapter preempts all city, county, and other local ordinances governing
             380      pawnshops, pawnbrokers and pawnbroking transactions, if the ordinances are more restrictive
             381      than the provisions of this chapter or are not consistent with this chapter.
             382          (2) Subsection (1) does not preclude a city, county, or other local governmental unit
             383      from:
             384          (a) enacting or enforcing local ordinances concerning public health, safety, or welfare,
             385      if the ordinances are uniform and equal in application to pawnshops and pawnbrokers;
             386          (b) requiring a pawnshop or pawnbroker to obtain and maintain a business license; and
             387          (c) enacting zoning ordinances that restrict areas where pawnshops can be located and
             388      the pawnshops' hours of operation.
             389          Section 15. Section 63-2-304 is amended to read:
             390           63-2-304. Protected records.
             391          The following records are protected if properly classified by a governmental entity:
             392          (1) trade secrets as defined in Section 13-24-2 if the person submitting the trade secret
             393      has provided the governmental entity with the information specified in Section 63-2-308 ;
             394          (2) commercial information or nonindividual financial information obtained from a
             395      person if:
             396          (a) disclosure of the information could reasonably be expected to result in unfair
             397      competitive injury to the person submitting the information or would impair the ability of the
             398      governmental entity to obtain necessary information in the future;
             399          (b) the person submitting the information has a greater interest in prohibiting access

             400      than the public in obtaining access; and
             401          (c) the person submitting the information has provided the governmental entity with
             402      the information specified in Section 63-2-308 ;
             403          (3) commercial or financial information acquired or prepared by a governmental entity
             404      to the extent that disclosure would lead to financial speculations in currencies, securities, or
             405      commodities that will interfere with a planned transaction by the governmental entity or cause
             406      substantial financial injury to the governmental entity or state economy;
             407          (4) records the disclosure of which could cause commercial injury to, or confer a
             408      competitive advantage upon a potential or actual competitor of, a commercial project entity as
             409      defined in Subsection 11-13-103 (4);
             410          (5) test questions and answers to be used in future license, certification, registration,
             411      employment, or academic examinations;
             412          (6) records the disclosure of which would impair governmental procurement
             413      proceedings or give an unfair advantage to any person proposing to enter into a contract or
             414      agreement with a governmental entity, except that this Subsection (6) does not restrict the right
             415      of a person to see bids submitted to or by a governmental entity after bidding has closed;
             416          (7) records that would identify real property or the appraisal or estimated value of real
             417      or personal property, including intellectual property, under consideration for public acquisition
             418      before any rights to the property are acquired unless:
             419          (a) public interest in obtaining access to the information outweighs the governmental
             420      entity's need to acquire the property on the best terms possible;
             421          (b) the information has already been disclosed to persons not employed by or under a
             422      duty of confidentiality to the entity;
             423          (c) in the case of records that would identify property, potential sellers of the described
             424      property have already learned of the governmental entity's plans to acquire the property; or
             425          (d) in the case of records that would identify the appraisal or estimated value of
             426      property, the potential sellers have already learned of the governmental entity's estimated value
             427      of the property;
             428          (8) records prepared in contemplation of sale, exchange, lease, rental, or other
             429      compensated transaction of real or personal property including intellectual property, which, if
             430      disclosed prior to completion of the transaction, would reveal the appraisal or estimated value

             431      of the subject property, unless:
             432          (a) the public interest in access outweighs the interests in restricting access, including
             433      the governmental entity's interest in maximizing the financial benefit of the transaction; or
             434          (b) when prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity, appraisals or estimates of
             435      the value of the subject property have already been disclosed to persons not employed by or
             436      under a duty of confidentiality to the entity;
             437          (9) records created or maintained for civil, criminal, or administrative enforcement
             438      purposes or audit purposes, or for discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes, if
             439      release of the records:
             440          (a) reasonably could be expected to interfere with investigations undertaken for
             441      enforcement, discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes;
             442          (b) reasonably could be expected to interfere with audits, disciplinary, or enforcement
             443      proceedings;
             444          (c) would create a danger of depriving a person of a right to a fair trial or impartial
             445      hearing;
             446          (d) reasonably could be expected to disclose the identity of a source who is not
             447      generally known outside of government and, in the case of a record compiled in the course of
             448      an investigation, disclose information furnished by a source not generally known outside of
             449      government if disclosure would compromise the source; or
             450          (e) reasonably could be expected to disclose investigative or audit techniques,
             451      procedures, policies, or orders not generally known outside of government if disclosure would
             452      interfere with enforcement or audit efforts;
             453          (10) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the life or safety of an
             454      individual;
             455          (11) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the security of governmental
             456      property, governmental programs, or governmental recordkeeping systems from damage, theft,
             457      or other appropriation or use contrary to law or public policy;
             458          (12) records that, if disclosed, would jeopardize the security or safety of a correctional
             459      facility, or records relating to incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole, that would interfere
             460      with the control and supervision of an offender's incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole;
             461          (13) records that, if disclosed, would reveal recommendations made to the Board of

             462      Pardons and Parole by an employee of or contractor for the Department of Corrections, the
             463      Board of Pardons and Parole, or the Department of Human Services that are based on the
             464      employee's or contractor's supervision, diagnosis, or treatment of any person within the board's
             465      jurisdiction;
             466          (14) records and audit workpapers that identify audit, collection, and operational
             467      procedures and methods used by the State Tax Commission, if disclosure would interfere with
             468      audits or collections;
             469          (15) records of a governmental audit agency relating to an ongoing or planned audit
             470      until the final audit is released;
             471          (16) records prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity solely in anticipation of
             472      litigation that are not available under the rules of discovery;
             473          (17) records disclosing an attorney's work product, including the mental impressions or
             474      legal theories of an attorney or other representative of a governmental entity concerning
             475      litigation;
             476          (18) records of communications between a governmental entity and an attorney
             477      representing, retained, or employed by the governmental entity if the communications would be
             478      privileged as provided in Section 78-24-8 ;
             479          (19) personal files of a legislator, including personal correspondence to or from a
             480      member of the Legislature, provided that correspondence that gives notice of legislative action
             481      or policy may not be classified as protected under this section;
             482          (20) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Research and
             483      General Counsel, that, if disclosed, would reveal a particular legislator's contemplated
             484      legislation or contemplated course of action before the legislator has elected to support the
             485      legislation or course of action, or made the legislation or course of action public; and
             486          (b) notwithstanding Subsection (20)(a), the form to request legislation submitted to the
             487      Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel is a public document unless a legislator
             488      asks that the records requesting the legislation be maintained as protected records until such
             489      time as the legislator elects to make the legislation or course of action public;
             490          (21) research requests from legislators to the Office of Legislative Research and
             491      General Counsel or the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst and research findings prepared
             492      in response to these requests;

             493          (22) drafts, unless otherwise classified as public;
             494          (23) records concerning a governmental entity's strategy about collective bargaining or
             495      pending litigation;
             496          (24) records of investigations of loss occurrences and analyses of loss occurrences that
             497      may be covered by the Risk Management Fund, the Employers' Reinsurance Fund, the
             498      Uninsured Employers' Fund, or similar divisions in other governmental entities;
             499          (25) records, other than personnel evaluations, that contain a personal recommendation
             500      concerning an individual if disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of
             501      personal privacy, or disclosure is not in the public interest;
             502          (26) records that reveal the location of historic, prehistoric, paleontological, or
             503      biological resources that if known would jeopardize the security of those resources or of
             504      valuable historic, scientific, educational, or cultural information;
             505          (27) records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of the records would
             506      conflict with the fiduciary obligations of the agency;
             507          (28) records of a public institution of higher education regarding tenure evaluations,
             508      appointments, applications for admissions, retention decisions, and promotions, which could be
             509      properly discussed in a meeting closed in accordance with Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public
             510      Meetings, provided that records of the final decisions about tenure, appointments, retention,
             511      promotions, or those students admitted, may not be classified as protected under this section;
             512          (29) records of the governor's office, including budget recommendations, legislative
             513      proposals, and policy statements, that if disclosed would reveal the governor's contemplated
             514      policies or contemplated courses of action before the governor has implemented or rejected
             515      those policies or courses of action or made them public;
             516          (30) records of the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst relating to budget analysis,
             517      revenue estimates, and fiscal notes of proposed legislation before issuance of the final
             518      recommendations in these areas;
             519          (31) records provided by the United States or by a government entity outside the state
             520      that are given to the governmental entity with a requirement that they be managed as protected
             521      records if the providing entity certifies that the record would not be subject to public disclosure
             522      if retained by it;
             523          (32) transcripts, minutes, or reports of the closed portion of a meeting of a public body

             524      except as provided in Section 52-4-7 ;
             525          (33) records that would reveal the contents of settlement negotiations but not including
             526      final settlements or empirical data to the extent that they are not otherwise exempt from
             527      disclosure;
             528          (34) memoranda prepared by staff and used in the decision-making process by an
             529      administrative law judge, a member of the Board of Pardons and Parole, or a member of any
             530      other body charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function;
             531          (35) records that would reveal negotiations regarding assistance or incentives offered
             532      by or requested from a governmental entity for the purpose of encouraging a person to expand
             533      or locate a business in Utah, but only if disclosure would result in actual economic harm to the
             534      person or place the governmental entity at a competitive disadvantage, but this section may not
             535      be used to restrict access to a record evidencing a final contract;
             536          (36) materials to which access must be limited for purposes of securing or maintaining
             537      the governmental entity's proprietary protection of intellectual property rights including patents,
             538      copyrights, and trade secrets;
             539          (37) the name of a donor or a prospective donor to a governmental entity, including a
             540      public institution of higher education, and other information concerning the donation that could
             541      reasonably be expected to reveal the identity of the donor, provided that:
             542          (a) the donor requests anonymity in writing;
             543          (b) any terms, conditions, restrictions, or privileges relating to the donation may not be
             544      classified protected by the governmental entity under this Subsection (37); and
             545          (c) except for public institutions of higher education, the governmental unit to which
             546      the donation is made is primarily engaged in educational, charitable, or artistic endeavors, and
             547      has no regulatory or legislative authority over the donor, a member of his immediate family, or
             548      any entity owned or controlled by the donor or his immediate family;
             549          (38) accident reports, except as provided in Sections 41-6-40 , 41-12a-202 , and
             550      73-18-13 ;
             551          (39) a notification of workers' compensation insurance coverage described in Section
             552      34A-2-205 ;
             553          (40) (a) the following records of a public institution of education, which have been
             554      developed, discovered, or received by or on behalf of faculty, staff, employees, or students of

             555      the institution:
             556          (i) unpublished lecture notes;
             557          (ii) unpublished research notes and data;
             558          (iii) unpublished manuscripts;
             559          (iv) creative works in process;
             560          (v) scholarly correspondence; and
             561          (vi) confidential information contained in research proposals; and
             562          (b) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to affect the ownership of a record;
             563          (41) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General
             564      that would reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit prior to the
             565      date that audit is completed and made public; and
             566          (b) notwithstanding Subsection (41)(a), a request for a legislative audit submitted to the
             567      Office of the Legislative Auditor General is a public document unless the legislator asks that
             568      the records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General that would
             569      reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit be maintained as
             570      protected records until the audit is completed and made public;
             571          (42) records that provide detail as to the location of an explosive, including a map or
             572      other document that indicates the location of:
             573          (a) a production facility; or
             574          (b) a magazine;
             575          (43) information contained in the database described in Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             576          (44) information contained in the Management Information System and Licensing
             577      Information System described in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services; [and]
             578          (45) information regarding National Guard operations or activities in support of the
             579      National Guard's federal mission[.]; and
             580          (46) records provided by any pawnbroker or pawnshop to a law enforcement agency in
             581      compliance with Title 13, Chapter 32a, Pawnshop Transaction Information Act.
             582          Section 16. Section 76-6-408 is amended to read:
             583           76-6-408. Receiving stolen property -- Duties of pawnbrokers.
             584          (1) A person commits theft if he receives, retains, or disposes of the property of
             585      another knowing that it has been stolen, or believing that it probably has been stolen, or who

             586      conceals, sells, withholds or aids in concealing, selling, or withholding the property from the
             587      owner, knowing the property to be stolen, intending to deprive the owner of it.
             588          (2) The knowledge or belief required for Subsection (1) is presumed in the case of an
             589      actor who:
             590          (a) is found in possession or control of other property stolen on a separate occasion;
             591          (b) has received other stolen property within the year preceding the receiving offense
             592      charged; or
             593          [(c) being a dealer in property of the sort received, retained, or disposed, acquires it for
             594      a consideration which he knows is far below its reasonable value; or]
             595          [(d) if the value given for the property exceeds $20,]
             596          (c) is a pawnbroker or person who has or operates a business dealing in or collecting
             597      used or secondhand merchandise or personal property, or an agent, employee, or representative
             598      of a pawnbroker or person who buys, receives, or obtains property and fails to require the seller
             599      or person delivering the property to:
             600          (i) certify, in writing, that he has the legal rights to sell the property;
             601          (ii) provide a legible print, preferably the right thumb, at the bottom of the certificate
             602      next to his signature; and
             603          (iii) provide at least one [other] positive form of [picture] identification.
             604          (3) Every pawnbroker or person who has or operates a business dealing in or collecting
             605      used or secondhand merchandise or personal property, and every agent, employee, or
             606      representative of a pawnbroker or person who fails to comply with the requirements of
             607      Subsection (2)(c) [(d) shall be] is presumed to have bought, received, or obtained the property
             608      knowing it to have been stolen or unlawfully obtained. This presumption may be rebutted by
             609      proof.
             610          (4) When, in a prosecution under this section, it appears from the evidence that the
             611      defendant was a pawnbroker or a person who has or operates a business dealing in or collecting
             612      used or secondhand merchandise or personal property, or was an agent, employee, or
             613      representative of a pawnbroker or person, that the defendant bought, received, concealed, or
             614      withheld the property without obtaining the information required in Subsection (2)(d), then the
             615      burden shall be upon the defendant to show that the property bought, received, or obtained was
             616      not stolen.

             617          (5) Subsections (2)[(d)](c), (3), and (4) do not apply to scrap metal processors as
             618      defined in Section 76-10-901 .
             619          (6) As used in this section:
             620          [(b)] (a) "Dealer" means a person in the business of buying or selling goods.
             621          (b) "Pawnbroker" means a person who:
             622          (i) loans money on deposit of personal property, or deals in the purchase, exchange, or
             623      possession of personal property on condition of selling the same property back again to the
             624      pledge or depositor;
             625          (ii) loans or advances money on personal property by taking chattel mortgage security
             626      on the property and takes or receives the personal property into his possession and who sells
             627      the unredeemed pledges; or
             628          (iii) receives personal property in exchange for money or in trade for other personal
             629      property.
             630          [(a)] (c) "Receives" means acquiring possession, control, or title or lending on the
             631      security of the property[;].
             632          Section 17. Effective date.
             633          This bill takes effect on January 1, 2005, except that Section 13-32a-105 takes effect on
             634      December 1, 2004.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-17-04 9:13 AM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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