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First Substitute H.B. 38
This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Jan 27, 2005 at 4:01 PM by ddonat. -->
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the criminal penalties for violations of various provisions of Title 73,
10 Water and Irrigation, and Title 76, Chapter 10, Offenses against Public Health, Safety,
11 Welfare, and Morals.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . removes criminal penalties from certain provisions requiring report to the state
16 . clarifies applicable standards of criminal intent for violations;
17 . provides for graduated criminal penalties for violations of various criminal
18 provisions pertaining to the regulation and distribution of water; and
19 . makes technical changes.
20 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
22 Other Special Clauses:
24 Utah Code Sections Affected:
26 73-1-14, Utah Code Annotated 1953
27 73-1-15, as last amended by Chapter 156, Laws of Utah 1965
28 73-2-20, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 73-3-3, as last amended by Chapter 136, Laws of Utah 2001
30 73-3-22, as last amended by Chapter 25, Laws of Utah 1987
31 73-3-26, as last amended by Chapter 178, Laws of Utah 1986
32 73-3-29, as last amended by Chapter 61, Laws of Utah 1992
33 73-5-8, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 73-5-9, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 76-10-201, as enacted by Chapter 196, Laws of Utah 1973
36 76-10-202, as enacted by Chapter 196, Laws of Utah 1973
37 76-10-203, as enacted by Chapter 196, Laws of Utah 1973
39 73-2-27, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
42 Section 1. Section 73-1-14 is amended to read:
43 73-1-14. Interfering with waterworks or with apportioning official -- Penalty and
45 (1) Any person, who in any way unlawfully interferes with, injures, destroys or
46 removes any dam, head gate, weir, casing, valve, cap or other appliance for the diversion,
47 apportionment, measurement or regulation of water, or who interferes with any person
48 authorized to apportion water while in the discharge of his duties, is guilty of a [
50 (2) Any person who commits an act defined as a crime under this section is also liable
52 that act.
53 (3) (a) A civil action under this section may be brought independent of a criminal
55 (b) Proof of the elements of a civil action under this section need only be made by a
56 preponderance of the evidence.
57 Section 2. Section 73-1-15 is amended to read:
58 73-1-15. Obstructing canals or other watercourses -- Penalties.
59 (1) Whenever any person[
60 any established type or title for any canal or other watercourse it shall be unlawful for any
62 change of the water flow by fence or otherwise, along or across or in such canal or watercourse,
63 except as where said watercourse inflicts damage to private property, without first receiving
64 written permission for the change and providing gates sufficient for the passage of the owner or
65 owners of such canal or watercourse. That the vested rights in the established canals and
66 watercourse shall be protected against all encroachments. That indemnifying agreements may
67 be entered as may be just and proper by governmental agencies.
68 (2) Any person[
69 section is guilty of a [
70 under Section 73-2-27 .
71 (3) Any person who commits an act defined as a crime under this section is also liable
72 for damages or other relief and costs in a civil action to any person injured by that act.
73 (4) (a) A civil action under this section may be brought independent of a criminal
75 (b) Proof of the elements of a civil action under this section need only be made by a
76 preponderance of the evidence.
77 Section 3. Section 73-2-20 is amended to read:
78 73-2-20. Employees authorized to enter and cross lands -- Injuring monuments a
80 (1) In order to carry out the purposes of this [
81 employed hereunder [
83 (2) It [
84 person [
85 any equipment, permanent marks, or monuments made or installed [
87 Section 4. Section 73-2-27 is enacted to read:
88 73-2-27. Criminal Penalties.
89 (1) This section applies to offenses committed under:
90 (a) Section 73-1-14 ;
91 (b) Section 73-1-15 ;
92 (c) Section 73-2-20 ;
93 (d) Subsection 73-3-3 (9);
94 (e) Section 73-3-26 ;
95 (f) Section 73-3-29 ;
96 (g) Section 73-5-9 ;
97 (h) Section 76-10-201 ;
98 (i) Section 76-10-202 ; and
99 (j) Section 76-10-203 .
100 (2) Under circumstances not amounting to an offense with a greater penalty under
101 Subsection 76-6-106 (2)(b)(ii) or Section 76-6-404 , violation of a provision listed in Subsection
102 (1) is punishable:
103 (a) as a felony of the third degree if:
104 (i) the value of the water diverted or property damaged or taken is $2,500 or greater;
106 (ii) the person violating the provision has previously been convicted of H. [
107 listed in Subsection (1)
108 (b) as a class A misdemeanor if:
109 (i) the value of the water diverted or property damaged or taken is $2,500 or greater; or
110 (ii) the person violating the provision has previously been convicted of H. [
111 listed in Subsection (1)
112 (c) as a class B misdemeanor if Subsection (2)(a) or (b) do not apply.
113 Section 5. Section 73-3-3 is amended to read:
114 73-3-3. Permanent or temporary changes in point of diversion, place of use, or
115 purpose of use.
116 (1) For purposes of this section:
117 (a) "Permanent changes" means changes for an indefinite length of time with an intent
118 to relinquish the original point of diversion, place of use, or purpose of use.
119 (b) "Temporary changes" means changes for fixed periods not exceeding one year.
120 (2) (a) Any person entitled to the use of water may make permanent or temporary
121 changes in the:
122 (i) point of diversion;
123 (ii) place of use; or
124 (iii) purpose of use for which the water was originally appropriated.
125 (b) A change may not be made if it impairs any vested right without just compensation.
126 (3) Both permanent and temporary changes of point of diversion, place of use, or
127 purpose of use of water, including water involved in general adjudication or other suits, shall
128 be made in the manner provided in this section.
129 (4) (a) A change may not be made unless the change application is approved by the
130 state engineer.
131 (b) Applications shall be made upon forms furnished by the state engineer and shall set
133 (i) the name of the applicant;
134 (ii) a description of the water right;
135 (iii) the quantity of water;
136 (iv) the stream or source;
137 (v) the point on the stream or source where the water is diverted;
138 (vi) the point to which it is proposed to change the diversion of the water;
139 (vii) the place, purpose, and extent of the present use;
140 (viii) the place, purpose, and extent of the proposed use; and
141 (ix) any other information that the state engineer requires.
142 (5) (a) The state engineer shall follow the same procedures, and the rights and duties of
143 the applicants with respect to applications for permanent changes of point of diversion, place of
144 use, or purpose of use shall be the same, as provided in this title for applications to appropriate
146 (b) The state engineer may, in connection with applications for permanent change
147 involving only a change in point of diversion of 660 feet or less, waive the necessity for
148 publishing a notice of application.
149 (6) (a) The state engineer shall investigate all temporary change applications.
150 (b) If the state engineer finds that the temporary change will not impair any vested
151 rights of others, he shall issue an order authorizing the change.
152 (c) If the state engineer finds that the change sought might impair vested rights, before
153 authorizing the change, he shall give notice of the application to any person whose rights may
154 be affected by the change.
155 (d) Before making an investigation or giving notice, the state engineer may require the
156 applicant to deposit a sum of money sufficient to pay the expenses of the investigation and
157 publication of notice.
158 (7) (a) The state engineer may not reject applications for either permanent or temporary
159 changes for the sole reason that the change would impair the vested rights of others.
160 (b) If otherwise proper, permanent or temporary changes may be approved for part of
161 the water involved or upon the condition that conflicting rights are acquired.
162 (8) (a) Any person holding an approved application for the appropriation of water may
163 either permanently or temporarily change the point of diversion, place of use, or purpose of
165 (b) A change of an approved application does not:
166 (i) affect the priority of the original application; or
167 (ii) extend the time period within which the construction of work is to begin or be
169 (9) Any person who changes or who attempts to change a point of diversion, place of
170 use, or purpose of use, either permanently or temporarily, without first applying to the state
171 engineer in the manner provided in this section:
172 (a) obtains no right; [
173 (b) is guilty of a [
174 change or attempted change is made knowingly or intentionally; and
175 (c) is guilty of a separately punishable offense for each day of the unlawful change
177 (10) (a) This section does not apply to the replacement of an existing well by a new
178 well drilled within a radius of 150 feet from the point of diversion of the existing well.
179 (b) Any replacement well must be drilled in accordance with the requirements of
180 Section 73-3-28 .
181 (11) (a) In accordance with the requirements of this section, the Division of Wildlife
182 Resources or Division of Parks and Recreation may file applications for permanent or
183 temporary changes for the purpose of providing water for instream flows, within a designated
184 section of a natural stream channel or altered natural stream channel, necessary within the state
186 (i) the propagation of fish;
187 (ii) public recreation; or
188 (iii) the reasonable preservation or enhancement of the natural stream environment.
189 (b) Applications may be filed for changes on:
190 (i) perfected water rights presently owned by the respective division;
191 (ii) perfected water rights purchased by the respective division for the purpose of
192 providing water for instream flows, through funding provided for that purpose by legislative
193 appropriation or acquired by lease, agreement, gift, exchange, or contribution; or
194 (iii) appurtenant water rights acquired with the acquisition of real property by either
196 (c) A physical structure or physical diversion from the stream is not required to
197 implement a change for instream flow use.
198 (d) This Subsection (11) does not allow enlargement of the water right sought to be
199 changed nor may the change impair any vested water right.
200 (e) In addition to the other requirements of this section, an application filed by either
201 division shall:
202 (i) set forth the legal description of the points on the stream between which the
203 necessary instream flows will be provided by the change; and
204 (ii) include appropriate studies, reports, or other information required by the state
205 engineer that demonstrate the necessity for the instream flows in the specified section of the
206 stream and the projected benefits to the public that will result from the change.
207 (f) The Division of Wildlife Resources and Division of Parks and Recreation may:
208 (i) purchase water rights for the purposes provided in Subsection (11)(a) only with
209 funds specifically appropriated by the Legislature for water rights purchases; or
210 (ii) accept a donated water right without legislative approval.
211 (g) This Subsection (11) does not authorize either division to:
212 (i) appropriate unappropriated water under Section 73-3-2 for the purpose of providing
213 instream flows; or
214 (ii) acquire water rights by eminent domain for instream flows or for any other
216 (h) This Subsection (11) applies only to change applications filed on or after April 28,
218 (12) (a) Sixty days before the date on which proof of change for instream flows under
219 Subsection (11) is due, the state engineer shall notify the applicant by registered mail or by any
220 form of electronic communication through which receipt is verifiable of the date when proof of
221 change is due.
222 (b) Before the date when proof of change is due, the applicant must either:
223 (i) file a verified statement with the state engineer that the instream flow uses have
224 been perfected, which shall set forth:
225 (A) the legal description of the points on the natural stream channel or altered natural
226 stream channel between which the necessary instream flows have been provided;
227 (B) detailed measurements of the flow of water in second feet changed;
228 (C) the period of use; and
229 (D) any additional information required by the state engineer; or
230 (ii) apply for a further extension of time as provided for in Section 73-3-12 .
231 (c) Upon approval of the verified statement required under Subsection (12)(b)(i), the
232 state engineer shall issue a certificate of change for instream flow use.
233 Section 6. Section 73-3-22 is amended to read:
234 73-3-22. Underground water -- Report of well and tunnel drillers.
236 monitoring underground waters shall, within 30 days after the completion or abandonment of
237 the construction, report to the state engineer data relating to each well or tunnel. The report
238 shall be made on forms furnished by the state engineer and shall contain information required
239 by the state engineer.
242 Section 7. Section 73-3-26 is amended to read:
243 73-3-26. Violations -- Penalty.
244 (1) Any person[
245 wells in the state or who advertises or holds himself H. [
246 follows such business, without first having obtained a H. [
246a license .H
247 as provided by this act or who drills a well or wells after revocation or expiration of his H. [
248 permit, license, or well driller bond
250 under Section 73-2-27 .
251 (2) Each day that a violation under Subsection (1) continues is a separate offense.
252 Section 8. Section 73-3-29 is amended to read:
253 73-3-29. Relocation of natural streams -- Written permit required -- Emergency
254 work -- Violations.
255 (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a state agency, county, city, corporation, or
256 person may not relocate any natural stream channel or alter the beds and banks of any natural
257 stream without first obtaining the written approval of the state engineer.
258 (2) (a) The state engineer may issue an emergency permit or order to relocate a natural
259 stream channel or alter the beds and banks of a natural stream as provided by this Subsection
260 (2) and Section 63-46b-20 .
261 (b) If an emergency situation arises which involves immediate or actual flooding and
262 threatens injury or damage to persons or property, steps reasonably necessary to alleviate or
263 mitigate the threat may be taken before a written permit is issued subject to the requirements of
264 this section.
265 (c) (i) If the threat occurs during normal working hours, the state engineer or his
266 representative must be notified immediately of the threat. After receiving notification of the
267 threat, the state engineer or his representative may orally approve action to alleviate or mitigate
268 the threat.
269 (ii) If the threat does not occur during normal working hours, action may be taken to
270 alleviate or mitigate the threat and the state engineer or his representative shall be notified of
271 the action taken on the first working day following the work.
272 (d) A written application outlining the action taken or the action proposed to be taken
273 to alleviate or mitigate the threat shall be submitted to the state engineer within two working
274 days following notification of the threat to the state engineer or his representative.
275 (e) (i) The state engineer shall inspect in a timely manner the site where the emergency
276 action was taken.
277 (ii) After inspection, additional requirements, including mitigation measures, may be
279 (f) Adjudicative proceedings following the emergency work shall be informal unless
280 otherwise designated by the state engineer.
281 (3) An application to relocate any natural stream channel or alter the beds and banks of
282 any natural stream shall be in writing and shall contain the following:
283 (a) the name and address of the applicant;
284 (b) a complete and detailed statement of the location, nature, and type of relocation or
286 (c) the methods to be employed;
287 (d) the purposes of the application; and
288 (e) any additional information that the state engineer considers necessary, including,
289 but not limited to, plans and specifications of the proposed construction of works.
290 (4) (a) The state engineer shall, without undue delay, conduct investigations that may
291 be reasonably necessary to determine whether the proposed relocation or alteration will:
292 (i) impair vested water rights;
293 (ii) unreasonably or unnecessarily affect any recreational use or the natural stream
295 (iii) unreasonably or unnecessarily endanger aquatic wildlife; or
296 (iv) unreasonably or unnecessarily diminish the natural channel's ability to conduct
297 high flows.
298 (b) The application shall be approved unless the proposed relocation or alteration will:
299 (i) impair vested water rights;
300 (ii) unreasonably or unnecessarily adversely affect any public recreational use or the
301 natural stream environment;
302 (iii) unreasonably or unnecessarily endanger aquatic wildlife; or
303 (iv) unreasonably or unnecessarily diminish the natural channel's ability to conduct
304 high flows.
305 (c) The state engineer may approve the application, in whole or in part, with any
306 reasonable terms to protect vested water rights, any public recreational use, the natural stream
307 environment, or aquatic wildlife.
308 (5) No cost incurred by the applicant, including any cost incurred to comply with the
309 terms imposed by the state engineer, is reimbursable by the Division of Water Rights.
312 (6) Except as provided in Subsection H. [
313 intentionally relocates any natural stream channel, or alters the bed or bank of any natural
314 stream channel without first obtaining the written approval of the state engineer is guilty of a
315 crime punishable under Section 73-3-27 .
316 Section 9. Section 73-5-8 is amended to read:
317 73-5-8. Reports by users to engineer.
318 Every person using water from any river system or water source, when requested by the
319 state engineer [
320 engineer in writing:
321 (1) the nature of the use of any such water[
322 (2) the area on which used [
323 (3) the kind of crops to be grown; and [
325 (4) water elevations on wells or tunnels and quantity of underground water used.
327 Section 10. Section 73-5-9 is amended to read:
328 73-5-9. Powers of state engineer as to waste, pollution, or contamination of
330 (1) To prevent waste, loss, pollution, or contamination of any waters whether above or
331 below the ground, the state engineer may require the repair or construction of head gates or
332 other devices on ditches or canals, and the repair or installation of caps, valves, or casings on
333 any well or tunnel or the plugging or filling thereof to accomplish the purposes of this section.
334 (2) Any requirement made by the state engineer in accordance with this section shall be
335 executed by and at the cost and expense of the owner, lessee or person having control of such
336 diverting works affected.
337 (3) If within ten days after notice of such requirement as provided in this section, the
338 owner, lessee or person having control of the water affected, has not commenced to carry out
339 such requirement, or if he has commenced to comply therewith but shall not thereafter proceed
340 diligently to complete the work, the state engineer may forbid the use of water from such
341 source until the user thereof shall comply with such requirement.
342 (4) Failure to comply with any requirement made by the state engineer [
344 punishable under Section 73-2-27 if the failure to comply is knowing or intentional.
345 (5) Each day that such violation is permitted to continue shall constitute a separate
347 Section 11. Section 76-10-201 is amended to read:
348 76-10-201. Interference with water flow.
349 Every person who [
350 flow of water in any stream, ditch, or lateral while under the control or management of any
351 water commissioner is guilty of a [
352 73-2-27 .
353 Section 12. Section 76-10-202 is amended to read:
354 76-10-202. Taking water out of turn or excess amount -- Damaging facilities.
355 (1) [
357 (a) turn or use the water, or any part thereof, of any canal, ditch, pipeline, or reservoir,
358 except at a time when the use of the water has been duly distributed to the person[
360 (b) use any greater quantity of the water than has been duly distributed to him[
361 (c) in any way [
362 irrigation or other useful purposes, except when duly authorized to make the change[
364 (d) break or injure any dam, canal, pipeline, watergate, ditch, or other means of
365 diverting or conveying water for irrigation or other useful purposes[
366 (2) Subsection (1) applies to violations of any right to the use of water, including:
367 (a) a water right; or
368 (b) authorization of a person's use of water by:
369 (i) a water company, as defined in Subsection 73-3-3.5 (1)(b); or
370 (ii) an entity having a valid water right under Utah law.
371 (3) Any person who violates this section is guilty of a [
372 punishable under Section 73-2-27 .
373 Section 13. Section 76-10-203 is amended to read:
374 76-10-203. Obstruction of watergates.
375 Every person who rafts or floats logs, timber, or wood down any river or stream and
376 allows the logs, timber, or wood to accumulate at or obstruct the watergates owned by any
377 person or irrigation company taking or diverting the water of the river or stream for irrigation
378 or manufacturing purposes is guilty of a [
379 73-2-27 .
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