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H.B. 95

This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Feb 2, 2005 at 11:30 AM by chopkin. -->              1     





Sponsor: M. Susan Lawrence

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill requires the registration of a sex offender who has been committed to the
             10      Division of Juvenile Justice Services for secure confinement and who remains in the
             11      division's custody 30 days prior to the offender's 21st birthday.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    modifies the responsibilities of the Division of Juvenile Justice Services to require
             15      that the Division register a sex offender with the Department of Corrections prior to
             16      the offender's release from custody;
             17          .    amends sex offender registration law to include those who have been adjudicated
             18      delinquent for one of the specified offenses and remain in the custody of the
             19      division 30 days prior to their 21st birthday;
             20          .    requires lifetime registration if an offender who is convicted as an adult has been
             21      previously convicted or required to register as a sex offender; and
             22          .    requires the Division of Juvenile Justice Services to provide the following
             23      information when available:
             24              .    crimes for which the offender was adjudicated delinquent; and
             25              .    a description of the sex offender's primary and secondary targets.
             26      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None

             28      Other Special Clauses:
             29          None
             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      AMENDS:
             32          62A-7-104, as last amended by Chapters 140 and 281, Laws of Utah 2002
             33          77-18-12, as last amended by Chapter 228, Laws of Utah 2004
             34          77-27-21.5, as last amended by Chapter 48, Laws of Utah 2002
             36      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             37          Section 1. Section 62A-7-104 is amended to read:
             38           62A-7-104. Division responsibilities.
             39          (1) The division:
             40          (a) shall establish and administer youth services; and
             41          (b) may enter into contracts with state and local governmental entities and private
             42      providers to provide the youth services.
             43          (2) The division is responsible for all youth offenders committed to it by juvenile
             44      courts for secure confinement or supervision and treatment in the community.
             45          (3) The division shall establish and maintain all detention and secure facilities and set
             46      minimum standards for those facilities.
             47          (4) (a) The division shall, in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             48      Administrative Rulemaking Act, promulgate written statewide rules as guidelines for
             49      admission to secure detention and home detention.
             50          (b) The division shall implement those rules as guidelines and provide training
             51      regarding the implementation of those guidelines to law enforcement agencies, division
             52      employees, juvenile court employees, and to other affected agencies and individuals upon their
             53      request.
             54          (5) The division shall establish and administer a continuum of community, secure, and
             55      nonsecure programs for all youth offenders committed to the division.
             56          (6) The division shall establish and administer Juvenile Receiving Centers, Juvenile
             57      Assessment Programs, and other programs to provide temporary custody, care, risk-needs
             58      assessments, evaluations, and control for nonadjudicated youth placed with the division.

             59          (7) The division shall place youth offenders committed to it in the most appropriate
             60      program for supervision and treatment.
             61          (8) In any order committing a youth offender to the division, the juvenile court shall
             62      specify whether the youth offender is being committed for secure confinement or placement in
             63      a community-based program. The division shall place the youth offender in the most
             64      appropriate program within the category specified by the court.
             65          (9) The division shall employ staff necessary to:
             66          (a) supervise and control youth offenders in secure facilities or in the community;
             67          (b) supervise and coordinate treatment of youth offenders committed to the division for
             68      placement in community-based programs; and
             69          (c) control and supervise nonadjudicated youth placed with the division for temporary
             70      services in receiving centers, youth services, and other programs established by the division.
             71          (10) The division shall establish observation and assessment programs necessary to
             72      serve youth offenders committed by the juvenile court for short-term observation under
             73      Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(e). Whenever possible, those programs shall be conducted in settings
             74      separate and distinct from secure facilities for youth offenders.
             75          (11) Youth in the custody or temporary custody of the division are controlled or
             76      detained in a manner consistent with public safety and rules promulgated by the division. In
             77      the event of an unauthorized leave from a secure facility, detention center, community-based
             78      program, receiving center, home, or any other designated placement, division employees have
             79      the authority and duty to locate and apprehend the youth, or to initiate action with local law
             80      enforcement agencies for assistance.
             81          (12) The division shall establish and operate compensatory-service work programs
             82      designed to place youth offenders in public or private service work projects for the purpose of
             83      rehabilitation, education, and restitution to victims.
             84          (13) The division may establish and operate compensatory-service work programs for
             85      youth offenders committed to the division by the juvenile court. The compensatory-service
             86      work program shall:
             87          (a) provide labor to help in the operation, repair, and maintenance of public facilities,
             88      parks, highways, and other programs designated by the division;
             89          (b) provide educational and prevocational programs in cooperation with the State

             90      Board of Education for youth offenders placed in the program; and
             91          (c) provide counseling to youth offenders.
             92          (14) The division shall establish minimum standards for the operation of all private
             93      residential and nonresidential rehabilitation facilities which provide services to juveniles who
             94      have committed a delinquent act, in this state or in any other state.
             95          (15) In accordance with policies established by the board, the division shall provide
             96      regular training for staff of secure facilities, detention staff, case management staff, and staff of
             97      the community-based programs.
             98          (16) The division is authorized to employ special function officers, as defined in
             99      Section 53-13-105 , to locate and apprehend absconders from division custody, transport minors
             100      taken into custody pursuant to division policy, investigate cases, and carry out other duties as
             101      assigned by the division. Special function officers may be employed through contract with the
             102      Department of Public Safety, any P.O.S.T. certified law enforcement agency, or directly hired
             103      by the division.
             104          (17) The division shall designate employees to obtain the saliva DNA specimens
             105      required under Section 53-10-403 . The division shall ensure that the designated employees
             106      receive appropriate training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted
             107      protocol.
             108          (18) The division shall register with the Department of Corrections any person who has
             109      been adjudicated delinquent based on an offense listed in Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)(f)(i), and
             110      who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the division's
             111      custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
             112          Section 2. Section 77-18-12 is amended to read:
             113           77-18-12. Grounds for denial of certificate of eligibility -- Effect of prior
             114      convictions.
             115          (1) The division shall issue a certificate of eligibility to a petitioner seeking to obtain
             116      expungement for a criminal record unless prior to issuing a certificate of eligibility the division
             117      finds, through records of a governmental agency, including national criminal data bases that:
             118          (a) the conviction for which expungement is sought is:
             119          (i) a capital felony;
             120          (ii) a first degree felony;

             121          (iii) a second degree forcible felony;
             122          (iv) automobile homicide;
             123          (v) a felony violation of Section 41-6-44 ;
             124          (vi) a conviction involving a sexual act against a minor;
             125          (vii) any registerable sex offense as defined in Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)[(d)](f); or
             126          (viii) an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit any offense listed in Subsection
             127      77-27-21.5 (1)[(d)](f);
             128          (b) the petitioner's record includes two or more convictions for any type of offense
             129      which would be classified as a felony under Utah law, not arising out of a single criminal
             130      episode, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the convictions occurred;
             131          (c) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of a crime
             132      which would be classified as a felony in Utah;
             133          (d) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of two or
             134      more convictions which would be classified as misdemeanors in Utah unless the convictions
             135      would be classified as class B or class C misdemeanors in Utah and 15 years have passed since
             136      these misdemeanor convictions;
             137          (e) the petitioner was convicted in any jurisdiction, subsequent to the conviction for
             138      which expungement is sought and within the time periods as provided in Subsection (2), of a
             139      crime which would be classified in Utah as a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction;
             140          (f) the person has a combination of three or more convictions not arising out of a single
             141      criminal episode including any conviction for an offense which would be classified under Utah
             142      law as a class B or class A misdemeanor or as a felony, including any misdemeanor and felony
             143      convictions previously expunged, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the conviction or
             144      expungement occurred; or
             145          (g) a proceeding involving a crime is pending or being instituted in any jurisdiction
             146      against the petitioner.
             147          (2) A conviction may not be included for purposes of Subsection (1)(e), and a
             148      conviction may not be considered for expungement until, after the petitioner's release from
             149      incarceration, parole, or probation, whichever occurs last and all fines ordered by the court
             150      have been satisfied, at least the following period of time has elapsed:
             151          (a) seven years in the case of a felony;

             152          (b) ten years in the case of:
             153          (i) a misdemeanor conviction or the equivalent of a misdemeanor conviction as defined
             154      in Subsection 41-6-44 (1); or
             155          (ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             156          (c) five years in the case of a class A misdemeanor;
             157          (d) three years in the case of any other misdemeanor or infraction under Title 76, Utah
             158      Criminal Code; or
             159          (e) 15 years in the case of multiple class B or class C misdemeanors.
             160          (3) A petitioner who would not be eligible to receive a certificate of eligibility under
             161      Subsection (1)(d) or (f) may receive a certificate of eligibility for one additional expungement
             162      if at least 15 years have elapsed since the last of any of the following:
             163          (a) release from incarceration, parole, or probation relating to the most recent
             164      conviction; and
             165          (b) any other conviction which would have prevented issuance of a certificate of
             166      eligibility under Subsection (1)(e).
             167          (4) If, after reasonable research, a disposition for an arrest on the criminal history file is
             168      unobtainable, the division may issue a special certificate giving discretion of eligibility to the
             169      court.
             170          Section 3. Section 77-27-21.5 is amended to read:
             171           77-27-21.5. Sex offender registration -- Information system -- Law enforcement
             172      and courts to report -- Registration -- Penalty -- Effect of expungement.
             173          (1) As used in this section:
             174          (a) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
             175          (b) "Division" means the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             176          [(b)] (c) "Employed" or "carries on a vocation" includes employment that is full time or
             177      part time for a period of time exceeding 14 days or for an aggregate period of time exceeding
             178      30 days during any calendar year, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the
             179      purpose of government or educational benefit.
             180          [(c)] (d) "Notification" means a person's acquisition of information from the
             181      department about a sex offender, including his place of habitation, physical description, and
             182      other information as provided in Subsections (11) and (12).

             183          [(d)] (e) "Register" means to comply with the rules of the department made under this
             184      section.
             185          [(e)] (f) "Sex offender" means any person:
             186          (i) convicted by this state of:
             187          (A) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor
             188      over the Internet;
             189          (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , kidnapping of a child;
             190          (C) a felony violation of Section 76-5-401 , unlawful sexual activity with a minor;
             191          (D) Section 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
             192          (E) Section 76-5-401.2 , unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old;
             193          (F) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             194          (G) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             195          (H) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             196          (I) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             197          (J) a felony violation of Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             198          (K) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             199          (L) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
             200          (M) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             201          (N) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             202          (O) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor;
             203          (P) Section 76-7-102 , incest;
             204          (Q) Section 76-9-702.5 , lewdness involving a child;
             205          (R) Section 76-10-1306 , aggravated exploitation of prostitution; or
             206          (S) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
             207      Subsection (1)[(e)](f)(i);
             208          (ii) convicted by any other state or the United States government of an offense which if
             209      committed in this state would be punishable as one or more of the offenses listed in Subsection
             210      (1)[(e)](f)(i) and who is:
             211          (A) a Utah resident; or
             212          (B) not a Utah resident, but who is in the state for a period exceeding 14 consecutive
             213      days, or for an aggregate period exceeding 30 days, during any calendar year; [or]

             214          (iii) who is found not guilty by reason of insanity of one or more offenses listed in
             215      Subsection (1)[(e)](f)(i)[.]; or
             216          (iv) who is adjudicated delinquent based on one or more offenses listed in Subsection
             217      (1)(f)(i) and who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the
             218      division's custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
             219          (2) The department, to assist in investigating sex-related crimes and in apprehending
             220      offenders, shall:
             221          (a) develop and operate a system to collect, analyze, maintain, and disseminate
             222      information on sex offenders and sex offenses; and
             223          (b) make information collected and developed under this section available to the
             224      public.
             225          (3) Any law enforcement agency shall, in the manner prescribed by the department,
             226      inform the department of:
             227          (a) the receipt of a report or complaint of an offense listed in Subsection (1)[(e)](f),
             228      within three working days; and
             229          (b) the arrest of a person suspected of any of the offenses listed in Subsection
             230      (1)[(e)](f), within five working days.
             231          (4) Upon convicting a person of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)[(e)] (f), the
             232      convicting court shall within three working days forward a copy of the judgment and sentence
             233      to the department.
             234          (5) A sex offender in the custody of the department shall be registered by agents of the
             235      department upon:
             236          (a) being placed on probation;
             237          (b) commitment to a secure correctional facility operated by or under contract to the
             238      department;
             239          (c) release from confinement to parole status, termination or expiration of sentence, or
             240      escape;
             241          (d) entrance to and release from any community-based residential program operated by
             242      or under contract to the department; or
             243          (e) termination of probation or parole.
             244          (6) A sex offender not in the custody of the department and who is confined in a

             245      correctional facility not operated by or under contract to the department shall be registered with
             246      the department by the sheriff of the county in which the offender is confined upon:
             247          (a) commitment to the correctional facility; and
             248          (b) release from confinement.
             249          (7) A sex offender in the custody of the division shall be registered with the department
             250      by the division prior to release from custody.
             251          [(7)] (8) A sex offender committed to a state mental hospital shall be registered with
             252      the department by the hospital upon admission and upon discharge.
             253          [(8)] (9) A sex offender convicted by any other state or by the United States
             254      government is required to register under Subsection (1)[(e)](f)(ii) and shall register with the
             255      department within ten days after entering the state.
             256          [(9)] (10) (a) Except as provided in Subsections [(9)] (10)(b) and (c), a sex offender
             257      shall, for the duration of the sentence and for ten years after termination of sentence or custody
             258      of the division, register annually and again within ten days of every change of his place of
             259      habitation.
             260          (b) (i) A sex offender convicted as an adult of any of the offenses listed in Subsection
             261      [(9)] (10)(b)(ii) shall, for the offender's lifetime, register annually and again within ten days of
             262      every change of the offender's place of habitation. This registration requirement is not subject
             263      to exemptions and may not be terminated or altered during the offender's lifetime.
             264          (ii) Offenses referred to in Subsection [(9)] (10)(b)(i) are:
             265          (A) any offense listed in Subsection (1)[(e)](f) if at the time of the conviction the
             266      offender has previously been convicted of an offense listed in Subsection (1)[(e)](f) or has
             267      previously been required to register as a sex offender H. for an offense committed as a
             267a      juvenile .H ;
             268          (B) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             269          (C) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             270          (D) Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             271          (E) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child; and
             272          (F) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault.
             273          (c) Notwithstanding Subsections [(9)] (10)(a) and (b), a sex offender who is confined
             274      in a secure facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to register annually.
             275          [(10)] (11) An agency in the state that registers a sex offender on probation, a sex

             276      offender who has been released from confinement to parole status or termination, or a sex
             277      offender whose sentence has expired shall inform the offender of the duty to comply with the
             278      continuing registration requirements of this section during the period of registration required in
             279      Subsection [(9)] (10), including:
             280          (a) notification to the state agencies in the states where the registrant presently resides
             281      and plans to reside when moving across state lines;
             282          (b) verification of address at least every 60 days pursuant to a parole agreement for
             283      lifetime parolees; and
             284          (c) notification to the out-of-state agency where the offender is living, whether or not
             285      the offender is a resident of that state.
             286          [(11)] (12) A sex offender shall provide the department with the following information:
             287          (a) all names or aliases the sex offender is or has been known by;
             288          (b) the sex offender's name and residential address;
             289          (c) a physical description, including the sex offender's age, height, weight, eye and hair
             290      color;
             291          (d) the type of vehicle or vehicles the sex offender drives;
             292          (e) a current photograph of the sex offender; and
             293          (f) each institution of higher education in Utah at which the sex offender is employed,
             294      carries on a vocation, or is a student, and any change of enrollment or employment status of the
             295      sex offender at any institution of higher education.
             296          [(12)] (13) The department shall:
             297          (a) provide the following additional information when available:
             298          (i) the crimes the sex offender was convicted of H. or adjudicated delinquent
             298a      for .H ; and
             299          (ii) a description of the sex offender's primary and secondary targets; and
             300          (b) ensure that the registration information collected regarding a sex offender's
             301      enrollment or employment at an institution of higher education is:
             302          (i) promptly made available to any law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction where
             303      the institution is located; and
             304          (ii) entered into the appropriate state records or data system.
             305          [(13)] (14) (a) A sex offender who knowingly fails to register under this section is
             306      guilty of a class A misdemeanor and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for not

             307      fewer than 90 days and also at least one year of probation.
             308          (b) Neither the court nor the Board of Pardons and Parole may release a person who
             309      violates this section from serving a term of at least 90 days and of completing probation of at
             310      least one year. This Subsection [(13)] (14)(b) supersedes any other provision of the law
             311      contrary to this section.
             312          [(14)] (15) Notwithstanding Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             313      Management Act, information in Subsections [(11)] (12) and [(12)] (13) collected and released
             314      under this section is public information.
             315          [(15)] (16) (a) If a sex offender is to be temporarily sent outside a secure facility in
             316      which he is confined on any assignment, including, without limitation, firefighting or disaster
             317      control, the official who has custody of the offender shall, within a reasonable time prior to
             318      removal from the secure facility, notify the local law enforcement agencies where the
             319      assignment is to be filled.
             320          (b) This Subsection [(15)] (16) does not apply to any person temporarily released under
             321      guard from the institution in which he is confined.
             322          [(16)] (17) Notwithstanding Sections 77-18-9 through 77-18-14 regarding
             323      expungement, a person convicted of any offense listed in Subsection (1)[(e)](f) is not relieved
             324      from the responsibility to register as required under this section.
             325          [(17)] (18) Notwithstanding Section 42-1-1 , a sex offender:
             326          (a) may not change his name:
             327          (i) while under the jurisdiction of the department; and
             328          (ii) until the registration requirements of this statute have expired; or
             329          (b) may not change his name at any time, if registration is under Subsection [(9)]
             330      (10)(b).
             331          [(18)] (19) The department may make rules necessary to implement this section,
             332      including:
             333          (a) the method for dissemination of the information; and
             334          (b) instructions to the public regarding the use of the information.
             335          [(19)] (20) Any information regarding the identity or location of a victim shall be
             336      redacted by the department from information provided under Subsections [(11)] (12) and [(12)]
             337      (13).

             338          [(20)] (21) Nothing in this section shall be construed to create or impose any duty on
             339      any person to request or obtain information regarding any sex offender from the department.
             340          [(21)] (22) If the department chooses to post registry information on the Internet, the
             341      website shall contain a disclaimer informing the public of the following:
             342          (a) the information contained on the site is obtained from sex offenders and the
             343      department does not guarantee its accuracy;
             344          (b) members of the public are not allowed to publicize the information or use it to
             345      harass or threaten sex offenders or members of their families; and
             346          (c) harassment, stalking, or threats against sex offenders or their families are prohibited
             347      and doing so may violate Utah criminal laws.
             348          [(22)] (23) The department shall construct the website so that users, before accessing
             349      registry information, must indicate that they have read the disclaimer, understand it, and agree
             350      to comply with its terms.
             351          [(23)] (24) The department, its personnel, and any individual or entity acting at the
             352      request or upon the direction of the department are immune from civil liability for damages for
             353      good faith compliance with this section and will be presumed to have acted in good faith by
             354      reporting information.
             355          [(24)] (25) The department shall redact information that, if disclosed, could reasonably
             356      identify a victim.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-21-05 4:26 PM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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