! The Capitol Complex is closed to the public due to COVID-19. All meetings will be held virtually online. View virtual meeting instructions (PDF).

Download Zipped Enrolled WordPerfect HB0260.ZIP
[Introduced][Amended][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

H.B. 260 Enrolled

                 

AMENDMENTS RELATED TO PORNOGRAPHIC

                 
AND HARMFUL MATERIALS

                 
2005 GENERAL SESSION

                 
STATE OF UTAH

                 
Chief Sponsor: John Dougall

                 
Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

                  Sheryl L. Allen
                  Bradley M. Daw
                  Margaret Dayton
                  Brent H. Goodfellow
                  Gregory H. HughesFred R. Hunsaker
Rebecca D. Lockhart
Ronda Rudd Menlove
Michael E. Noel
Curtis OdaPaul Ray
Aaron Tilton
Peggy Wallace
Richard W. Wheeler                  
                  LONG TITLE
                  General Description:
                      This bill addresses pornographic materials and material harmful to minors.
                  Highlighted Provisions:
                      This bill:
                      .    requires the Division of Consumer Protection to make public service
                  announcements;
                      .    requires the attorney general to establish and maintain a database, called the adult
                  content registry, of certain Internet sites containing material harmful to minors;
                      .    defines terms;
                      .    subjects a person dealing in material harmful to minors to criminal liability for
                  certain distributions of material harmful to minors if the person negligently or
                  recklessly fails to determine the proper age of a minor;
                      .    increases criminal penalties for distributing and inducing acceptance of
                  pornographic materials;
                      .    requires a service provider to prevent certain access to Internet material harmful to
                  minors, if requested by the consumer;
                      .    requires the Division of Consumer Protection to test the effectiveness of a service


                  provider's procedures to block material harmful to minors at least annually;
                      .    requires a service provider, under certain circumstances, to block material on the adult
                  content registry;
                      .    requires Internet content providers that create or host data in Utah to properly rate the
                  data;
                      .    allows the attorney general to seek a civil fine against a service provider that fails to
                  properly block material harmful to minors;
                      .    provides criminal penalties for certain violations of the provisions requiring a service
                  provider to block material harmful to minors;
                      .    provides a criminal penalty for a content provider's failure to properly rate content;
                  and
                      .    makes technical changes.
                  Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
                      This bill appropriates:
                      .    $100,000 from the General Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection, for fiscal
                  year 2005-06 only, for public service announcements;
                      .    $50,000 from the General Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection, for fiscal
                  year 2005-06 only, to conduct a research project; and
                      .    $100,000 from the General Fund to the attorney general, for fiscal year 2005-06 only,
                  to establish the adult content registry.
                  Other Special Clauses:
                      This bill provides an effective date.
                  Utah Code Sections Affected:
                  AMENDS:
                      76-10-1204, as last amended by Chapters 93 and 163, Laws of Utah 1990
                      76-10-1205, as last amended by Chapter 163, Laws of Utah 1990
                      76-10-1206, as last amended by Chapter 53, Laws of Utah 2000
                  ENACTS:


                      13-2-9, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                      67-5-19, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                      76-10-1230, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                      76-10-1231, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                      76-10-1232, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                      76-10-1233, Utah Code Annotated 1953
                 
                  Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
                      Section 1. Section 13-2-9 is enacted to read:
                      13-2-9. Internet -- Consumer education.
                      (1) The Division of Consumer Protection shall, subject to appropriation, contract with a
                  person to make public service announcements advising consumers about the dangers of using the
                  Internet, especially:
                      (a) material harmful to minors;
                      (b) steps a consumer may take to learn more about the dangers of using the Internet;
                      (c) information about how a service provider can help a consumer learn more about the
                  dangers of using the Internet, including the service provider's duties created by this bill; and
                      (d) how a consumer can monitor the Internet usage of family members.
                      (2) Monies appropriated under Subsection (1) shall be paid by the Division of Consumer
                  Protection to a person only if:
                      (a) the person is a nonprofit organization; and
                      (b) the person agrees to spend private monies amounting to two times the amount of
                  monies provided by the Division of Consumer Protection during each fiscal year in accordance
                  with Subsection (1).
                      (3) In administering any monies appropriated for use under this section, the Division of
                  Consumer Protection shall comply with Title 63, Chapter 56, Utah Procurement Code.
                      Section 2. Section 67-5-19 is enacted to read:
                      67-5-19. Adult content registry.


                      (1) As used in this section:
                      (a) "Access restricted" means access restricted as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
                      (b) "Consumer" means a consumer as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
                      (c) "Content provider" means a content provider as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
                      (d) "Hosting company" means a hosting company as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
                      (e) "Service provider" means a service provider as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
                      (2) The attorney general, in consultation with other entities as the attorney general
                  considers appropriate, shall:
                      (a) create a database, called the adult content registry, consisting of a list of content
                  providers' sites, that shall be based on a Uniform Resource Locator address, domain name, and
                  Internet Protocol address or a similar addressing system, that:
                      (i) are added to the database under Subsection (2)(b); and
                      (ii) provide material harmful to minors that is not access restricted;
                      (b) add a content provider site to the adult content registry only if the attorney general
                  determines that the content provider is providing content that contains material harmful to minors
                  that is not access restricted;
                      (c) when the attorney general determines that a content provider site should be placed on
                  the adult content registry, if the content provider lists e-mail contact information, the attorney
                  general shall notify the content provider and hosting company, if available, by e-mail:
                      (i) that the content provider is providing content that contains material harmful to minors
                  that is not access restricted;
                      (ii) that the attorney general will place the content provider site on the adult content
                  registry five business days after the notice is sent;
                      (iii) that the content provider can avoid being placed on the adult content registry if any
                  material harmful to minors is access restricted; and
                      (iv) of the steps necessary for the content provider or hosting company to apply to be
                  removed from the adult content registry;
                      (d) (i) if notification is required under Subsection (2)(c), place a content provider site on


                  the adult content registry five business days after the day on which the division makes the
                  required notification; or
                      (ii) if notification is not required under Subsection (2)(c), place a content provider site on
                  the adult content registry five business days after the day on which the attorney general
                  determines that the content provider should be placed on the adult content registry; and
                      (e) if requested by a content provider, remove a content provider from the adult content
                  registry within two business days from the day on which the attorney general determines that the
                  content provider no longer provides material harmful to minors that is not access restricted.
                      (3) The attorney general shall make the adult content registry available for public
                  dissemination in a readily accessible access restricted electronic format.
                      (4) The attorney general shall establish a system for the reporting of material transmitted
                  to a consumer in violation of Section 76-10-1232 .
                      Section 3. Section 76-10-1204 is amended to read:
                       76-10-1204. Distributing pornographic material.
                      (1) A person is guilty of distributing pornographic material when he knowingly:
                      (a) sends or brings any pornographic material into the state with intent to distribute or
                  exhibit it to others;
                      (b) prepares, publishes, prints, or possesses any pornographic material with intent to
                  distribute or exhibit it to others;
                      (c) distributes or offers to distribute, exhibits or offers to exhibit any pornographic
                  material to others;
                      (d) writes, creates, or solicits the publication or advertising of pornographic material;
                      (e) promotes the distribution or exhibition of material he represents to be pornographic;
                  or
                      (f) presents or directs a pornographic performance in any public place or any place
                  exposed to public view or participates in that portion of the performance which makes it
                  pornographic.
                      (2) Each distributing of pornographic material as defined in Subsection (1) is a separate


                  offense.
                      (3) It is a separate offense under this section for:
                      (a) each day's exhibition of any pornographic motion picture film; and
                      (b) each day in which any pornographic publication is displayed or exhibited in a public
                  place with intent to distribute or exhibit it to others.
                      [(4) Each separate offense under this section is a class A misdemeanor punishable by:]
                      [(a) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $100 plus $10 for each article exhibited
                  up to the maximum allowed by law; and]
                      [(b) incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less than
                  seven days, notwithstanding any provisions of Section 77-18-1 .]
                      [(5) If a defendant has already been convicted once under this section, each separate
                  further offense]
                      (4) (a) An offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:
                      (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $1,000 plus $10 for each article exhibited
                  up to the maximum allowed by law; and [by]
                      (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less than
                  30 days.
                      (b) This Subsection (4) supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
                      (5) A service provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if it
                  complies with Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1232 .
                      Section 4. Section 76-10-1205 is amended to read:
                       76-10-1205. Inducing acceptance of pornographic material.
                      (1) A person is guilty of inducing acceptance of pornographic material when he
                  knowingly:
                      (a) requires or demands as a condition to a sale, allocation, consignment, or delivery for
                  resale of any newspaper, magazine, periodical, book, publication, or other merchandise that the
                  purchaser or consignee receive any pornographic material or material reasonably believed by the
                  purchaser or consignee to be pornographic; or


                      (b) denies, revokes, or threatens to deny or revoke a franchise, or to impose any penalty,
                  financial or otherwise, because of the failure or refusal to accept pornographic material or
                  material reasonably believed by the purchaser or consignee to be pornographic.
                      [(2) A violation of this section is a class A misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less
                  than $500 and by incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less
                  than 14 days.]
                      (2) (a) An offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:
                      (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $1,000 plus $10 for each article exhibited
                  up to the maximum allowed by law; and
                      (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less than
                  30 days.
                      (b) This Subsection (2) supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
                      (3) A service provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if it
                  complies with Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1232 .
                      Section 5. Section 76-10-1206 is amended to read:
                       76-10-1206. Dealing in material harmful to a minor.
                      (1) A person is guilty of dealing in material harmful to minors when, knowing that a
                  person is a minor, or having negligently or recklessly failed to [exercise reasonable care in
                  ascertaining] determine the proper age of a minor, he:
                      (a) intentionally distributes or offers to distribute, exhibits or offers to exhibit to a minor
                  any material harmful to minors;
                      (b) intentionally produces, presents, or directs any performance before a minor, that is
                  harmful to minors; or
                      (c) intentionally participates in any performance before a minor, that is harmful to
                  minors.
                      (2) (a) Each separate offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:
                      (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $300 plus $10 for each article exhibited
                  up to the maximum allowed by law; and [by]


                      (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence [in any way], for a term of not less than
                  14 days.
                      (b) This section supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
                      (3) (a) If a defendant has already been convicted once under this section, each separate
                  further offense is a second degree felony punishable by:
                      (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $5,000 plus $10 for each article exhibited
                  up to the maximum allowed by law; and [by]
                      (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence [in any way], for a term of not less than
                  one year.
                      (b) This section supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
                      (4) (a) A service provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if
                  it complies with Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1232 .
                      (b) A content provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if it
                  complies with Section 76-10-1233 .
                      Section 6. Section 76-10-1230 is enacted to read:
                      76-10-1230. Definitions.
                      As used in Sections 76-10-1231 , 76-10-1232 , and 76-10-1233 :
                      (1) "Access restricted" means that a content provider limits access to material harmful to
                  minors by:
                      (a) properly rating content;
                      (b) providing an age verification mechanism designed to prevent a minor's access to
                  material harmful to minors, including requiring use of a credit card, adult access code, or digital
                  certificate verifying age; or
                      (c) any other reasonable measures feasible under available technology.
                      (2) "Adult content registry" means the adult content registry created by Section 67-5-19 .
                      (3) "Consumer" means a natural person residing in this state who subscribes to a service
                  provided by a service provider for personal or residential use.
                      (4) "Content provider" means a person that creates, collects, acquires, or organizes


                  electronic data for electronic delivery to a consumer with the intent of making a profit.
                      (5) (a) "Hosting company" means a person that provides services or facilities for storing
                  or distributing content over the Internet without editorial or creative alteration of the content.
                      (b) A hosting company may have policies concerning acceptable use without becoming a
                  content provider under Subsection (4).
                      (6) (a) "Internet service provider" means a person engaged in the business of providing a
                  computer and communications facility through which a consumer may obtain access to the
                  Internet.
                      (b) "Internet service provider" does not include a common carrier if it provides only
                  telecommunications service.
                      (7) "Properly rated" means content using a labeling system to label material harmful to
                  minors provided by the content provider in a way that:
                      (a) accurately apprises a consumer of the presence of material harmful to minors; and
                      (b) allows the consumer the ability to control access to material harmful to minors based
                  on the material's rating by use of reasonably priced commercially available software, including
                  software in the public domain.
                      (8) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (8)(b), "service provider" means:
                      (i) an Internet service provider; or
                      (ii) a person who otherwise provides an Internet access service to a consumer.
                      (b) "Service provider" does not include a person who does not terminate a service in this
                  state, but merely transmits data through:
                      (i) a wire;
                      (ii) a cable; or
                      (iii) an antenna.
                      (c) "Service provider," notwithstanding Subsection (8)(b), includes a person who meets
                  the requirements of Subsection (8)(a) and leases or rents a wire or cable for the transmission of
                  data.
                      Section 7. Section 76-10-1231 is enacted to read:


                      76-10-1231. Data service providers -- Internet content harmful to minors.
                      (1) (a) Upon request by a consumer, a service provider shall filter content to prevent the
                  transmission of material harmful to minors to the consumer.
                      (b) A service provider complies with Subsection (1)(a) if it uses a generally accepted and
                  commercially reasonable method of filtering.
                      (2) At the time of a consumer's subscription to a service provider's service, or at the time
                  this section takes effect if the consumer subscribes to the service provider's service at the time
                  this section takes effect, the service provider shall notify the consumer in a conspicuous manner
                  that the consumer may request to have material harmful to minors blocked under Subsection (1).
                      (3) (a) A service provider may comply with Subsection (1) by:
                      (i) providing in-network filtering to prevent receipt of material harmful to minors; or
                      (ii) providing software for contemporaneous installation on the consumer's computer that
                  blocks, in an easy-to-enable and commercially reasonable manner, receipt of material harmful to
                  minors.
                      (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b)(ii), a service provider may not charge a
                  consumer for blocking material or providing software under this section, except that a service
                  provider may increase the cost to all subscribers to the service provider's services to recover the
                  cost of complying with this section.
                      (ii) A service provider with fewer than 7,500 subscribers may charge a consumer for
                  providing software under Subsection (3)(a)(ii) if the charge does not exceed the service
                  provider's cost for the software.
                      (4) If the attorney general determines that a service provider violates Subsection (1) or
                  (2), the attorney general shall:
                      (a) notify the service provider that the service provider is in violation of Subsection (1)
                  or (2); and
                      (b) notify the service provider that the service provider has 30 days to comply with the
                  provision being violated or be subject to Subsection (5).
                      (5) A service provider that violates Subsection (1) or (2) is:


                      (a) subject to a civil fine of $2,500 for each separate violation of Subsection (1) or (2), up
                  to $10,000 per day; and
                      (b) guilty of a class A misdemeanor if:
                      (i) the service provider knowingly or intentionally fails to comply with Subsection (1); or
                      (ii) the service provider fails to provide the notice required by Subsection (2).
                      (6) A proceeding to impose a civil fine under Subsection (5)(a) may only be brought by
                  the attorney general in a court of competent jurisdiction.
                      (7) (a) The Division of Consumer Protection within the Department of Commerce shall,
                  in consultation with other entities as the Division of Consumer Protection considers appropriate,
                  test the effectiveness of a service provider's system for blocking material harmful to minors under
                  Subsection (1) at least annually.
                      (b) The results of testing by the Division of Consumer Protection under Subsection (7)(a)
                  shall be made available to:
                      (i) the service provider that is the subject of the test; and
                      (ii) the public.
                      (c) The Division of Consumer Protection shall make rules in accordance with Title 63,
                  Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to fulfil its duties under this section.
                      Section 8. Section 76-10-1232 is enacted to read:
                      76-10-1232. Data service providers -- Adult content registry.
                      (1) (a) Upon request by a consumer, a service provider may not transmit material from a
                  content provider site listed on the adult content registry created by Section 67-5-19 to a
                  consumer.
                      (b) A service provider complies with Subsection (1)(a) if it uses a generally accepted and
                  commercially reasonable method of filtering.
                      (c) At the time of a consumer's subscription to a service provider's service, or at the time
                  this section takes effect if the consumer subscribes to the service provider's service at the time
                  this section takes effect, the service provider shall notify the consumer in a conspicuous manner
                  that:


                      (i) the consumer may request to have material on the adult content registry blocked under
                  Subsection (1)(a); and
                      (ii) the consumer's request to have material harmful to minors blocked under Subsection
                  (1)(a) may also result in blocking material that is not harmful to minors.
                      (2) (a) A service provider may comply with Subsection (1) by:
                      (i) providing in-network filtering to prevent receipt of material harmful to minors;
                      (ii) providing software for contemporaneous installation on the consumer's computer that
                  blocks, in an easy-to-enable and commercially reasonable manner, receipt of material harmful to
                  minors; or
                      (iii) complying with any federal law in effect that requires the blocking of content from a
                  registry of sites containing material harmful to minors.
                      (b) A service provider may block material from the adult content registry by domain
                  name or Internet Protocol address.
                      (c) (i) A service provider may not charge a consumer for blocking material or providing
                  software under this section, except that a service provider may increase the cost to all subscribers
                  to the service provider's services to recover the cost of complying with this section.
                      (ii) A service provider with fewer than 7,500 subscribers may charge a consumer for
                  providing software under Subsection (2)(a)(ii) if the charge does not exceed the service
                  provider's cost for the software.
                      (d) A service provider shall coordinate the service provider's list of content providers on
                  the adult content registry with the attorney general's list of content providers on the adult content
                  registry at least weekly.
                      (3) If the attorney general determines that the service provider violates Subsection (1) or
                  (2), the attorney general shall:
                      (a) notify the service provider that the service provider is in violation of Subsection (1)
                  or (2); and
                      (b) notify the service provider that the service provider has 30 days to comply with the
                  provision being violated or be subject to Subsection (4).


                      (4) A service provider that violates Subsection (1) or (2) is:
                      (a) subject to a civil fine of $2,500 for each separate violation of Subsection (1) or (2), up
                  to $10,000 per day; and
                      (b) guilty of a class A misdemeanor if the service provider knowingly or intentionally
                  fails to comply with Subsection (1) or (2).
                      (5) A proceeding to impose a civil fine under Subsection (4)(a) may only be brought by
                  the attorney general in a court of competent jurisdiction.
                      Section 9. Section 76-10-1233 is enacted to read:
                      76-10-1233. Content providers -- Material harmful to minors.
                      (1) A content provider that is domiciled in Utah, or generates or hosts content in Utah,
                  shall restrict access to material harmful to minors.
                      (2) The Division of Consumer Protection shall make rules in accordance with Title 63,
                  Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to establish acceptable rating methods to be
                  implemented by a content provider under Subsection (1).
                      (3) If the attorney general determines that a content provider violates Subsection (1), the
                  attorney general shall:
                      (a) notify the content provider that the content provider is in violation of Subsection (1);
                  and
                      (b) notify the content provider that the content provider has 30 days to comply with
                  Subsection (1) or be subject to Subsection (4).
                      (4) If a content provider violates this section more than 30 days after receiving the notice
                  provided in Subsection (3), the content provider is guilty of a third degree felony.
                      Section 10. Appropriation.
                      (1) (a) There is appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06 only, $100,000 from the General
                  Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection for public service announcements advising
                  consumers about the dangers of using the Internet.
                      (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the money appropriated in Subsection (1)(a)
                  shall be used to publicize in various forms of media:


                      (i) the dangers of using the Internet, especially Internet pornography;
                      (ii) steps a consumer may take to learn more about the dangers of using the Internet;
                      (iii) information about how a service provider can help a consumer learn more about the
                  dangers of using the Internet, including the service provider's duties created by this bill; and
                      (iv) how a consumer can monitor the Internet usage of family members.
                      (2) (a) There is appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06 only, $30,000 from the General
                  Fund, and for fiscal year 2005-06 ongoing, $70,000 from the General Fund, to the attorney
                  general to establish and maintain the Adult Content Registry created by this bill.
                      (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the attorney general use existing technologies
                  and systems to the extent possible in establishing the Adult Content Registry.
                      (3) (a) There is appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06, $50,000 from the General Fund to
                  the Division of Consumer Protection.
                      (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Division of Consumer Protection use the
                  monies appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06 in Subsection (3)(a) to research the effectiveness of:
                      (i) existing and emerging technologies for limiting access to material harmful to minors
                  on the Internet;
                      (ii) obstacles to consumers limiting access to material harmful to minors on the Internet;
                  and
                      (iii) methods of educating the public about the dangers of using the Internet.
                      (c) The Division of Consumer Protection shall report the findings of the research for
                  which monies under Subsection (3)(a) are appropriated to the Utah Technology Commission
                  before December 1, 2005.
                      Section 11. Effective date.
                      If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
                  upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
                  Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto, the
                  date of veto override, except that Section 76-10-1231 takes effect on January 1, 2006, and
                  Sections 76-10-1232 and 76-10-1233 take effect on May 1, 2006.


                 


[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]