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First Substitute H.B. 182

Representative Bradley T. Johnson proposes the following substitute bill:




Sponsor: Bradley T. Johnson

             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill addresses historical livestock trails.
             9      Highlighted Provisions:
             10          This bill:
             11          .    provides a defense for an owner of livestock whose livestock damages property
             12      abutting an historical livestock trail that is not fenced;
             13          .    enacts provisions allowing a prescriptive easement for an historical livestock trail;
             14      and
             15          .    makes technical changes.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          4-25-8, as last amended by Chapter 126, Laws of Utah 2002
             23      ENACTS:
             24          57-13b-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25          57-13b-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953

             26          57-13b-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 4-25-8 is amended to read:
             30           4-25-8. Owner liable for trespass of animals -- Exception -- Intervention by
             31      county representative.
             32          (1) The owner of any neat cattle, horse, ass, mule, sheep, goat, or swine that trespasses
             33      upon the premises of another person, except in cases where the premises are not enclosed by a
             34      lawful fence in a county or municipality [which] that has adopted a fence ordinance, is liable in
             35      a civil action to the owner or occupant of the premises for any damage inflicted by the trespass.
             36          (2) A county representative may intervene to remove the animal and the county is
             37      entitled to fair compensation for costs incurred. If the animal is not claimed within ten days
             38      after written notification is sent to its owner, a county representative may sell the animal to
             39      cover costs incurred.
             40          (3) Notwithstanding Subsections (1) and (2), the owner of any neat cattle, horse, ass,
             41      mule, sheep, goat, or swine that trespasses upon the premises of another person is not liable in
             42      a civil action to the owner or occupant of the premises for damage inflicted by the trespass if:
             43          (a) the animal enters the premises from an historic livestock trail, as defined in Section
             44      57-13b-102 ; and
             45          (b) the premises that was trespassed is not enclosed by a fence at the time the trespass
             46      occurs.
             47          Section 2. Section 57-13b-101 is enacted to read:

Part 1. General Provisions

             50          57-13b-101. Title.
             51          This chapter is known as the "Easement for Historical Livestock Trail Act."
             52          Section 3. Section 57-13b-102 is enacted to read:
             53          57-13b-102. Definition.
             54          As used in this chapter, "historical livestock trail" means property over which livestock
             55      has historically traveled to or from a grazing area or market.
             56          Section 4. Section 57-13b-201 is enacted to read:

Part 2. Prescriptive Easement

             58          57-13b-201. Prescriptive easement for cattle trail.
             59          (1) A prescriptive easement may be established if:
             60          (a) a property owner uses an historical livestock trail that crosses another person's
             61      property for a period of 20 years; and
             62          (b) the use of the other owner's property as an historical livestock trail for the 20-year
             63      period described in Subsection (1)(a) is:
             64          (i) continuous;
             65          (ii) open and notorious; and
             66          (iii) adverse.
             67          (2) If a property owner establishes that a use is continuous and open and notorious
             68      under Subsections (1)(b)(i) and (ii), there is a rebuttable presumption that the use is adverse.
             69          (3) Notwithstanding Subsections (1) and (2), a prescriptive easement under this chapter
             70      may only be established on private lands.

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