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Third Substitute H.B. 202

Senator Thomas V. Hatch proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
REVISIONS TO CHILD WELFARE

             2     
2005 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper

             5     
             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill amends child welfare provisions of the Utah Human Services Code, the Utah
             9      Criminal Code, and the Judicial Code, and repeals the pilot program for differentiated
             10      responses to child abuse and neglect reports.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms and modifies definition provisions;
             14          .    removes the requirement that the Division of Child and Family Services provide
             15      services to unwed parents;
             16          .    provides that a supported finding by the Division of Child and Family Services,
             17      upon completion of an investigation, must be based upon a determination that it is
             18      more likely than not that abuse, neglect, or dependency occurred;
             19          .    lists the training that a child welfare caseworker is required to receive;
             20          .    provides for the removal of a person's name and information from the Licensing
             21      Information System, created in Section 62A-4a-116.2, when a court finds that an
             22      allegation against that person of severe child abuse or neglect is unsubstantiated or
             23      without merit or when a court finds that the allegation is substantiated, but the
             24      finding is overturned on appeal;
             25          .    deletes and repeals the provisions relating to the pilot program for differentiated


             26      responses to child abuse and neglect reports;
             27          .    lists the rights and responsibilities of parents and the state, including those related to
             28      discipline and medical and mental health care of a child;
             29          .    limits the ability of the Division of Child and Family Services to withhold family
             30      preservation services;
             31          .    addresses family preservation services and procedures for conducting an
             32      investigation and developing a treatment plan;
             33          .    clarifies when services should be provided to eliminate the need to remove a child
             34      from the custody of the child's parent or guardian;
             35          .    provides authority for taking protective custody of, and other action in regard to, a
             36      child in danger of abuse;
             37          .    expands the information that must be provided to a parent or guardian when the
             38      child of the parent or guardian is taken into protective custody;
             39          .    requires that all reasonable efforts be made to notify the parent or guardian of a
             40      child taken into protective custody;
             41          .    amends provisions relating to a treatment plan for a child in the temporary custody
             42      of the Division of Child and Family Services;
             43          .    lists the circumstances under which parental visitation may be denied by a court or
             44      the Division of Child and Family Services;
             45          .    lists the circumstances where reporting of abuse or neglect is required;
             46          .    reduces the time that a physician may hold a child in protective custody without a
             47      court order to 36 hours;
             48          .    limits the services that a parent or guardian may be charged for when a child is
             49      taken into protective custody by a physician;
             50          .    describes when the Division of Child and Family Services is required to make a
             51      preremoval investigation;
             52          .    provides that when the Division of Child and Family Services is required to inform
             53      a parent of an interview prior to interviewing a child, the division must inform the
             54      parent of the specific allegations concerning the child and the time and place of the
             55      interview;
             56          .    lists circumstances under which a parent or guardian is not guilty of child abuse or


             57      neglect of a disabled child;
             58          .    describes when a court may order medical care for a disabled child;
             59          .    describes the authority of a guardian;
             60          .    describes and limits the circumstances where a court can issue a search warrant or
             61      subpoena in a protective custody matter;
             62          .    addresses the services that may be provided to a minor who is the subject of a
             63      petition filed in juvenile court;
             64          .    limits the authority of a court to order medical and mental health treatment of a
             65      child;
             66          .    requires that when placing a child in guardianship or legal custody, a court shall
             67      take into consideration the religious preferences of a minor and the minor's parents;
             68          .    limits the circumstances under which a court may order that a child be placed into
             69      protective custody;
             70          .    clarifies the evidence that may be presented by a parent or guardian at a shelter
             71      hearing;
             72          .    requires that a court honor, as nearly as practicable, a request by a parent or
             73      guardian to continue a shelter hearing;
             74          .    describes when a court must order a child released from protective custody;
             75          .    describes the circumstances under which the Division of Child and Family Services
             76      and the court are required to provide services to:
             77              .    maintain or return a child to the child's home; or
             78              .    attempt to rehabilitate an offending parent;
             79          .    addresses reunification services;
             80          .    describes the circumstances under which a court can order the termination of
             81      parental rights;
             82          .    establishes a rebuttable presumption that discipline of a child by a parent does not
             83      constitute abusive conduct;
             84          .    provides that upon granting a voluntary relinquishment of parental rights, a court
             85      may enter an order relating to the child's health and safety;
             86          .    increases the time within which a court must hold a permanency hearing from eight
             87      months to 12 months; and


             88          .    makes technical changes.
             89      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             90          None
             91      Other Special Clauses:
             92          This bill takes effect on January 1, 2006.
             93      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             94      AMENDS:
             95          62A-2-121, as last amended by Chapter 86, Laws of Utah 2004
             96          62A-4a-101, as last amended by Chapter 356, Laws of Utah 2004
             97          62A-4a-106, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 260, Laws of Utah 1994
             98          62A-4a-107, as last amended by Chapter 94, Laws of Utah 2003
             99          62A-4a-116.1, as last amended by Chapter 210, Laws of Utah 2003
             100          62A-4a-116.2, as last amended by Chapter 86, Laws of Utah 2004
             101          62A-4a-116.4, as enacted by Chapter 283, Laws of Utah 2002
             102          62A-4a-116.5, as last amended by Chapter 74, Laws of Utah 2004
             103          62A-4a-116.6, as last amended by Chapter 210, Laws of Utah 2003
             104          62A-4a-117, as last amended by Chapter 94, Laws of Utah 2003
             105          62A-4a-201, as last amended by Chapter 274, Laws of Utah 2000
             106          62A-4a-202, as last amended by Chapter 100, Laws of Utah 2004
             107          62A-4a-202.1, as last amended by Chapter 180, Laws of Utah 2004
             108          62A-4a-202.2, as last amended by Chapter 10, Laws of Utah 2001, First Special
             109      Session
             110          62A-4a-202.6, as last amended by Chapter 58, Laws of Utah 2001
             111          62A-4a-203, as last amended by Chapter 274, Laws of Utah 1998
             112          62A-4a-205, as last amended by Chapter 356, Laws of Utah 2004
             113          62A-4a-208, as enacted by Chapter 274, Laws of Utah 1998
             114          62A-4a-209, as last amended by Chapters 265 and 306, Laws of Utah 2002
             115          62A-4a-302, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 260, Laws of Utah 1994
             116          62A-4a-402, as last amended by Chapter 274, Laws of Utah 1998
             117          62A-4a-403, as last amended by Chapter 21, Laws of Utah 1999
             118          62A-4a-407, as last amended by Chapter 302, Laws of Utah 1995


             119          62A-4a-409, as last amended by Chapter 356, Laws of Utah 2004
             120          62A-4a-414, as enacted by Chapter 315, Laws of Utah 2004
             121          63-55-262, as last amended by Chapter 134, Laws of Utah 2001
             122          76-5-109, as last amended by Chapter 125, Laws of Utah 2000
             123          76-5-110, as last amended by Chapter 303, Laws of Utah 1997
             124          78-3a-103, as last amended by Chapter 171, Laws of Utah 2003
             125          78-3a-106, as last amended by Chapter 267, Laws of Utah 2003
             126          78-3a-109, as last amended by Chapter 180, Laws of Utah 2001
             127          78-3a-110, as enacted by Chapter 365, Laws of Utah 1997
             128          78-3a-118, as last amended by Chapters 102 and 267, Laws of Utah 2004
             129          78-3a-301, as last amended by Chapter 356, Laws of Utah 2004
             130          78-3a-306, as last amended by Chapters 131 and 267, Laws of Utah 2003
             131          78-3a-311, as last amended by Chapter 356, Laws of Utah 2004
             132          78-3a-320, as last amended by Chapter 210, Laws of Utah 2003
             133          78-3a-402, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 260, Laws of Utah 1994
             134          78-3a-406, as last amended by Chapter 332, Laws of Utah 2003
             135          78-3a-407, as last amended by Chapter 246, Laws of Utah 2002
             136          78-3a-408, as last amended by Chapter 274, Laws of Utah 1998
             137          78-3a-414, as last amended by Chapter 101, Laws of Utah 2001
             138      REPEALS:
             139          62A-4a-202.7, as last amended by Chapter 94, Laws of Utah 2003
             140          78-3a-403, as last amended by Chapter 318, Laws of Utah 1996
             141     
             142      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             143          Section 1. Section 62A-2-121 is amended to read:
             144           62A-2-121. Access to abuse and neglect information for licensing purposes.
             145          (1) With respect to human services licensees, the department may access only the
             146      Licensing Information System of the Division of Child and Family Services created by Section
             147      62A-4a-116.2 and juvenile court records under Subsection 78-3a-320 (4), for the purpose of:
             148          (a) determining whether:
             149          (i) a person associated with a licensee, with direct access to children, is listed in the


             150      Licensing Information System; or [has a substantiated finding by]
             151          (ii) a juvenile court [of a] made a substantiated finding that a person committed severe
             152      [type of] child abuse or neglect under Subsections 78-3a-320 (1) and (2); and
             153          (b) informing a licensee that:
             154          (i) a person associated with the licensee is listed in the Licensing Information System;
             155      or [has a substantiated finding by a juvenile court of a severe type of]
             156          (ii) a juvenile court made a substantiated finding that a person associated with the
             157      licensee committed severe child abuse or neglect under Subsections 78-3a-320 (1) and (2).
             158          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the department may access the Division of Child
             159      and Family Service's Management Information System under Section 62A-4a-116 for the
             160      purpose of licensing and monitoring foster parents.
             161          (3) After receiving identifying information for a person under Subsection
             162      62A-2-120 (1), the department shall process the information for the purposes described in
             163      Subsection (1).
             164          (4) The department shall adopt rules under Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative
             165      Rulemaking Act, consistent with this chapter, defining the circumstances under which a person
             166      who has direct access to children and who is listed in the Licensing Information System or has
             167      a substantiated finding by a court of a severe [type of] child abuse or neglect under Subsections
             168      78-3a-320 (1) and (2) may provide services to children.
             169          Section 2. Section 62A-4a-101 is amended to read:
             170           62A-4a-101. Definitions.
             171          As used in this chapter:
             172          (1) (a) "Abuse" means:
             173          [(a) actual or threatened nonaccidental physical or mental harm;]
             174          [(b) negligent treatment;]
             175          [(c) sexual exploitation; or]
             176          [(d) any sexual abuse].
             177          (i) causing:
             178          (A) nonaccidental physical harm;
             179          (B) physical injury, as defined in Section 76-5-109 ; or
             180          (C) serious physical injury, as defined in Section 76-5-109 ;


             181          (ii) engaging in:
             182          (A) mental cruelty, as defined in Section 76-5-109 ;
             183          (B) sexual exploitation of a child, as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 ; or
             184          (C) sexual abuse, as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 ;
             185          (iii) while having care or custody of a child, causing or permitting another to:
             186          (A) inflict on the child an injury or harm described in Subsection (1)(a)(i); or
             187          (B) engage in conduct, described in Subsection (1)(a)(ii), involving the child; or
             188          (iv) subjecting a child to mistreatment or abuse.
             189          (b) "Abuse" does not include:
             190          (i) disciplining or managing a child in a manner that does not constitute abuse under
             191      Subsection (1)(a), including:
             192          (A) withholding privileges from a child; or
             193          (B) other discipline;
             194          (ii) accidental conduct;
             195          (iii) conduct described in Subsection 53A-11-802 (2);
             196          (iv) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or
             197          (v) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             198          (A) in self-defense;
             199          (B) in defense of others;
             200          (C) to protect the child; or
             201          (D) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described in
             202      Subsections (1)(b)(v)(A) through (C).
             203          (2) "Adoption services" means:
             204          (a) placing children for adoption[,];
             205          (b) subsidizing adoptions under Section 62A-4a-105 [,];
             206          (c) supervising adoption placements until the adoption is finalized by the court[,];
             207          (d) conducting adoption studies[,];
             208          (e) preparing adoption reports upon request of the court[,]; and
             209          (f) providing postadoptive placement services, upon request of a family, for the
             210      purpose of stabilizing a possible disruptive placement.
             211          (3) "Board" means the Board of Child and Family Services established in accordance


             212      with Sections 62A-1-105 , 62A-1-107 , and 62A-4a-102 .
             213          (4) "Child" [has the same meaning as "minor," as defined in this section] means a
             214      person under the age of 18.
             215          [(6)] (5) "Chronic [physical] abuse" means [repeated or patterned physical] a pattern of
             216      abuse.
             217          [(7)] (6) "Chronic neglect" means a [repeated or patterned failure or refusal by a parent,
             218      guardian, or custodian to provide necessary care for a minor's safety, morals, or well-being]
             219      pattern of neglect.
             220          [(8) "Chronic emotional abuse" means repeated or patterned emotional abuse.]
             221          [(5)] (7) "Consumer" means a person who receives services offered by the division in
             222      accordance with this chapter.
             223          (8) "Criminal negligence" is as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
             224          (9) "Custody," with regard to the division, means the custody of a [child] minor in the
             225      division as of the date of disposition.
             226          (10) "Day-care services" means care of a child for a portion of the day which is:
             227          (a) less than 24 hours[,];
             228          (b) in [his] the child's own home by a responsible person[,]; or
             229          (c) outside of [his] the child's home in a:
             230          (i) day-care center[,];
             231          (ii) family group home[,]; or
             232          (iii) family child care home.
             233          (11) "Dependent child" or "dependency" means a child, or the condition of a child, who
             234      is homeless or without proper care through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, or custodian.
             235          (12) "Director" means the director of the Division of Child and Family Services.
             236          (13) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             237          (14) (a) "Domestic violence services" means temporary shelter, treatment, and related
             238      services to persons who are victims of abuse and their dependent children and treatment
             239      services for domestic violence perpetrators.
             240          (b) As used in this Subsection (14):
             241          (i) "abuse" means the same as that term is defined in Section 30-6-1 [,]; and
             242          (ii) "domestic violence perpetrator" means a person who is alleged to have committed,


             243      has been convicted of, or has pled guilty to an act of domestic violence as defined in
             244      Subsection 77-36-1 (2).
             245          (15) "Homemaking service" means the care of individuals in their domiciles, and help
             246      given to individual caretaker relatives to achieve improved household and family management
             247      through the services of a trained homemaker.
             248          (16) "Intentionally" is as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
             249          (17) "Knowingly" is as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
             250          [(16)] (18) (a) "Minor" means a person under 18 years of age.
             251          (b) "Minor" may also include a person under 21 years of age for whom the division has
             252      been specifically ordered by the juvenile court to provide services.
             253          [(17)] (19) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and
             254      includes a minor's noncustodial parent.
             255          [(18)] (20) (a) "Neglect" means:
             256          (i) substantial failure by a parent, guardian, or person with care or custody of a child to
             257      provide the child with proper or necessary:
             258          (A) care;
             259          (B) food;
             260          (C) shelter;
             261          (D) clothing;
             262          (E) training;
             263          (F) physical safety; or
             264          (G) medical or mental health care;
             265          [(i)] (ii) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8,
             266      Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             267          [(ii) subjecting a child to mistreatment or abuse;]
             268          [(iii) lack of proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             269      guardian, or custodian;]
             270          [(iv) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             271      subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services when
             272      required, or any other care necessary for his health, safety, morals, or well-being; or]
             273          [(v) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same


             274      home is neglected or abused.]
             275          [(b) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (18)(a)(iv),
             276      means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from school without
             277      good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             278      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives
             279      an appropriate education.]
             280          (iii) that there is a substantial risk that a child may suffer abuse or neglect by a
             281      caretaker who neglected or abused another child in the child's home;
             282          (iv) failure by a parent or guardian to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child
             283      receives an appropriate education after the parent or guardian receives notice that the child is
             284      frequently absent from school without good cause; or
             285          (v) an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm.
             286          (b) "Neglect" does not include:
             287          [(c) A] (i) a parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs [and] who, for
             288      that reason, does not provide specified medical or mental health treatment for a child[, is not
             289      guilty of neglect.]; or
             290          (ii) disciplining or managing a child.
             291          [(19)] (21) "Protective custody," with regard to the division, means the shelter of a
             292      child by the division from the time the child is removed from the child's home until the shelter
             293      hearing, or the [child's return] child returns home, whichever occurs earlier.
             294          [(20)] (22) "Protective services" means expedited services that are provided:
             295          (a) in response to evidence of neglect, abuse, or dependency of a minor;
             296          (b) to a cohabitant who is neglecting or abusing a child, in order to help the cohabitant
             297      develop recognition of the cohabitant's duty of care and of the causes of neglect or abuse, and
             298      to strengthen the cohabitant's ability to provide safe and acceptable care; and
             299          (c) in cases where the child's welfare is endangered:
             300          (i) to bring the situation to the attention of the appropriate juvenile court and law
             301      enforcement agency;
             302          (ii) to cause a protective order to be issued for the protection of the minor, when
             303      appropriate; and
             304          (iii) to protect the child from the circumstances that endanger the child's welfare


             305      including, when appropriate, removal from the child's home, placement in substitute care, and
             306      petitioning the court for termination of parental rights.
             307          (23) "Recklessly" is as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
             308          [(22) "Severe] (24) "Serious neglect" means neglect that causes [or threatens to cause
             309      serious harm] serious physical injury, as defined in Section 76-5-109 , to a minor.
             310          [(21) "Services to unwed parents" means social, educational, and medical services
             311      arranged for or provided to unwed parents to help them plan for themselves and the unborn
             312      child.]
             313          (25) "Severe child abuse or neglect" means:
             314          (a) if committed by a person 18 years of age or older:
             315          (i) causing serious physical injury, as defined in Section 76-5-109 ; or
             316          (ii) committing:
             317          (A) chronic abuse;
             318          (B) sexual abuse, as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 ;
             319          (C) sexual exploitation of a child, as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 ;
             320          (D) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe
             321      Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             322          (E) serious neglect;
             323          (F) chronic neglect; or
             324          (G) mental cruelty, as defined in Section 76-5-109 ; or
             325          (b) if committed by a person under the age of 18:
             326          (i) inflicting serious physical injury, as defined in Section 76-5-109 , to another child
             327      when that conduct indicates that the person poses an actual risk to other children, as determined
             328      in accordance with risk assessment factors established by the division, by rule, as provided in
             329      Section 62A-4a-102 ; or
             330          (ii) committing sexual behavior with or upon another child when that conduct
             331      indicates that the person poses an actual risk to other children, as determined in accordance
             332      with risk assessment factors established by the division, by rule, as provided in Section
             333      62A-4a-102 .
             334          [(23)] (26) "Shelter care" means the temporary care of [minors] a minor in a nonsecure
             335      [facilities] facility.


             336          [(24)] (27) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the
             337      Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern
             338      Mariana Islands, or a territory or possession administered by the United States.
             339          [(25) "Severe emotional abuse" means emotional abuse that causes or threatens to
             340      cause serious harm to a minor.]
             341          [(26) "Severe physical abuse" means physical abuse that causes or threatens to cause
             342      serious harm to a minor.]
             343          [(27)] (28) "State plan" means the written description of the programs for children,
             344      youth, and family services administered by the division in accordance with federal law.
             345          [(28)] (29) "Status offense" means a violation of the law that would not be a violation
             346      but for the age of the offender.
             347          [(29)] (30) "Substantiated" or "substantiation" means a judicial finding based on a
             348      preponderance of the evidence that abuse or neglect occurred. Each allegation made or
             349      identified in a given case shall be considered separately in determining whether there should be
             350      a finding of substantiated.
             351          [(30)] (31) "Substitute care" means:
             352          (a) the placement of a minor in a family home, group care facility, or other placement
             353      outside the minor's own home, either at the request of a parent [or other], guardian, or
             354      responsible relative, or upon court order, when it is determined that continuation of care in the
             355      child's own home would be contrary to the child's welfare;
             356          (b) services provided for a child awaiting placement; and
             357          (c) the licensing and supervision of a substitute care facility.
             358          [(31)] (32) "Supported" means a finding by the division [based on the evidence
             359      available] at the completion of an investigation that there is a reasonable basis to conclude that
             360      abuse, neglect, or dependency occurred. Each allegation made or identified during the course
             361      of the investigation shall be considered separately in determining whether there should be a
             362      finding of supported.
             363          [(32)] (33) "Temporary custody," with regard to the division, means the custody of a
             364      child in the division from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.
             365          [(33)] (34) "Transportation services" means travel assistance given to an individual
             366      with escort service, if necessary, to and from community facilities and resources as part of a


             367      service plan.
             368          [(34)] (35) "Unsubstantiated" means a judicial finding that [there is insufficient] it has
             369      not been established beyond a preponderance of the evidence [to conclude] that abuse or
             370      neglect occurred.
             371          [(35)] (36) "Unsupported" means a finding at the completion of an investigation by the
             372      division that there is insufficient evidence to conclude that abuse, neglect, or dependency
             373      occurred. However, a finding of unsupported means also that the division worker did not
             374      conclude that the allegation was without merit.
             375          [(36)] (37) "Without merit" means a finding at the completion of an investigation by
             376      the division, or a judicial finding, that the alleged abuse, neglect, or dependency did not occur,
             377      or that the alleged perpetrator was not responsible for the abuse, neglect, or dependency.
             378          Section 3. Section 62A-4a-106 is amended to read:
             379           62A-4a-106. Services provided by division.
             380          (1) The division may provide, directly or through contract, services that include[, but
             381      are not limited to,] the following:
             382          (a) adoptions;
             383          (b) day care for children;
             384          [(c) services to unwed parents;]
             385          [(d)] (c) out-of-home placements for minors;
             386          [(e)] (d) health-related services;
             387          [(f)] (e) homemaking services;
             388          [(g)] (f) home management services;
             389          [(h)] (g) protective services for minors;
             390          [(i)] (h) transportation services; and
             391          [(j)] (i) domestic violence services.
             392          (2) Services provided directly by the division or through contract shall be monitored by
             393      the division to insure compliance with applicable:
             394          (a) state law[,]; and
             395          (b) standards and rules of the division.
             396          Section 4. Section 62A-4a-107 is amended to read:
             397           62A-4a-107. Mandatory education and training of caseworkers -- Development of


             398      curriculum.
             399          (1) There is created within the division a full-time position of Child Welfare Training
             400      Coordinator, who shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the director. The employee
             401      in that position [shall] is not [be] responsible for direct casework services or the supervision of
             402      those services, but [shall] is required to:
             403          (a) develop child welfare curriculum that:
             404          (i) is current and effective, consistent with the division's mission and purpose for child
             405      welfare; and
             406          (ii) utilizes curriculum and resources from a variety of sources including those from:
             407          (A) the public sector;
             408          (B) the private sector; and
             409          (C) inside and outside of the state;
             410          (b) recruit, select, and supervise child welfare trainers;
             411          (c) develop a statewide training program, including a budget and identification of
             412      sources of funding to support that training;
             413          (d) evaluate the efficacy of training in improving job performance;
             414          (e) assist child protective services and foster care workers in developing and fulfilling
             415      their individual training plans;
             416          (f) monitor staff compliance with division training requirements and individual training
             417      plans; and
             418          (g) expand the collaboration between the division and schools of social work within
             419      institutions of higher education in developing child welfare services curriculum, and in
             420      providing and evaluating training.
             421          (2) (a) The director shall, with the assistance of the child welfare training coordinator,
             422      establish a core curriculum for child welfare services that is substantially equivalent to the
             423      Child Welfare League of America's Core Training for Child Welfare Caseworkers Curriculum.
             424          (b) Any child welfare [worker] caseworker who is employed by the division for the
             425      first time after July 1, 1999, shall, before assuming significant independent casework
             426      responsibilities, successfully complete:
             427          (i) the core curriculum; and
             428          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (2)(c), on-the-job training that consists of


             429      observing and accompanying at least two capable and experienced child welfare [workers]
             430      caseworkers as they perform work-related functions:
             431          (A) for three months if the [worker] caseworker has less than six months of on-the-job
             432      experience as a child welfare [worker] caseworker; or
             433          (B) for two months if the [worker] caseworker has six months or more but less than 24
             434      months of on-the-job experience as a child welfare [worker] caseworker.
             435          (c) A child welfare [worker] caseworker with at least 24 months of on-the-job
             436      experience is not required to receive on-the-job training under Subsection (2)(b)(ii).
             437          (3) Child welfare caseworkers shall complete training in:
             438          (a) the legal duties of a child welfare caseworker;
             439          (b) the responsibility of a child welfare caseworker to protect the safety and legal rights
             440      of children, parents, and families at all stages of a case, including:
             441          (i) initial contact;
             442          (ii) investigation; and
             443          (iii) treatment;
             444          (c) recognizing situations involving:
             445          (i) substance abuse;
             446          (ii) domestic violence;
             447          (iii) abuse; and
             448          (iv) neglect; and
             449          (d) the relationship of the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution of
             450      the United States to the child welfare caseworker's job, including:
             451          (i) search and seizure of evidence;
             452          (ii) the warrant requirement;
             453          (iii) exceptions to the warrant requirement; and
             454          (iv) removing a child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian.
             455          (4) The division shall train its child welfare caseworkers to apply the risk assessment
             456      factors and rules described in Subsection 62A-4a-101 (25)(b)(ii).
             457          (5) When a child welfare caseworker is hired, before assuming significant independent
             458      casework responsibilities, the child welfare caseworker shall complete the training described in
             459      Subsections (3) and (4).


             460          Section 5. Section 62A-4a-116.1 is amended to read:
             461           62A-4a-116.1. Supported finding of severe types of abuse or neglect -- Notation in
             462      Licensing Information System -- Juvenile court petition or notice to alleged perpetrator --
             463      Rights of alleged perpetrator -- Juvenile court finding.
             464          (1) If the division makes a supported finding [of one or more of the] that a person
             465      committed severe [types of] child abuse or neglect [described in Subsection (2)], the division
             466      shall:
             467          (a) serve notice of the finding on the alleged perpetrator [and];
             468          (b) enter into the Licensing Information System created in Section 62A-4a-116.2 the
             469      name and other identifying information of the perpetrator with the supported finding[,]:
             470          (i) without identifying the person as a perpetrator or alleged perpetrator[,]; and
             471          (ii) with a notation to the effect that an investigation regarding the person is pending;
             472      and
             473          [(b)] (c) if the division considers it advisable, file a petition for substantiation within
             474      one year of the supported finding.
             475          [(2) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (3), the severe types of child abuse or
             476      neglect referred to in Subsection (1) are as follows:]
             477          [(a) if committed by a person 18 years of age or older:]
             478          [(i) severe or chronic physical abuse;]
             479          [(ii) sexual abuse;]
             480          [(iii) sexual exploitation;]
             481          [(iv) abandonment;]
             482          [(v) medical neglect resulting in death, disability, or serious illness;]
             483          [(vi) chronic or severe neglect; or]
             484          [(vii) chronic or severe emotional abuse; or]
             485          [(b) if committed by a person under the age of 18:]
             486          [(i) serious physical injury, as defined in Subsection 76-5-109 (1)(d), to another child
             487      which indicates a significant risk to other children; or]
             488          [(ii) sexual behavior with or upon another child which indicates a significant risk to
             489      other children.]
             490          [(3) Severe child abuse or neglect in Subsection (2) does not include:]


             491          [(a) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force by an educator in
             492      accordance with Subsection 53A-11-802 (2) or Section 76-2-401 ; or]
             493          [(b) a person's conduct that:]
             494          [(i) is justified under Section 76-2-401 ; or]
             495          [(ii) constitutes the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force in
             496      self-defense or otherwise appropriate to the circumstances to obtain possession of a weapon or
             497      other dangerous object in the possession or under the control of a child or to protect the child or
             498      another person from physical injury.]
             499          [(4) (a) For purposes of Subsection (2)(b), "significant risk" shall be determined in
             500      accordance with risk assessment tools and rules established by the division that focus on age,
             501      social factors, emotional factors, sexual factors, intellectual factors, family risk factors, and
             502      other related considerations.]
             503          [(b) The division shall train its child protection workers to apply the risk assessment
             504      tools and rules established under Subsection (4)(a).]
             505          [(5)] (2) The notice referred to in Subsection (1)(a):
             506          (a) shall state that:
             507          [(a)] (i) the division has conducted an investigation regarding alleged child abuse or
             508      neglect;
             509          [(b)] (ii) the division has made a supported finding [of one of the] that the person
             510      described in Subsection (1) committed severe [types of] child abuse or neglect [described in
             511      Subsection (2)];
             512          [(c)] (iii) facts gathered by the division support the supported finding;
             513          [(d)] (iv) as a result of the supported finding, the [alleged perpetrator's] name and other
             514      identifying information of the person described in Subsection (1) have been listed in the
             515      Licensing Information System in accordance with Subsection (1)[(a)] (b);
             516          [(e)] (v) the [alleged perpetrator] person described in Subsection (1) may be
             517      disqualified from adopting a child or being licensed by:
             518          [(i)] (A) the department;
             519          [(ii)] (B) a human services licensee;
             520          [(iii)] (C) a child care provider or program; [and]
             521          [(iv)] (D) a covered health care facility;


             522          [(f)] (E) the alleged perpetrator has the rights described in Subsection [(6)] (3); and
             523          [(g)] (F) failure to take either action described in Subsection [(6)] (3)(a) within one
             524      year after service of the notice will result in the action described in Subsection [(6)] (3)(b)[.];
             525          (b) shall include a general statement of the nature of the findings; and
             526          (c) may not include:
             527          (i) the name of a victim or witness; or
             528          (ii) any privacy information related to the victim or a witness.
             529          [(6)] (3) (a) Upon receipt of the notice described in [Subsection (5)] Subsections (1)(a)
             530      and (2), the alleged perpetrator shall have the right to:
             531          (i) file a written request asking the division to review the findings made under
             532      Subsection [(2)] (1);
             533          (ii) immediately petition the juvenile court under Section 78-3a-320 ; or
             534          (iii) sign a written consent to:
             535          (A) the supported finding made under Subsection (1); and
             536          (B) entry into the Licensing Information System of:
             537          (I) the alleged perpetrator's name; and
             538          (II) other information regarding the supported finding [of abuse or neglect into the
             539      Licensing Information System] made under Subsection (1).
             540          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(e), the alleged perpetrator's name and the
             541      information described in Subsection (1)(b) shall remain in the Licensing Information System:
             542          [(b) If] (i) if the alleged perpetrator fails to take action as described in Subsection [(6)]
             543      (3)(a) within one year after service of the notice described in [Subsection (5), the alleged
             544      perpetrator's name and the notation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall remain in the Licensing
             545      Information System. This information shall also remain in the Licensing Information System
             546      while] Subsections (1)(a) and (2);
             547          (ii) during the time that the division awaits a response from the alleged perpetrator
             548      pursuant to Subsection [(6)] (3)(a); and
             549          (iii) during the pendency of any proceeding[, including an appeal of a finding of
             550      unsubstantiated or without merit, under Section 78-3a-320 ].
             551          (c) The alleged perpetrator [shall have] has no right to petition the juvenile court under
             552      Subsection [(6)(b)] (3)(a)(ii) if the court [has] previously held a hearing on the same alleged


             553      incident of abuse or neglect pursuant to the filing of a petition under Section 78-3a-305 by
             554      some other party.
             555          (d) Consent under Subsection [(6)] (3)(a)(iii) by a minor [shall] may only be given by
             556      the minor's parent or guardian.
             557          (e) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (3)(b), the alleged perpetrator's name and the
             558      information described in Subsection (1)(b) shall be removed from the Licensing Information
             559      System if the severe child abuse or neglect upon which the Licensing Information System entry
             560      was made:
             561          (A) is found to be unsubstantiated or without merit by the juvenile court under Section
             562      79-3a-320 ; or
             563          (B) is found to be substantiated, but is subsequently reversed on appeal.
             564          (ii) An alleged perpetrator's name and information that is removed from the Licensing
             565      Information System under Subsection (3)(e)(i), may be placed back on the Licensing
             566      Information System if the court action that was the basis for removing the alleged perpetrator's
             567      name and information is subsequently reversed on appeal.
             568          [(7)] (4) Upon the filing of a petition under Subsection (1)[(b)](c), the juvenile court
             569      shall make a finding of substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit as provided in
             570      Subsections 78-3a-320 (1) and (2).
             571          [(8)] (5) Service of the notice under Subsections (1)(a) and [(5)] (2):
             572          (a) shall be personal service in accordance with [Rule 4 of the] Utah Rules of Civil
             573      Procedure, Rule 4; and
             574          (b) does not preclude civil or criminal action against the alleged perpetrator.
             575          Section 6. Section 62A-4a-116.2 is amended to read:
             576           62A-4a-116.2. Licensing Information System -- Contents -- Juvenile court finding
             577      -- Protected record -- Access -- Criminal penalty.
             578          (1) The division shall maintain a sub-part of the Management Information System
             579      established pursuant to Section 62A-4a-116 , to be known as the Licensing Information System,
             580      to be used solely for licensing purposes. The Licensing Information System shall include only
             581      the following information:
             582          (a) the information described in Subsections 62A-4a-116.1 (1)[(a)] (b) and [(6)] (3)(b);
             583          (b) consented-to supported findings by alleged perpetrators under Subsection


             584      62A-4a-116.1 [(6)](3)(a)(iii); and
             585          (c) the information in the licensing part of the division's Management Information
             586      System as of May 6, 2002.
             587          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the department's access to information in the
             588      Management Information System for the licensure and monitoring of foster parents is governed
             589      by Sections 62A-4a-116 and 62A-2-121 .
             590          (3) [The division shall promptly amend the Licensing Information System,] Except as
             591      provided in Subsections 62A-4a-116.1 (3)(b)(iii) and (e), upon receipt of a finding from the
             592      juvenile court under Section 78-3a-320 , the division shall:
             593          (a) promptly amend the Licensing Information System; and [shall]
             594          (b) enter the same information in the Management Information System. [However, if a
             595      finding of unsubstantiated or without merit is appealed, the supported finding shall not be
             596      amended until the appeal is concluded.]
             597          (4) Information contained in the Licensing Information System is classified as a
             598      protected record under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
             599          (5) Notwithstanding the disclosure provisions of Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             600      Records Access and Management Act, the information contained in the Licensing Information
             601      System may only be used or disclosed as specifically provided in this chapter and Section
             602      62A-2-121 and is accessible only to:
             603          (a) the Office of Licensing within the department, for licensing purposes only;
             604          (b) the division, for the following purposes:
             605          (i) to screen a person at the request of the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem Director[,]:
             606          (A) at the time that person seeks a paid or voluntary position with the Office of the
             607      Guardian Ad Litem Director; and [each year thereafter]
             608          (B) on an annual basis, throughout the time that the person remains with [that office]
             609      the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem Director; and
             610          (ii) to respond to a request for information from a person whose name is listed in the
             611      Licensing Information System;
             612          (c) two persons designated by and within the Department of Health, only for the
             613      following purposes:
             614          (i) licensing a child care program or provider; or


             615          (ii) determining whether a person associated with a covered health care facility, as
             616      defined by the Department of Health by rule, who provides direct care to a child, has a
             617      supported finding of severe child abuse or neglect; and
             618          (d) the department, as specifically provided in this chapter.
             619          [(5)] (6) The two persons designated by the Department of Health under Subsection
             620      [(4)] (5)(c) shall adopt measures to:
             621          (a) protect the security of the Licensing Information System; and
             622          (b) strictly limit access to the Licensing Information System to those persons
             623      designated by statute.
             624          [(6)] (7) All persons designated by statute as having access to information contained in
             625      the Licensing Information System shall receive training from the department with respect to:
             626          (a) accessing the Licensing Information System;
             627          (b) maintaining strict security; and
             628          (c) the criminal provisions of Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 pertaining to the
             629      improper release of information.
             630          [(7) No] (8) A person, except those authorized by this chapter, may not request
             631      another person to obtain or release any other information in the Licensing Information System
             632      to screen for potential perpetrators of child abuse or neglect.
             633          (9) A person who requests information knowing that it is a violation of [this]
             634      Subsection [(7)] (8) to do so is subject to the criminal penalty described in Sections
             635      62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 .
             636          Section 7. Section 62A-4a-116.4 is amended to read:
             637           62A-4a-116.4. Timeframes for deletion of specified information or reports.
             638          (1) Unless the executive director determines that there is good cause for keeping a
             639      report of abuse or neglect in the Management Information System, based on standards
             640      established by rule, the division shall delete any reference to:
             641          (a) a report that is without merit, if no subsequent report involving the same alleged
             642      perpetrator has occurred within one year; or
             643          (b) a report that has been determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be
             644      unsubstantiated or without merit, if no subsequent report involving the same alleged
             645      perpetrator has occurred within five years.


             646          (2) (a) The division shall maintain a separation of reports as follows:
             647          (i) those that are supported;
             648          (ii) those that are unsupported;
             649          (iii) those that are without merit;
             650          (iv) those that are unsubstantiated under the law in effect prior to May 6, 2002;
             651          (v) those that are substantiated under the law in effect prior to May 6, 2002; and
             652          (vi) those that are consented-to supported findings under Subsection
             653      62A-4a-116.1 [(6)(a)(ii)](3)(a)(iii).
             654          (b) Only persons with statutory authority have access to information contained in any
             655      of the reports identified in Subsection (2)(a).
             656          Section 8. Section 62A-4a-116.5 is amended to read:
             657           62A-4a-116.5. Notice and opportunity to challenge supported finding in
             658      Management Information System -- Right of judicial review.
             659          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), the division shall send a notice of agency
             660      action to a person with respect to whom the division makes a supported finding. In addition, if
             661      the alleged perpetrator is under the age of 18, the division shall:
             662          (i) make reasonable efforts to identify the alleged perpetrator's parent or guardian; and
             663          (ii) send a notice to each parent or guardian identified under Subsection (1)(a)(i) that
             664      lives at a different address, unless there is good cause, as defined by rule, for not sending a
             665      notice to a parent or guardian.
             666          (b) Nothing in this section may be construed as affecting:
             667          (i) the manner in which the division conducts an investigation; or
             668          (ii) the use or effect, in any other setting, of a supported finding by the division at the
             669      completion of an investigation for any purpose other than for notification under Subsection (1)
             670      (a).
             671          (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who has been served with notice under
             672      Subsection 62A-4a-116.1 (1)(a).
             673          (3) The notice described in Subsection (1) shall state:
             674          (a) that the division has conducted an investigation regarding alleged child abuse,
             675      neglect, or dependency;
             676          (b) that the division has made a supported finding of abuse, neglect, or dependency;


             677          (c) that facts gathered by the division support the supported finding;
             678          (d) that the person has the right to request:
             679          (i) a copy of the report; and
             680          (ii) an opportunity to challenge the supported finding by the division; and
             681          (e) that failure to request an opportunity to challenge the supported finding within 30
             682      days of receiving the notice will result in an unappealable supported finding of child abuse,
             683      neglect, or dependency unless the person can show good cause for why compliance within the
             684      30-day requirement was virtually impossible or unreasonably burdensome.
             685          (4) (a) A person may make a request to challenge a supported finding within 30 days of
             686      a notice being received under this section.
             687          (b) Upon receipt of a request under Subsection (4)(a), the Office of Administrative
             688      Hearings shall hold an adjudicative proceeding pursuant to Title 63, Chapter 46b,
             689      Administrative Procedures Act.
             690          (5) (a) In an adjudicative proceeding held pursuant to this section, the division shall
             691      have the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, [that there is a reasonable
             692      basis to conclude] that child abuse, neglect, or dependency occurred and that the alleged
             693      perpetrator was substantially responsible for the abuse or neglect that occurred.
             694          (b) Any party shall have the right of judicial review of final agency action, in
             695      accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
             696          (6) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, an alleged perpetrator who, after
             697      receiving notice, fails to challenge a supported finding in accordance with this section, may not
             698      further challenge the finding and shall have no right to agency review or to an adjudicative
             699      hearing or judicial review of the finding.
             700          (7) (a) An alleged perpetrator may not make a request under Subsection (4) to
             701      challenge a supported finding if a court of competent jurisdiction entered a finding, in a
             702      proceeding in which the alleged perpetrator was a party, that the alleged perpetrator is
             703      substantially responsible for the abuse, neglect, or dependency which was also the subject of
             704      the supported finding. This Subsection (7)(a) does not apply to pleas in abeyance or diversion
             705      agreements.
             706          (b) An adjudicative proceeding under Subsection (5) may be stayed during the time a
             707      judicial action on the same matter is pending.


             708          (8) [An] Pursuant to Section 78-3a-320 , an adjudicative proceeding on a supported
             709      finding of [one of the nonsevere types of] a type of abuse or neglect that does not constitute
             710      severe child abuse or neglect [under Section 78-3a-320 ] may be joined in the juvenile court
             711      with an adjudicative proceeding on a supported finding of [a] severe [type of] child abuse or
             712      neglect.
             713          Section 9. Section 62A-4a-116.6 is amended to read:
             714           62A-4a-116.6. Notice and opportunity for court hearing for persons listed in
             715      Licensing Information System.
             716          (1) Persons whose names were listed on the Licensing Information System as of May
             717      6, 2002 and who have not been the subject of a court determination with respect to the alleged
             718      incident of abuse or neglect may at any time:
             719          (a) request review by the division of their case and removal of their name from the
             720      Licensing Information System pursuant to Subsection (3); or
             721          (b) file a petition for an evidentiary hearing and a request for a finding of
             722      unsubstantiated or without merit.
             723          (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an individual who has been the subject of any of
             724      the following court determinations with respect to the alleged incident of abuse or neglect:
             725          (a) conviction;
             726          (b) adjudication under Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile [Courts] Court Act of 1996;
             727          (c) plea of guilty;
             728          (d) plea of guilty and mentally ill; or
             729          (e) no contest.
             730          (3) If an alleged perpetrator listed on the Licensing Information System prior to May 6,
             731      2002 requests removal of [their] the alleged perpetrator's name from the Licensing Information
             732      System, the division shall, within 30 days:
             733          (a) (i) review the case to determine whether the incident of alleged abuse or neglect
             734      qualifies as severe [or chronic under Subsection 62A-4a-116.1 (2) and if it does not,] child
             735      abuse or neglect; and
             736          (ii) if the alleged abuse or neglect does not qualify as severe child abuse or neglect,
             737      remove the name of the alleged perpetrator from the Licensing Information System; or
             738          (b) determine whether to file a petition for substantiation.


             739          (4) If the division decides to file a petition, that petition must be filed no more than 14
             740      days after the decision.
             741          (5) The juvenile court shall act on the petition as provided in Subsection 78-3a-320 (3).
             742          (6) If a person whose name appears on the Licensing Information System prior to May
             743      6, 2002 files a petition pursuant to Section 78-3a-320 during the time that an alleged
             744      perpetrator's application for clearance to work with children or vulnerable adults is pending, the
             745      court shall hear the matter on an expedited basis.
             746          Section 10. Section 62A-4a-117 is amended to read:
             747           62A-4a-117. Performance monitoring system.
             748          (1) As used in this section:
             749          (a) "Performance goals" means a target level of performance or an expected level of
             750      performance against which actual performance is compared.
             751          (b) "Performance indicators" means actual performance information regarding a
             752      program or activity.
             753          (c) "Performance monitoring system" means a process to regularly collect and analyze
             754      performance information including performance indicators and performance goals.
             755          (2) On or before May 1, 1996, the director, in cooperation with the board, shall develop
             756      a performance monitoring system of each area in the child welfare system, including foster care
             757      and other substitute care, child protective services, and adoption.
             758          (3) On or before June 1, 1996, the director shall submit a description of that monitoring
             759      system to the Child Welfare Legislative Oversight Panel for review.
             760          (4) The division shall fully implement a performance monitoring system on or before
             761      October 1, 1996.
             762          (5) Before January 1 each year the director shall submit a written report describing the
             763      difference between actual performance and performance goals for the prior fiscal year to the
             764      Child Welfare Legislative Oversight Panel, the Joint Health and Human Services
             765      Appropriations Subcommittee, and the Utah Tomorrow Strategic Planning Committee. The
             766      report shall include:
             767          (a) a summary of the division's efforts during the prior fiscal year to implement the
             768      Performance Milestone Plan;
             769          (b) a summary of how performance must be improved to achieve full implementation


             770      of the Performance Milestone Plan;
             771          (c) data on the extent to which new and experienced division employees have received
             772      training pursuant to statute and division policy; and
             773          (d) an analysis of the use and efficacy of family preservation services, both before and
             774      after removal of children from their homes[; and].
             775          [(e) a description of the extent to which the pilot program under Section 62A-4a-202.7
             776      has been expanded during the prior fiscal year and an explanation of how the performance of
             777      regions that have previously implemented the program has been affected by the program,
             778      including data showing the number of referrals to the division:]
             779          [(i) accepted for an investigation;]
             780          [(ii) accepted for a family assessment; or]
             781          [(iii) not accepted.]
             782          Section 11. Section 62A-4a-201 is amended to read:
             783           62A-4a-201. Rights of parents -- Children's rights -- Interest and responsibility of
             784      state.
             785          (1) [(a)] Courts have recognized a general presumption that it is in the best interest and
             786      welfare of a child to be raised under the care and supervision of [his] the child's natural parents.
             787      A child's need for a normal family life in a permanent home, and for positive, nurturing family
             788      relationships will usually best be met by [his] the child's natural parents. [Additionally, the]
             789          (2) The integrity of the family unit, and the right of parents to conceive and raise their
             790      children have found protection in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the
             791      United States Constitution. The right of a fit, competent parent to raise his child has long been
             792      protected by the laws and Constitution of this state and of the United States.
             793          (3) The state recognizes that:
             794          (a) a parent has the right, obligation, responsibility, and authority to raise, manage,
             795      train, educate, provide for, and discipline his child;
             796          (b) the state's role is secondary and supportive to the primary role of a parent; and
             797          (c) the reasonable exercise of a parent's right to discipline a child is not grounds to
             798      subject a parent to punishment, restriction, or disqualification.
             799          [(b)] (4) (a) It is the public policy of this state that [parents retain]:
             800          (i) a parent retains the fundamental right and duty to exercise primary control over the


             801      care, supervision, upbringing, and education of [their children who are in their custody. (2) It is
             802      also the public policy of this state that children have] any child of the parent who is in the
             803      parent's custody;
             804          (ii) each child has the right to protection from abuse and neglect[,]; and [that]
             805          (iii) the state retains a compelling interest in investigating, prosecuting, and punishing
             806      abuse and neglect, as defined in this chapter, and in Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of
             807      1996. [Therefore, as]
             808          (b) As a counterweight to parental rights, the state[, as parens patriae,] has an interest
             809      in, and responsibility to protect [children whose parents abuse them or do not adequately
             810      provide for their welfare. There are circumstances where a parent's conduct or condition is a
             811      substantial departure from the norm and the parent is unable or unwilling to render safe and
             812      proper parental care and protection. Under those circumstances , the welfare and protection of
             813      children is the consideration of paramount importance.], a child who is abused or neglected by
             814      his parents.
             815          [(3)] (5) When the division intervenes on behalf of an abused, neglected, or dependent
             816      child, it shall take into account the child's need for protection from immediate harm.
             817      Throughout [its] the division's involvement, the division shall utilize the least intrusive means
             818      available to protect a child, in an effort to ensure that children are brought up in stable,
             819      permanent families, rather than in temporary foster placements, or other placements, under the
             820      supervision of the state.
             821          [(4)] (6) (a) When circumstances within the family pose [a] an immediate serious threat
             822      to the child's safety [or welfare,]:
             823          (i) the state's interest in the child's welfare is paramount to the rights of a parent[.
             824      The]; and
             825          (ii) the division may:
             826          (A) obtain custody of the child for a planned period; and
             827          (B) place [him] the child in a safe environment, in accordance with the requirements of
             828      Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.
             829          (b) Subject to Subsection (6)(c), the fact that a child's home is dirty or unkempt does
             830      not constitute grounds for the division to intervene or to remove a child from the child's home,
             831      unless the condition of the home poses a serious threat to a child's safety.


             832          (c) Nothing in Subsection (6)(b) shall be interpreted to limit the division's:
             833          (i) investigation responsibilities; or
             834          (ii) ability to provide voluntary services to a family.
             835          [(5)] (7) In determining and making "reasonable efforts" [with regard to a child] to
             836      maintain a child in the child's home, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-4a-203 , and in
             837      keeping with the presumptions described in Subsection (1), both the division's and the court's
             838      paramount concern shall be the child's health[,] and safety[, and welfare].
             839          [(6)] (8) (a) In cases where actual sexual abuse, abandonment, or serious physical
             840      [abuse] injury or serious neglect are involved, the state has no duty to:
             841          (i) make "reasonable efforts" to maintain a child in the child's home; or [to,]
             842          (ii) in any other way, attempt to:
             843          (A) maintain a child in [his] the child's home[,];
             844          (B) provide reunification services[,]; or [to]
             845          (C) attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent or parents. [This Subsection (6) does
             846      not exempt]
             847          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (8)(a), the division [from providing] shall provide
             848      court-ordered services.
             849          [(7)] (9) (a) It is the division's obligation, under federal law, to achieve permanency for
             850      children who are:
             851          (i) abused[,];
             852          (ii) neglected[,]; or
             853          (iii) dependent.
             854          (b) If the use or continuation of "reasonable efforts[,]" to maintain a child in the child's
             855      home as described in Subsections [(5) and (6)] (7) and (8), is determined to be inconsistent
             856      with the permanency plan for a child, then measures shall be taken, in a timely manner[,] to:
             857          (i) place the child in accordance with the permanency plan[,]; and [to]
             858          (ii) complete whatever steps are necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the
             859      child.
             860          [(b)] (c) If, because of [his] a parent's conduct or condition, a parent is determined to
             861      be unfit or incompetent based on the grounds for termination of parental rights described in
             862      Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act, the welfare and best interest of


             863      the child is of paramount importance, and shall govern in determining whether that parent's
             864      rights should be terminated.
             865          (10) The state's right to direct or intervene in the provision of medical or mental health
             866      care for a child is subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n).
             867          Section 12. Section 62A-4a-202 is amended to read:
             868           62A-4a-202. Preventive services -- Family preservation services.
             869          (1) (a) Within appropriations from the Legislature and monies obtained under
             870      Subsection (5), the division shall provide preventive, in-home services and family preservation
             871      services for [families whose children are] any family with a child whose health and safety is
             872      not immediately endangered, when:
             873          (i) the child is at immediate risk of being removed from the home [and for families]; or
             874          (ii) the family is in crisis[, if:].
             875          [(i) the child's welfare is not immediately endangered; and]
             876          [(ii) the division determines that it is possible and appropriate.]
             877          (b) In determining whether preventive or family preservation services are reasonable
             878      and appropriate, in keeping with the provisions of Subsection 62A-4a-201 (1) the child's health,
             879      safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern.
             880          (c) The division shall consider whether [those] the services described in Subsection
             881      (1)(b):
             882          (i) will be effective within a six-month period[,]; and [whether they]
             883          (ii) are likely to prevent [reabuse] abuse or continued neglect of the child.
             884          (2) The division shall maintain a statewide inventory of early intervention, preventive,
             885      and family preservation services available through public and private agencies or individuals
             886      for use by caseworkers. The inventory shall include:
             887          (a) the method of accessing each service;
             888          (b) eligibility requirements for each service; [and]
             889          (c) the geographic areas and the number of families that can be served by each
             890      service[,]; and
             891          (d) information regarding waiting lists for each service.
             892          (3) As a part of its preventive services, the division shall provide family preservation
             893      services that:


             894          (a) are short-term, intensive, crisis intervention programs[, and that];
             895          (b) address:
             896          [(a)] (i) the safety of children; and
             897          [(b)] (ii) the physical and emotional needs of parents and children[, including
             898      evaluating specific needs of the family, including depression, addiction, and mental illness];
             899      and
             900          [(c) the child's physical surroundings, including cleaning and repairing physical
             901      housing, and addressing needs for necessities such as food, heat, and electricity;]
             902          [(d) personal cleanliness, nutrition, and provision of personal grooming supplies and
             903      clothing;]
             904          [(e) budgeting, money management, and employment; and]
             905          [(f) parenting skills, including nonviolent discipline, nurturing, and structure, and
             906      teaching responsibility, respect for others, cooperation, and moral values.]
             907          (c) as practicable, are provided within the region that the family resides, using existing
             908      division staff.
             909          (4) (a) The division may use [only] specially trained caseworkers [or], private
             910      providers, or other persons to provide the family preservation services described in Subsection
             911      (3).
             912          (b) Family preservation caseworkers may:
             913          (i) only be assigned a [minimum] minimal number of families[, but the division shall
             914      require that they];
             915          (ii) be available 24 hours for an intensive period of at least six weeks[,]; and [that they]
             916          (iii) respond to an assigned family within 24 hours.
             917          (c) The division shall allow family preservation caseworkers to be creative and flexible
             918      in responding to the needs of each individual family.
             919          (5) To provide, expand, and improve the delivery of in-home services to prevent the
             920      removal of children from their homes and promote the preservation of families, the division
             921      shall make substantial effort to obtain funding, including:
             922          (a) federal grants;
             923          (b) federal waivers; and
             924          (c) private monies.


             925          Section 13. Section 62A-4a-202.1 is amended to read:
             926           62A-4a-202.1. Entering home of a minor -- Taking a minor into protective
             927      custody -- Caseworker accompanied by peace officer -- Preventive services -- Shelter care
             928      or emergency kinship.
             929          (1) A state officer, peace officer, or child welfare worker may not enter the home of a
             930      minor who is not under the jurisdiction of the court, remove a minor from the minor's home or
             931      school, or take a minor into protective custody unless:
             932          (a) the state officer, peace officer, or child welfare worker has obtained:
             933          (i) the consent of the minor's parent or guardian; or
             934          (ii) a court order issued under Section 78-3a-106 ; or
             935          (b) there exist exigent circumstances.
             936          (2) A child welfare worker within the division may take action under Subsection (1)
             937      accompanied by a peace officer, or without a peace officer when a peace officer is not
             938      reasonably available.
             939          (3) (a) If possible, consistent with the minor's safety and welfare, before taking a minor
             940      into protective custody, the worker shall also determine whether there are services [reasonably]
             941      available to the worker which, if provided to the minor's parent or to the minor, would
             942      eliminate the need to remove the minor from the custody of the minor's parent or guardian.
             943          (b) If [those services] the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are reasonably
             944      available, they shall be utilized.
             945          (c) In determining whether the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are reasonably
             946      available, and in making all reasonable efforts to provide those services, the minor's health,
             947      safety, and welfare shall be the worker's paramount concern.
             948          (4) (a) A minor removed or taken into custody under this section may not be placed or
             949      kept in a secure detention facility pending court proceedings unless the minor is detainable
             950      based on guidelines promulgated by the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             951          (b) A minor removed from the custody of the minor's parent or guardian but who does
             952      not require physical restriction shall be given temporary care in:
             953          (i) a shelter facility; or
             954          (ii) an emergency kinship placement in accordance with Section 62A-4a-209 .
             955          Section 14. Section 62A-4a-202.2 is amended to read:


             956           62A-4a-202.2. Notice to parents upon removal of child -- Locating noncustodial
             957      parent -- Written statement of procedural rights and preliminary proceedings.
             958          (1) (a) Any peace officer or caseworker who takes a minor into protective custody
             959      pursuant to Section 62A-4a-202.1 shall immediately use reasonable efforts to locate and
             960      inform, through the most efficient means available, the parents, including a noncustodial
             961      parent, the guardian, or responsible relative:
             962          (i) that the minor has been taken into protective custody;
             963          (ii) the reasons for removal and placement of the minor in protective custody;
             964          (iii) that a written statement is available that explains:
             965          (A) the parent's or guardian's procedural rights; and
             966          (B) the preliminary stages of the investigation and shelter hearing; [and]
             967          (iv) of a telephone number where the parent or guardian may access further
             968      information[.];
             969          (v) that the minor and the minor's parent or guardian are entitled to have an attorney
             970      present at the shelter hearing;
             971          (vi) that if the minor's parent or guardian is indigent and desires to have an attorney,
             972      one will be provided; and
             973          (vii) that resources are available to assist the minor's parent or guardian in locating:
             974          (A) a parent advocate;
             975          (B) a qualified attorney; and
             976          (C) potential expert witnesses to testify on behalf of the:
             977          (I) minor;
             978          (II) minor's parent;
             979          (III) minor's guardian; or
             980          (IV) minor's family.
             981          (b) For purposes of locating and informing the noncustodial parent as required in
             982      Subsection (1)(a), the division shall search for the noncustodial parent through the national
             983      parent locator database if the division is unable to locate the noncustodial parent through other
             984      reasonable efforts.
             985          (2) (a) The [attorney general's office] Office of the Attorney General shall adopt, print,
             986      and distribute a form for the written statement described in Subsection (1)(a)(iii).


             987          (b) The statement described in Subsections (1)(a)(iii) and (2)(a) shall:
             988          (i) be made available to the division and for distribution in:
             989          (A) schools[,];
             990          (B) health care facilities[,];
             991          (C) local police and sheriff's offices[,];
             992          (D) the division[,]; and
             993          (E) any other appropriate office within the Department of Human Services[. The
             994      notice shall];
             995          (ii) be in simple language; and
             996          (iii) include at least the following information:
             997          [(a)] (A) the conditions under which a minor may be released[,];
             998          (B) hearings that may be required[, and];
             999          (C) the means by which the parent or guardian may access further specific information
             1000      about a minor's case and conditions of protective and temporary custody; and
             1001          [(b)] (D) the rights of a minor and of the parent or guardian to legal counsel and to
             1002      appeal.
             1003          (3) If [a good faith attempt was] all reasonable efforts are made by the peace officer or
             1004      caseworker to notify the parent or guardian or a responsible relative in accordance with the
             1005      requirements of Subsection (1), failure to notify [shall]:
             1006          (a) shall be considered to be due to circumstances beyond the control of the peace
             1007      officer or caseworker; and
             1008          (b) may not be construed to:
             1009          (i) permit a new defense to any juvenile or judicial proceeding; or [to]
             1010          (ii) interfere with any rights, procedures, or investigations provided for by this chapter
             1011      or Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile [Courts] Court Act of 1996.
             1012          Section 15. Section 62A-4a-202.6 is amended to read:
             1013           62A-4a-202.6. Child protective services investigators within attorney general's
             1014      office -- Authority.
             1015          (1) (a) Pursuant to Section 67-5-16 the attorney general may employ, with the consent
             1016      of the division, child protective services investigators to investigate reports of abuse or neglect
             1017      of a child that occur while the child is in the custody of the division.


             1018          (b) (i) Under the direction of the Board of Child and Family Services, the division
             1019      shall, in accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-409 (5), contract with an independent child
             1020      protective service investigator to investigate reports of abuse or neglect of a child that occur
             1021      while the child is in the custody of the division.
             1022          (ii) The executive director of the department shall designate an entity within the
             1023      department, other than the division, to monitor the contract for the investigators described in
             1024      Subsection (1)(b)(i).
             1025          (2) The investigators described in Subsection (1) may also investigate allegations of
             1026      abuse or neglect of a child by a department employee or a licensed substitute care provider.
             1027          (3) The investigators described in Subsection (1), if not peace officers, shall have the
             1028      same rights, duties, and authority of a child protective services investigator employed by the
             1029      division to:
             1030          (a) make a thorough investigation upon receiving either an oral or written report of
             1031      alleged abuse or neglect of a child, with the primary purpose of that investigation being the
             1032      protection of the child;
             1033          (b) make an inquiry into the [child's]:
             1034          (i) child's home environment[,];
             1035          (ii) child's emotional[, or mental health, the] health;
             1036          (iii) nature and extent of the child's injuries[,]; and [the child's]
             1037          (iv) child's physical safety;
             1038          (c) (i) make a written report of [their] the investigation, including determination
             1039      regarding whether the alleged abuse or neglect was:
             1040          (A) substantiated[,];
             1041          (B) unsubstantiated[,]; or
             1042          (C) without merit[,]; and
             1043          (ii) forward a copy of [that report] the report described in Subsection (3)(c)(i) to the
             1044      division within the time mandates for investigations established by the division;
             1045          (d) immediately consult with school authorities to verify the child's status in
             1046      accordance with Sections 53A-11-101 through 53A-11-103 when a report is based upon or
             1047      includes an allegation of educational neglect;
             1048          (e) enter upon public or private premises, using appropriate legal processes, to


             1049      investigate reports of alleged [child] abuse or neglect of a child; and
             1050          (f) take a child into protective custody, and deliver the child to a law enforcement
             1051      officer, or to the division.
             1052          (4) Control and jurisdiction over the child described in Subsection (3)(f) shall be
             1053      determined:
             1054          (a) by the provisions of Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 2, Child Welfare Services[,];
             1055          (b) by the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile [Courts, and] Court Act of 1996;
             1056      or
             1057          (c) as otherwise provided by law.
             1058          Section 16. Section 62A-4a-203 is amended to read:
             1059           62A-4a-203. Removal of a child from home -- Reasonable efforts to maintain
             1060      child in home -- Exception -- Reasonable efforts for reunification.
             1061          (1) Because removal of a child from [his] the child's home [may affect] affects
             1062      protected, constitutional rights of the parent and has a dramatic, long-term impact on a child,
             1063      the division shall:
             1064          (a) when possible and appropriate, without danger to the child's [welfare] safety, make
             1065      reasonable efforts to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of a child from [his] the child's
             1066      home prior to placement in substitute care;
             1067          (b) determine whether there is substantial cause to believe that a child [has been or] is
             1068      in danger of abuse or neglect, in accordance with the guidelines described in Title 78, Chapter
             1069      3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, prior to removing the child from
             1070      [his] the child's home; and
             1071          (c) when it is possible and appropriate, and in accordance with the limitations and
             1072      requirements of Sections 78-3a-311 and 78-3a-312 , make reasonable efforts to make it possible
             1073      for a child in substitute care to return to [his] the child's home.
             1074          (2) (a) In determining the reasonableness of efforts needed to maintain a child in [his]
             1075      the child's home or to return a child to [his] the child's home, in accordance with Subsection
             1076      (1)(a) or (c), the child's [health,] safety[,] and welfare shall be the paramount concern.
             1077      [Additionally, the]
             1078          (b) The division shall consider whether [those services would be effective within a
             1079      six-month period, and whether they would be] the efforts described in Subsections (1) and


             1080      (2)(a) are likely to prevent [reabuse] abuse or continued neglect of the child.
             1081          (3) When removal and placement in substitute care is necessary to protect a child, the
             1082      "efforts" described in Subsections (1) and (2) [would not be]:
             1083          (a) are not reasonable or appropriate; and[, therefore,]
             1084          (b) should not be utilized.
             1085          (4) In cases where [obvious] sexual abuse, abandonment, [or] serious physical [abuse]
             1086      injury, or serious neglect are involved, the state has no duty to make "reasonable efforts" [or]
             1087      to[,]:
             1088          (a) maintain a child in the child's home;
             1089          (b) provide reunification services; or
             1090          (c) in any [other] way[,]:
             1091          (i) attempt to maintain a child in [his] the child's home[,];
             1092          (ii) provide reunification services[,]; or [to]
             1093          (iii) attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent or parents. [This subsection does not
             1094      exempt]
             1095          (5) Nothing in Subsection (4) exempts the division from providing court ordered
             1096      services.
             1097          Section 17. Section 62A-4a-205 is amended to read:
             1098           62A-4a-205. Treatment plans.
             1099          (1) No more than 45 days after a child enters the temporary custody of the division, the
             1100      child's treatment plan shall be finalized.
             1101          [(2) The division shall use an interdisciplinary team approach in developing each
             1102      treatment plan. An interdisciplinary team shall include, but is not limited to, representatives
             1103      from mental health, education, and, where appropriate, a representative of law enforcement.]
             1104          (2) In developing the treatment plan, the division shall use the approach that it
             1105      determines best serves the needs of the child and family.
             1106          (3) (a) The division shall involve all of the following in the development of a child's
             1107      treatment plan:
             1108          (i) both of the child's natural parents, unless the whereabouts of a parent are unknown;
             1109          (ii) the child;
             1110          (iii) the child's foster parents; and


             1111          (iv) where appropriate, the child's stepparent.
             1112          (b) In relation to all information considered by the division in developing a treatment
             1113      plan, additional weight and attention shall be given to the input of the child's natural and foster
             1114      parents upon their involvement pursuant to Subsections (3)(a)(i) and (iii)[.], including their
             1115      preference to:
             1116          (i) participate in a particular treatment program; or
             1117          (ii) receive services from a particular medical or mental health professional.
             1118          (4) (a) The division shall make a substantial effort to develop a treatment plan with
             1119      which the child's parents agree.
             1120          (b) If a parent does not agree with a treatment plan:
             1121          (i) the division shall strive to resolve the disagreement between the division and the
             1122      parent; and
             1123          (ii) if the disagreement described in Subsection (4)(b)(i) is not resolved, the division
             1124      shall inform the court of the disagreement.
             1125          [(4)] (5) A copy of the treatment plan that is ordered by the court shall be provided to
             1126      the guardian ad litem, and to the child's natural parents and foster parents immediately upon
             1127      completion, or as soon as is reasonably possible thereafter.
             1128          [(5)] (6) Each treatment plan shall:
             1129          (a) specifically provide for the safety of the child, in accordance with federal law[,];
             1130      and
             1131          (b) clearly define what actions or precautions will, or may be, necessary to provide for
             1132      the health[, safety, protection,] and welfare of the child.
             1133          [(6)] (7) The plan shall set forth, with specificity, at least the following:
             1134          (a) the reason the child entered [Division of Child and Family Services] the division's
             1135      custody[, and];
             1136          (b) documentation of the:
             1137          (i) reasonable efforts made to prevent placement[,]; or [documentation of the]
             1138          (ii) emergency situation that [existed and that] prevented the reasonable efforts
             1139      described in Subsection (7)(b)(i) from being made;
             1140          [(b)] (c) the primary permanency goal for the child and the reason for selection of that
             1141      goal;


             1142          [(c)] (d) the concurrent permanency goal for the child and the reason for the selection
             1143      of that goal;
             1144          [(d)] (e) if the plan is for the child to return to the child's family[, specifically] what the
             1145      child's parents must do in order to enable the child to be returned home[, specifically] including
             1146      how those requirements:
             1147          (i) may be accomplished[,]; and [how those requirements]
             1148          (ii) will be measured;
             1149          [(e)] (f) the specific services needed to reduce the problems that necessitated placement
             1150      in the division's custody[, and];
             1151          (g) who will provide [for] and be responsible for case management;
             1152          [(f)] (h) a parent-time schedule between the natural parent and the child;
             1153          [(g)] (i) subject to Subsection (9), the health and mental health care to be provided to
             1154      address any known or diagnosed mental health needs of the child [and, if residential treatment
             1155      rather than a foster home is the proposed placement, a requirement for a specialized assessment
             1156      of the child's health needs including an assessment of mental illness and behavior and conduct
             1157      disorders]; and
             1158          [(h)] (j) social summaries that include case history information pertinent to case
             1159      planning.
             1160          (8) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (8)(b), parent-time may only be denied by
             1161      court order issued pursuant to Subsections 78-3a-311 (2)(a)(ii) and (b).
             1162          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (8)(a), the person designated by the division or a court
             1163      to supervise a parent-time session may deny parent-time for that session if the supervising
             1164      person determines that, based on the parent's condition, it is necessary to deny parent-time in
             1165      order to:
             1166          (i) protect the physical safety of the child;
             1167          (ii) protect the life of the child; or
             1168          (iii) consistent with Subsection (8)(c), prevent the child from being traumatized by
             1169      contact with the parent.
             1170          (c) In determining whether the condition of the parent described in Subsection (8)(b)
             1171      will traumatize a child, the person supervising a parent-time session shall consider the impact
             1172      that the parent's condition will have on the child in light of:


             1173          (i) the child's fear of the parent; and
             1174          (ii) the nature of the alleged abuse or neglect.
             1175          (9) (a) Subject to Subsection (9)(b), in addition to the information required under
             1176      Subsection (7)(i), the plan shall include a specialized assessment of the medical and mental
             1177      health needs of a child if the child:
             1178          (i) is placed in residential treatment; and
             1179          (ii) has medical or mental health issues that need to be addressed.
             1180          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (9)(a), a parent shall retain the right to seek a separate
             1181      medical or mental health diagnosis of the parent's child from a licensed practitioner of the
             1182      parent's choice.
             1183          [(7)] (10) (a) Each treatment plan shall be specific to each child and the child's family,
             1184      rather than general.
             1185          (b) The division shall train its workers to develop treatment plans that comply with
             1186      federal mandates and the specific needs of the particular child and the child's family.
             1187          [(b) All treatment plans and expectations]
             1188          (c) A treatment plan and the plan's expectations shall be individualized and contain
             1189      specific time frames.
             1190          [(c) Treatment plans] (d) Subject to Subsection (10)(e), a treatment plan shall address
             1191      problems that keep [children] a child:
             1192          (i) in placement; and [keep them]
             1193          (ii) from achieving permanence in [their lives.] the child's life.
             1194          [(d) Each treatment plan shall]
             1195          (e) For purposes of Subsection (10)(d), a treatment plan shall:
             1196          (i) only include requirements that:
             1197          (A) address findings or orders made by the court; or
             1198          (B) (I) are requested or consented to by a parent or guardian of the child; and
             1199          (II) are agreed to by the division and the guardian ad litem; and
             1200          (ii) be designed to minimize disruption to the normal activities of the child's family,
             1201      including:
             1202          (A) employment; and
             1203          (B) school. [In particular]


             1204          (f) For purposes of Subsection (10)(e)(ii)(A), the time, place, [and] amount of services,
             1205      hearings, and other requirements ordered by the court shall be designed, as much as practicable,
             1206      to help the child's parents maintain or obtain employment.
             1207          [(e) The] (11) A child's natural parents, foster parents, and where appropriate,
             1208      stepparents, shall be kept informed of, and supported to participate in, important meetings and
             1209      procedures related to the child's placement.
             1210          [(8)] (12) With regard to a child who is three years of age or younger, if the goal is not
             1211      to return the child home, the permanency plan for that child shall be adoption. However, if the
             1212      division documents to the court that there is a compelling reason that adoption, reunification,
             1213      guardianship, and kinship placement are not in the child's best interest, the court may order
             1214      another planned permanent living arrangement in accordance with federal law.
             1215          Section 18. Section 62A-4a-208 is amended to read:
             1216           62A-4a-208. Child protection ombudsman -- Responsibility -- Authority.
             1217          (1) As used in this section:
             1218          (a) "Complainant" means a person who initiates a complaint with the ombudsman.
             1219          (b) "Ombudsman" means the child protection ombudsman appointed pursuant to this
             1220      section.
             1221          (2) (a) (i) There is created within the department the position of child protection
             1222      ombudsman.
             1223          (ii) The ombudsman described in Subsection (2)(a)(i) shall be appointed by and serve
             1224      at the pleasure of the executive director.
             1225          (b) The ombudsman shall be:
             1226          (i) an individual of recognized executive and administrative capacity;
             1227          (ii) selected solely with regard to qualifications and fitness to discharge the duties of
             1228      ombudsman; and
             1229          (iii) have experience in child welfare, and in state laws and policies governing abused,
             1230      neglected, and dependent children.
             1231          (c) The ombudsman shall devote full time to the duties of office.
             1232          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), the ombudsman shall, upon receipt of a
             1233      complaint from any person, investigate whether an act or omission of the division with respect
             1234      to a particular [child] minor:


             1235          (i) is contrary to statute, rule, or policy;
             1236          (ii) places a [child's] minor's health or safety at risk;
             1237          (iii) is made without an adequate statement of reason; or
             1238          (iv) is based on irrelevant, immaterial, or erroneous grounds.
             1239          (b) The ombudsman may decline to investigate any complaint. If the ombudsman
             1240      declines to investigate a complaint or continue an investigation, the ombudsman shall notify
             1241      the complainant and the division of the decision and of the reasons for that decision.
             1242          (c) The ombudsman may conduct an investigation on his own initiative.
             1243          (4) The ombudsman shall:
             1244          (a) in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act,
             1245      make rules that govern the following:
             1246          (i) receiving and processing complaints;
             1247          (ii) notifying complainants and the division regarding a decision to investigate or to
             1248      decline to investigate a complaint;
             1249          (iii) prioritizing workload;
             1250          (iv) maximum time within which investigations shall be completed;
             1251          (v) conducting investigations;
             1252          (vi) notifying complainants and the division regarding the results of investigations; and
             1253          (vii) making recommendations based on the findings and results of recommendations;
             1254          (b) report findings and recommendations in writing to the complainant and the
             1255      division, in accordance with the provisions of this section;
             1256          (c) within appropriations from the Legislature, employ staff as may be necessary to
             1257      carry out the ombudsman's duties under this part;
             1258          (d) provide information regarding the role, duties, and functions of the ombudsman to
             1259      public agencies, private entities, and individuals;
             1260          (e) annually report to the:
             1261          (i) Child Welfare Legislative Oversight Panel;
             1262          (ii) governor;
             1263          (iii) Board of Child and Family Services;
             1264          (iv) executive director of the department; and
             1265          (v) director of the division; and


             1266          (f) as appropriate, make recommendations to the division regarding individual cases,
             1267      and the rules, policies, and operations of the division.
             1268          (5) (a) Upon rendering a decision to investigate a complaint, the ombudsman shall
             1269      notify the complainant and the division of that decision.
             1270          (b) (i) The ombudsman may advise a complainant to pursue all administrative remedies
             1271      or channels of complaint before pursuing a complaint with the ombudsman.
             1272          (ii) Subsequent to processing a complaint, the ombudsman may conduct further
             1273      investigations upon the request of the complainant or upon the ombudsman's own initiative.
             1274          (iii) Nothing in this Subsection (5) precludes a complainant from making a complaint
             1275      directly to the ombudsman before pursuing an administrative remedy.
             1276          (c) If the ombudsman finds that an individual's act or omission violates state or federal
             1277      criminal law, the ombudsman shall immediately report that finding to the appropriate county or
             1278      district attorney or to the attorney general.
             1279          (d) The ombudsman shall immediately notify the division if the ombudsman finds that
             1280      a child needs protective custody, as that term is defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             1281          (e) The ombudsman shall immediately comply with Part 4, Child Abuse or Neglect
             1282      Reporting Requirements.
             1283          (6) (a) (i) All records of the ombudsman regarding individual cases shall be classified
             1284      in accordance with federal law and the provisions of Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records
             1285      Access and Management Act.
             1286          (ii) The ombudsman may make public a report prepared pursuant to this section in
             1287      accordance with the provisions of Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             1288      Management Act.
             1289          (b) (i) The ombudsman shall have access to all of the department's written and
             1290      electronic records and databases, including those regarding individual cases.
             1291          (ii) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             1292      Management Act, all documents and information received by the ombudsman shall maintain
             1293      the same classification that was designated by the department.
             1294          (7) (a) The ombudsman shall prepare a written report of the findings and
             1295      recommendations, if any, of each investigation.
             1296          (b) The ombudsman shall make recommendations to the division if the ombudsman


             1297      finds that:
             1298          (i) a matter should be further considered by the division;
             1299          (ii) an administrative act should be addressed, modified, or canceled;
             1300          (iii) action should be taken by the division with regard to one of its employees; or
             1301          (iv) any other action should be taken by the division.
             1302          Section 19. Section 62A-4a-209 is amended to read:
             1303           62A-4a-209. Emergency kinship placement.
             1304          (1) The division may use an emergency kinship placement under Subsection
             1305      62A-4a-202.1 [(6)](4) when:
             1306          (a) the case worker has made the determination that:
             1307          (i) the child's home is unsafe;
             1308          (ii) removal is necessary under [the provisions of] Section 62A-4a-202.1 ; and
             1309          (iii) the child's custodial parent or guardian will agree to not remove the child from the
             1310      relative's home who serves as the kinship placement and not have any contact with the child
             1311      until after the shelter hearing required by Section 78-3a-306 ;
             1312          (b) a relative, with preference being given to a noncustodial parent in accordance with
             1313      Section 78-3a-307 , can be identified who has the ability and is willing to provide care for the
             1314      child who would otherwise be placed in shelter care, including:
             1315          (i) taking the child to medical, mental health, dental, and educational appointments at
             1316      the request of the division; and
             1317          (ii) the relative has the ability to make the child available to division services and the
             1318      guardian ad litem; and
             1319          (c) the relative agrees to care for the child on an emergency basis under the following
             1320      conditions:
             1321          (i) the relative meets the criteria for an emergency kinship placement under Subsection
             1322      (2);
             1323          (ii) the relative agrees to not allow the custodial parent or guardian to have any contact
             1324      with the child until after the shelter hearing unless authorized by the division in writing;
             1325          (iii) the relative agrees to contact law enforcement and the division if the custodial
             1326      parent or guardian attempts to make unauthorized contact with the child;
             1327          (iv) the relative agrees to allow the division and the child's guardian ad litem to have


             1328      access to the child;
             1329          (v) the relative has been informed and understands that the division may continue to
             1330      search for other possible kinship placements for long-term care, if needed;
             1331          (vi) the relative is willing to assist the custodial parent or guardian in reunification
             1332      efforts at the request of the division, and to follow all court orders; and
             1333          (vii) the child is comfortable with the relative.
             1334          (2) Before the division places a child in an emergency kinship placement, the division
             1335      must:
             1336          (a) request the name of a reference and when possible, contact the reference and
             1337      determine the answer to the following questions:
             1338          (i) would the person identified as a reference place a child in the home of the
             1339      emergency kinship placement; and
             1340          (ii) are there any other relatives to consider as a possible emergency or long-term
             1341      placement for the child;
             1342          (b) have the custodial parent or guardian sign an emergency kinship placement
             1343      agreement form during the investigation;
             1344          (c) complete a criminal background check described in Sections 62A-4a-202.4 and
             1345      78-3a-307.1 on all persons living in the relative's household;
             1346          (d) complete a home inspection of the relative's home; and
             1347          (e) have the emergency kinship placement approved by a family service specialist.
             1348          (3) As soon as possible after the emergency placement and prior to the shelter hearing
             1349      required by Section 78-3a-306 , the division shall convene a family unity meeting.
             1350          (4) After an emergency kinship placement, the division caseworker must:
             1351          (a) respond to the emergency kinship placement's calls within one hour if the custodial
             1352      parents or guardians attempt to make unauthorized contact with the child or attempt to remove
             1353      the child;
             1354          (b) complete all removal paperwork, including the notice provided to the custodial
             1355      parents and guardians under Section 78-3a-306 ;
             1356          (c) contact the attorney general to schedule a shelter hearing;
             1357          (d) complete the kinship procedures required in Section 78-3a-307 , including, within
             1358      five days after placement, the criminal history record check described in Subsection (5); and


             1359          (e) continue to search for other relatives as a possible long-term placement, if needed.
             1360          (5) (a) In order to determine the suitability of the kinship placement and to conduct a
             1361      background screening and investigation of individuals living in the household in which a child
             1362      is placed, each individual living in the household in which the child is placed who has not lived
             1363      in the state substantially year round for the most recent five consecutive years ending on the
             1364      date the investigation is commenced shall be fingerprinted. If no disqualifying record is
             1365      identified at the state level, the fingerprints shall be forwarded by the division to the Federal
             1366      Bureau of Investigation for a national criminal history record check.
             1367          (b) The cost of those investigations shall be borne by whomever received placement of
             1368      the child, except that the division may pay all or part of the cost of those investigations if the
             1369      person with whom the child is placed is unable to pay.
             1370          Section 20. Section 62A-4a-302 is amended to read:
             1371           62A-4a-302. Definitions.
             1372          As used in this part:
             1373          (1) "Council" means the Child Abuse Advisory Council established under Section
             1374      62A-4a-311 .
             1375          (2) "Child abuse and neglect" [means the same as the term "child abuse or neglect,"] is
             1376      as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 .
             1377          Section 21. Section 62A-4a-402 is amended to read:
             1378           62A-4a-402. Definitions.
             1379          As used in this part:
             1380          (1) "A person responsible for a child's care" means the child's parent, guardian, or other
             1381      person responsible for the child's care, whether in:
             1382          (a) the same home as the child[,];
             1383          (b) a relative's home[,];
             1384          (c) a group, family, or center day care facility[,];
             1385          (d) a foster care home[,]; or
             1386          (e) a residential institution.
             1387          [(2) "Child" means a person under 18 years of age.]
             1388          [(3)] (2) "Child abuse or neglect" means [causing harm or threatened harm to a child's
             1389      health or welfare.]:


             1390          [(4) "Harm or threatened harm" means damage or threatened damage to the physical or
             1391      emotional health and welfare of a child through neglect or abuse, and includes but is not
             1392      limited to:]
             1393          [(a) causing nonaccidental physical or mental injury;]
             1394          [(b) incest;]
             1395          [(c) sexual abuse;]
             1396          [(d) sexual exploitation;]
             1397          [(e) molestation; or]
             1398          [(f) repeated negligent treatment or maltreatment.]
             1399          (a) abuse, as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 ; or
             1400          (b) neglect, as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1401          [(5)] (3) (a) "Incest" means having sexual intercourse with a person whom the
             1402      perpetrator knows to be [his or her] the perpetrator's:
             1403          (i) ancestor[,];
             1404          (ii) descendant[,];
             1405          (iii) brother[,];
             1406          (iv) sister[,];
             1407          (v) uncle[,];
             1408          (vi) aunt[,];
             1409          (vii) nephew[,];
             1410          (viii) niece[,]; or
             1411          (ix) first cousin.
             1412          (b) The relationships referred to in [this] Subsection (3)(a) include:
             1413          (i) blood relationships of the whole or half blood without regard to legitimacy[, and
             1414      include];
             1415          (ii) relationships of parent and child by adoption[,]; and
             1416          (iii) relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the
             1417      relationship of a stepparent and stepchild exists.
             1418          [(6)] (4) "Molestation" means:
             1419          (a) touching:
             1420          (i) the anus of a child; or


             1421          (ii) any part of the genitals of a child [or];
             1422          (b) otherwise taking indecent liberties with a child[,]; or
             1423          (c) causing a child to take indecent liberties with the perpetrator or another with the
             1424      intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.
             1425          [(7)] (5) "Sexual abuse" means acts or attempted acts of sexual intercourse, sodomy, or
             1426      molestation directed towards a child.
             1427          [(8)] (6) "Sexual exploitation of [minors] a child" means knowingly employing, using,
             1428      persuading, inducing, enticing or coercing [any minor] a child to pose in the nude for the
             1429      purpose of sexual arousal of any person or for profit, or to engage in any sexual or simulated
             1430      sexual conduct for the purpose of photographing, filming, recording, or displaying in any way
             1431      the sexual or simulated sexual conduct, and includes displaying, distributing, possessing for the
             1432      purpose of distribution, or selling material depicting [minors] a child in the nude or engaging in
             1433      sexual or simulated sexual conduct.
             1434          [(9)] (7) "Subject" or "subject of the report" means any person reported under this part,
             1435      including[, but not limited to,]:
             1436          (a) a child[,];
             1437          (b) a parent[,];
             1438          (c) a guardian[,]; or
             1439          (d) any other person responsible for a child's care.
             1440          Section 22. Section 62A-4a-403 is amended to read:
             1441           62A-4a-403. Reporting requirements.
             1442          (1) For purposes of this section:
             1443          (a) "Child abuse or neglect" means:
             1444          (i) "abuse" as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 ;
             1445          (ii) "neglect" as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 ; and
             1446          (iii) conduct that constitutes a violation of:
             1447          (A) child abuse, as described in Section 76-5-109 ;
             1448          (B) enticement of a minor, as described in Section 76-4-401 ;
             1449          (C) child kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             1450          (D) unlawful detention, as described in Section 76-5-304 , if the victim is a person
             1451      under the age of 18 at the time of the conduct; and


             1452          (E) any of the offenses described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, if the
             1453      victim is a person under the age of 18 at the time of the conduct.
             1454          (b) "Minister" means a person recognized by a bona fide religious organization as a:
             1455          (i) minister;
             1456          (ii) member of the clergy;
             1457          (iii) priest; or
             1458          (iv) similar religious official.
             1459          (c) "Serious harm" means:
             1460          (i) serious physical injury, as defined in Section 76-5-109 ; or
             1461          (ii) mental cruelty, as defined in Section 76-5-109 .
             1462          [(1)] (2) (a) Except as provided in [Subsection (2), when any] Subsections (3) through
             1463      (5), a person, including persons licensed under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice
             1464      Act, or Title 58, Chapter 31b, Nurse Practice Act, shall immediately notify a peace officer, law
             1465      enforcement agency, or office of the division when that person:
             1466          (i) has reason to believe that a child has been subjected to [incest, molestation, sexual
             1467      exploitation, sexual abuse, physical abuse, or neglect, or who] child abuse or neglect; or
             1468          (ii) observes a child being subjected to conditions or circumstances which would
             1469      reasonably result in [sexual abuse, physical abuse, or neglect, he shall immediately notify the
             1470      nearest peace officer, law enforcement agency, or office of the division] child abuse or neglect.
             1471          (b) On receipt of [this] the notice described in Subsection (2)(a), the peace officer or
             1472      law enforcement agency shall immediately notify the nearest office of the division.
             1473          (c) If an initial report of child abuse or neglect is made to the division, the division
             1474      shall immediately notify the appropriate local law enforcement agency.
             1475          (d) The division shall, in addition to its own investigation, comply with and lend
             1476      support to investigations by law enforcement undertaken pursuant to a report made under this
             1477      section.
             1478          [(2)] (3) The notification requirements of Subsection [(1)] (2) do not apply to a
             1479      [clergyman or priest] minister, without the consent of the person making the confession, with
             1480      regard to any confession made to [him in his] the minister in the minister's professional
             1481      character in the course of discipline enjoined by the church to which [he] the minister belongs,
             1482      if the:


             1483          (a) [the] confession was made directly to the [clergyman or priest] minister by the
             1484      perpetrator; and
             1485          [(b) the clergyman or priest is, under canon law or church doctrine or practice, bound
             1486      to maintain the confidentiality of that confession.]
             1487          (b) minister is bound to maintain the confidentiality of that confession under:
             1488          (i) canon law;
             1489          (ii) church doctrine; or
             1490          (iii) practice.
             1491          [(3)] (4) (a) When a [clergyman or priest] minister receives information about child
             1492      abuse or neglect from any source other than confession of the perpetrator, [he] the minister is
             1493      required to give notification on the basis of that information even though [he] the minister may
             1494      have also received a report of child abuse or neglect from the confession of the perpetrator.
             1495          (b) Exemption of notification requirements for a [clergyman or priest] minister does
             1496      not exempt a [clergyman or priest] minister from any other efforts required by law to prevent
             1497      further child abuse or neglect by the perpetrator.
             1498          (5) In the case of potential neglect due to failure to provide adequate medical care, the
             1499      notification described in Subsection (2) is not required if a parent or guardian of the child:
             1500          (a) declines counsel or treatment for the child's condition:
             1501          (i) in order to seek counsel or treatment for the child's condition from one or more
             1502      other licensed practitioners, as defined in Section 78-3a-103 ; or
             1503          (ii) because the treatment poses a substantial risk of serious harm to the child;
             1504          (b) obtains counsel or treatment for the child's condition from a licensed practitioner,
             1505      as defined in Section 78-3a-103 , other than the child's usual primary care doctor or specialist;
             1506          (c) obtains reasonable nontraditional treatment for the child's condition; or
             1507          (d) acts in a manner consistent with what a reasonable parent or guardian would do
             1508      under similar circumstances.
             1509          Section 23. Section 62A-4a-407 is amended to read:
             1510           62A-4a-407. Protective custody.
             1511          (1) A physician examining or treating a child may take the child into protective custody
             1512      not to exceed [72] 36 hours, without the consent of the child's parent, guardian, or any other
             1513      person responsible for the child's care or exercising temporary or permanent control over the


             1514      child, when the physician has reason to believe that the child's life or safety will be in danger
             1515      unless protective custody is exercised.
             1516          (2) The person in charge of a hospital or similar medical facility may retain protective
             1517      custody of a child suspected of being abused or neglected, when he reasonably believes the
             1518      facts warrant that retention. This action may be taken regardless of whether additional medical
             1519      treatment is required, and regardless of whether the person responsible for the child's care
             1520      requests the child's return.
             1521          (3) The division shall be immediately notified of protective custody exercised under
             1522      this section. Protective custody under this section may not exceed [72] 36 hours without an
             1523      order of the district or juvenile court.
             1524          (4) A person who takes a child into, or retains a child in, protective custody under this
             1525      section, shall document the grounds upon which the child was taken into, or retained in,
             1526      protective custody.
             1527          (5) A parent or guardian of a child placed in protective custody under this section may
             1528      not be charged for any services or medical treatment rendered to the child during the period of
             1529      protective custody described in this section, unless:
             1530          (a) the services or medical treatment are necessary to medically stabilize the child; or
             1531          (b) a parent or guardian of the child consents to the services or medical treatment.
             1532          Section 24. Section 62A-4a-409 is amended to read:
             1533           62A-4a-409. Investigation by division -- Temporary protective custody --
             1534      Preremoval interviews of children.
             1535          (1) (a) The division shall make a thorough preremoval investigation upon receiving
             1536      either an oral or written report of alleged abuse, neglect, fetal alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug
             1537      dependency, when there is reasonable [cause to suspect] suspicion to believe that a situation of
             1538      abuse, neglect, fetal alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug dependency exists.
             1539          (b) The primary purpose of [that] the investigation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall
             1540      be protection of the child.
             1541          (2) The preremoval investigation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall include the same
             1542      investigative requirements described in Section 62A-4a-202.3 .
             1543          (3) The division shall make a written report of its investigation[. The written report]
             1544      that shall include a determination regarding whether the alleged abuse or neglect [was] is:


             1545          (a) supported[,];
             1546          (b) unsupported[,]; or
             1547          (c) without merit.
             1548          (4) [(a)] The division [shall] may use an interdisciplinary approach [whenever
             1549      possible] when appropriate in dealing with reports made under this part.
             1550          [(b) For this purpose, the division shall convene appropriate interdisciplinary "child
             1551      protection teams" to assist it in its protective, diagnostic, assessment, treatment, and
             1552      coordination services.]
             1553          [(c) A representative of the division shall serve as the team's coordinator and chair.
             1554      Members of the team shall serve at the coordinator's invitation. Whenever possible, the team
             1555      shall include representatives of:]
             1556          [(i) health, mental health, education, and law enforcement agencies;]
             1557          [(ii) the child;]
             1558          [(iii) parent and family support groups unless the parent is alleged to be the perpetrator;
             1559      and]
             1560          [(iv) other appropriate agencies or individuals.]
             1561          (5) In any case where the division supervises, governs, or directs the affairs of any
             1562      individual, institution, or facility that [has been] is alleged to be involved in acts or omissions
             1563      of child abuse or neglect, the investigation of the reported child abuse or neglect shall be
             1564      conducted by an agency other than the division.
             1565          (6) If a report of neglect is based upon or includes an allegation of educational neglect,
             1566      the division shall immediately consult with school authorities to verify the child's status in
             1567      accordance with Sections 53A-11-101 through 53A-11-103 .
             1568          (7) When the division [has completed] completes its initial investigation under this
             1569      part, it shall give notice of that completion to the person who made the initial report.
             1570          (8) Division workers or other child protection team members have authority to enter
             1571      upon public or private premises, using appropriate legal processes, to investigate reports of
             1572      alleged child abuse or neglect, upon notice to parents of their rights under the Child Abuse
             1573      Prevention and Treatment Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 5106, or any successor thereof.
             1574          (9) With regard to any interview of a child prior to removal of that child from the
             1575      child's home:


             1576          (a) except as provided in Subsection (9)(b) or (c), the division shall [notify] inform a
             1577      parent of the child prior to the interview[;] of:
             1578          (i) the specific allegations concerning the child; and
             1579          (ii) the time and place of the interview;
             1580          (b) if a child's parent or stepparent, or a parent's paramour has been identified as the
             1581      alleged perpetrator, the division [need not notify a parent of the child prior to an initial
             1582      interview with the child] is not required to comply with Subsection (9)(a);
             1583          (c) if the perpetrator is unknown, or if the perpetrator's relationship to the child's family
             1584      is unknown, the division may conduct a minimal interview or conversation, not to exceed 15
             1585      minutes, with the child prior to [notification of the child's parent] complying with Subsection
             1586      (9)(a);
             1587          (d) in all cases described in Subsection (9)(b) or (c), a parent of the child shall be
             1588      notified as soon as practicable after the child has been interviewed, but in no case later than 24
             1589      hours after the interview has taken place;
             1590          (e) a child's parents shall be notified of the time and place of all subsequent interviews
             1591      with the child; and
             1592          (f) (i) the child shall be allowed to have a support person of the child's choice present;
             1593      and
             1594          (ii) the person described in Subsection (9)(f)(i):
             1595          (A) may include:
             1596          (I) a school teacher;
             1597          (II) an administrator;
             1598          (III) a guidance counselor;
             1599          (IV) a child care provider; [or]
             1600          (V) a family member;
             1601          (VI) a family advocate; or
             1602          [(V) clergy] (VII) a minister, as defined in Section 62A-4a-403 ; and
             1603          (B) may not be a person who is alleged to be, or potentially may be, the perpetrator.
             1604          (10) In accordance with the procedures and requirements of Sections 62A-4a-202.1
             1605      through 62A-4a-202.3 , a division worker or child protection team member may take a child
             1606      into protective custody and deliver the child to a law enforcement officer, or place the child in


             1607      an emergency shelter facility approved by the juvenile court, at the earliest opportunity
             1608      subsequent to the child's removal from the child's original environment. Control and
             1609      jurisdiction over the child is determined by the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile
             1610      Court Act of 1996, and as otherwise provided by law.
             1611          (11) With regard to cases in which law enforcement has or is conducting an
             1612      investigation of alleged abuse or neglect of a child:
             1613          (a) the division shall coordinate with law enforcement to ensure that there is an
             1614      adequate safety plan to protect the child from further abuse or neglect; and
             1615          (b) the division is not required to duplicate an aspect of the investigation that, in the
             1616      division's determination, has been satisfactorily completed by law enforcement.
             1617          Section 25. Section 62A-4a-414 is amended to read:
             1618           62A-4a-414. Interviews of children -- Recording required.
             1619          (1) (a) Interviews of children during an investigation in accordance with Section
             1620      62A-4a-409 , and involving allegations of sexual abuse or serious physical [abuse] injury of a
             1621      child, shall be conducted only under the following conditions:
             1622          (i) the interview shall be recorded visually and aurally on film, videotape, or by other
             1623      electronic means;
             1624          (ii) both the interviewer and the child shall be simultaneously recorded and visible on
             1625      the final product;
             1626          (iii) the time and date of the interview shall be continuously and clearly visible to any
             1627      subsequent viewer of the recording; and
             1628          (iv) the recording equipment shall run continuously for the duration of the interview.
             1629          (b) This Subsection (1) does not apply to initial or minimal interviews conducted in
             1630      accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-409 (9)(b) or (c).
             1631          (2) Interviews conducted in accordance with Subsection (1) shall be carried out in an
             1632      existing Children's Justice Center or in a soft interview room, when available.
             1633          (a) If the Children's Justice Center or a soft interview room is not available, the
             1634      interviewer shall use the best setting available under the circumstances.
             1635          (b) If the equipment required under Subsection (1) is not available, the interview shall
             1636      be audiotaped, provided that the interviewer shall clearly state at the beginning of the tape:
             1637          (i) the time, date, and place of the interview;


             1638          (ii) the full name and age of the child being interviewed; and
             1639          (iii) that the equipment required under Subsection (1) is not available and why.
             1640          (3) All other investigative interviews shall be audiotaped using electronic means. At
             1641      the beginning of the tape, the worker shall state clearly the time, date, and place of the meeting,
             1642      and the full name and age of the child in attendance.
             1643          Section 26. Section 63-55-262 is amended to read:
             1644           63-55-262. Repeal dates, Title 62A.
             1645          [(1) Section 62A-4a-202.7 , Pilot Program for Differentiated Responses to Child Abuse
             1646      and Neglect Reports, is repealed July 1, 2005.]
             1647          [(2)] Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child, is
             1648      repealed July 1, 2006.
             1649          Section 27. Section 76-5-109 is amended to read:
             1650           76-5-109. Child abuse.
             1651          (1) As used in this section:
             1652          (a) "Child" means a [human being] person who is under 18 years of age.
             1653          (b) "Child abuse" means any offense described in Subsection (2) or (3), or in Section
             1654      76-5-109.1 .
             1655          (c) "Mental cruelty" means conduct that causes a child to suffer:
             1656          (i) mental anguish; or
             1657          (ii) serious emotional injury.
             1658          [(c)] (d) (i) "Physical injury" means an injury [to or condition] or set of injuries of a
             1659      child [which impairs] that:
             1660          (A) results in actual harm to the physical condition or health of the child[, including:];
             1661      and
             1662          (B) is not a serious physical injury.
             1663          (ii) Subject to Subsection (1)(d)(i)(B), "physical injury" includes:
             1664          [(i)] (A) a serious bruise or other contusion of the skin;
             1665          [(ii)] (B) a minor laceration or abrasion;
             1666          [(iii)] (C) failure to thrive or malnutrition; or
             1667          [(iv) any other] (D) a condition [which] that imperils the child's health [or], welfare
             1668      [and which is not a serious physical injury as defined in Subsection (1)(d)], or safety.


             1669          [(d)] (e) "Serious physical injury" means [any physical]:
             1670          (i) an injury or set of injuries [which] that:
             1671          (A) seriously impairs the child's health[, or which involves];
             1672          (B) constitutes or results from physical torture [or causes serious emotional harm to the
             1673      child, or which involves a substantial risk of death to the child, including: (i)]
             1674      [fracture of any bone or bones];
             1675          (C) causes:
             1676          (I) death;
             1677          (II) disability;
             1678          (III) serious illness;
             1679          (IV) substantial impairment of a major bodily function;
             1680          (V) permanent disfigurement; or
             1681          (VI) protracted loss or impairment of the function of a:
             1682          (Aa) body member;
             1683          (Bb) limb; or
             1684          (Cc) organ;
             1685          (D) poses a substantial risk of death; or
             1686          (E) that results in substantial physical harm, including:
             1687          (I) fracture of a bone;
             1688          [(ii)] (II) intracranial bleeding, swelling, or contusion of the brain[, whether] caused by
             1689      any method, including:
             1690          (Aa) blows[,];
             1691          (Bb) shaking[,]; or
             1692          (Cc) causing the child's head to impact with an object or surface;
             1693          [(iii)] (III) any burn, including burns inflicted by:
             1694          (Aa) hot water[,]; or [those caused by]
             1695          (Bb) placing a hot object upon the skin or body of the child;
             1696          [(iv)] (IV) any injury caused by use of a dangerous weapon as defined in Section
             1697      76-1-601 ;
             1698          [(v)] (V) any combination of two or more reportable physical injuries inflicted by the
             1699      same person[, either]:


             1700          (Aa) at the same time; or [on different occasions;]
             1701          (Bb) within a three-year period; or
             1702          [(vi)] (VI) any damage to internal organs of the body;
             1703          (ii) mental cruelty;
             1704          [(vii)] (iii) any conduct toward a child [which] that results in [severe emotional harm,]
             1705      severe developmental delay [or retardation, or severe impairment of the child's ability to
             1706      function];
             1707          [(viii) any injury which creates a permanent disfigurement or protracted loss or
             1708      impairment of the function of a bodily member, limb, or organ;]
             1709          [(ix)] (iv) any conduct [which] that causes a child to cease breathing, even if
             1710      resuscitation is successful following the conduct; or
             1711          [(x)] (v) any conduct [which] that results in starvation or failure to thrive or
             1712      malnutrition that jeopardizes [the] a child's life.
             1713          (2) [Any] Subject to Subsections (5) and (6), any person who inflicts upon a child
             1714      serious physical injury or, having the care or custody of such child, causes or permits another to
             1715      inflict serious physical injury upon a child is guilty of an offense as follows:
             1716          (a) if done intentionally or knowingly, the offense is a felony of the second degree;
             1717          (b) if done recklessly, the offense is a felony of the third degree; or
             1718          (c) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class A misdemeanor.
             1719          (3) [Any] Subject to Subsections (5) and (6), any person who inflicts upon a child
             1720      physical injury or, having the care or custody of such child, causes or permits another to inflict
             1721      physical injury upon a child is guilty of an offense as follows:
             1722          (a) if done intentionally or knowingly, the offense is a class A misdemeanor;
             1723          (b) if done recklessly, the offense is a class B misdemeanor; or
             1724          (c) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class C misdemeanor.
             1725          (4) A parent or legal guardian who provides a child with treatment by spiritual means
             1726      alone through prayer, in lieu of medical or mental health treatment, in accordance with the
             1727      tenets and practices of an established church or religious denomination of which the parent or
             1728      legal guardian is a member or adherent [shall] may not, for that reason alone, be [deemed]
             1729      considered to have committed an offense under this section.
             1730          (5) A parent or guardian is not guilty of an offense under this section for refusing


             1731      traditional medical or mental health treatment on behalf of the parent's or guardian's child in
             1732      order to seek reasonable nontraditional treatment.
             1733          (6) A person is not guilty of an offense under this section for conduct that constitutes:
             1734          (a) discipline or management of a child, including:
             1735          (i) withholding privileges from a child; or
             1736          (ii) other discipline that does not result in:
             1737          (A) physical injury; or
             1738          (B) serious physical injury;
             1739          (b) accidental conduct;
             1740          (c) conduct described in Subsection 53A-11-802 (2);
             1741          (d) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or
             1742          (e) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             1743          (i) in self-defense;
             1744          (ii) in defense of others;
             1745          (iii) to protect the child; or
             1746          (iv) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described in
             1747      Subsections (6)(e)(i) through (iii).
             1748          Section 28. Section 76-5-110 is amended to read:
             1749           76-5-110. Abuse or neglect of disabled child.
             1750          (1) As used in this section:
             1751          (a) "Abuse" means:
             1752          (i) inflicting physical injury, as that term is defined in Section 76-5-109 ;
             1753          (ii) having the care or custody of a disabled child, causing or permitting another to
             1754      inflict physical injury, as that term is defined in Section 76-5-109 ; or
             1755          (iii) unreasonable confinement.
             1756          (b) "Caretaker" means:
             1757          (i) [any] a parent, legal guardian, or other person having under his care and custody a
             1758      disabled child; or
             1759          (ii) [any] a person, corporation, or public institution that has assumed by contract or
             1760      court order the responsibility to provide food, shelter, clothing, medical or mental health, and
             1761      other necessities to a disabled child.


             1762          (c) "Disabled child" means any person under 18 years of age who is impaired because
             1763      of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, or other cause, to the extent
             1764      that [he] the person is unable to:
             1765          (i) care for [his] the person's own personal safety; or [to]
             1766          (ii) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, and medical care.
             1767          (d) "Neglect" means failure by a caretaker to provide care, nutrition, clothing, shelter,
             1768      supervision, or medical care.
             1769          (2) Any caretaker who abuses or neglects a disabled child is guilty of a third degree
             1770      felony.
             1771          (3) (a) A parent or legal guardian who provides a child with treatment by spiritual
             1772      means alone through prayer, in lieu of medical or mental health treatment, in accordance with
             1773      the tenets and practices of an established church or religious denomination of which the parent
             1774      or legal guardian is a member or adherent [shall] may not, for that reason alone, be considered
             1775      to be in violation under this section.
             1776          (b) [The] Subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n), the exception under Subsection (3)(a)
             1777      [shall] does not preclude a court from ordering medical services from a [physician] licensed [to
             1778      engage in the practice of medicine] practitioner, as defined in Section 78-3a-103 , to be
             1779      provided to the child where there is an actual and substantial risk of harm to the child's health
             1780      or [welfare] safety if the treatment is not provided.
             1781          Section 29. Section 78-3a-103 is amended to read:
             1782           78-3a-103. Definitions.
             1783          (1) As used in this chapter:
             1784          [(a) "Abused child" includes a minor less than 18 years of age who:]
             1785          [(i) has suffered or been threatened with nonaccidental physical or mental harm,
             1786      negligent treatment, or sexual exploitation; or]
             1787          [(ii) has been the victim of any sexual abuse.]
             1788          (a) "Abuse" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1789          (b) "Abused child" means a person under the age of 18 who has suffered abuse as
             1790      defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1791          [(b)] (c) "Adjudication" means a finding by the court, incorporated in a decree, that the
             1792      facts alleged in the petition have been proved.


             1793          [(c)] (d) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or over, except that persons 18 years
             1794      or over under the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section 78-3a-121
             1795      shall be referred to as minors.
             1796          [(d)] (e) "Board" means the Board of Juvenile Court Judges.
             1797          [(e)] (f) "Child placement agency" means:
             1798          (i) a private agency licensed to receive minors for placement or adoption under this
             1799      code; or
             1800          (ii) a private agency receiving minors for placement or adoption in another state, which
             1801      agency is licensed or approved where such license or approval is required by law.
             1802          [(f)] (g) "Commit" means to transfer legal custody.
             1803          [(g)] (h) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             1804          [(h)] (i) "Dependent child" includes a minor who is homeless or without proper care
             1805      through no fault of [his] the minor's parent, guardian, or custodian.
             1806          [(i)] (j) "Deprivation of custody" means transfer of legal custody by the court from a
             1807      parent or the parents or a previous legal custodian to another person, agency, or institution.
             1808          [(j)] (k) "Detention" means home detention and secure detention as defined in Section
             1809      62A-7-101 for the temporary care of minors who require secure custody in physically
             1810      restricting facilities:
             1811          (i) pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction; or
             1812          (ii) while under the continuing jurisdiction of the court.
             1813          [(k)] (l) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             1814          [(l)] (m) "Formal referral" means a written report from a peace officer or other person
             1815      informing the court that a minor is or appears to be within the court's jurisdiction and that a
             1816      petition may be filed.
             1817          [(m)] (n) "Group rehabilitation therapy" means psychological and social counseling of
             1818      one or more persons in the group, depending upon the recommendation of the therapist.
             1819          [(n)] (o) "Guardianship of the person" includes the authority to consent to:
             1820          (i) marriage[, to];
             1821          (ii) enlistment in the armed forces[, to];
             1822          (iii) major medical[,] treatment;
             1823          (iv) major surgical, or psychiatric treatment;


             1824          (v) mental health treatment[, and to]; or
             1825          (vi) legal custody, if legal custody is not vested in another person, agency, or
             1826      institution.
             1827          [(o)] (p) "Habitual truant" [is] means a school-age minor who [has received]:
             1828          (i) receives:
             1829          (A) more than two truancy citations within one school year from the school in which
             1830      the minor is or should be enrolled; and
             1831          (B) eight absences without a legitimate or valid excuse; or [who,]
             1832          (ii) in defiance of efforts on the part of school authorities as required under Section
             1833      53A-11-103 , refuses to regularly attend:
             1834          (A) school; or
             1835          (B) any scheduled period of the school day.
             1836          [(p)] (q) "Legal custody" means a relationship embodying the following rights and
             1837      duties:
             1838          (i) the right to physical custody of the minor;
             1839          (ii) the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the minor;
             1840          (iii) the duty to provide the minor with:
             1841          (A) food[,];
             1842          (B) clothing[,];
             1843          (C) shelter[,];
             1844          (D) education[,]; and
             1845          (E) ordinary medical care;
             1846          (iv) the right to determine where and with whom the minor shall live; and
             1847          (v) the right, in an emergency, to authorize surgery or other extraordinary care.
             1848          (r) "Licensed practitioner" means a person who is:
             1849          (i) a health care provider, as defined in Section 78-14-3 ; and
             1850          (ii) licensed under the law of any state, district, or territory of the United States.
             1851          (s) "Mental cruelty" is as defined in Section 76-5-109 .
             1852          [(q)] (t) (i) "Minor" means a person under the age of 18 years. [It]
             1853          (ii) "Minor" includes the term "child" as used in other parts of this chapter.
             1854          [(r)] (u) (i) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent[, and].


             1855          (ii) "Natural parent" includes the minor's noncustodial parent.
             1856          (v) "Neglect" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1857          [(s) (i)] (w) "Neglected child" means a minor[:] who has suffered neglect as defined in
             1858      Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1859          [(A) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has abandoned the minor, except as provided
             1860      in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;]
             1861          [(B) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has subjected the minor to mistreatment or
             1862      abuse;]
             1863          [(C) who lacks proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             1864      guardian, or custodian;]
             1865          [(D) whose parent, guardian, or custodian fails or refuses to provide proper or
             1866      necessary subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services
             1867      when required, or any other care necessary for health, safety, morals, or well-being; or]
             1868          [(E) who is at risk of being a neglected or abused child as defined in this chapter
             1869      because another minor in the same home is a neglected or abused child as defined in this
             1870      chapter.]
             1871          [(ii) The aspect of neglect related to education, described in Subsection (1)(s)(i)(D),
             1872      means that, after receiving notice that a minor has been frequently absent from school without
             1873      good cause, or that the minor has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             1874      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the minor receives
             1875      an appropriate education.]
             1876          [(iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             1877      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a minor, is not guilty of neglect.]
             1878          [(t)] (x) "Nonjudicial adjustment" means closure of the case by the assigned probation
             1879      officer without judicial determination upon the consent in writing of the:
             1880          (i) minor[, the];
             1881          (ii) parent, legal guardian or custodian[,]; and [the]
             1882          (iii) assigned probation officer.
             1883          (y) "Physical injury" is as defined in Section 76-5-109 .
             1884          [(u)] (z) "Probation" means a legal status created by court order following an
             1885      adjudication on the ground of a violation of law or under Section 78-3a-104 , whereby the


             1886      minor is permitted to remain in [his] the minor's home under prescribed conditions and under
             1887      supervision by the probation department or other agency designated by the court, subject to
             1888      return to the court for violation of any of the conditions prescribed.
             1889          [(v)] (aa) "Protective supervision" means a legal status created by court order following
             1890      an adjudication on the ground of abuse, neglect, or dependency, whereby the minor is permitted
             1891      to remain in [his] the minor's home, and supervision and assistance to correct the abuse,
             1892      neglect, or dependency is provided by the probation department or other agency designated by
             1893      the court.
             1894          [(w)] (bb) (i) "Residual parental rights and duties" means those rights and duties
             1895      remaining with the parent after legal custody or guardianship, or both, [have been] are vested in
             1896      another person or agency, including:
             1897          (A) the responsibility for support[,]; and
             1898          (B) the right to:
             1899          (I) consent to adoption[, the right to];
             1900          (II) determine the child's religious affiliation[, and the right to]; and
             1901          (III) reasonable parent-time unless restricted by the court.
             1902          (ii) If no guardian has been appointed, "residual parental rights and duties" also include
             1903      the right to consent to:
             1904          (A) marriage[, to];
             1905          (B) enlistment[, and to];
             1906          (C) major medical[,] treatment;
             1907          (D) major surgical[,] treatment; or [psychiatric]
             1908          (E) mental health treatment.
             1909          [(x)] (cc) "Secure facility" means any facility operated by or under contract with the
             1910      Division of Juvenile Justice Services, that provides 24-hour supervision and confinement for
             1911      youth offenders committed to the division for custody and rehabilitation.
             1912          (dd) "Serious neglect" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1913          (ee) "Serious physical injury" is as defined in Section 76-5-109 .
             1914          (ff) "Severe child abuse or neglect" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1915          (gg) "Sexual abuse" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 .
             1916          (hh) "Sexual exploitation of a child" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-402 .


             1917          [(y)] (ii) "Shelter" means the temporary care of minors in physically unrestricted
             1918      facilities pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction.
             1919          [(z)] (jj) "State supervision" means a disposition [which] that provides a more intensive
             1920      level of intervention than standard probation but is less intensive or restrictive than a
             1921      community placement with the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             1922          [(aa)] (kk) "Substantiated" [has the same meaning] is as defined in Section
             1923      62A-4a-101 .
             1924          [(bb)] (ll) "Supported" [has the same meaning] is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1925          [(cc)] (mm) "Termination of parental rights" means the permanent elimination of all
             1926      parental rights and duties, including residual parental rights and duties, by court order.
             1927          [(dd)] (nn) "Therapist" means:
             1928          (i) a person employed by a [state] division or agency of any state, district, or territory of
             1929      the United States for the purpose of conducting psychological treatment and counseling of a
             1930      minor in its custody[,]; or
             1931          (ii) any other person licensed or approved by [the] any state, district, or territory of the
             1932      United States for the purpose of conducting psychological treatment and counseling.
             1933          [(ee)] (oo) "Unsubstantiated" [has the same meaning] is as defined in Section
             1934      62A-4a-101 .
             1935          [(ff)] (pp) "Without merit" [has the same meaning] is as defined in Section
             1936      62A-4a-101 .
             1937          (2) As used in Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, with regard to the
             1938      [Division of Child and Family Services] division:
             1939          (a) "Custody" means the custody of a minor in the [Division of Child and Family
             1940      Services] division as of the date of disposition.
             1941          (b) "Protective custody" means the shelter of a minor by the [Division of Child and
             1942      Family Services] division from the time the minor is removed from home until the shelter
             1943      hearing, or the minor's return home, whichever occurs earlier.
             1944          (c) "Temporary custody" means the custody of a minor in the [Division of Child and
             1945      Family Services] division from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.
             1946          Section 30. Section 78-3a-106 is amended to read:
             1947           78-3a-106. Search warrants and subpoenas -- Authority to issue.


             1948          (1) For purposes of this section:
             1949          (a) "Child" means a person under the age of 18.
             1950          (b) "Custody" means:
             1951          (i) custody;
             1952          (ii) care; and
             1953          (iii) control.
             1954          (c) "Officer" means a:
             1955          (i) child welfare worker;
             1956          (ii) peace officer; or
             1957          (iii) state officer.
             1958          [(1)] (2) The court has authority to issue search warrants, subpoenas, or investigative
             1959      subpoenas:
             1960          (a) in:
             1961          (i) criminal cases[,];
             1962          (ii) delinquency[, and] proceedings; and
             1963          (iii) abuse, neglect, and dependency proceedings; and
             1964          (b) for the same purposes, in the same manner and pursuant to the same procedures set
             1965      forth in the code of criminal procedure for the issuance of search warrants[, subpoenas,] or
             1966      [investigative] subpoenas in other trial courts in the state.
             1967          [(2) (a) The] (3) (a) Subject to Subsection (4), a court may issue a warrant authorizing
             1968      [a child protective services worker or peace] an officer to search for a child and take the child
             1969      into protective custody if it appears to the court [upon a verified petition, recorded sworn
             1970      testimony or an affidavit sworn to by a peace officer or any other person, and upon the
             1971      examination of other witnesses, if required by the judge,] that there is probable cause to believe
             1972      that:
             1973          (i) there is an immediate threat to the safety of a child; [and]
             1974          (ii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is not
             1975      taken into protective custody; and
             1976          [(ii)] (iii) the applicant certifies to the court in writing or by recorded sworn testimony
             1977      [as to]:
             1978          (A) the efforts, if any, [that have been] made to give notice to the minor's parent or


             1979      guardian; and
             1980          (B) the reasons supporting the claim that notice and an opportunity to be heard should
             1981      not be required.
             1982          (b) The court's decision on whether to issue a warrant under Subsection (3)(a), shall be
             1983      based on:
             1984          (i) (A) a verified petition;
             1985          (B) recorded sworn testimony; or
             1986          (C) a sworn affidavit; and
             1987          (ii) if required by the judge, the examination of other witnesses.
             1988          [(b)] (c) A warrant removing a child from [his] the child's home or school, or having
             1989      the effect of depriving a parent or guardian of the [care,] custody[, and control of their minor]
             1990      of the parent's or guardian's child, may not be issued without notice to the [minor's] child's
             1991      parents and an opportunity to be heard unless the requirements of [Subsections (2)] Subsection
             1992      (3)(a)[(i) and (ii) have been] are satisfied.
             1993          [(c)] (d) Pursuant to Section 77-23-210 , a peace officer making the search described in
             1994      Subsection (3)(a) may enter a house or premises by force, if necessary, in order to remove the
             1995      child.
             1996          [(d)] (e) The person executing the warrant described in Subsection (3)(a) shall [then]
             1997      take the child to the place of shelter designated by the court.
             1998          (4) A warrant based solely on grounds of medical neglect may not be issued under
             1999      Subsection (2):
             2000          (a) if the sole basis for the warrant is that a parent or guardian of a child:
             2001          (i) declines medical counsel or treatment on behalf of the child to seek the medical
             2002      counsel or treatment of other licensed practitioners;
             2003          (ii) obtains medical counsel or treatment from a licensed practitioner other than the
             2004      child's primary licensed practitioner;
             2005          (iii) declines treatment on behalf of the child when the treatment poses a substantial
             2006      risk of serious harm to the child's immediate or future physical or mental health;
             2007          (iv) obtains reasonable nontraditional treatment; or
             2008          (v) acts in a manner consistent with what a reasonable parent or guardian would do
             2009      under the circumstances; and


             2010          (b) unless not practicable, until the court examines the parent's or guardian's response,
             2011      whether oral or written, to the allegation of medical neglect.
             2012          [(3)] (5) The parent or guardian to be notified must be the minor's primary caregiver, or
             2013      the person who has custody of the minor, when the order is sought.
             2014          Section 31. Section 78-3a-109 is amended to read:
             2015           78-3a-109. Title of petition and other court documents -- Form and contents of
             2016      petition -- Order for temporary custody -- Physical or psychological examination of
             2017      minor, parent, or guardian -- Dismissal of petition.
             2018          (1) The petition and all subsequent court documents in the proceeding shall be entitled:
             2019          "State of Utah, in the interest of...................., a person under 18 years of age (or a
             2020      person under 21 years of age)."
             2021          (2) The petition shall be verified and statements in the petition may be made upon
             2022      information and belief.
             2023          (3) The petition shall be written in simple and brief language and include the facts
             2024      which bring the minor within the jurisdiction of the court, as provided in Section 78-3a-104 .
             2025          (4) The petition shall further state:
             2026          (a) the name, age, and residence of the minor;
             2027          (b) the names and residences of the minor's parents;
             2028          (c) the name and residence of the guardian, if there is one;
             2029          (d) the name and address of the nearest known relative, if no parent or guardian is
             2030      known; and
             2031          (e) the name and residence of the person having physical custody of the minor. If any
             2032      of the facts required are not known by the petitioner, the petition shall so state.
             2033          (5) At any time after a petition is filed, the court may make an order:
             2034          (a) providing for temporary custody of the minor[.]; or
             2035          (b) that the Division of Child and Family Services provide protective services to the
             2036      child, if the court determines that:
             2037          (i) the child is at risk of being removed from the child's home due to abuse or neglect;
             2038      and
             2039          (ii) the provision of protective services will make the removal described in Subsection
             2040      (5)(b)(i) unnecessary.


             2041          (6) The court may order that a minor concerning whom a petition has been filed shall
             2042      be examined by a physician, surgeon, psychiatrist, or psychologist and may place the minor in a
             2043      hospital or other facility for examination. After notice and a hearing set for the specific
             2044      purpose, the court may order a similar examination of a parent or guardian whose ability to care
             2045      for a minor is at issue, if the court finds from the evidence presented at the hearing that the
             2046      parent's or guardian's physical, mental, or emotional condition may be a factor in causing the
             2047      neglect, dependency, or delinquency of the minor.
             2048          (7) Pursuant to Rule 506(d)(3), Utah Rules of Evidence, examinations conducted
             2049      pursuant to Subsection (6) are not privileged communications, but are exempt from the general
             2050      rule of privilege.
             2051          (8) The court may dismiss a petition at any stage of the proceedings.
             2052          (9) If the petition is filed under Section 78-3a-305 or 78-3a-405 or if the matter is
             2053      referred to the court under Subsection 78-3a-105 [(3)(b)] (5):
             2054          (a) the court may require the parties to participate in mediation in accordance with Title
             2055      78, Chapter 31b, Alternative Dispute Resolution Act; and
             2056          (b) the Division of Child and Family Services or a party to the petition may request and
             2057      the court may order the parties to participate in a family unity conference under the authority of
             2058      the Division of Child and Family Services in accordance with Subsection (10).
             2059          (10) (a) A family unity conference may be ordered by the court for any of the following
             2060      purposes:
             2061          (i) discussing and reviewing the case history;
             2062          (ii) designing a service plan for the child and family, including concurrent planning;
             2063          (iii) discussing a visitation schedule and rules for visitation;
             2064          (iv) identifying possible kinship placements under the requirements of Subsection
             2065      78-3a-307 (5), and designing services to support the kinship placement;
             2066          (v) conflict resolution between the family and Division of Child and Family Services
             2067      staff;
             2068          (vi) discussing child custody issues; or
             2069          (vii) crisis clinical intervention to reduce trauma to the child and family.
             2070          (b) [The] Unless otherwise ordered by the court, the family unity conference may:
             2071          (i) only be attended by individuals [chosen] agreed upon by the family and the Division


             2072      of Child and Family Services[,]; and [may]
             2073          (ii) subject to Subsection (10)(b)(i), include extended family members, friends, clergy,
             2074      service providers, and others who may support the family in keeping the child safe.
             2075          (c) A family unity conference may not be held in the following circumstances:
             2076          (i) when there is a criminal charge pending in the case;
             2077          (ii) to resolve petition disputes; and
             2078          (iii) when a family unity conference may pose a threat to the safety of a child or other
             2079      family member.
             2080          (d) With regard to a family unity conference ordered by a court under Subsection
             2081      (9)(b):
             2082          (i) the requirements of Subsection 78-31b-7 (3)(b) apply except all parties to the
             2083      proceeding:
             2084          (A) shall be given no less than five days notice of any recommendation made to the
             2085      court from the family unity conference; and
             2086          (B) shall be given an opportunity to be heard by the court; and
             2087          (ii) the confidentiality requirements of Section 78-31b-8 apply, except that admissions
             2088      by a party to the allegations on the petition are admissible at any proceeding.
             2089          (e) A family unity conference may only be held if:
             2090          (i) ordered by the court; or
             2091          (ii) agreed upon by a parent or guardian of the minor concerning whom a petition
             2092      described in this section has been filed.
             2093          Section 32. Section 78-3a-110 is amended to read:
             2094           78-3a-110. Summons -- Service and process -- Issuance and contents -- Notice to
             2095      absent parent or guardian -- Emergency medical or surgical treatment -- Compulsory
             2096      process for attendance of witnesses when authorized.
             2097          (1) (a) After a petition is filed, the court shall promptly issue a summons, unless the
             2098      judge directs that a further investigation is needed. [No]
             2099          (b) A summons is not required as to any person who appears voluntarily or who files a
             2100      written waiver of service with the clerk of the court at or prior to the hearing.
             2101          (2) The summons shall contain:
             2102          (a) the name of the court;


             2103          (b) the title of the proceedings; and
             2104          (c) except for a published summons, a brief statement of the substance of the
             2105      allegations in the petition.
             2106          (3) A published summons shall state:
             2107          (a) that a proceeding concerning the minor is pending in the court; and
             2108          (b) an adjudication will be made.
             2109          (4) (a) The summons shall require the person or persons who have physical custody of
             2110      the minor to appear personally and bring the minor before the court at a time and place stated.
             2111          (b) If the person or persons summoned under Subsection (4)(a) are not the parent,
             2112      parents, or guardian of the minor, the summons shall also be issued to the parent, parents, or
             2113      guardian, as the case may be, notifying them of the pendency of the case and of the time and
             2114      place set for the hearing.
             2115          (5) Summons may be issued requiring the appearance of any other person whose
             2116      presence the court finds necessary.
             2117          (6) If it appears to the court that the welfare of the minor or of the public requires that
             2118      the minor be taken into custody, the court may by endorsement upon the summons direct that
             2119      the person serving the summons take the minor into custody at once.
             2120          (7) [Upon] Subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n), upon the sworn testimony of one or
             2121      more reputable physicians, the court may order emergency medical or surgical treatment that is
             2122      immediately necessary for a minor concerning whom a petition has been filed pending the
             2123      service of summons upon [his] the minor's parents, guardian, or custodian.
             2124          (8) (a) A parent or guardian is entitled to the issuance of compulsory process for the
             2125      attendance of witnesses on [his]:
             2126          (i) the parent's or guardian's own behalf; or [on]
             2127          (ii) behalf of the minor.
             2128          (b) A guardian ad litem or a probation officer is entitled to compulsory process for the
             2129      attendance of witnesses on behalf of the minor.
             2130          (9) Service of summons and process and proof of service shall be made in the manner
             2131      provided in the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             2132          (10) Service of summons or process shall be made:
             2133          (a) by the sheriff, or a deputy sheriff, of the county where the service is to be made[, or


             2134      by his deputy; but]; or
             2135          (b) upon request of the court [service shall be made] by:
             2136          (i) any other peace officer[, or by]; or
             2137          (ii) another suitable person selected by the court.
             2138          (11) (a) Service of summons in the state shall be made personally, by delivering a copy
             2139      to the person summoned[; provided, however, that].
             2140          (b) If the parents of a minor [living] live together at [their] the parent's usual place of
             2141      abode [may], both parents may be served by personal delivery to either parent of [copies of the
             2142      summons,] one copy of the summons for each parent.
             2143          (12) If [the] a judge makes a written finding that [he] the judge has reason to believe
             2144      that personal service of the summons will be unsuccessful, or will not accomplish notification
             2145      within a reasonable time after issuance of the summons, [he] the judge may order service by
             2146      registered mail, with a return receipt to be signed by the addressee only, to be addressed to the
             2147      last-known address of the person to be served in the state. Service shall be complete upon
             2148      return to the court of the signed receipt.
             2149          (13) (a) If the parents, parent, or guardian required to be summoned under Subsection
             2150      (4) cannot be found within the state, the fact of their minor's presence within the state shall
             2151      confer jurisdiction on the court in proceedings in minor's cases under this chapter as to any
             2152      absent parent or guardian, provided that due notice has been given [in the following manner:]
             2153      as provided in Subsection (13)(b).
             2154          [(a)] (b) (i) If the address of the parent or guardian is known, due notice is given by
             2155      sending [him] the parent or guardian a copy of the summons by registered mail with a return
             2156      receipt to be signed by the addressee only, or by personal service outside the state, as provided
             2157      in the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure. Service by registered mail shall be complete upon return
             2158      to the court of the signed receipt.
             2159          [(b)] (ii) If the address or whereabouts of the parent or guardian outside the state
             2160      cannot after diligent inquiry be ascertained, due notice is given by publishing a summons in a
             2161      newspaper having general circulation in the county in which the proceeding is pending. The
             2162      summons shall be published once a week for four successive weeks. Service shall be complete
             2163      on the day of the last publication.
             2164          (c) Service of summons as provided in this Subsection (13) shall vest the court with


             2165      jurisdiction over the parent or guardian served in the same manner and to the same extent as if
             2166      the person served was served personally within the state.
             2167          (14) (a) In the case of service in the state, service completed not less than 48 hours
             2168      before the time set in the summons for the appearance of the person served, shall be sufficient
             2169      to confer jurisdiction.
             2170          (b) In the case of service outside the state, service completed not less than five days
             2171      before the time set in the summons for appearance of the person served, shall be sufficient to
             2172      confer jurisdiction.
             2173          (15) Computation of periods of time under this chapter shall be made in accordance
             2174      with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             2175          Section 33. Section 78-3a-118 is amended to read:
             2176           78-3a-118. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases --
             2177      Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court -- Obtaining DNA
             2178      sample.
             2179          (1) (a) When a minor is found to come within the provisions of Section 78-3a-104 , the
             2180      court shall so adjudicate. The court shall make a finding of the facts upon which it bases its
             2181      jurisdiction over the minor. However, in cases within the provisions of Subsection
             2182      78-3a-104 (1), findings of fact are not necessary.
             2183          (b) If the court adjudicates a minor for a crime of violence or an offense in violation of
             2184      Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, it shall order that notice of the adjudication be provided
             2185      to the school superintendent of the district in which the minor resides or attends school. Notice
             2186      shall be made to the district superintendent within three days of the adjudication and shall
             2187      include:
             2188          (i) the specific offenses for which the minor was adjudicated; and
             2189          (ii) if available, [if] whether the victim:
             2190          (A) resides in the same school district as the minor; or
             2191          (B) attends the same school as the minor.
             2192          (2) Upon adjudication the court may make the following dispositions by court order:
             2193          (a) (i) The court may place the minor on probation or under protective supervision in
             2194      the minor's own home and upon conditions determined by the court, including compensatory
             2195      service as provided in Section 78-11-20.7 .


             2196          (ii) The court may place the minor in state supervision with the probation department
             2197      of the court, under the legal custody of:
             2198          (A) [his] the minor's parent or guardian;
             2199          (B) the Division of Juvenile Justice Services; or
             2200          (C) the Division of Child and Family Services.
             2201          (iii) If the court orders probation or state supervision, the court shall direct that notice
             2202      of its order be provided to designated persons in the local law enforcement agency and the
             2203      school or transferee school, if applicable, which the minor attends. The designated persons
             2204      may receive the information for purposes of the minor's supervision and student safety.
             2205          (iv) Any employee of the local law enforcement agency and the school which the
             2206      minor attends who discloses the court's order of probation is not:
             2207          (A) civilly liable except when the disclosure constitutes fraud or willful misconduct as
             2208      provided in Section 63-30d-202; and
             2209          (B) civilly or criminally liable except when the disclosure constitutes a knowing
             2210      violation of Section 63-2-801 .
             2211          (b) The court may place the minor in the legal custody of a relative or other suitable
             2212      person, with or without probation or protective supervision, but the juvenile court may not
             2213      assume the function of developing foster home services.
             2214          (c) (i) The court may:
             2215          (A) vest legal custody of the minor in the Division of Child and Family Services,
             2216      Division of Juvenile Justice Services, or the Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health;
             2217      and
             2218          (B) order the Department of Human Services to provide dispositional
             2219      recommendations and services.
             2220          (ii) For minors who may qualify for services from two or more divisions within the
             2221      Department of Human Services, the court may vest legal custody with the department.
             2222          (iii) (A) Minors who are committed to the custody of the Division of Child and Family
             2223      Services on grounds other than abuse or neglect are subject to the provisions of Title 78,
             2224      Chapter 3a, Part 3A, Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect, and Title
             2225      62A, Chapter 4a, Part 2A, Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect.
             2226          (B) Prior to the court entering an order to place a minor in the custody of the Division


             2227      of Child and Family Services on grounds other than abuse or neglect, the court shall provide
             2228      the division with notice of the hearing no later than five days before the time specified for the
             2229      hearing so the division may attend the hearing.
             2230          (C) Prior to committing a minor to the custody of the Division of Child and Family
             2231      Services, the court shall make a finding as to what reasonable efforts have been attempted to
             2232      prevent the minor's removal from [his] the minor's home.
             2233          (d) (i) The court may commit the minor to the Division of Juvenile Justice Services for
             2234      secure confinement.
             2235          (ii) A minor under the jurisdiction of the court solely on the ground of abuse, neglect,
             2236      or dependency under Subsection 78-3a-104 (1)(c) may not be committed to the Division of
             2237      Juvenile Justice Services.
             2238          (e) The court may commit the minor, subject to the court retaining continuing
             2239      jurisdiction over [him] the minor, to the temporary custody of the Division of Juvenile Justice
             2240      Services for observation and evaluation for a period not to exceed 45 days, which period may
             2241      be extended up to 15 days at the request of the director of the Division of Juvenile Justice
             2242      Services.
             2243          (f) (i) The court may commit the minor to a place of detention or an alternative to
             2244      detention for a period not to exceed 30 days subject to the court retaining continuing
             2245      jurisdiction over the minor. This commitment may be stayed or suspended upon conditions
             2246      ordered by the court.
             2247          (ii) This Subsection (2)(f) applies only to those minors adjudicated for:
             2248          (A) an act which if committed by an adult would be a criminal offense; or
             2249          (B) contempt of court under Section 78-3a-901 .
             2250          (g) The court may vest legal custody of an abused, neglected, or dependent minor in
             2251      the Division of Child and Family Services or any other appropriate person in accordance with
             2252      the requirements and procedures of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and
             2253      Dependency Proceedings.
             2254          (h) (i) The court may place the minor on a ranch or forestry camp, or similar facility for
             2255      care and also for work, if possible, if the person, agency, or association operating the facility
             2256      has been approved or has otherwise complied with all applicable state and local laws.
             2257          (ii) A minor placed in a forestry camp or similar facility may be required to work on


             2258      fire prevention, forestation and reforestation, recreational works, forest roads, and on other
             2259      works on or off the grounds of the facility and may be paid wages, subject to the approval of
             2260      and under conditions set by the court.
             2261          (i) (i) The court may order the minor to repair, replace, or otherwise make restitution
             2262      for damage or loss caused by the minor's wrongful act, including costs of treatment as stated in
             2263      Section 78-3a-318 and impose fines in limited amounts.
             2264          (ii) The court may also require the minor to reimburse an individual, entity, or
             2265      governmental agency who offered and paid a reward to a person or persons for providing
             2266      information resulting in a court adjudication that the minor is within the jurisdiction of the
             2267      juvenile court due to the commission of a criminal offense.
             2268          (iii) If a minor has been returned to this state under the Interstate Compact on
             2269      Juveniles, the court may order the minor to make restitution for costs expended by any
             2270      governmental entity for the return.
             2271          (j) The court may issue orders necessary for the collection of restitution and fines
             2272      ordered by the court, including garnishments, wage withholdings, and executions.
             2273          (k) (i) The court may through its probation department encourage the development of
             2274      employment or work programs:
             2275          (A) to enable [minors] a minor to fulfill [their] the minor's obligations under
             2276      Subsection (2)(i); and
             2277          (B) for other purposes considered desirable by the court.
             2278          (ii) Consistent with the order of the court, the probation officer may permit the minor
             2279      found to be within the jurisdiction of the court to participate in a program of work restitution or
             2280      compensatory service in lieu of paying part or all of the fine imposed by the court.
             2281          (l) (i) [In violations of traffic laws] For a violation of a traffic law within the court's
             2282      jurisdiction, the court may, in addition to any other disposition authorized by this section:
             2283          (A) restrain the minor from driving for periods of time the court considers necessary;
             2284      and
             2285          (B) take possession of the minor's driver license.
             2286          (ii) The court may enter any other disposition under Subsection (2)(l)(i); however, the
             2287      suspension of driving privileges for an offense under Section 78-3a-506 are governed only by
             2288      Section 78-3a-506 .


             2289          (m) (i) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under
             2290      Section 78-3a-104 because of violating Section 58-37-8 , Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug
             2291      Paraphernalia Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act, the court
             2292      shall, in addition to any fines or fees otherwise imposed, order that the minor perform a
             2293      minimum of 20 hours, but no more than 100 hours, of compensatory service. Satisfactory
             2294      completion of an approved substance abuse prevention or treatment program may be credited
             2295      by the court as compensatory service hours.
             2296          (ii) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
             2297      78-3a-104 because of a violation of Section 32A-12-209 or Subsection 76-9-701 (1), the court
             2298      may, upon the first adjudication, and shall, upon a second or subsequent adjudication, order
             2299      that the minor perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no more than 100 hours of compensatory
             2300      service, in addition to any fines or fees otherwise imposed. Satisfactory completion of an
             2301      approved substance abuse prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as
             2302      compensatory service hours.
             2303          (n) (i) [The] Subject to Subsection (2)(n)(iii), the court may order that the minor:
             2304          (A) be examined or treated by a physician, surgeon, psychiatrist, or psychologist; or
             2305      [that he]
             2306          (B) receive other special care.
             2307          (ii) For [these] purposes of receiving the examination, treatment, or care described in
             2308      Subsection (2)(n)(i), the court may place the minor in a hospital or other suitable facility.
             2309          (iii) A court may not enter an order under this Subsection (2)(n) or any other provision
             2310      of law unless the examination, treatment, or care described in Subsection (2)(n)(i):
             2311          (A) is ordered with the consent of a parent or guardian of the minor;
             2312          (B) does not pose a significant risk of producing serious side effects including:
             2313          (I) death;
             2314          (II) blindness;
             2315          (III) suppression of growth;
             2316          (IV) behavioral disturbances, including:
             2317          (Aa) suicidal ideation; or
             2318          (Bb) homicidal ideation;
             2319          (V) thought disorders;


             2320          (VI) tardive dyskenisia;
             2321          (VII) brain function impairment; or
             2322          (VIII) emotional or physical harm resulting from the compulsory nature of the
             2323      examination, treatment, or care; or
             2324          (C) is shown, by clear and convincing evidence, to be necessary to avoid an immediate
             2325      serious threat to the minor's:
             2326          (I) life; or
             2327          (II) essential physiological functions.
             2328          (o) (i) The court may appoint:
             2329          (A) a guardian for the minor if [it] an appointment appears necessary in the interest of
             2330      the minor[,]; and [may appoint]
             2331          (B) as guardian a public or private institution or agency in which legal custody of the
             2332      minor is vested.
             2333          (ii) In placing a minor under the guardianship or legal custody of an individual or of a
             2334      private agency or institution, the court shall:
             2335          (A) give primary consideration to the welfare of the minor[. When practicable, the
             2336      court may]; and
             2337          (B) take into consideration the religious preferences of the minor and [of] the minor's
             2338      parents.
             2339          (p) (i) In support of a decree under Section 78-3a-104 , the court may order reasonable
             2340      conditions to be complied with by [the parents or guardian,]:
             2341          (A) a parent or guardian of the minor;
             2342          (B) the minor[,];
             2343          (C) the minor's custodian[,]; or
             2344          (D) any other person who has been made a party to the proceedings. [Conditions]
             2345          (ii) The conditions described in Subsection (2)(p)(i) may include:
             2346          (A) parent-time [by the parents or one parent];
             2347          (B) restrictions on the minor's associates;
             2348          (C) restrictions on the minor's occupation and other activities; and
             2349          (D) requirements to be observed by [the parents] a parent or custodian.
             2350          [(ii)] (iii) A minor whose parents or guardians successfully complete a family or other


             2351      counseling program may be credited by the court for detention, confinement, or probation time.
             2352          (q) The court may order the minor to be committed to the physical custody of a local
             2353      mental health authority, in accordance with the procedures and requirements of Title 62A,
             2354      Chapter 15, Part 7, Commitment of Persons Under Age 18 to Division of Substance Abuse and
             2355      Mental Health.
             2356          (r) (i) The court may make an order committing a minor within [its] the court's
             2357      jurisdiction to the Utah State Developmental Center if the minor has mental retardation in
             2358      accordance with the provisions of Title 62A, Chapter 5, Part 3, Admission to Mental
             2359      Retardation Facility.
             2360          (ii) The court shall follow the procedure applicable in the district courts with respect to
             2361      judicial commitments to the Utah State Developmental Center when ordering a commitment
             2362      under Subsection (2)(r)(i).
             2363          (s) The court may terminate all parental rights upon a finding of compliance with the
             2364      provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act.
             2365          (t) The court may make any other reasonable orders for the best interest of the minor or
             2366      as required for the protection of the public, except that a person younger than 18 years of age
             2367      may not be committed to jail or prison.
             2368          (u) The court may combine the dispositions listed in this section if they are compatible.
             2369          (v) (i) Before depriving any parent of custody, the court shall give due consideration to
             2370      the rights of [parents] the parent concerning [their] the parent's minor.
             2371          (ii) The court may transfer custody of a minor to another person, agency, or institution
             2372      in accordance with the requirements and procedures of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse,
             2373      Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.
             2374          (w) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(y)(i), an order under this section for
             2375      probation or placement of a minor with an individual or an agency shall include a date certain
             2376      for a review of the case by the court.
             2377          (ii) A new case review date shall be set [upon] at each review described in Subsection
             2378      (2)(w)(i).
             2379          (x) In reviewing foster home placements, special attention shall be given to making
             2380      adoptable minors available for adoption without delay.
             2381          (y) (i) The juvenile court may enter an order of permanent custody and guardianship


             2382      with a relative or individual of a minor where the court [has] previously acquired jurisdiction
             2383      as a result of an adjudication of abuse, neglect, or dependency. The juvenile court may enter an
             2384      order for child support on behalf of the minor child against the natural or adoptive parents of
             2385      the child.
             2386          (ii) Orders under Subsection (2)(y)(i):
             2387          (A) shall remain in effect until the minor reaches majority;
             2388          (B) are not subject to review under Section 78-3a-119 ; and
             2389          (C) may be modified by petition or motion as provided in Section 78-3a-903 .
             2390          (iii) Orders permanently terminating the rights of a parent, guardian, or custodian and
             2391      permanent orders of custody and guardianship do not expire with a termination of jurisdiction
             2392      of the juvenile court.
             2393          (3) In addition to the dispositions described in Subsection (2), when a minor comes
             2394      within the court's jurisdiction [he] the minor may be given a choice by the court to serve in the
             2395      National Guard in lieu of other sanctions, provided:
             2396          (a) the minor meets the current entrance qualifications for service in the National
             2397      Guard as determined by a recruiter, whose determination is final;
             2398          (b) the minor is not under the jurisdiction of the court for any act that:
             2399          (i) would be a felony if committed by an adult;
             2400          (ii) is a violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act; or
             2401          (iii) was committed with a weapon; and
             2402          (c) the court retains jurisdiction over the minor under conditions set by the court and
             2403      agreed upon by the recruiter or the unit commander to which the minor is eventually assigned.
             2404          (4) (a) A DNA specimen shall be obtained from a minor who is under the jurisdiction
             2405      of the court as described in Subsection 53-10-403 (3).
             2406          (b) The specimen described in Subsection (4)(a) shall be:
             2407          (i) obtained by designated employees of the court; or[,]
             2408          (ii) if the minor is in the legal custody of the Division of Juvenile Justice Services,
             2409      [then] by designated employees of the division under Subsection 53-10-404 (5)(b).
             2410          [(b)] (c) The responsible agency shall ensure that:
             2411          (i) employees designated to collect the saliva DNA specimens receive appropriate
             2412      training; and [that]


             2413          (ii) the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted protocol.
             2414          [(c)] (d) Reimbursements paid under Subsection 53-10-404 (2)(a) shall be placed in the
             2415      DNA Specimen Restricted Account created in Section 53-10-407 .
             2416          [(d)] (e) Payment of the reimbursement is second in priority to payments the minor is
             2417      ordered to make for restitution under this section and treatment under Section 78-3a-318 .
             2418          Section 34. Section 78-3a-301 is amended to read:
             2419           78-3a-301. Court-ordered protective custody of a minor following petition filing
             2420      -- Grounds.
             2421          (1) After a petition has been filed under Subsection 78-3a-305 (1), if the minor who is
             2422      the subject of the petition is not in the protective custody of the division, a court may order that
             2423      the minor be removed from the minor's home or otherwise taken into protective custody if the
             2424      court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that any one or more of the following
             2425      circumstances exist:
             2426          (a) there is [an] imminent danger to the physical health or safety of the minor and the
             2427      minor's physical health or safety may not be protected without removing the minor from the
             2428      custody of the minor's parent or guardian;
             2429          (b) a parent or guardian engages in [or threatens the minor with unreasonable conduct
             2430      that causes the minor to suffer emotional damage] mental cruelty of a minor and there are no
             2431      reasonable means available by which the minor's emotional health may be protected without
             2432      removing the minor from the custody of the minor's parent or guardian;
             2433          (c) the minor or another minor residing in the same household has been physically or
             2434      sexually abused, or is considered to be at substantial risk of being physically or sexually
             2435      abused, by a:
             2436          (i) parent [or];
             2437          (ii) guardian[, a];
             2438          (iii) member of the parent's or guardian's household[,]; or [other]
             2439          (iv) person known to the parent or guardian;
             2440          (d) the parent or guardian is unwilling to have physical custody of the minor;
             2441          (e) the minor has been abandoned or left without any provision for the minor's support;
             2442          (f) a parent or guardian who has been incarcerated or institutionalized has not arranged
             2443      or cannot arrange for safe and appropriate care for the minor;


             2444          (g) (i) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the minor [has been] is left by the
             2445      parent or guardian is unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the minor[,];
             2446          (ii) the whereabouts of the parent or guardian are unknown[,]; and
             2447          (iii) reasonable efforts to locate the parent or guardian [have been] are unsuccessful;
             2448          (h) the minor is in immediate need of medical care;
             2449          (i) (i) a parent's or guardian's actions, omissions, or habitual action create an
             2450      environment that poses a substantial threat to the minor's health or safety; or
             2451          (ii) a parent's or guardian's action in leaving a minor unattended would reasonably pose
             2452      a substantial threat to the minor's health or safety;
             2453          (j) subject to Subsection (2)(c), the minor or another minor residing in the same
             2454      household [has been] is neglected;
             2455          (k) an infant [has been] is abandoned, as defined in Section 78-3a-313.5 ;
             2456          (l) (i) the parent or guardian, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent or
             2457      guardian, [has been] is charged or arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug
             2458      Lab Act[,]; and
             2459          (ii) any clandestine laboratory operation, as defined in Section 58-37d-3 , was located in
             2460      the residence or on the property where the minor resided; or
             2461          (m) the minor's welfare is otherwise endangered.
             2462          (2) (a) For purposes of Subsection (1)(a), if a minor has previously been adjudicated as
             2463      abused, neglected, or dependent, and a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency
             2464      has occurred involving the same substantiated abuser or under similar circumstance as the
             2465      previous abuse, that fact [constitutes prima facie] is evidence that the minor cannot safely
             2466      remain in the custody of the minor's parent.
             2467          (b) For purposes of Subsection (1)(c):
             2468          (i) another minor residing in the same household may not be removed from the home
             2469      unless that minor is considered to be at substantial risk of being physically or sexually abused
             2470      as described in Subsection (1)(c) or Subsection (2)(b)(ii); and
             2471          (ii) if a parent or guardian has received actual notice that physical or sexual abuse by a
             2472      person known to the parent has occurred, and there is evidence that the parent or guardian
             2473      failed to protect the minor, after having received the notice, by allowing the minor to be in the
             2474      physical presence of the alleged abuser, that fact constitutes prima facie evidence that the


             2475      minor is at substantial risk of being physically or sexually abused.
             2476          (c) For purposes of Subsection (1)(j), a minor residing in the same household as a
             2477      neglected minor may not be removed unless there is a substantial risk that the minor will also
             2478      be neglected.
             2479          (3) In the absence of one of the factors described in Subsection (1), a court may not
             2480      remove a minor from the parent's or guardian's custody on the basis of:
             2481          (a) educational neglect;
             2482          (b) mental illness or poverty of the parent or guardian; or
             2483          (c) disability of the parent or guardian, as defined in Subsection [ 57-21-3 ] 57-21-2 (9).
             2484          (4) A minor removed from the custody of the minor's parent or guardian under this
             2485      section may not be placed or kept in a secure detention facility pending further court
             2486      proceedings unless the minor is detainable based on guidelines promulgated by the Division of
             2487      Juvenile Justice Services.
             2488          (5) This section does not preclude removal of a minor from the minor's home without a
             2489      warrant or court order under Section 62A-4a-202.1 .
             2490          Section 35. Section 78-3a-306 is amended to read:
             2491           78-3a-306. Shelter hearing.
             2492          (1) A shelter hearing shall be held within 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays
             2493      after any one or all of the following occur:
             2494          (a) removal of the child from [his] the child's home by the [Division of Child and
             2495      Family Services] division;
             2496           (b) placement of the child in the protective custody of the [Division of Child and
             2497      Family Services] division;
             2498          (c) emergency kinship placement under Subsection 62A-4a-202.1 (4); or
             2499          (d) as an alternative to removal of the child, a parent [has entered] enters a domestic
             2500      violence shelter at the request of the [Division of Child and Family Services] division.
             2501          (2) Upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances described in Subsections (1)(a)
             2502      through (1)(d), the division shall issue a notice that contains all of the following:
             2503          (a) the name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed;
             2504          (b) the date, time, and place of the shelter hearing;
             2505          (c) the name of the [minor] child on whose behalf a petition is being brought;


             2506          (d) a concise statement regarding:
             2507          (i) the reasons for removal or other action of the division under Subsection (1); and
             2508          (ii) the allegations and code sections under which the proceeding has been instituted;
             2509          (e) a statement that the parent or guardian to whom notice is given, and the [minor]
             2510      child, are entitled to have an attorney present at the shelter hearing, and that if the parent or
             2511      guardian is indigent and cannot afford an attorney, and desires to be represented by an attorney,
             2512      one will be provided; and
             2513          (f) a statement that the parent or guardian is liable for the cost of support of the [minor]
             2514      child in the protective custody, temporary custody, and custody of the division, and the cost for
             2515      legal counsel appointed for the parent or guardian under Subsection (2)(e), according to [his]
             2516      the financial ability of the parent or guardian.
             2517          (3) [That notice] The notice described in Subsection (2) shall be personally served as
             2518      soon as possible, but no later than one business day after removal of a child from [his] the
             2519      child's home, on:
             2520          (a) the appropriate guardian ad litem; and
             2521          (b) both parents and any guardian of the [minor] child, unless they cannot be located.
             2522          (4) The following persons shall be present at the shelter hearing:
             2523          (a) the child, unless it would be detrimental for the child;
             2524          (b) the child's parents or guardian, unless they cannot be located, or fail to appear in
             2525      response to the notice;
             2526          (c) counsel for the parents, if one [has been] is requested;
             2527          (d) the child's guardian ad litem;
             2528          (e) the caseworker from the [Division of Child and Family Services] division who [has
             2529      been] is assigned to the case; and
             2530          (f) the attorney from the attorney general's office who is representing the division.
             2531          (5) (a) At the shelter hearing, the court:
             2532          (i) shall provide an opportunity [for] to provide relevant testimony to:
             2533          (A) the [minor's] child's parent or guardian, if present[,]; and
             2534          (B) any [other] person having relevant knowledge, [to provide relevant testimony. The
             2535      court] including any person requested by the parent or guardian; and
             2536          (ii) may also provide an opportunity for the [minor] child to testify.


             2537          (b) The court:
             2538          (i) may consider all relevant evidence, in accordance with the Utah Rules of Juvenile
             2539      Procedure[. The court];
             2540          (ii) shall hear relevant evidence presented by the [minor, his] child, the child's parent or
             2541      guardian, the requesting party, or their counsel[, but]; and
             2542          (iii) may in its discretion limit testimony and evidence to only that which goes to the
             2543      issues of removal and the child's need for continued protection.
             2544          (6) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the division shall report to
             2545      the court:
             2546          (a) the [reasons] reason why the [minor] child was removed from the parent's or
             2547      guardian's custody;
             2548          (b) any services provided to the child and [his] the child's family in an effort to prevent
             2549      removal;
             2550          (c) the need, if any, for continued shelter;
             2551          (d) the available services that could facilitate the return of the [minor] child to the
             2552      custody of [his] the child's parent or guardian; and
             2553          (e) whether the child has any relatives who may be able and willing to take temporary
             2554      custody.
             2555          (7) The court shall consider all relevant evidence provided by persons or entities
             2556      authorized to present relevant evidence pursuant to this section.
             2557          (8) (a) If necessary to protect the child, preserve the rights of a party, or for other good
             2558      cause shown, the court may grant no more than one [time-limited] continuance, not to exceed
             2559      five judicial days.
             2560          (b) A court shall honor, as nearly as practicable, the request by a parent or guardian for
             2561      a continuance under Subsection (8)(a).
             2562          (9) (a) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the court shall order that
             2563      the minor be released from the protective custody of the division unless it finds, by a
             2564      preponderance of the evidence, that any one of the following exist:
             2565          [(a)] (i) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(i), there is a substantial danger to the physical
             2566      health or safety of the [minor] child and the [minor's] child's physical health or safety may not
             2567      be protected without removing [him] the child from [his parent's] the custody[. If a minor has


             2568      previously been adjudicated as abused, neglected, or dependent and a subsequent incident of
             2569      abuse, neglect, or dependency occurs, that fact constitutes prima facie evidence that the child
             2570      cannot safely remain in the custody of his parent] of the child's parents or caretaker;
             2571          [(b)] (ii) the [minor] child is suffering emotional damage[, as may be indicated by, but
             2572      is not limited to, extreme anxiety, depression, withdrawal, or negative aggressive behavior
             2573      toward self or others,] and there are no reasonable means available by which the [minor's]
             2574      child's emotional health may be protected without removing the [minor] child from the custody
             2575      of [his parent] the child's parents or caretaker;
             2576          (iii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is
             2577      not removed from the custody of the child's parents or caretaker;
             2578          [(c)] (iv) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(ii), the [minor] child or another [minor] child
             2579      residing in the same household [has been] is physically or sexually abused, or is considered to
             2580      be at substantial risk of being physically or sexually abused, by a:
             2581          (A) parent[, a] or caretaker;
             2582          (B) member of the parent's or caretaker's household[,]; or [other]
             2583          (C) person known to the parent[. If a parent has received actual notice that physical or
             2584      sexual abuse by a person known to the parent has occurred, and there is evidence that the
             2585      parent has allowed the child to be in the physical presence of the alleged abuser, that fact
             2586      constitutes prima facie evidence that the child is at substantial risk of being physically or
             2587      sexually abused] or caretaker;
             2588          [(d)] (v) the parent is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             2589          [(e)] (vi) the [minor has been] child is left without any provision for [his] the child's
             2590      support;
             2591          [(f)] (vii) a parent who [has been] is incarcerated or institutionalized has not or cannot
             2592      arrange for safe and appropriate care for the [minor] child;
             2593          [(g)] (viii) (A) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the [minor has been] child
             2594      is left by the parent is unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the [minor,] child;
             2595          (B) the whereabouts of the parent are unknown[,]; and
             2596          (C) reasonable efforts to locate [him have been] the parent are unsuccessful;
             2597          [(h) the minor is in immediate need of medical care;]
             2598          [(i)] (ix) the physical environment or the fact that the child is left unattended beyond a


             2599      reasonable period of time poses a threat to the child's health or safety;
             2600          [(j) the minor or another minor residing in the same household has been neglected;]
             2601          [(k)] (x) the parent, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent, [has been]
             2602      is charged or arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act, and any
             2603      clandestine laboratory operation, as defined in Section 58-37d-3 , was located in the residence
             2604      or on the property where the child resided; or
             2605          [(l)] (xi) the child's welfare is [otherwise] substantially endangered.
             2606          (b) (i) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(i), evidence that a child cannot safely remain
             2607      in the custody of a parent or caretaker of the child is established if:
             2608          (A) a court previously adjudicated that the child suffered abuse, neglect, or dependency
             2609      involving the parent or caretaker; and
             2610          (B) a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency involving the parent or
             2611      caretaker occurs.
             2612          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(iv), there is a substantial risk that a child will be
             2613      physically or sexually abused if the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the
             2614      parent or caretaker:
             2615          (A) received actual notice that abuse by a person known to the parent or caretaker
             2616      occurred; and
             2617          (B) after receiving the notice described in Subsection (9)(b)(ii)(A), allowed the child to
             2618      be in the physical presence of the abuser.
             2619          (10) (a) The court shall also make a determination on the record as to whether:
             2620          (i) reasonable efforts were made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the
             2621      [minor] child from [his] the child's home; and [whether]
             2622          (ii) there are available services that would prevent the need for continued removal.
             2623          (b) If the court finds that the [minor] child can be safely returned to the custody of [his]
             2624      the child's parent or guardian through the provision of [those services, it shall] the services
             2625      described in Subsection (10)(a)(ii), the court shall:
             2626          (i) place the [minor] child with [his] the child's parent or guardian; and
             2627          (ii) order that those services be provided by the division.
             2628          [(b) In making that determination, and in ordering and providing services, the child's]
             2629          (c) In complying with this Subsection (10), the child's health[,] and safety[, and


             2630      welfare] shall be the paramount concern, in accordance with federal law.
             2631          (11) Where the division's first contact with the family occurred during an emergency
             2632      situation in which the child could not safely remain at home, the court shall make a finding that
             2633      any lack of preplacement preventive efforts was appropriate.
             2634          (12) In cases where actual sexual abuse [or], abandonment, [or] serious physical
             2635      [abuse] injury, or serious neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court has any duty to
             2636      make "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to:
             2637          (a) maintain a child in [his] the child's home[,];
             2638          (b) return a child to [his] the child's home[,];
             2639          (c) provide reunification services[,]; or
             2640          (d) attempt to rehabilitate [the] an offending parent [or parents].
             2641          (13) The court may not order continued removal of a [minor] child solely on the basis
             2642      of educational neglect as described in Subsection [ 78-3a-103 (1)(s)(ii)] 62A-4a-101 (20)(a)(iv).
             2643          (14) (a) Whenever a court orders continued removal of a [minor] child under this
             2644      section, it shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             2645          (b) If no continued removal is ordered and the [minor] child is returned home, the court
             2646      shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             2647          (15) If the court finds that continued removal and temporary custody are necessary for
             2648      the protection of a child because harm may result to the child if [he were] the child is returned
             2649      home, [it] the court shall order continued removal regardless of:
             2650          (a) any error in the initial removal of the child[,]; or
             2651          (b) the failure of a party to comply with:
             2652          (i) notice provisions[,]; or
             2653          (ii) any other procedural requirement of this chapter or Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child
             2654      and Family Services.
             2655          Section 36. Section 78-3a-311 is amended to read:
             2656           78-3a-311. Dispositional hearing -- Reunification services -- Exceptions.
             2657          (1) The court may:
             2658          (a) make any of the dispositions described in Section 78-3a-118 [,];
             2659          (b) place the child in the custody or guardianship of any:
             2660          (i) individual; or


             2661          (ii) public or private entity or agency[,]; or
             2662          (c) order:
             2663          (i) protective supervision[,];
             2664          (ii) family preservation[,];
             2665          (iii) subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n)(iii), medical or mental health treatment[,];
             2666      or
             2667          (iv) other services.
             2668          (2) (a) (i) Whenever the court orders continued removal at the dispositional hearing,
             2669      and that the minor remain in the custody of the [Division of Child and Family Services, it]
             2670      division, the court shall first:
             2671          (A) establish a primary permanency goal for the minor; and
             2672          (B) determine whether, in view of the primary permanency goal, reunification services
             2673      are appropriate for the child and the child's family, pursuant to Subsection (3).
             2674          (ii) [When] Subject to Subsection (2)(b), if the court determines that reunification
             2675      services are appropriate for the child and the child's family, the court shall provide for
             2676      reasonable parent-time with the parent or parents from whose custody the child was removed,
             2677      unless parent-time is not in the best interest of the child.
             2678          (iii) In cases where obvious sexual abuse, abandonment, [or] serious physical [abuse]
             2679      injury, or serious neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court has any duty to make
             2680      "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to provide reunification services[, or to
             2681      attempt] to rehabilitate [the] an offending parent [or parents].
             2682          (iv) In all cases, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the court's paramount
             2683      concern in determining whether reasonable efforts to reunify should be made.
             2684          (b) (i) For purposes of Subsection (2)(a)(ii), parent-time is in the best interests of a
             2685      child unless the court makes a finding that it is necessary to deny parent-time in order to:
             2686          (A) protect the physical safety of the child;
             2687          (B) protect the life of the child; or
             2688          (C) prevent the child from being traumatized by contact with the parent due to the
             2689      child's fear of the parent in light of the nature of the alleged abuse or neglect.
             2690          (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a)(ii), a court may not deny parent-time based
             2691      solely on a parent's failure to:


             2692          (A) prove that the parent has not used legal or illegal substances; or
             2693          (B) comply with an aspect of the treatment plan that is ordered by the court.
             2694          [(b)] (c) (i) In addition to the primary permanency goal, the court shall establish a
             2695      concurrent permanency goal[. The concurrent permanency goal] that shall include:
             2696          (A) a representative list of the conditions under which the primary permanency goal
             2697      will be abandoned in favor of the concurrent permanency goal; and
             2698          (B) an explanation of the effect of abandoning or modifying the primary permanency
             2699      goal.
             2700          (ii) A permanency hearing shall be conducted in accordance with Subsection
             2701      78-3a-312 (1)(b) within 30 days if something other than reunification is initially established as a
             2702      child's primary permanency goal.
             2703          (iii) (A) The court may amend a child's primary permanency goal before the
             2704      establishment of a final permanency plan under Section 78-3a-312 .
             2705          (B) The court is not limited to the terms of the concurrent permanency goal in the event
             2706      that the primary permanency goal is abandoned.
             2707          (C) If, at anytime, the court determines that reunification is no longer a child's primary
             2708      permanency goal, the court shall conduct a permanency hearing in accordance with Section
             2709      78-3a-312 within the earlier of:
             2710          (I) 30 days of the court's determination; or
             2711          (II) 12 months from the original removal of the child.
             2712          [(c)] (d) (i) If the court determines that reunification services are appropriate, it shall
             2713      order that the division make reasonable efforts to provide services to the child and the child's
             2714      parent for the purpose of facilitating reunification of the family, for a specified period of time.
             2715      In providing those services, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the division's
             2716      paramount concern, and the court shall so order.
             2717          (ii) The court shall:
             2718          (A) determine whether the services offered or provided by the division under the
             2719      treatment plan constitute "reasonable efforts" on the part of the division[. The court shall also];
             2720          (B) determine and define the responsibilities of the parent under the treatment plan in
             2721      accordance with Section 62A-4a-205 [. Those duties and responsibilities shall be identified];
             2722      and


             2723          (C) identify on the record the responsibilities described in Subsection (2)(d)(ii)(B), for
             2724      the purpose of assisting in any future determination regarding the provision of reasonable
             2725      efforts, in accordance with state and federal law.
             2726          (iii) (A) The time period for reunification services may not exceed 12 months from the
             2727      date that the child was initially removed from the child's home.
             2728          (B) Nothing in this section may be construed to entitle any parent to an entire 12
             2729      months of reunification services.
             2730          (iv) If reunification services [have been] are ordered, the court may terminate those
             2731      services at any time.
             2732          (v) If, at any time, continuation of reasonable efforts to reunify a child is determined to
             2733      be inconsistent with the final permanency plan for the child established pursuant to Subsection
             2734      78-3a-312 , then measures shall be taken, in a timely manner, to:
             2735          (A) place the child in accordance with the permanency plan[,]; and [to]
             2736          (B) complete whatever steps are necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the
             2737      child.
             2738          [(d)] (e) Any physical custody of the minor by the parent or a relative during the period
             2739      described in Subsection (2)[(c)](d) does not interrupt the running of the period.
             2740          [(e)] (f) (i) If reunification services [have been] are ordered, a permanency hearing
             2741      shall be conducted by the court in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 at the expiration of the
             2742      time period for reunification services.
             2743          (ii) The permanency hearing described in Subsection (2)(f)(i) shall be held no later than
             2744      12 months after the original removal of the child.
             2745          [(ii)] (iii) If reunification services [have not been] are not ordered, a permanency
             2746      hearing shall be conducted within 30 days, in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 .
             2747          [(f)] (g) With regard to a child who is 36 months of age or younger at the time the child
             2748      is initially removed from the home, the court shall:
             2749          (i) hold a permanency hearing [eight] 12 months after the date of the initial removal,
             2750      pursuant to Section 78-3a-312 ; and
             2751          (ii) order the discontinuance of those services after [eight] 12 months from the initial
             2752      removal of the child from the home if the parent or parents have not made substantial efforts to
             2753      comply with the treatment plan.


             2754          [(g)] (h) With regard to a child in the custody of the division whose parent or parents
             2755      [have been] are ordered to receive reunification services but who have abandoned that child for
             2756      a period of six months since the date that reunification services were ordered[,]:
             2757          (i) the court shall terminate reunification services[,]; and
             2758          (ii) the division shall petition the court for termination of parental rights.
             2759          (3) (a) Because of the state's interest in and responsibility to protect and provide
             2760      permanency for children who are abused, neglected, or dependent, the Legislature finds that a
             2761      parent's interest in receiving reunification services is limited.
             2762          (b) The court may determine that:
             2763          (i) efforts to reunify a child with the child's family are not reasonable or appropriate,
             2764      based on the individual circumstances[,]; and [that]
             2765          (ii) reunification services should not be provided.
             2766          (c) In determining "reasonable efforts" to be made with respect to a child, and in
             2767      making "reasonable efforts," the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount
             2768      concern.
             2769          [(b)] (d) (i) There is a presumption that reunification services should not be provided to
             2770      a parent if the court finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that any of the following
             2771      circumstances exist:
             2772          [(i)] (A) the whereabouts of the parents are unknown, based upon a verified affidavit
             2773      indicating that a reasonably diligent search has failed to locate the parent;
             2774          [(ii)] (B) subject to Subsection (3)(d)(ii), the parent is suffering from a mental illness of
             2775      such magnitude that it renders [him] the parent incapable of utilizing reunification services;
             2776      [that finding shall be based on competent evidence from mental health professionals
             2777      establishing that, even with the provision of services, the parent is unlikely to be capable of
             2778      adequately caring for the child within 12 months;]
             2779          [(iii)] (C) the [minor has been] child was previously adjudicated as an abused child
             2780      due to physical or sexual abuse, [that] and following the adjudication the child:
             2781          (I) was removed from the custody of [his] the child's parent[, was];
             2782          (II) subsequently returned to the custody of [that] the parent[,]; and [the minor]
             2783          (III) is being removed due to additional physical or sexual abuse;
             2784          [(iv)] (D) the parent [has]:


             2785          (I) caused the death of another child through abuse or neglect; or [has]
             2786          (II) committed, aided, abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to commit:
             2787          (Aa) murder or manslaughter of a child; or
             2788          (Bb) child abuse homicide;
             2789          [(v)] (E) the [minor has] child suffered severe child abuse or neglect by the parent or
             2790      by any person known by the parent, if the parent knew [or reasonably should have known] that
             2791      the person was abusing or neglecting the [minor] child;
             2792          [(vi)] (F) the [minor has been] child is adjudicated an abused child as a result of severe
             2793      child abuse or neglect by the parent, and the court finds that it would not benefit the child to
             2794      pursue reunification services with the offending parent;
             2795          [(vii)] (G) the parent's rights [have been] are terminated with regard to any other child;
             2796          [(viii)] (H) the child [has been] is removed from [his] the child's home on at least two
             2797      previous occasions and reunification services were offered or provided to the family at those
             2798      times; or
             2799          [(ix)] (I) the parent has abandoned the child for a period of six months or longer[; or].
             2800          [(x) any other circumstance that the court determines should preclude reunification
             2801      efforts or services.]
             2802          [(4) (a) Failure]
             2803          (ii) The finding under Subsection (3)(d)(i)(B) shall be based on competent evidence
             2804      from at least two medical or mental health professionals, who are not associates, establishing
             2805      that, even with the provision of services, the parent is not likely to be capable of adequately
             2806      caring for the child within 12 months of the court's finding.
             2807          (4) In determining whether reunification services are appropriate, the court shall take
             2808      into consideration:
             2809          (a) failure of the parent to [respond to previous services or] make a reasonable effort to
             2810      comply with [any] a previous treatment plan[,];
             2811          (b) the fact that the child was abused while the parent was under the influence of drugs
             2812      or alcohol[, a past];
             2813          (c) any history of violent behavior[,] directed at the child or an immediate family
             2814      member;
             2815          (d) whether a parent continues to live with an individual who abused the child[,];


             2816          (e) any patterns of the parent's behavior that have exposed the child to repeated abuse[,
             2817      or testimony by a competent professional that the parent's behavior is unlikely to be successful,
             2818      shall be considered in determining whether reunification services are appropriate.]; and
             2819          [(b) The court shall also consider] (f) whether the parent has expressed an interest in
             2820      reunification with the child[, in determining whether reunification services are appropriate].
             2821          (5) (a) If reunification services are not ordered pursuant to Subsection (3)(a), and the
             2822      whereabouts of a parent become known within six months of the out-of-home placement of the
             2823      [minor] child, the court may order the division to provide reunification services.
             2824          (b) The time limits described in Subsection (2)[, however,] are not tolled by the
             2825      parent's absence.
             2826          (6) (a) If a parent is incarcerated or institutionalized, the court shall order reasonable
             2827      services unless it determines that those services would be seriously detrimental to the [minor]
             2828      health or safety of the child. [In determining detriment]
             2829          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (6)(a), the court shall
             2830      consider:
             2831          (i) the age of the child[,];
             2832          (ii) the degree of parent-child bonding[,];
             2833          (iii) the length of the sentence[,];
             2834          (iv) the nature of the treatment[,];
             2835          (v) the nature of the crime or mental illness[,];
             2836          (vi) the degree of detriment to the [child] child's health and safety if services are not
             2837      offered [and,];
             2838          (vii) for [minors] a child ten years of age or older, the [minor's] child's attitude toward
             2839      the implementation of family reunification services[,]; and
             2840          (viii) any other appropriate factors.
             2841          (c) In making the determination described in Subsection (6)(a), the court shall give
             2842      particular weight to the consideration described in Subsection (6)(b)(vii).
             2843          (d) Reunification services for an incarcerated parent are subject to the 12-month
             2844      limitation imposed in Subsection (2).
             2845          (e) Reunification services for an institutionalized parent are subject to the 12-month
             2846      limitation imposed in Subsection (2), unless the court determines that continued reunification


             2847      services would be in the child's best interest.
             2848          (7) If, pursuant to Subsection (3)(b)[(ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), (vii), (viii), (ix), or (x)], the
             2849      court does not order reunification services, a permanency hearing shall be conducted within 30
             2850      days, in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 .
             2851          Section 37. Section 78-3a-320 is amended to read:
             2852           78-3a-320. Additional finding at adjudication hearing -- Petition -- Court records.
             2853          (1) Upon the filing with the court of a petition under Section 78-3a-305 by the
             2854      [Division of Child and Family Services] division or any interested person informing the court,
             2855      among other things, that the division [has] made a supported finding [of one or more of the
             2856      severe types of], pursuant to Section 62A-4a-116.1 , that a person committed severe child abuse
             2857      or neglect [described in Subsection 62A-4a-116.1 (2),] the court shall:
             2858          (a) make a finding of substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit;
             2859          (b) include the finding described in Subsection (1)(a) in a written order; and
             2860          (c) deliver a certified copy of the order described in Subsection (1)(b) to the division.
             2861          (2) The judicial finding under Subsection (1) shall be made:
             2862          (a) as part of or at the conclusion of the adjudication hearing; or
             2863          (b) as part of a court order entered pursuant to a written stipulation of the parties.
             2864          (3) (a) Any person described in Subsection 62A-4a-116.6 (1) may at any time file with
             2865      the court a petition for removal of the person's name from the Licensing Information System.
             2866          (b) At the conclusion of the hearing on the petition described in Subsection (3)(a), the
             2867      court shall:
             2868          [(a)] (i) make a finding of substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit;
             2869          [(b)] (ii) include the finding described in Subsection (1)(a) in a written order; and
             2870          [(c)] (iii) deliver a certified copy of the order described in Subsection (1)(b) to the
             2871      division.
             2872          (4) A proceeding for adjudication under this section of a supported finding of a
             2873      [nonsevere] type of abuse or neglect [under this section] that does not constitute severe child
             2874      abuse or neglect may be joined in the juvenile court with an adjudication of [a] severe [type of]
             2875      child abuse or neglect.
             2876          (5) If a person whose name appears on the Licensing Information System [prior to]
             2877      before May 6, 2002 files a petition during the time that an alleged perpetrator's application for


             2878      clearance to work with children or vulnerable adults is pending, the court shall hear the matter
             2879      and enter a final decision no later than 60 days after the filing of the petition.
             2880          (6) For the purposes of licensing under Sections 26-21-9.5 , 26-39-105.5 , 62A-1-118 ,
             2881      and 62A-2-121 :
             2882          (a) the court shall make available records of its findings under Subsections (1) and (2)
             2883      for licensing purposes, only to those with statutory authority to access also the Licensing
             2884      Information System created under Section 62A-4a-116.2 ; and
             2885          (b) any appellate court shall make available court records of appeals from juvenile
             2886      court decisions under Subsections (1), (2), (3), and (4) for licensing purposes, only to those
             2887      with statutory authority to access also the Licensing Information System.
             2888          Section 38. Section 78-3a-402 is amended to read:
             2889           78-3a-402. Judicial process for termination -- Parent unfit or incompetent -- Best
             2890      interest of child.
             2891          (1) This part provides a judicial process for voluntary and involuntary severance of the
             2892      parent-child relationship, designed to safeguard the rights and interests of all parties concerned
             2893      and promote their welfare and that of the state.
             2894          (2) Wherever possible family life should be strengthened and preserved, but if a parent
             2895      is found, by reason of [his] the parent's conduct or condition, to be unfit or incompetent based
             2896      upon any of the grounds for termination described in this part, the court shall then consider the
             2897      welfare and best interest of the child of paramount importance in determining whether
             2898      termination of parental rights shall be ordered.
             2899          Section 39. Section 78-3a-406 is amended to read:
             2900           78-3a-406. Notice -- Nature of proceedings.
             2901          (1) After a petition for termination of parental rights [has been] is filed, notice of that
             2902      fact and of the time and place of the hearing shall be provided, in accordance with the Utah
             2903      Rules of Civil Procedure, to:
             2904          (a) the parents[,];
             2905          (b) the guardian[,];
             2906          (c) the person or agency having legal custody of the child[,]; and [to]
             2907          (d) any person acting in loco parentis to the child.
             2908          (2) (a) A hearing shall be held specifically on the question of termination of parental


             2909      rights no sooner than ten days after service of summons is complete.
             2910          (b) A verbatim record of the proceedings of the hearing described in Subsection (2)(a)
             2911      shall be taken and the parties shall be advised of their right to counsel.
             2912          (c) The summons described in Subsection (2)(a) shall contain a statement to the effect
             2913      that the rights of the parent or parents are proposed to be permanently terminated in the
             2914      proceedings. [That]
             2915          (d) The statement described in Subsection (2)(c) may be contained in:
             2916          (i) the summons originally issued in the proceeding; or [in]
             2917          (ii) a separate summons subsequently issued.
             2918          (3) (a) The proceedings in this section are civil in nature and are governed by the Utah
             2919      Rules of Civil Procedure.
             2920          (b) The court shall in all cases:
             2921          (i) require the petitioner to establish the facts by clear and convincing evidence[,]; and
             2922      [shall]
             2923          (ii) give full and careful consideration to all of the evidence presented with regard to
             2924      the constitutional rights and claims of the parent [and, if].
             2925          (c) If a parent is found, by reason of [his] the parent's conduct or condition, to be unfit
             2926      or incompetent based upon any of the grounds for termination described in this part, the court
             2927      shall then consider the welfare and best interest of the child of paramount importance in
             2928      determining whether termination of parental rights shall be ordered.
             2929          Section 40. Section 78-3a-407 is amended to read:
             2930           78-3a-407. Grounds for termination of parental rights -- Findings regarding
             2931      reasonable efforts.
             2932          (1) The court may terminate all parental rights with respect to a parent if it finds [any]
             2933      one or more of the following:
             2934          (a) [that] the parent has abandoned the child;
             2935          [(b) that the parent has neglected or abused the child;]
           &n