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Third Substitute H.B. 260

Senator Curtis S. Bramble proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
AMENDMENTS RELATED TO PORNOGRAPHIC

             2     
AND HARMFUL MATERIALS

             3     
2005 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Sponsor: John Dougall

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill addresses pornographic materials and material harmful to minors.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    requires the Division of Consumer Protection to make public service
             13      announcements;
             14          .    requires the attorney general to establish and maintain a database, called the adult
             15      content registry, of certain Internet sites containing material harmful to minors;
             16          .    defines terms;
             17          .    subjects a person dealing in material harmful to minors to criminal liability for
             18      certain distributions of material harmful to minors if the person negligently or
             19      recklessly fails to determine the proper age of a minor;
             20          .    increases criminal penalties for distributing and inducing acceptance of
             21      pornographic materials;
             22          .    requires a service provider to prevent certain access to Internet material harmful to
             23      minors, if requested by the consumer;
             24          .    requires the Division of Consumer Protection to test the effectiveness of a service
             25      provider's procedures to block material harmful to minors at least annually;


             26          .    requires a service provider, under certain circumstances, to block material on the
             27      adult content registry;
             28          .    requires Internet content providers that create or host data in Utah to properly rate
             29      the data;
             30          .    allows the attorney general to seek a civil fine against a service provider that fails to
             31      properly block material harmful to minors;
             32          .    provides criminal penalties for certain violations of the provisions requiring a
             33      service provider to block material harmful to minors;
             34          .    provides a criminal penalty for a content provider's failure to properly rate content;
             35      and
             36          .    makes technical changes.
             37      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             38          This bill appropriates:
             39          .    $100,000 from the General Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection, for fiscal
             40      year 2005-06 only, for public service announcements;
             41          .    $50,000 from the General Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection, for fiscal
             42      year 2005-06 only, to conduct a research project; and
             43          .    $100,000 from the General Fund to the attorney general, for fiscal year 2005-06
             44      only, to establish the adult content registry.
             45      Other Special Clauses:
             46          This bill provides an effective date.
             47      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             48      AMENDS:
             49          76-10-1204, as last amended by Chapters 93 and 163, Laws of Utah 1990
             50          76-10-1205, as last amended by Chapter 163, Laws of Utah 1990
             51          76-10-1206, as last amended by Chapter 53, Laws of Utah 2000
             52      ENACTS:
             53          13-2-9, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54          67-5-19, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             55          76-10-1230, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             56          76-10-1231, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             57          76-10-1232, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             58          76-10-1233, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             59     
             60      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             61          Section 1. Section 13-2-9 is enacted to read:
             62          13-2-9. Internet -- Consumer education.
             63          (1) The Division of Consumer Protection shall, subject to appropriation, contract with
             64      a person to make public service announcements advising consumers about the dangers of using
             65      the Internet, especially:
             66          (a) material harmful to minors;
             67          (b) steps a consumer may take to learn more about the dangers of using the Internet;
             68          (c) information about how a service provider can help a consumer learn more about the
             69      dangers of using the Internet, including the service provider's duties created by this bill; and
             70          (d) how a consumer can monitor the Internet usage of family members.
             71          (2) Monies appropriated under Subsection (1) shall be paid by the Division of
             72      Consumer Protection to a person only if:
             73          (a) the person is a nonprofit organization; and
             74          (b) the person agrees to spend private monies amounting to two times the amount of
             75      monies provided by the Division of Consumer Protection during each fiscal year in accordance
             76      with Subsection (1).
             77          (3) In administering any monies appropriated for use under this section, the Division of
             78      Consumer Protection shall comply with Title 63, Chapter 56, Utah Procurement Code.
             79          Section 2. Section 67-5-19 is enacted to read:
             80          67-5-19. Adult content registry.
             81          (1) As used in this section:
             82          (a) "Access restricted" means access restricted as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
             83          (b) "Consumer" means a consumer as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
             84          (c) "Content provider" means a content provider as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
             85          (d) "Hosting company" means a hosting company as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
             86          (e) "Service provider" means a service provider as defined in Section 76-10-1230 .
             87          (2) The attorney general, in consultation with other entities as the attorney general


             88      considers appropriate, shall:
             89          (a) create a database, called the adult content registry, consisting of a list of content
             90      providers' sites, that shall be based on a Uniform Resource Locator address, domain name, and
             91      Internet Protocol address or a similar addressing system, that:
             92          (i) are added to the database under Subsection (2)(b); and
             93          (ii) provide material harmful to minors that is not access restricted;
             94          (b) add a content provider site to the adult content registry only if the attorney general
             95      determines that the content provider is providing content that contains material harmful to
             96      minors that is not access restricted;
             97          (c) when the attorney general determines that a content provider site should be placed
             98      on the adult content registry, if the content provider lists e-mail contact information, the
             99      attorney general shall notify the content provider and hosting company, if available, by e-mail:
             100          (i) that the content provider is providing content that contains material harmful to
             101      minors that is not access restricted;
             102          (ii) that the attorney general will place the content provider site on the adult content
             103      registry five business days after the notice is sent;
             104          (iii) that the content provider can avoid being placed on the adult content registry if any
             105      material harmful to minors is access restricted; and
             106          (iv) of the steps necessary for the content provider or hosting company to apply to be
             107      removed from the adult content registry;
             108          (d) (i) if notification is required under Subsection (2)(c), place a content provider site
             109      on the adult content registry five business days after the day on which the division makes the
             110      required notification; or
             111          (ii) if notification is not required under Subsection (2)(c), place a content provider site
             112      on the adult content registry five business days after the day on which the attorney general
             113      determines that the content provider should be placed on the adult content registry; and
             114          (e) if requested by a content provider, remove a content provider from the adult content
             115      registry within two business days from the day on which the attorney general determines that
             116      the content provider no longer provides material harmful to minors that is not access restricted.
             117          (3) The attorney general shall make the adult content registry available for public
             118      dissemination in a readily accessible access restricted electronic format.


             119          (4) The attorney general shall establish a system for the reporting of material
             120      transmitted to a consumer in violation of Section 76-10-1232 .
             121          Section 3. Section 76-10-1204 is amended to read:
             122           76-10-1204. Distributing pornographic material.
             123          (1) A person is guilty of distributing pornographic material when he knowingly:
             124          (a) sends or brings any pornographic material into the state with intent to distribute or
             125      exhibit it to others;
             126          (b) prepares, publishes, prints, or possesses any pornographic material with intent to
             127      distribute or exhibit it to others;
             128          (c) distributes or offers to distribute, exhibits or offers to exhibit any pornographic
             129      material to others;
             130          (d) writes, creates, or solicits the publication or advertising of pornographic material;
             131          (e) promotes the distribution or exhibition of material he represents to be pornographic;
             132      or
             133          (f) presents or directs a pornographic performance in any public place or any place
             134      exposed to public view or participates in that portion of the performance which makes it
             135      pornographic.
             136          (2) Each distributing of pornographic material as defined in Subsection (1) is a separate
             137      offense.
             138          (3) It is a separate offense under this section for:
             139          (a) each day's exhibition of any pornographic motion picture film; and
             140          (b) each day in which any pornographic publication is displayed or exhibited in a
             141      public place with intent to distribute or exhibit it to others.
             142          [(4) Each separate offense under this section is a class A misdemeanor punishable by:]
             143          [(a) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $100 plus $10 for each article
             144      exhibited up to the maximum allowed by law; and]
             145          [(b) incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less
             146      than seven days, notwithstanding any provisions of Section 77-18-1 .]
             147          [(5) If a defendant has already been convicted once under this section, each separate
             148      further offense]
             149          (4) (a) An offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:


             150          (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $1,000 plus $10 for each article
             151      exhibited up to the maximum allowed by law; and [by]
             152          (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less than
             153      30 days.
             154          (b) This Subsection (4) supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
             155          (5) A service provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if
             156      it complies with Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1232 .
             157          Section 4. Section 76-10-1205 is amended to read:
             158           76-10-1205. Inducing acceptance of pornographic material.
             159          (1) A person is guilty of inducing acceptance of pornographic material when he
             160      knowingly:
             161          (a) requires or demands as a condition to a sale, allocation, consignment, or delivery
             162      for resale of any newspaper, magazine, periodical, book, publication, or other merchandise that
             163      the purchaser or consignee receive any pornographic material or material reasonably believed
             164      by the purchaser or consignee to be pornographic; or
             165          (b) denies, revokes, or threatens to deny or revoke a franchise, or to impose any
             166      penalty, financial or otherwise, because of the failure or refusal to accept pornographic material
             167      or material reasonably believed by the purchaser or consignee to be pornographic.
             168          [(2) A violation of this section is a class A misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not
             169      less than $500 and by incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of
             170      not less than 14 days.]
             171          (2) (a) An offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:
             172          (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $1,000 plus $10 for each article
             173      exhibited up to the maximum allowed by law; and
             174          (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence in any way, for a term of not less than
             175      30 days.
             176          (b) This Subsection (2) supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
             177          (3) A service provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if
             178      it complies with Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1232 .
             179          Section 5. Section 76-10-1206 is amended to read:
             180           76-10-1206. Dealing in material harmful to a minor.


             181          (1) A person is guilty of dealing in material harmful to minors when, knowing that a
             182      person is a minor, or having negligently or recklessly failed to [exercise reasonable care in
             183      ascertaining] determine the proper age of a minor, he:
             184          (a) intentionally distributes or offers to distribute, exhibits or offers to exhibit to a
             185      minor any material harmful to minors;
             186          (b) intentionally produces, presents, or directs any performance before a minor, that is
             187      harmful to minors; or
             188          (c) intentionally participates in any performance before a minor, that is harmful to
             189      minors.
             190          (2) (a) Each separate offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:
             191          (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $300 plus $10 for each article exhibited
             192      up to the maximum allowed by law; and [by]
             193          (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence [in any way], for a term of not less
             194      than 14 days.
             195          (b) This section supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
             196          (3) (a) If a defendant has already been convicted once under this section, each separate
             197      further offense is a second degree felony punishable by:
             198          (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $5,000 plus $10 for each article
             199      exhibited up to the maximum allowed by law; and [by]
             200          (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence [in any way], for a term of not less
             201      than one year.
             202          (b) This section supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
             203          (4) (a) A service provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section
             204      if it complies with Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1232 .
             205          (b) A content provider, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 , complies with this section if
             206      it complies with Section 76-10-1233 .
             207          Section 6. Section 76-10-1230 is enacted to read:
             208          76-10-1230. Definitions.
             209          As used in Sections 76-10-1231 , 76-10-1232 , and 76-10-1233 :
             210          (1) "Access restricted" means that a content provider limits access to material harmful
             211      to minors by:


             212          (a) properly rating content;
             213          (b) providing an age verification mechanism designed to prevent a minor's access to
             214      material harmful to minors; or
             215          (c) any other reasonable measures feasible under available technology.
             216          (2) "Adult content registry" means the adult content registry created by Section
             217      67-5-19 .
             218          (3) "Consumer" means a natural person residing in this state who subscribes to a
             219      service provided by a service provider for personal or residential use.
             220          (4) "Content provider" means a person that creates, collects, acquires, or organizes
             221      electronic data for electronic delivery to a consumer with the intent of making a profit.
             222          (5) (a) "Hosting company" means a person that provides services or facilities for
             223      storing or distributing content over the Internet without editorial or creative alteration of the
             224      content.
             225          (b) A hosting company may have policies concerning acceptable use without becoming
             226      a content provider under Subsection (4).
             227          (6) (a) "Internet service provider" means a person engaged in the business of providing
             228      a computer and communications facility through which a consumer may obtain access to the
             229      Internet.
             230          (b) "Internet service provider" does not include a common carrier if it provides only
             231      telecommunications service.
             232          (7) "Properly rated" means content using a labeling system to label material harmful to
             233      minors provided by the content provider in a way that:
             234          (a) accurately apprises a consumer of the presence of material harmful to minors; and
             235          (b) allows the consumer the ability to control access to material harmful to minors
             236      based on the material's rating by use of reasonably priced commercially available software,
             237      including software in the public domain.
             238          (8) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (8)(b), "service provider" means:
             239          (i) an Internet service provider; or
             240          (ii) a person who otherwise provides an Internet access service to a consumer.
             241          (b) "Service provider" does not include a person who does not terminate a service in
             242      this state, but merely transmits data through:


             243          (i) a wire;
             244          (ii) a cable; or
             245          (iii) an antenna.
             246          (c) "Service provider," notwithstanding Subsection (8)(b), includes a person who meets
             247      the requirements of Subsection (8)(a) and leases or rents a wire or cable for the transmission of
             248      data.
             249          Section 7. Section 76-10-1231 is enacted to read:
             250          76-10-1231. Data service providers -- Internet content harmful to minors.
             251          (1) (a) Upon request by a consumer, a service provider shall filter content to prevent
             252      the transmission of material harmful to minors to the consumer.
             253          (b) A service provider complies with Subsection (1)(a) if it uses a generally accepted
             254      and commercially reasonable method of filtering.
             255          (2) At the time of a consumer's subscription to a service provider's service, or at the
             256      time this section takes effect if the consumer subscribes to the service provider's service at the
             257      time this section takes effect, the service provider shall notify the consumer in a conspicuous
             258      manner that the consumer may request to have material harmful to minors blocked under
             259      Subsection (1).
             260          (3) (a) A service provider may comply with Subsection (1) by:
             261          (i) providing network-level filtering to prevent receipt of material harmful to minors;
             262      or
             263          (ii) providing at the time of a consumer's request under Subsection (1), software for
             264      contemporaneous installation on the consumer's computer that blocks, in an easy-to-enable and
             265      commercially reasonable manner, receipt of material harmful to minors.
             266          (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b)(ii), a service provider may not charge a
             267      consumer for blocking material or providing software under this section, except that a service
             268      provider may increase the cost to all subscribers to the service provider's services to recover the
             269      cost of complying with this section.
             270          (ii) A service provider with fewer than 7,500 subscribers may charge a consumer for
             271      providing software under Subsection (3)(a)(ii) if the charge does not exceed the service
             272      provider's cost for the software.
             273          (4) If the attorney general determines that a service provider violates Subsection (1) or


             274      (2), the attorney general shall:
             275          (a) notify the service provider that the service provider is in violation of Subsection (1)
             276      or (2); and
             277          (b) notify the service provider that the service provider has 30 days to comply with the
             278      provision being violated or be subject to Subsection (5).
             279          (5) A service provider that violates Subsection (1) or (2) is:
             280          (a) subject to a civil fine of $2,500 for each separate violation of Subsection (1) or (2),
             281      up to $10,000 per day; and
             282          (b) guilty of a class A misdemeanor if:
             283          (i) the service provider knowingly or intentionally fails to comply with Subsection (1);
             284      or
             285          (ii) the service provider fails to provide the notice required by Subsection (2).
             286          (6) A proceeding to impose a civil fine under Subsection (5)(a) may only be brought by
             287      the attorney general in a court of competent jurisdiction.
             288          (7) (a) The Division of Consumer Protection within the Department of Commerce
             289      shall, in consultation with other entities as the Division of Consumer Protection considers
             290      appropriate, test the effectiveness of a service provider's system for blocking material harmful
             291      to minors under Subsection (1) at least annually.
             292          (b) The results of testing by the Division of Consumer Protection under Subsection
             293      (3)(a) shall be made available to:
             294          (i) the service provider that is the subject of the test; and
             295          (ii) the public.
             296          (c) The Division of Consumer Protection shall make rules in accordance with Title 63,
             297      Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to fulfil its duties under this section.
             298          Section 8. Section 76-10-1232 is enacted to read:
             299          76-10-1232. Data service providers -- Adult content registry.
             300          (1) (a) Upon request by a consumer, a service provider may not transmit material from
             301      a content provider site listed on the adult content registry created by Section 67-5-19 to a
             302      consumer.
             303          (b) A service provider complies with Subsection (1)(a) if it uses a generally accepted
             304      and commercially reasonable method of filtering.


             305          (c) At the time of a consumer's subscription to a service provider's service, or at the
             306      time this section takes effect if the consumer subscribes to the service provider's service at the
             307      time this section takes effect, the service provider shall notify the consumer in a conspicuous
             308      manner that:
             309          (i) the consumer may request to have material on the adult content registry blocked
             310      under Subsection (1)(a); and
             311          (ii) the consumer's request to have material harmful to minors blocked under
             312      Subsection (1)(a) may also result in blocking material that is not harmful to minors.
             313          (2) (a) A service provider may comply with Subsection (1) by:
             314          (i) providing network-level filtering to prevent receipt of material harmful to minors;
             315          (ii) providing at the consumer's request, software for contemporaneous installation on
             316      the consumer's computer that blocks, in an easy-to-enable and commercially reasonable
             317      manner, receipt of material harmful to minors; or
             318          (iii) complying with any federal law in effect that requires the blocking of content from
             319      a registry of sites containing material harmful to minors.
             320          (b) A service provider may block material from the adult content registry by domain
             321      name or Internet Protocol address.
             322          (c) (i) A service provider may not charge a consumer for blocking material or
             323      providing software under this section, except that a service provider may increase the cost to all
             324      subscribers to the service provider's services to recover the cost of complying with this section.
             325          (ii) A service provider with fewer than 5,000 subscribers may charge a consumer for
             326      providing software under Subsection (2)(a)(ii) if the charge does not exceed the service
             327      provider's cost for the software.
             328          (d) A service provider shall coordinate the service provider's list of content providers
             329      on the adult content registry with the attorney general's list of content providers on the adult
             330      content registry at least weekly.
             331          (3) If the attorney general determines that the service provider violates Subsection (1)
             332      or (2), the attorney general shall:
             333          (a) notify the service provider that the service provider is in violation of Subsection (1)
             334      or (2); and
             335          (b) notify the service provider that the service provider has 30 days to comply with the


             336      provision being violated or be subject to Subsection (4).
             337          (4) A service provider that violates Subsection (1) or (2) is:
             338          (a) subject to a civil fine of $2,500 for each separate violation of Subsection (1) or (2),
             339      up to $10,000 per day; and
             340          (b) guilty of a class A misdemeanor if the service provider knowingly or intentionally
             341      fails to comply with Subsection (1) or (2).
             342          (5) A proceeding to impose a civil fine under Subsection (4)(a) may only be brought by
             343      the attorney general in a court of competent jurisdiction.
             344          Section 9. Section 76-10-1233 is enacted to read:
             345          76-10-1233. Content providers -- Material harmful to minors.
             346          (1) A content provider that is domiciled in Utah, or generates or hosts content in Utah,
             347      shall restrict access to material harmful to minors.
             348          (2) The Division of Consumer Protection shall make rules in accordance with Title 63,
             349      Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to establish acceptable rating methods to
             350      be implemented by a content provider under Subsection (1).
             351          (3) If the attorney general determines that a content provider violates Subsection (1),
             352      the attorney general shall:
             353          (a) notify the content provider that the content provider is in violation of Subsection
             354      (1); and
             355          (b) notify the content provider that the content provider has 30 days to comply with
             356      Subsection (1) or be subject to Subsection (4).
             357          (4) If a content provider violates this section more than 30 days after receiving the
             358      notice provided in Subsection (3), the content provider is guilty of a third degree felony.
             359          Section 10. Appropriation.
             360          (1) (a) There is appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06 only, $100,000 from the General
             361      Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection for public service announcements advising
             362      consumers about the dangers of using the Internet.
             363          (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the money appropriated in Subsection (1)(a)
             364      shall be used to publicize in various forms of media:
             365          (i) the dangers of using the Internet, especially Internet pornography;
             366          (ii) steps a consumer may take to learn more about the dangers of using the Internet;


             367          (iii) information about how a service provider can help a consumer learn more about
             368      the dangers of using the Internet, including the service provider's duties created by this bill; and
             369          (iv) how a consumer can monitor the Internet usage of family members.
             370          (2) (a) There is appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06 only, $100,000 from the General
             371      Fund to the attorney general to establish the Adult Content Registry created by this bill.
             372          (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the attorney general use existing technologies
             373      and systems to the extent possible in establishing the Adult Content Registry.
             374          (3) (a) There is appropriated for fiscal year 2005-06 only, $50,000 from the General
             375      Fund to the Division of Consumer Protection to conduct a research project.
             376          (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Division of Consumer Protection use the
             377      monies appropriated in Subsection (3)(a) to research the effectiveness of:
             378          (i) existing and emerging technologies for limiting access to material harmful to
             379      minors on the Internet;
             380          (ii) obstacles to consumers limiting access to material harmful to minors on the
             381      Internet; and
             382          (iii) methods of educating the public about the dangers of using the Internet.
             383          (c) The Division of Consumer Protection shall report the findings of the research for
             384      which monies under Subsection (3)(a) are appropriated to the Utah Technology Commission
             385      before December 1, 2005.
             386          Section 11. Effective date.
             387          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             388      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             389      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             390      the date of veto override, except that Section 76-10-1231 takes effect on January 1, 2006, and
             391      Sections 76-10-1232 and 76-10-1233 take effect on May 1, 2006.


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