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7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Utah Postsecondary Proprietary School Act.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . modifies provisions related to what constitutes a prohibited act;
13 . clarifies rulemaking authority;
14 . adds to the list of exemptions education providers certified by the Division of Real
16 . authorizes the division to conduct audits;
17 . addresses registration statements, exemptions, and certificates of registration;
18 . modifies the information that must be made available to applicants and the division;
19 . provides for additional penalties;
20 . addresses denial, suspension, or revocation of a certificate for registration including
21 conducting criminal background checks; and
22 . makes technical changes.
23 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
25 Other Special Clauses:
27 Utah Code Sections Affected:
29 13-34-104, as enacted by Chapters 125 and 222, Laws of Utah 2002
30 13-34-105, as last amended by Chapter 131, Laws of Utah 2003
31 13-34-106, as enacted by Chapter 222, Laws of Utah 2002
32 13-34-107, as enacted by Chapter 222, Laws of Utah 2002
33 13-34-108, as enacted by Chapter 222, Laws of Utah 2002
34 13-34-111, as enacted by Chapter 222, Laws of Utah 2002
35 13-34-113, as enacted by Chapter 222, Laws of Utah 2002
37 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
38 Section 1. Section 13-34-104 is amended to read:
39 13-34-104. Prohibited acts -- Exceptions -- Responsibilities of proprietary schools.
40 (1) Except as provided in this chapter, a proprietary school may not offer, sell, or
41 award a degree or any other type of educational credential unless the student has enrolled in
42 and successfully completed a prescribed program of study as outlined in the proprietary
43 school's catalogue.
44 (2) [
45 (a) honorary credentials clearly designated as such on the front side of a diploma[
46 (b) certificates and awards by [
47 educational credentials requiring enrollment in and successful completion of a prescribed
48 program of study in compliance with the requirements of this chapter.
49 (3) A proprietary school must provide bona fide instruction through student-faculty
51 (4) A proprietary school may not enroll a student in a program unless the proprietary
52 school has made a good-faith determination that the student has the ability to benefit from the
54 (5) A proprietary school may not make or cause to be made any oral, written, or visual
55 statement or representation that an institution described in Subsection 13-34-107 (2)(a)(ii)
56 knows or should know to be:
57 (a) false;
58 (b) deceptive;
59 (c) substantially inaccurate; or
60 (d) misleading.
62 with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, for the following:
63 (a) the awarding of educational credentials;
64 (b) bona fide instruction through student-faculty interaction; and
65 (c) determination of the ability of a student to benefit from a program.
66 Section 2. Section 13-34-105 is amended to read:
67 13-34-105. Exempted institutions.
68 (1) This chapter does not apply to the following institutions:
69 (a) a Utah institution directly supported, to a substantial degree, with funds provided
71 (i) the state[
72 (ii) a local school district[
73 (iii) other Utah governmental subdivision;
74 (b) an institution [
76 (c) a lawful enterprise [
77 C.P.A. and bar examination review and preparation courses;
78 (d) a Utah private, postsecondary educational institution that is owned, controlled,
79 operated, or maintained by a bona fide church or religious denomination, which is exempted
80 from property taxation under the laws of this state;
81 (e) subject to Subsection (3), a Utah school or institution [
82 regional or national accrediting agency recognized by the United States Department of
86 (f) subject to Subsection (4), a business organization, trade or professional association,
87 fraternal society, or labor union that:
88 (i) sponsors or conducts courses of instruction or study predominantly for bona fide
89 employees or members; and
90 (ii) does not, in advertising, describe itself as a school; [
95 (g) an institution that exclusively offers general education courses or instruction solely
96 remedial, avocational, nonvocational, or recreational in nature, [
97 (i) advertise occupation objectives; or
98 (ii) grant educational credentials;
99 (h) an institution [
100 (i) lasting no longer than three calendar days; and
101 (ii) for which academic credit is not awarded; [
102 (i) an institution [
103 insurance, or flying that are regulated and approved by a state or federal governmental
105 (j) an education provider certified by the Division of Real Estate under Section
106 61-2c-103 .
107 (2) (a) If available evidence suggests that an exempt institution under this section is not
108 in compliance with the standards of registration under this chapter and applicable division
109 rules, the division shall contact the institution and, if appropriate, the state or federal
110 government agency to request corrective action.
111 (b) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply to an institution exempted under Subsection (1)(e).
112 (3) An institution, branch, extension, or facility operating within the state that is
113 affiliated with an institution operating in another state must be separately approved by the
114 affiliate's regional or national accrediting agency to qualify for the exemption described in
115 Subsection (1)(e).
116 (4) For purposes of Subsection (1)(f), a business organization, trade or professional
117 association, fraternal society, or labor union is considered to be conducting the course
118 predominantly for bona fide employees or members if it hires a majority of the persons who:
119 (a) successfully complete its course of instruction or study with a reasonable degree of
120 proficiency; and
121 (b) apply for employment with that same entity.
122 Section 3. Section 13-34-106 is amended to read:
123 13-34-106. Responsibilities of division.
124 The division is responsible for the administration of this chapter, and shall do the
126 (1) prescribe the contents of the registration statements required by this chapter relating
127 to the quality of education and ethical and business practices;
128 (2) issue certification of registration upon receipt and approval of the registration
129 statement required under Section 13-34-107 ;
130 (3) receive, investigate, and make available for public inspection the registration
131 statements filed by proprietary schools operating or intending to operate in the state;
132 (4) maintain and publicize a list of proprietary schools for which a registration
133 statement is on file with the division;
134 (5) investigate and audit, on [
135 complaint filed with [
136 division to be subject to, this chapter;
137 (6) negotiate and enter into interstate reciprocity agreements with other states, if in the
138 judgment of the division, the agreements are or will help to effectuate the purposes of this
139 chapter; and
140 (7) consent to the use of educational terms in business names in accordance with
141 Section 13-34-114 .
142 Section 4. Section 13-34-107 is amended to read:
143 13-34-107. Advertising, recruiting, or operating a proprietary school -- Required
144 registration statement or exemption -- Certificate of registration -- Registration does not
145 constitute endorsement.
146 (1) (a) [
147 not do any of the following in this state:
148 (i) advertise[
149 (ii) recruit students for[
150 (iii) operate a proprietary school [
151 (b) An institution may not engage in an activity described in Subsection (1)(a) unless
154 proprietary school that is in compliance with:
155 (I) applicable rules [
157 (II) the requirements set forth in this chapter; [
158 (B) obtains a certificate of registration; or
167 Subsection (1) shall be:
168 (i) verified by the oath or affirmation of the owner or a responsible officer of the
169 proprietary school filing [
171 (ii) include a certification as to whether [
173 rules as determined in a criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding[
174 (A) the proprietary school; or
175 (B) any of the following with respect to the proprietary school:
176 (I) an owner;
177 (II) an officer;
178 (III) a director;
179 (IV) an administrator;
180 (V) a faculty member;
181 (VI) a staff member; or
182 (VII) an agent.
184 (i) make available, upon request, a copy of the registration statement, showing the date
185 upon which it was filed[
186 (ii) display the certificate of registration [
187 obtained from the division in a conspicuous place on [
188 (3) (a) A registration statement and the accompanying certificate of registration are not
190 (b) In the event of a change in ownership or in the governing body of the proprietary
191 school, the new owner or governing body, within 30 days after the change, shall file a new
192 registration statement.
193 (4) [
194 statement and the accompanying certificate of registration are effective for a period of two
195 years after the date of filing and issuance.
196 (5) (a) The division shall establish a graduated fee structure for the filing of registration
197 statements by various classifications of institutions pursuant to Section 63-38-3.2 .
198 (b) Fees are not refundable.
199 (c) Fees shall be deposited in the Commerce Service Fund pursuant to Section 13-1-2 .
200 (6) (a) Each proprietary school shall:
201 (i) demonstrate fiscal responsibility at the time [
202 registration statement as prescribed by rules of the division[
204 (A) is financially sound; and
205 (B) can reasonably fulfill commitments to and obligations [
206 has incurred with students and creditors.
208 shall prepare and submit financial statements and supporting documentation as requested by
209 the division.
211 operate or renewal under new ownership must provide audited financial statements.
213 in the best interest of students to require such information.
214 (7) (a) A proprietary school applying for an initial certificate of registration or seeking
215 renewal shall provide in a form approved by the division:
216 (i) a surety bond[
217 (ii) a certificate of deposit[
218 (iii) an irrevocable letter of credit [
219 (b) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
220 division may make rules providing for:
221 (i) the amount of the bond, certificate, or letter of credit required under Subsection
222 (7)(a), not to exceed in amount the anticipated tuition and fees to be received by the proprietary
223 school during a school year;
224 (ii) the execution of the bond, certificate, or letter of credit;
225 (iii) cancellation of the bond, certificate, or letter of credit during or at the end of the
226 registration term; and
227 (iv) any other matters related to providing the bond, certificate, or letter of credit
228 required under Subsection (7)(a).
229 (c) The bond, certificate, or letter of credit shall be used as a protection against loss of
230 advanced tuition, book fees, supply fees, or equipment fees:
231 (i) collected by the proprietary school from a student or a student's parent, guardian, or
232 sponsor prior to the completion of the program or courses for which it was collected; or
233 (ii) for which the student is liable.
234 (8) (a) [
235 refuse acceptance of a registration statement that is:
236 (i) tendered for filing and, based on a preliminary review, appears to be in compliance
237 with Subsections (1), (2), and (6)[
238 (ii) accompanied by:
239 (A) the required fee[
240 (B) one of the following required by Subsection (7):
241 (I) surety bond;
242 (II) certificate of deposit; or
243 (III) irrevocable letter of credit.
251 the division.
253 in compliance with this chapter, the division may advise the proprietary school as to the
254 apparent deficiencies.
256 Subsection (8)(d)(i), a new or amended statement may [
257 proprietary school, accompanied by:
258 (A) the required fee[
259 (B) one of the following required by Subsection (7):
260 (I) surety bond;
261 (II) certificate of deposit; or
262 (III) irrevocable letter of credit.
263 (9) The [
266 approval of the proprietary school by either the division or the state[
267 (a) an acceptance of:
268 (i) a registration statement;
269 (ii) a renewal statement; or
270 (iii) an amended registration statement; and
271 (b) issuance of a certificate of registration.
272 Section 5. Section 13-34-108 is amended to read:
273 13-34-108. Information required to be available -- Documents to be fair and
274 accurate -- Fair and ethical practices.
275 (1) It is a violation of this chapter for any institution or proprietary school, which is
276 required to file a registration statement under this chapter, to offer postsecondary education in
277 this state unless:
279 (i) in writing;
280 (ii) to all applicants[
281 (iii) prior to:
282 (A) enrollment[
283 (B) the receipt of any tuition by the institution or proprietary school; and
284 (iv) information that includes the following:
286 offered at the proprietary school[
287 (B) the address[
288 (C) the location of the proprietary school;
290 proprietary school;
292 (F) accurate information regarding the relationship of the program of the institution or
293 proprietary school to state licensure requirements for practicing a related occupation and
294 profession in Utah;
296 (H) financial assistance, cancellation, and tuition refund policies, including the posting
298 (I) a surety bond[
299 (II) a certificate of credit[
300 (III) an irrevocable letter of credit;
303 (K) subject to Subsection (2), for each of the immediately preceding three years:
304 (I) graduation rates; and
305 (II) employment rates; and
309 other public statements regarding the proprietary school are fair and accurate; [
311 proprietary school to comply with ethical practices prescribed by the division[
312 (d) the institution or proprietary school makes available to the division for inspection
313 during normal business hours all records relevant to:
314 (i) the operation of the institution or proprietary school; and
315 (ii) the efforts of the institution or proprietary school to comply with this chapter.
316 (2) (a) Beginning on May 2, 2005 an institution or proprietary school shall collect and
317 maintain the information necessary to comply with Subsection (1)(a)(iv)(K).
318 (b) Prior to May 2, 2008, if an institution or proprietary school has the information
319 described in Subsection (1)(a)(iv)(K) for a time period of three years or less, the institution or
320 proprietary school shall provide the information for the time period the institution or
321 proprietary school has the information.
322 Section 6. Section 13-34-111 is amended to read:
323 13-34-111. Referral of suspected violations -- Penalty.
324 (1) The division may report any information concerning a possible violation of this
325 chapter or of rules [
326 attorney, or district attorney of any county or prosecution district in which the activity is
327 occurring or has occurred.
328 (2) The attorney described in Subsection (1) shall investigate the complaint and
329 immediately prosecute or bring suit to enjoin an act determined to be a violation of the chapter
330 or [
331 (3) (a) In addition to other penalties and remedies in this chapter, and in addition to its
332 other enforcement powers under Section 13-2-6 , the division director may:
333 (i) issue a cease and desist order; and
334 (ii) impose an administrative fine of up to:
335 (A) $100 per day that a proprietary school operates without an effective certificate of
336 registration if the violation is not an intentional violation;
337 (B) $1,000 for each violation of this chapter that is not:
338 (I) described in Subsection (3)(a)(ii)(A); or
339 (II) an intentional violation; or
340 (C) $5,000 for each intentional violation of this chapter.
341 (b) All money received through administrative fines imposed under Subsection (3)(a)
342 shall be deposited in the Consumer Protection Education and Training Fund created by Section
343 13-2-8 .
344 (4) [
345 as otherwise provided in Subsection 13-34-201 (2).
346 (5) A person intentionally violates this chapter if:
347 (a) the violation occurs after one of the following notifies the person by certified mail
348 that the person is in violation of the chapter:
349 (i) the division;
350 (ii) the attorney general; or
351 (iii) a district or county attorney; and
352 (b) the violation is the same as the violation for which the person received the
353 notification described in Subsection (5)(a).
354 Section 7. Section 13-34-113 is amended to read:
355 13-34-113. Denial, suspension, or revocation of a certificate of registration --
363 (1) In accordance with Chapter 2, Division of Consumer Protection, and Title 63,
364 Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act, the division may initiate proceedings to deny,
365 suspend, or revoke a certificate of registration to operate a proprietary school under this chapter
367 (a) the division finds that the order is in the public interest; and
368 (b) (i) the registration statement or renewal statement is incomplete, false, or
369 misleading in any respect;
370 (ii) the division determines that the educational credential associated with the
371 proprietary school represents the undertaking or completion of educational achievement that
372 has not been undertaken and earned; or
373 (iii) the proprietary school or an individual described in Subsection
374 13-34-107 (2)(a)(ii)(B) has:
375 (A) violated any provision of:
376 (I) this chapter;
377 (II) the rules made by the division pursuant to this chapter; or
379 certificate of registration to operate the proprietary school[
380 (B) caused or allowed to occur a violation of any provision of:
381 (I) this chapter;
382 (II) the rules made by the division pursuant to this chapter; or
383 (III) a commitment made in a registration statement for a certificate of registration to
384 operate the proprietary school;
385 (C) been enjoined by any court, or is the subject of an administrative or judicial order
386 issued in this or another state, if the injunction or order:
387 (I) includes a finding or admission of fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, or material
388 misrepresentation; or
389 (II) was based on a finding of lack of integrity, truthfulness, or mental competence;
390 (D) been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude;
391 (E) obtained or attempted to obtain a certificate of registration under this chapter by
393 (F) failed to timely file with the division any report required by:
394 (I) this chapter; or
395 (II) rules made by the division pursuant to this chapter;
396 (G) failed to furnish information requested by the division; or
397 (H) failed to pay an administrative fine imposed by the division in accordance with this
399 (2) Division staff may place reasonable limits upon a proprietary school's continued
400 certificate of registration to operate if:
401 (a) there are serious concerns about the proprietary school's ability to provide the
402 training in the manner approved by the division; and [
403 (b) limitation is warranted to protect the students' interests.
409 (3) The division may:
410 (a) conduct a criminal background check on an individual described in Subsection
411 13-34-107 (2)(a)(ii)(B); and
412 (b) require a proprietary school to provide to the division any information necessary to
413 conduct a criminal background check on an individual described in Subsection
414 13-34-107 (2)(a)(ii)(B).
Legislative Review Note
as of 12-7-04 8:42 AM
Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
Interim Committee Note
as of 12-08-04 9:35 AM
The Business and Labor Interim Committee recommended this bill.
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