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S.B. 32






Sponsor: Gregory S. Bell

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Real Estate Code by amending provisions related to the limitation
             10      of landowner liability for certain public recreation.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends the definition of land to include railway corridors as land covered under the
             14      limitation of landowner liability for public recreation provisions;
             15          .    amends the definition of recreational purpose to include:
             16              .    engaging in equestrian activities; and
             17              .    riding certain rail cars or other recreational rail conveyances;
             18          .    provides that the state or a subdivision of the state is not considered to have charged
             19      an admission fee for use of a railway corridor if the state or a political subdivision
             20      of the state owns the railway corridor, allows recreational use of the corridor, and
             21      does not charge a fee for that use, even if the user pays a fee to travel on a privately
             22      owned rail car or other recreational conveyance that crosses over the railway
             23      corridor; and
             24          .    makes technical changes.
             25      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             26          None
             27      Other Special Clauses:

             28          None
             29      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             30      AMENDS:
             31          57-14-2, as last amended by Chapter 62, Laws of Utah 1997
             32          57-14-6, as last amended by Chapters 32, 62 and 258, Laws of Utah 1997
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 57-14-2 is amended to read:
             36           57-14-2. Definitions.
             37          As used in this chapter:
             38          (1) (a) "Land" means any land within the territorial limits of [the state of] Utah [and].
             39          (b) "Land" includes roads, railway corridors, water, water courses, private ways and
             40      buildings, structures, and machinery or equipment when attached to the realty.
             41          (2) "Owner" includes the possessor of any interest in the land, whether public or
             42      private land, a tenant, a lessor, a lessee, and an occupant or person in control of the premises.
             43          (3) "Recreational purpose" includes, but is not limited to, any of the following or any
             44      combination thereof:
             45          (a) hunting[,];
             46          (b) fishing[,];
             47          (c) swimming[,];
             48          (d) skiing[,];
             49          (e) snowshoeing[,];
             50          (f) camping[,];
             51          (g) picnicking[,];
             52          (h) hiking[,];
             53          (i) studying nature[,];
             54          (j) waterskiing[,];
             55          (k) engaging in water sports[,];
             56          (l) engaging in equestrian activities;
             57          (m) using boats[,];
             58          (n) mountain biking[,];

             59          (o) riding narrow gauge rail cars or other recreational rail conveyances;
             60          (p) using off-highway vehicles or recreational vehicles[,]; and
             61          (q) viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, or scientific sites.
             62          (4) "Charge" means the admission price or fee asked in return for permission to enter
             63      or go upon the land.
             64          (5) "Person" includes any person, regardless of age, maturity, or experience, who enters
             65      upon or uses land for recreational purposes.
             66          Section 2. Section 57-14-6 is amended to read:
             67           57-14-6. Liability not limited where willful or malicious conduct involved or
             68      admission fee charged.
             69          (1) Nothing in this [act] chapter shall limit any liability which otherwise exists for:
             70          (a) willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use,
             71      structure, or activity;
             72          (b) deliberate, willful, or malicious injury to persons or property; or
             73          (c) an injury suffered where the owner of land charges a person to enter or go on the
             74      land or use the land for any recreational purpose[, except].
             75          (2) For purposes of Subsection (1)(c), if the land is leased to the state or a subdivision
             76      of the state, any consideration received by the owner for the lease is not a charge within the
             77      meaning of this section.
             78          [(2)] (3) Any person who hunts upon a cooperative wildlife management unit, as
             79      authorized by Title 23, Chapter 23, Cooperative Wildlife Management Units, is not considered
             80      to have paid a fee within the meaning of this section.
             81          [(3)] (4) Owners of a dam or reservoir who allow recreational use of the dam or
             82      reservoir and its surrounding area and do not themselves charge a fee for that use, are
             83      considered not to have charged for that use within the meaning of Subsection (1)(c), even if the
             84      user pays a fee to the Division of Parks and Recreation for the use of the services and facilities
             85      at that dam or reservoir.
             86          (5) The state or a subdivision of the state that owns property purchased for a railway
             87      corridor is considered not to have charged for use of the railway corridor within the meaning of
             88      Subsection (1)(c), even if the user pays a fee for travel on a privately owned rail car or other
             89      recreational rail conveyance that crosses or travels over the railway corridor if the state or a

             90      subdivision of the state:
             91          (a) allows recreational use of the railway corridor and its surrounding area; and
             92          (b) does not charge a fee for that use.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-14-04 4:33 PM

Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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