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6 LONG TITLE
7 General Description:
8 This bill enacts the Interstate Compact for Juveniles.
9 Highlighted Provisions:
10 This bill:
11 . repeals and reenacts the Interstate Compact for Juveniles;
12 . establishes a compact operating authority to administer ongoing compact activity;
13 . provides for gubernatorial appointment of representatives on a national governing
15 . provides rulemaking authority to the governing commission;
16 . provides for the collection of standardized information and information sharing
18 . creates sanctions to support essential compact operations;
19 . allows for the coordination and cooperation with other interstate compacts; and
20 . provides for an effective date upon enactment by 35 states.
21 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
23 Other Special Clauses:
25 Utah Code Sections Affected:
27 55-12-100, Utah Code Annotated 1953
28 55-12-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 55-12-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
30 55-12-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 55-12-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 55-12-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 55-12-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 55-12-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 55-12-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 55-12-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 55-12-110, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38 55-12-111, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39 55-12-112, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40 55-12-113, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41 RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
42 55-12-114, (Renumbered from 55-12-2, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
43 55-12-115, (Renumbered from 55-12-3, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
44 55-12-116, (Renumbered from 55-12-4, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
45 55-12-117, (Renumbered from 55-12-5, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
46 55-12-118, (Renumbered from 55-12-6, as enacted by Chapter 113, Laws of Utah 1955)
48 55-12-1, as last amended by Chapter 170, Laws of Utah 1983
50 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
51 Section 1. Section 55-12-100 is enacted to read:
53 55-12-100. Interstate Compact for Juveniles -- Execution of compact.
54 (1) This chapter is known as the "Interstate Compact for Juveniles."
55 (2) The governor is authorized and directed to execute a compact on behalf of this state
56 with any other state or states substantially in the form of this chapter.
57 Section 2. Section 55-12-101 is enacted to read:
58 55-12-101. Article 1 -- Purpose.
59 (1) The compacting states to this Interstate Compact recognize that each state is
60 responsible for the proper supervision or return of juveniles, delinquents, and status offenders
61 who are on probation or parole and who have absconded, escaped, or run away from
62 supervision and control and in so doing have endangered their own safety and the safety of
64 (2) The compacting states also recognize that each state is responsible for the safe
65 return of juveniles who have run away from home and in doing so have left their state of
67 (3) The compacting states also recognize that Congress, by enacting the Crime Control
68 Act, 4 U.S.C. Section 112 (1965), has authorized and encouraged compacts for cooperative
69 efforts and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime.
70 (4) It is the purpose of this compact, through means of joint and cooperative action
71 among the compacting states to:
72 (a) ensure that the adjudicated juveniles and status offenders subject to this compact
73 are provided adequate supervision and services in the receiving state as ordered by the
74 adjudicating judge or parole authority in the sending state;
75 (b) ensure that the public safety interests of the citizens, including the victims of
76 juvenile offenders, in both the sending and receiving states are adequately protected;
77 (c) return juveniles who have run away, absconded, or escaped from supervision or
78 control or have been accused of an offense to the state requesting their return;
79 (d) make contracts for the cooperative institutionalization in public facilities in
80 member states for delinquent youth needing special services;
81 (e) provide for the effective tracking and supervision of juveniles;
82 (f) equitably allocate the costs, benefits, and obligations of the compacting states;
83 (g) establish procedures to manage the movement between states of juvenile offenders
84 released to the community under the jurisdiction of courts, juvenile departments, or any other
85 criminal or juvenile justice agency which has jurisdiction over juvenile offenders;
86 (h) insure immediate notice to jurisdictions where defined offenders are authorized to
87 travel or to relocate across state lines;
88 (i) establish procedures to resolve pending charges (detainers) against juvenile
89 offenders prior to transfer or release to the community under the terms of this compact;
90 (j) establish a system of uniform data collection on information pertaining to juveniles
91 subject to this compact that allows access by authorized juvenile justice and criminal justice
92 officials, and regular reporting of compact activities to heads of state executive, judicial, and
93 legislative branches and juvenile and criminal justice administrators;
94 (k) monitor compliance with rules governing interstate movement of juveniles and
95 initiate interventions to address and correct noncompliance;
96 (l) coordinate training and education regarding the regulation of interstate movement of
97 juveniles for officials involved in such activity; and
98 (m) coordinate the implementation and operation of the compact with the Interstate
99 Compact for the Placement of Children, the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender
100 Supervision, and other compacts affecting juveniles particularly in those cases where
101 concurrent or overlapping supervision issues arise.
102 (5) It is the policy of the compacting states that the activities conducted by the
103 Interstate Commission created herein are the formation of public policies and, therefore, are
104 public business. Furthermore, the compacting states shall cooperate and observe their
105 individual and collective duties and responsibilities for the prompt return and acceptance of
106 juveniles subject to the provisions of this compact.
107 (6) The provisions of this compact shall be reasonably and liberally construed to
108 accomplish the purposes and policies of the compact.
109 Section 3. Section 55-12-102 is enacted to read:
110 55-12-102. Article 2 -- Definitions.
111 As used in this compact, unless the context clearly requires a different construction:
112 (1) "By-laws" means those by-laws established by the Interstate Commission for its
113 governance, or for directing or controlling its actions or conduct.
114 (2) "Compact Administrator" means the individual in each compacting state appointed
115 pursuant to the terms of this compact, responsible for the administration and management of
116 the state's supervision and transfer of juveniles subject to the terms of this compact, the rules
117 adopted by the Interstate Commission, and policies adopted by the State Council under this
119 (3) "Compacting State" means any state which has enacted the enabling legislation for
120 this compact.
121 (4) "Commissioner" means the voting representative of each compacting state
122 appointed pursuant to Section 55-12-103 .
123 (5) "Court" means any court having jurisdiction over delinquent, neglected, or
124 dependent children.
125 (6) "Deputy Compact Administrator" means the individual, if any, in each compacting
126 state appointed to act on behalf of a Compact Administrator pursuant to the terms of this
127 compact responsible for the administration and management of the state's supervision and
128 transfer of juveniles subject to the terms of this compact, the rules adopted by the Interstate
129 Commission, and policies adopted by the State Council under this compact.
130 (7) "Interstate Commission" or "commission" means the Interstate Commission for
131 Juveniles created by Section 55-12-103 .
132 (8) "Juvenile" means any person defined as a juvenile in any member state or by the
133 rules of the Interstate Commission, including:
134 (a) "accused delinquent" meaning a person charged with an offense that, if committed
135 by an adult, would be a criminal offense;
136 (b) "accused status offender" meaning a person charged with an offense that would not
137 be a criminal offense if committed by an adult;
138 (c) "adjudicated delinquent" meaning a person found to have committed an offense
139 that, if committed by an adult, would be a criminal offense;
140 (d) "adjudicated status offender" meaning a person found to have committed an offense
141 that would not be a criminal offense if committed by an adult; and
142 (e) "nonoffender" meaning a person in need of supervision who has not been accused
143 or adjudicated a status offender or delinquent.
144 (9) "Noncompacting state" means any state which has not enacted the enabling
145 legislation for this compact.
146 (10) "Probation or Parole" means any kind of supervision or conditional release of
147 juveniles authorized under the laws of the compacting states.
148 (11) "Rule" means a written statement by the Interstate Commission promulgated
149 pursuant to Section 55-12-106 that is of general applicability, implements, interprets, or
150 prescribes a policy or provision of the compact, or an organizational, procedural, or practice
151 requirement of the Commission, and has the force and effect of statutory law in a compacting
152 state, and includes the amendment, repeal, or suspension of an existing rule.
153 (12) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the
154 Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the
155 Northern Marianas Islands.
156 Section 4. Section 55-12-103 is enacted to read:
157 55-12-103. Article 3 -- Interstate Commission for Juveniles.
158 (1) The compacting states hereby create the "Interstate Commission for Juveniles."
159 (2) The commission shall be a body corporate and joint agency of the compacting
161 (3) The commission shall have all the responsibilities, powers, and duties set forth
162 herein, and such additional powers as may be conferred upon it by subsequent action of the
163 respective legislatures of the compacting states in accordance with the terms of this compact.
164 (4) The commission shall consist of commissioners appointed by the appropriate
165 appointing authority in each state pursuant to the rules and requirements of each compacting
166 state and in consultation with the State Council for Interstate Juvenile Supervision created
168 (5) The commissioner shall be the compact administrator, deputy compact
169 administrator, or designee from that state who shall serve on the commission in such capacity
170 under or pursuant to the applicable law of the compacting state.
171 (6) In addition to the commissioners who are the voting representatives of each state,
172 the commission shall include individuals who are not commissioners, but who are members of
173 interested organizations. Noncommissioner members shall include a member of the national
174 organizations of governors, legislators, state chief justices, attorneys general, Interstate
175 Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children,
176 juvenile justice and juvenile corrections officials, and crime victims.
177 (7) All noncommissioner members of the commission shall be ex officio, nonvoting
178 members. The commission may provide in its by-laws for additional ex officio, nonvoting
179 members, including members of other national organizations, in numbers to be determined by
180 the commission.
181 (8) Each compacting state represented at any meeting of the commission is entitled to
182 one vote. A majority of the compacting states shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of
183 business, unless a larger quorum is required by the by-laws of the commission.
184 (9) The commission shall meet at least once each calendar year. The chairperson may
185 call additional meetings and, upon the request of a simple majority of the compacting states,
186 shall call additional meetings. Public notice shall be given of all meetings and meetings shall
187 be open to the public.
188 (10) The commission shall establish an executive committee, which shall include
189 commission officers, members, and others as determined by the by-laws. The executive
190 committee shall:
191 (a) have the power to act on behalf of the commission during periods when the
192 commission is not in session, with the exception of rulemaking or amendment to the compact;
193 (b) oversee the day-to-day activities of the administration of the compact managed by
194 an executive director and commission staff, which administers enforcement and compliance
195 with the provisions of the compact, its by-laws, and rules; and
196 (c) perform other duties as directed by the commission or set forth in the by-laws.
197 (11) Each member of the commission shall have the right and power to cast a vote to
198 which that compacting state is entitled and to participate in the business and affairs of the
199 commission. A member shall vote in person and may not delegate a vote to another
200 compacting state. However, a commissioner, in consultation with the state council, shall
201 appoint another authorized representative, in the absence of the commissioner from that state,
202 to cast a vote on behalf of the compacting state at a specified meeting. The by-laws may
203 provide for members' participation in meetings by telephone or other means of
204 telecommunication or electronic communication.
205 (12) The commission's by-laws shall establish conditions and procedures under which
206 the commission shall make its information and official records available to the public for
207 inspection or copying. The commission may exempt from disclosure any information or
208 official records to the extent they would adversely affect personal privacy rights or proprietary
210 (13) Public notice shall be given of all meetings and all meetings shall be open to the
211 public, except as set forth in the rules or as otherwise provided in the compact. The
212 commission and any of its committees may close a meeting to the public where it determines
213 by two-thirds vote that an open meeting would be likely to:
214 (a) relate solely to the commission's internal personnel practices and procedures;
215 (b) disclose matters specifically exempted from disclosure by statute;
216 (c) disclose trade secrets or commercial or financial information which is privileged or
218 (d) involve accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any person;
219 (e) disclose information of a personal nature where disclosure would constitute a
220 clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;
221 (f) disclose investigative records compiled for law enforcement purposes;
222 (g) disclose information contained in or related to examination, operating, or condition
223 reports prepared by, or on behalf of or for the use of, the commission with respect to a
224 regulated person or entity for the purpose of regulation or supervision of such person or entity;
225 (h) disclose information, the premature disclosure of which would significantly
226 endanger the stability of a regulated person or entity; or
227 (i) specifically relate to the commission's issuance of a subpoena, or its participation in
228 a civil action or other legal proceeding.
229 (14) For every meeting closed pursuant to this provision, the commission's legal
230 counsel shall publicly certify that, in the legal counsel's opinion, the meeting may be closed to
231 the public, and shall reference each relevant exemptive provision. The commission shall keep
232 minutes which shall fully and clearly describe all matters discussed in any meeting and shall
233 provide a full and accurate summary of any actions taken, and the reasons therefor, including a
234 description of each of the views expressed on any item and the record of any roll call vote,
235 reflected in the vote of each member on the question. All documents considered in connection
236 with any action shall be identified in the minutes.
237 (15) The commission shall collect standardized data concerning the interstate
238 movement of juveniles as directed through its rules which shall specify the data to be collected,
239 the means of collection, and data exchange and reporting requirements. Methods of data
240 collection, exchange, and reporting shall insofar as is reasonably possible conform to
241 up-to-date technology and coordinate its information functions with the appropriate repository
242 of records.
243 Section 5. Section 55-12-104 is enacted to read:
244 55-12-104. Article 4 -- Powers and duties of the Interstate Commission.
245 The commission shall have the following powers and duties:
246 (1) provide for dispute resolution among compacting states;
247 (2) promulgate rules to effect the purposes and obligations as enumerated in this
248 compact, which shall have the force and effect of statutory law and shall be binding in the
249 compacting states to the extent and in the manner provided in this compact;
250 (3) oversee, supervise, and coordinate the interstate movement of juveniles subject to
251 the terms of this compact and any by-laws adopted and rules promulgated by the commission;
252 (4) enforce compliance with the compact provisions, the rules promulgated by the
253 commission, and the by-laws, using all necessary and proper means, including, but not limited
254 to, the use of judicial process;
255 (5) establish and maintain offices which shall be located within one or more of the
256 compacting states;
257 (6) purchase and maintain insurance and bonds;
258 (7) borrow, accept, hire, or contract for services of personnel;
259 (8) establish and appoint committees and hire staff which it considers necessary for the
260 carrying out of its functions including, but not limited to, an executive committee as required
261 by Section 55-12-103 , which shall have the power to act on behalf of the commission in
262 carrying out its powers and duties hereunder;
263 (9) elect or appoint any officers, attorneys, employees, agents, or consultants, fix their
264 compensation, define their duties, and determine their qualifications;
265 (10) establish the commission's personnel policies and programs relating to, inter alia,
266 conflicts of interest, rates of compensation, and qualifications of personnel;
267 (11) accept any and all donations and grants of money, equipment, supplies, materials,
268 and services, and to receive, utilize, and dispose of them;
269 (12) lease, purchase, accept contributions or donations of, or otherwise to own, hold,
270 improve or use any property, real, personal, or mixed;
271 (13) sell, convey, mortgage, pledge, lease, exchange, abandon, or otherwise dispose of
272 any property, real, personal, or mixed;
273 (14) establish a budget and make expenditures and levy dues as provided in Section
274 55-12-108 ;
275 (15) sue and be sued;
276 (16) adopt a seal and by-laws governing the management and operation of the
278 (17) perform any functions necessary or appropriate to achieve the purposes of this
280 (18) report annually to the legislatures, governors, judiciary, and state councils of the
281 compacting states concerning the activities of the commission during the preceding year,
282 including any recommendations that may have been adopted by the commission;
283 (19) coordinate education, training, and public awareness regarding the interstate
284 movement of juveniles for officials involved in the activity;
285 (20) establish uniform standards for the reporting, collecting, and exchanging of data;
287 (21) maintain its corporate books and records in accordance with the by-laws.
288 Section 6. Section 55-12-105 is enacted to read:
289 55-12-105. Article 5 -- Organization and operation of the Interstate Commission.
290 (1) Section A. By-laws
291 The Interstate Commission shall, by a majority of the members present and voting,
292 within 12 months after the first commission meeting, adopt by-laws to govern its conduct as
293 may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the compact, including, but not
294 limited to:
295 (a) establishing the fiscal year of the commission;
296 (b) establishing an executive committee and any other committees as necessary;
297 (c) providing for the establishment of committees governing any general or specific
298 delegation of any authority or function of the commission;
299 (d) providing reasonable procedures for calling and conducting meetings of the
300 commission, and ensuring reasonable notice of each meeting;
301 (e) establishing the titles and responsibilities of the officers of the commission;
302 (f) providing a mechanism for concluding the operations of the commission and the
303 return of any surplus funds that may exist upon the termination of the compact after the
304 payment and reserving of all of its debts and obligations;
305 (g) providing "start-up" rules for initial administration of the compact; and
306 (h) establishing standards and procedures for compliance and technical assistance in
307 carrying out the compact.
308 (2) Section B. Officers and Staff
309 (a) The Interstate Commission shall, by a majority of the members, elect annually from
310 among its members a chairperson and a vice chairperson, each of whom shall have the
311 authority and duties specified in the by-laws. The chairperson or, in the chairperson's absence
312 or disability, the vice chairperson shall preside at all meetings of the commission.
313 (b) The officers shall serve without compensation or remuneration from the
314 commission, provided that, subject to the availability of budgeted funds, the officers shall be
315 reimbursed for any ordinary and necessary costs and expenses incurred by them in the
316 performance of their duties and responsibilities as officers of the commission.
317 (c) The commission shall, through its executive committee, appoint or retain an
318 executive director for any time period, upon any terms and conditions, and for any
319 compensation as the commission may consider appropriate. The executive director shall serve
320 as secretary to the commission, but may not be a member and shall hire and supervise other
321 staff as authorized by the commission.
322 (3) Section C. Qualified Immunity, Defense, and Indemnification
323 (a) The Interstate Commission's executive director and employees shall be immune
324 from suit and liability, either personally or in their official capacity, for any claim for damage
325 to or loss of property or personal injury or other civil liability caused or arising out of or
326 relating to any actual or alleged act, error, or omission that occurred, or that the person had a
327 reasonable basis for believing occurred within the scope of commission employment, duties, or
328 responsibilities; provided, that a person may not be protected from suit or liability for any
329 damage, loss, injury, or liability caused by the intentional or willful and wanton misconduct of
330 the person.
331 (b) The liability of any commissioner, or the employee or agent of a commissioner,
332 acting within the scope of the person's employment or duties for acts, errors, or omissions
333 occurring within the person's state may not exceed the limits of liability set forth under the
334 constitution and laws of that state for state officials, employees, and agents. Nothing in this
335 Subsection (3) shall be construed to protect any person from suit or liability for any damage,
336 loss, injury, or liability caused by the intentional or willful and wanton misconduct of the
338 (c) The commission shall defend the executive director or the employees or
339 representatives of the commission and, subject to the approval of the attorney general of the
340 state represented by any commissioner of a compacting state, shall defend the commissioner or
341 the commissioner's representatives or employees in any civil action seeking to impose liability
342 arising out of any actual or alleged act, error, or omission that occurred within the scope of
343 commission employment, duties, or responsibilities, or that the defendant had a reasonable
344 basis for believing occurred within the scope of commission employment, duties, or
345 responsibilities, provided that the actual or alleged act, error, or omission did not result from
346 intentional or willful and wanton misconduct on the part of the person.
347 (d) The commission shall indemnify and hold the commissioner of a compacting state,
348 the commissioner's representatives or employees, or the commission's representatives or
349 employees harmless in the amount of any settlement or judgment obtained against the persons
350 arising out of any actual or alleged act, error, or omission that occurred within the scope of
351 commission employment, duties, or responsibilities, or that the persons had a reasonable basis
352 for believing occurred within the scope of commission employment, duties, or responsibilities,
353 provided that the actual or alleged act, error, or omission did not result from intentional or
354 willful and wanton misconduct on the part of the persons.
355 Section 7. Section 55-12-106 is enacted to read:
356 55-12-106. Article 6 -- Rulemaking functions of the Interstate Commission.
357 (1) The Interstate Commission shall promulgate and publish rules in order to
358 effectively and efficiently achieve the purposes of the compact.
359 (2) Rulemaking shall occur pursuant to the criteria set forth in this section and the
360 by-laws and rules adopted pursuant thereto. Rulemaking shall substantially conform to the
361 principles of the "Model State Administrative Procedures Act," 1981 Act, Uniform Laws
362 Annotated, Vol. 15, p.1 (2000), or any other administrative procedures act, as the commission
363 considers appropriate, consistent with due process requirements under the U.S. Constitution as
364 interpreted by the U. S. Supreme Court. All rules and amendments shall become binding as of
365 the date specified, as published with the final version of the rule as approved by the
367 (3) When promulgating a rule, the commission shall, at a minimum:
368 (a) publish the proposed rule's entire text stating the reasons for that proposed rule;
369 (b) allow and invite any and all persons to submit written data, facts, opinions, and
370 arguments, which information shall be added to the record, and be made publicly available;
371 (c) provide an opportunity for an informal hearing if petitioned by ten or more persons;
373 (d) promulgate a final rule and its effective date, if appropriate, based on input from
374 state or local officials, or interested parties.
375 (4) Not later than 60 days after a rule is promulgated, the commission shall allow any
376 interested person to file a petition in the United States District Court for the District of
377 Columbia or in the Federal District Court where the commission's principal office is located for
378 judicial review of the rule. If the court finds that the commission's action is not supported by
379 substantial evidence in the rulemaking record, the court shall hold the rule unlawful and set it
380 aside. For purposes of this Subsection (4), evidence is substantial if it would be considered
381 substantial evidence under the Model State Administrative Procedures Act.
382 (5) If a majority of the legislatures of the compacting states reject a rule, those states
383 may, by enactment of a statute or resolution in the same manner used to adopt the compact,
384 state that the rule shall have no further force and effect in any compacting state.
385 (6) The existing rules governing the operation of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles
386 superceded by this act shall be null and void 12 months after the first meeting of the Interstate
387 Commission created in this chapter.
388 (7) Upon determination by the Interstate Commission that a state of emergency exists,
389 it may promulgate an emergency rule which shall become effective immediately upon
390 adoption, provided that the usual rulemaking procedures shall be retroactively applied to the
391 rule as soon as reasonably possible, but no later than 90 days after the effective date of the
392 emergency rule.
393 Section 8. Section 55-12-107 is enacted to read:
394 55-12-107. Article 7 -- Oversight, enforcement, and dispute resolution by the
395 Interstate Commission.
396 (1) Section A. Oversight
397 (a) The Interstate Commission shall oversee the administration and operations of the
398 interstate movement of juveniles subject to this compact in the compacting states and shall
399 monitor activities being administered in noncompacting states which may significantly affect
400 compacting states.
401 (b) The courts and executive agencies in each compacting state shall enforce this
402 compact and take all actions necessary and appropriate to effectuate the compact's purposes
403 and intent. The provisions of this compact and the rules promulgated hereunder shall be
404 received by all the judges, public officers, commissions, and departments of the state
405 government as evidence of the authorized statute and administrative rules. All courts shall take
406 judicial notice of the compact and the rules. In any judicial or administrative proceeding in a
407 compacting state pertaining to the subject matter of this compact which may affect the powers,
408 responsibilities, or actions of the commission, it shall be entitled to receive all service of
409 process in any proceeding, and shall have standing to intervene in the proceeding for all
411 (2) Section B. Dispute Resolution
412 (a) The compacting states shall report to the Interstate Commission on all issues and
413 activities necessary for the administration of the compact as well as issues and activities
414 pertaining to compliance with the provisions of the compact and its by-laws and rules.
415 (b) The Interstate Commission shall attempt, upon the request of a compacting state, to
416 resolve any disputes or other issues which are subject to the compact and which may arise
417 among compacting states and between compacting and noncompacting states. The commission
418 shall promulgate a rule providing for both mediation and binding dispute resolution for
419 disputes among the compacting states.
420 (c) The commission, in the reasonable exercise of its discretion, shall enforce the
421 provisions and rules of this compact using any or all means set forth in Section 55-12-109 .
422 Section 9. Section 55-12-108 is enacted to read:
423 55-12-108. Article 8 -- Finance.
424 (1) The Interstate Commission shall pay or provide for the payment of the reasonable
425 expenses of its establishment, organization, and ongoing activities.
426 (2) The commission shall levy on and collect an annual assessment from each
427 compacting state to cover the cost of the internal operations and activities of the commission
428 and its staff which shall be in a total amount sufficient to cover the commission's annual budget
429 as approved each year. The aggregate annual assessment amount shall be allocated based upon
430 a formula to be determined by the commission, taking into consideration the population of each
431 compacting state and the volume of interstate movement of juveniles in each compacting state.
432 The commission shall promulgate a rule binding upon all compacting states which governs the
434 (3) The commission may not incur any obligations of any kind prior to securing the
435 funds adequate to meet the obligations, nor shall the commission pledge the credit of any of the
436 compacting states, except by and with the authority of the compacting state.
437 (4) The commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements.
438 The receipts and disbursements of the commission shall be subject to the audit and accounting
439 procedures established under its by-laws. All receipts and disbursements of funds handled by
440 the commission shall be audited yearly by a certified or licensed public accountant and the
441 report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual report of the commission.
442 Section 10. Section 55-12-109 is enacted to read:
443 55-12-109. Article 9 -- The state council.
444 (1) Each member state shall create a State Council for Interstate Juvenile Supervision.
445 (2) While each state may determine the membership of its own state council, its
446 membership shall include at least one representative from the legislative, judicial, and
447 executive branches of government, victims groups, and the compact administrator, deputy
448 compact administrator, or designee.
449 (3) Each compacting state retains the right to determine the qualifications of the
450 compact administrator or deputy compact administrator.
451 (4) Each state council shall advise and may exercise oversight and advocacy
452 concerning that state's participation in commission activities and other duties determined by
453 that state, including but not limited to, development of policy concerning operations and
454 procedures of the compact within that state.
455 Section 11. Section 55-12-110 is enacted to read:
456 55-12-110. Article 10 -- Compacting states, effective date, and amendment.
457 (1) Any state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S.
458 Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas Islands as defined in
459 Section 55-12-102 is eligible to become a compacting state.
460 (2) The compact shall become effective and binding upon legislative enactment of the
461 compact into law by no less than 35 states. The initial effective date shall be the later of July 1,
462 2004 or upon enactment into law by the 35th jurisdiction. Thereafter it shall become effective
463 and binding as to any other compacting state upon enactment of the compact into law by that
465 (3) The governors of nonmember states or their designees shall be invited to participate
466 in the activities of the Interstate Commission on a nonvoting basis prior to adoption of the
467 compact by all states and territories of the United States.
468 (4) The commission may propose amendments to the compact for enactment by the
469 compacting states. No amendment shall become effective and binding upon the commission
470 and the compacting states unless and until it is enacted into law by unanimous consent of the
471 compacting states.
472 Section 12. Section 55-12-111 is enacted to read:
473 55-12-111. Article 11 -- Withdrawal, default, termination, and judicial
475 (1) Section A. Withdrawal
476 (a) Once effective, the compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each
477 and every compacting state.
478 (b) A compacting state may withdraw from the compact by specifically repealing the
479 statute which enacted the compact into law. The effective date of withdrawal is the effective
480 date of the repeal.
481 (c) The withdrawing state shall immediately notify the chairperson of the Interstate
482 Commission in writing upon the introduction of legislation repealing the compact in the
483 withdrawing state. The commission shall notify the other compacting states of the
484 withdrawing state's intent to withdraw within 60 days of its receipt thereof.
485 (d) The withdrawing state is responsible for all assessments, obligations, and liabilities
486 incurred through the effective date of withdrawal, including any obligations, the performance
487 of which extend beyond the effective date of withdrawal.
488 (e) Reinstatement following withdrawal of any compacting state shall occur upon the
489 withdrawing state reenacting the compact or upon a later date as determined by the
491 (2) Section B. Technical Assistance, Fines, Suspension, Termination, and Default
492 (a) If the Interstate Commission determines that any compacting state has at any time
493 defaulted in the performance of any of its obligations or responsibilities under this compact, or
494 the by-laws or duly promulgated rules, the commission may impose any or all of the following
496 (i) remedial training and technical assistance as directed by the commission;
497 (ii) alternative dispute resolution;
498 (iii) fines, fees, and costs in amounts considered to be reasonable as fixed by the
499 commission; and
500 (iv) suspension or termination of membership in the compact.
501 (b) Suspension or termination of membership in the compact shall be imposed only
502 after all other reasonable means of securing compliance under the by-laws and rules have been
503 exhausted and the commission has determined that the offending state is in default.
504 (c) Immediate notice of suspension shall be given by the commission to the governor,
505 the chief justice, or the chief judicial officer of the state, the majority and minority leaders of
506 the defaulting state's legislature, and the state council.
507 (d) The grounds for default include, but are not limited to, failure of a compacting state
508 to perform obligations or responsibilities imposed upon it by this compact, the by-laws, or duly
509 promulgated rules, and any other grounds designated in commission by-laws and rules.
510 (i) The commission shall immediately notify the defaulting state in writing of the
511 penalty imposed by the commission and of the default pending a cure of the default.
512 (ii) The commission shall stipulate the conditions and the time period within which the
513 defaulting state must cure its default.
514 (e) If the defaulting state fails to cure the default within the time period specified by the
515 commission, the defaulting state shall be terminated from the compact upon an affirmative vote
516 of a majority of the compacting states and all rights, privileges, and benefits conferred by this
517 compact shall be terminated upon the effective date of termination.
518 (f) Within 60 days of the effective date of termination of a defaulting state, the
519 commission shall notify the governor, the chief justice or chief judicial officer, the majority and
520 minority leaders of the defaulting state's legislature, and the state council of the termination.
521 (g) The defaulting state is responsible for all assessments, obligations, and liabilities
522 incurred through the effective date of termination including any obligations, the performance of
523 which extends beyond the effective date of termination.
524 (h) The commission may not bear any costs relating to the defaulting state unless
525 otherwise mutually agreed upon in writing between the commission and the defaulting state.
526 (i) Reinstatement following termination of any compacting state requires both a
527 reenactment of the compact by the defaulting state and the approval of the commission
528 pursuant to the rules.
529 (3) Section C. Judicial Enforcement
530 (a) The Interstate Commission may, by majority vote of the members, initiate legal
531 action in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia or, at the discretion of
532 the Interstate Commission, in the federal district where the Interstate Commission has its
533 offices, to enforce compliance with the provisions of the compact, its duly promulgated rules
534 and by-laws, against any compacting state in default.
535 (b) In the event judicial enforcement is necessary, the prevailing party shall be awarded
536 all costs of litigation, including reasonable attorneys' fees.
537 (4) Section D. Dissolution of Compact
538 (a) The compact dissolves effective upon the date of the withdrawal or default of a
539 compacting state, which reduces membership in the compact to one compacting state.
540 (b) Upon the dissolution of this compact, the compact becomes null and void and shall
541 be of no further force or effect, the business and affairs of the Interstate Commission shall be
542 concluded, and any surplus funds shall be distributed in accordance with the by-laws.
543 Section 13. Section 55-12-112 is enacted to read:
544 55-12-112. Article 12 -- Severability and construction.
545 (1) The provisions of this compact shall be severable, and if any phrase, clause,
546 sentence, or provision is considered unenforceable, the remaining provisions of the compact
547 shall be enforceable.
548 (2) The provisions of this compact shall be liberally construed to effectuate its
550 Section 14. Section 55-12-113 is enacted to read:
551 55-12-113. Article 13 -- Binding effect of compact and other laws.
552 (1) Section A. Other Laws
553 (a) Nothing herein prevents the enforcement of any other law of a compacting state that
554 is not inconsistent with this compact.
555 (b) All compacting states' laws other than state constitutions and other interstate
556 compacts conflicting with this compact are superseded to the extent of the conflict.
557 (2) Section B. Binding Effect of the Compact
558 (a) All lawful actions of the commission, including all rules and by-laws promulgated
559 by the commission, are binding upon the compacting states.
560 (b) All agreements between the commission and the compacting states are binding in
561 accordance with their terms.
562 (c) Upon the request of a party to a conflict over meaning or interpretation of
563 commission actions, and upon a majority vote of the compacting states, the commission may
564 issue advisory opinions regarding the meaning or interpretation.
565 (d) In the event any provision of this compact exceeds the constitutional limits imposed
566 on the legislature of any compacting state, the obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction
567 sought to be conferred by the provision upon the commission shall be ineffective and the
568 obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction shall remain in the compacting state and shall be
569 exercised by the agency thereof to which the obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction are
570 delegated by law in effect at the time this compact becomes effective.
571 Section 15. Section 55-12-114 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-2 is
572 renumbered and amended to read:
574 (1) Pursuant to [
575 to designate [
576 like [
577 carry out more effectively the terms of the compact. [
578 serve subject to the pleasure of the governor.
579 (2) The compact administrator is [
580 cooperate with all departments, agencies and officers of and in the government of this state and
581 its subdivisions in facilitating the proper administration of the compact or of any
582 supplementary agreement or agreements entered into by this state [
583 Section 16. Section 55-12-115 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-3 is
584 renumbered and amended to read:
586 The compact administrator is [
587 supplementary agreements with appropriate officials of other states pursuant to the compact. In
588 the event that [
589 contemplates the use of any institution or facility of this state or [
591 agreement shall have no force or effect until approved by the head of the department or agency
592 under whose jurisdiction said institution or facility is operated or whose department or agency
593 will be charged with the rendering of such service.
594 Section 17. Section 55-12-116 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-4 is
595 renumbered and amended to read:
597 The compact administrator, subject to the approval of the Department of Finance, may
598 make or arrange for any payments necessary to discharge any financial obligations imposed
599 upon this state by the compact or by any supplementary agreement entered into [
600 Section 18. Section 55-12-117 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-5 is
601 renumbered and amended to read:
603 The compact administrator is authorized to take appropriate action to recover from
604 parents or guardians, any and all costs expended by the state, or any of its subdivisions, to
605 return a delinquent or nondelinquent juvenile to this state, for care provided pursuant to any
606 supplementary agreement [
607 juvenile to this state.
608 Section 19. Section 55-12-118 , which is renumbered from Section 55-12-6 is
609 renumbered and amended to read:
611 and officers.
612 The courts, departments, agencies and officers of this state and its subdivisions shall
613 enforce this compact and [
614 intent which may be within their respective jurisdictions.
615 Section 20. Repealer.
616 This bill repeals:
617 Section 55-12-1, Execution of compact.
Legislative Review Note
as of 11-30-04 12:13 PM
Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.