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S.B. 94





Sponsor: Gregory S. Bell

             6      LONG TITLE
             7      General Description:
             8          This bill makes changes regarding the Board of Pardons and Parole's responsibility
             9      concerning inmate restitution.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    clarifies the definition of "pecuniary damages";
             13          .    requires that the convicting court order restitution, if feasible, at the time of
             14      sentencing or within one year of sentencing; and
             15          .    provides that the Board of Pardons and Parole may determine restitution for an
             16      inmate if the convicting court has not.
             17      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          77-27-5, as last amended by Chapter 35, Laws of Utah 2002
             24          77-27-6, as last amended by Chapter 35, Laws of Utah 2002
             25          77-38a-102, as last amended by Chapter 278, Laws of Utah 2003
             26          77-38a-203, as enacted by Chapter 137, Laws of Utah 2001
             27          77-38a-302, as last amended by Chapter 285, Laws of Utah 2003

             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 77-27-5 is amended to read:
             31           77-27-5. Board of Pardons and Parole authority.
             32          (1) (a) The Board of Pardons and Parole shall determine by majority decision when and
             33      under what conditions, subject to this chapter and other laws of the state, persons committed to
             34      serve sentences in class A misdemeanor cases at penal or correctional facilities which are under
             35      the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections, and all felony cases except treason or
             36      impeachment or as otherwise limited by law, may be released upon parole, pardoned, ordered
             37      to pay restitution [ordered], or have their fines, forfeitures, or restitution remitted, or their
             38      sentences commuted or terminated.
             39          (b) The board may sit together or in panels to conduct hearings. The chair shall
             40      appoint members to the panels in any combination and in accordance with rules promulgated
             41      by the board, except in hearings involving commutation and pardons. The chair may
             42      participate on any panel and when doing so is chair of the panel. The chair of the board may
             43      designate the chair for any other panel.
             44          (c) No restitution may be ordered, no fine, forfeiture, or restitution remitted, no parole,
             45      pardon, or commutation granted or sentence terminated, except after a full hearing before the
             46      board or the board's appointed examiner in open session. Any action taken under this
             47      subsection other than by a majority of the board shall be affirmed by a majority of the board.
             48          (d) A commutation or pardon may be granted only after a full hearing before the board.
             49          (e) The board [shall] may determine restitution [in an amount that does not exceed
             50      complete restitution if determined by the court in accordance with Section] as provided in
             51      Section 77-27-6 and Subsection 77-38a-302 (5)(d)(ii).
             52          (2) (a) In the case of original parole grant hearings, rehearings, and parole revocation
             53      hearings, timely prior notice of the time and place of the hearing shall be given to the
             54      defendant, the county or district attorney's office responsible for prosecution of the case, the
             55      sentencing court, law enforcement officials responsible for the defendant's arrest and
             56      conviction, and whenever possible, the victim or the victim's family.
             57          (b) Notice to the victim, his representative, or his family shall include information
             58      provided in Section 77-27-9.5 , and any related rules made by the board under that section.

             59      This information shall be provided in terms that are reasonable for the lay person to
             60      understand.
             61          (3) Decisions of the board in cases involving paroles, pardons, commutations or
             62      terminations of sentence, restitution, or remission of fines or forfeitures are final and are not
             63      subject to judicial review. Nothing in this section prevents the obtaining or enforcement of a
             64      civil judgment, including restitution as provided in Section 77-27-6 .
             65          (4) This chapter may not be construed as a denial of or limitation of the governor's
             66      power to grant respite or reprieves in all cases of convictions for offenses against the state,
             67      except treason or conviction on impeachment. However, respites or reprieves may not extend
             68      beyond the next session of the Board of Pardons and Parole and the board, at that session, shall
             69      continue or terminate the respite or reprieve, or it may commute the punishment, or pardon the
             70      offense as provided. In the case of conviction for treason, the governor may suspend execution
             71      of the sentence until the case is reported to the Legislature at its next session. The Legislature
             72      shall then either pardon or commute the sentence, or direct its execution.
             73          (5) In determining when, where, and under what conditions offenders serving sentences
             74      may be paroled, pardoned, have restitution ordered, or have their fines or forfeitures remitted,
             75      or their sentences commuted or terminated, the board shall consider whether the persons have
             76      made or are prepared to make restitution as ascertained in accordance with the standards and
             77      procedures of Section 77-38a-302 , as a condition of any parole, pardon, remission of fines or
             78      forfeitures, or commutation or termination of sentence.
             79          (6) In determining whether parole may be terminated, the board shall consider the
             80      offense committed by the parolee, the parole period as provided in Section 76-3-202 , and in
             81      accordance with Section 77-27-13 .
             82          Section 2. Section 77-27-6 is amended to read:
             83           77-27-6. Payment of restitution.
             84          (1) When the Board of Pardons and Parole orders the release on parole of an inmate
             85      who has been sentenced to make restitution pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims
             86      Restitution Act, or whom the board has ordered to make restitution, and all or a portion of
             87      restitution is still owing, the board may establish a schedule, including both complete and
             88      court-ordered restitution, by which payment of the restitution shall be made, or order
             89      compensatory or other service in lieu of or in combination with restitution. In fixing the

             90      schedule and supervising the paroled offender's performance, the board may consider the
             91      factors specified in Section 77-38a-302 .
             92          (2) (a) The board may impose any court order for restitution [and].
             93          (b) In accordance with Subsection 77-38a-302 (5)(d)(ii), the board may order that a
             94      defendant make restitution [in an amount not to exceed the] for pecuniary damages [to the
             95      victim of the offense of which the defendant has been convicted, the victim of any other
             96      criminal conduct admitted to by the defendant to the sentencing court, or for conduct for which
             97      the defendant has agreed to make restitution as part of a plea agreement] that were not
             98      determined by the court, unless the board applying the criteria as set forth in Section
             99      77-38a-302 determines that restitution is inappropriate.
             100          (c) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(d), the board shall make all orders of
             101      restitution within 60 days after the termination or expiration of the defendant's sentence.
             102          (d) If, upon termination or expiration of a defendant's sentence, the board has
             103      continuing jurisdiction over the defendant for a separate criminal offense, the board may defer
             104      making an order of restitution until termination or expiration of all sentences for that
             105      defendant.
             106          (3) The board may also make orders of restitution for recovery of any or all costs
             107      incurred by the Department of Corrections or the state or any other agency arising out of the
             108      defendant's needs or conduct.
             109          (4) If the defendant, upon termination or expiration of the [parole period] sentence
             110      owes outstanding fines, restitution, or other assessed costs, or if the board makes an order of
             111      restitution within 60 days after the termination or expiration of the defendant's sentence, the
             112      matter shall be referred to the district court for civil collection remedies. The Board of Pardons
             113      and Parole shall forward a restitution order to the sentencing court to be entered on the
             114      judgment docket. The entry shall constitute a lien and is subject to the same rules as a
             115      judgment for money in a civil judgment.
             116          Section 3. Section 77-38a-102 is amended to read:
             117           77-38a-102. Definitions.
             118          As used in this chapter:
             119          (1) "Conviction" includes a:
             120          (a) judgment of guilt;

             121          (b) a plea of guilty; or
             122          (c) a plea of no contest.
             123          (2) "Criminal activities" means any offense of which the defendant is convicted or any
             124      other criminal conduct for which the defendant admits responsibility to the sentencing court
             125      with or without an admission of committing the criminal conduct.
             126          (3) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
             127          (4) "Diversion" means suspending criminal proceedings prior to conviction on the
             128      condition that a defendant agree to participate in a rehabilitation program, make restitution to
             129      the victim, or fulfill some other condition.
             130          (5) "Party" means the prosecutor, defendant, or department involved in a prosecution.
             131          (6) "Pecuniary damages" means all [special damages, but not general damages,]
             132      demonstrable economic injury, whether or not yet incurred, which a person could recover
             133      [against the defendant] in a civil action arising out of the facts or events constituting the
             134      defendant's criminal activities and includes the [money equivalent] fair market value of
             135      property taken, destroyed, broken, or otherwise harmed, and losses including lost earnings and
             136      medical expenses, but excludes punitive or exemplary damages and pain and suffering .
             137          (7) "Plea agreement" means an agreement entered between the prosecution and
             138      defendant setting forth the special terms and conditions and criminal charges upon which the
             139      defendant will enter a plea of guilty or no contest.
             140          (8) "Plea in abeyance" means an order by a court, upon motion of the prosecution and
             141      the defendant, accepting a plea of guilty or of no contest from the defendant but not, at that
             142      time, entering judgment of conviction against him nor imposing sentence upon him on
             143      condition that he comply with specific conditions as set forth in a plea in abeyance agreement.
             144          (9) "Plea in abeyance agreement" means an agreement entered into between the
             145      prosecution and the defendant setting forth the specific terms and conditions upon which,
             146      following acceptance of the agreement by the court, a plea may be held in abeyance.
             147          (10) "Plea disposition" means an agreement entered into between the prosecution and
             148      defendant including diversion, plea agreement, plea in abeyance agreement, or any agreement
             149      by which the defendant may enter a plea in any other jurisdiction or where charges are
             150      dismissed without a plea.
             151          (11) "Restitution" means full, partial, or nominal payment for pecuniary damages to a

             152      victim, including prejudgment interest, the accrual of interest from the time of sentencing,
             153      insured damages, reimbursement for payment of a reward, and payment for expenses to a
             154      governmental entity for extradition or transportation and as may be further defined by law.
             155          (12) (a) "Reward" means a sum of money:
             156          (i) offered to the public for information leading to the arrest and conviction of an
             157      offender; and
             158          (ii) that has been paid to a person or persons who provide this information, except that
             159      the person receiving the payment may not be a codefendant, an accomplice, or a bounty hunter.
             160          (b) "Reward" does not include any amount paid in excess of the sum offered to the
             161      public.
             162          (13) "Screening" means the process used by a prosecuting attorney to terminate
             163      investigative action, proceed with prosecution, move to dismiss a prosecution that has been
             164      commenced, or cause a prosecution to be diverted.
             165          (14) (a) "Victim" means any person whom the court determines has suffered pecuniary
             166      damages as a result of the defendant's criminal activities.
             167          (b) "Victim" may not include a codefendant or accomplice.
             168          Section 4. Section 77-38a-203 is amended to read:
             169           77-38a-203. Restitution determination -- Department of Corrections --
             170      Presentence investigation.
             171          (1) (a) The department shall prepare a presentence investigation report in accordance
             172      with Subsection 77-18-1 (5). The prosecutor and law enforcement agency involved shall
             173      provide all available victim information to the department upon request. The victim impact
             174      statement shall:
             175          (i) identify all victims of the offense;
             176          (ii) itemize any economic loss suffered by the victim as a result of the offense;
             177          (iii) include for each identifiable victim a specific statement of the recommended
             178      amount of complete restitution as defined in Section 77-38a-302 , accompanied by a
             179      recommendation from the department regarding the payment by the defendant of court-ordered
             180      restitution with interest as defined in Section 77-38a-302 ;
             181          (iv) identify any physical, mental, or emotional injuries suffered by the victim as a
             182      result of the offense, and the seriousness and permanence;

             183          (v) describe any change in the victim's personal welfare or familial relationships as a
             184      result of the offense;
             185          (vi) identify any request for mental health services initiated by the victim or the
             186      victim's family as a result of the offense; and
             187          (vii) contain any other information related to the impact of the offense upon the victim
             188      or the victim's family that the court requires.
             189          (b) The crime victim shall be responsible to provide to the department upon request all
             190      invoices, bills, receipts, and other evidence of injury, loss of earnings, and out-of-pocket loss.
             191      The crime victim shall also provide upon request:
             192          (i) all documentation and evidence of compensation or reimbursement from insurance
             193      companies or agencies of the state of Utah, any other state, or federal government received as a
             194      direct result of the crime for injury, loss, earnings, or out-of-pocket loss; and
             195          (ii) proof of identification, including date of birth, Social Security number, drivers
             196      license number, next of kin, and home and work address and telephone numbers.
             197          (c) The inability, failure, or refusal of the crime victim to provide all or part of the
             198      requested information shall result in the court determining restitution based on the best
             199      information available.
             200          (2) (a) The court shall order the defendant as part of the presentence investigation to
             201      submit to the department any information determined necessary to be disclosed for the purpose
             202      of ascertaining the restitution.
             203          (b) The willful failure or refusal of the defendant to provide all or part of the requisite
             204      information shall constitute a waiver of any grounds to appeal or seek future amendment or
             205      alteration of the restitution order predicated on the undisclosed information.
             206          (c) If the defendant objects to the imposition, amount, or distribution of the restitution
             207      recommended in the presentence investigation, [or if the department is unable to determine the
             208      restitution for any reason,] the court shall set a hearing date to resolve the matter.
             209          (d) If any party fails to challenge the accuracy of the presentence investigation report at
             210      the time of sentencing, that matter shall be considered to be waived.
             211          Section 5. Section 77-38a-302 is amended to read:
             212           77-38a-302. Restitution criteria.
             213          (1) When a defendant is convicted of criminal activity that has resulted in pecuniary

             214      damages, in addition to any other sentence it may impose, the court shall order that the
             215      defendant make restitution to victims of crime as provided in this chapter, or for conduct for
             216      which the defendant has agreed to make restitution as part of a plea disposition. For purposes
             217      of restitution, a victim has the meaning as defined in Subsection 77-38a-102 [(13)](14) and in
             218      determining whether restitution is appropriate, the court shall follow the criteria and procedures
             219      as provided in Subsections (2) through (5).
             220          (2) In determining restitution, the court shall determine complete restitution and
             221      court-ordered restitution.
             222          (a) "Complete restitution" means restitution necessary to compensate a victim for all
             223      losses caused by the defendant.
             224          (b) "Court-ordered restitution" means the restitution the court having criminal
             225      jurisdiction orders the defendant to pay as a part of the criminal sentence at the time of
             226      sentencing or within one year after sentencing.
             227          (c) Complete restitution and court-ordered restitution shall be determined as provided
             228      in Subsection (5).
             229          (3) If the court determines that restitution is appropriate or inappropriate under this
             230      part, the court shall make the reasons for the decision part of the court record.
             231          (4) If the defendant objects to the imposition, amount, or distribution of the restitution,
             232      the court shall [at the time of sentencing] allow the defendant a full hearing on the issue.
             233          (5) (a) For the purpose of determining restitution for an offense, the offense shall
             234      include any criminal conduct admitted by the defendant to the sentencing court or to which the
             235      defendant agrees to pay restitution. A victim of an offense that involves as an element a
             236      scheme, a conspiracy, or a pattern of criminal activity, includes any person directly harmed by
             237      the defendant's criminal conduct in the course of the scheme, conspiracy, or pattern.
             238          (b) In determining the monetary sum and other conditions for complete restitution, the
             239      court shall consider all relevant facts, including:
             240          (i) the cost of the damage or loss if the offense resulted in damage to or loss or
             241      destruction of property of a victim of the offense;
             242          (ii) the cost of necessary medical and related professional services and devices relating
             243      to physical or mental health care, including nonmedical care and treatment rendered in
             244      accordance with a method of healing recognized by the law of the place of treatment;

             245          (iii) the cost of necessary physical and occupational therapy and rehabilitation;
             246          (iv) the income lost by the victim as a result of the offense if the offense resulted in
             247      bodily injury to a victim;
             248          (v) up to five days of the individual victim's determinable wages that are lost due to
             249      theft of or damage to tools or equipment items of a trade that were owned by the victim and
             250      were essential to the victim's current employment at the time of the offense; and
             251          (vi) the cost of necessary funeral and related services if the offense resulted in the death
             252      of a victim.
             253          (c) In determining the monetary sum and other conditions for court-ordered restitution,
             254      the court shall consider the factors listed in Subsections (5)(a) and (b) and:
             255          (i) the financial resources of the defendant and the burden that payment of restitution
             256      will impose, with regard to the other obligations of the defendant;
             257          (ii) the ability of the defendant to pay restitution on an installment basis or on other
             258      conditions to be fixed by the court;
             259          (iii) the rehabilitative effect on the defendant of the payment of restitution and the
             260      method of payment; and
             261          (iv) other circumstances which the court determines may make restitution
             262      inappropriate.
             263          [(d) The court may decline to make an order or may defer entering an order of
             264      restitution if the court determines that the complication and prolongation of the sentencing
             265      process, as a result of considering an order of restitution under this Subsection (5), substantially
             266      outweighs the need to provide restitution to the victim.]
             267          (d) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(d)(ii), the court shall determine complete
             268      restitution and court-ordered restitution, and shall make all restitution orders at the time of
             269      sentencing if feasible, otherwise within one year after sentencing.
             270          (ii) Any pecuniary damages that have not been determined by the court within one year
             271      after sentencing may be determined by the Board of Pardons and Parole.
             272          (e) The Board of Pardons and Parole may, within one year after sentencing, refer an
             273      order of judgment and commitment back to the court for determination of restitution.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-2-04 11:35 AM

Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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