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S.B. 145






Sponsor: Allen M. Christensen

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Utah Medical Practice Act to prohibit certain noncompetition
             10      agreements.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms; and
             14          .    prohibits freestanding ambulatory surgical centers from restricting a physician's
             15      right to compete.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      ENACTS:
             22          58-67-804, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 58-67-804 is enacted to read:
             26          58-67-804. Noncompete agreements -- Freestanding ambulatory surgical centers.
             27          (1) The Legislature finds that the state is experiencing a severe shortage of physicians

             28      and surgeons to provide necessary medical care to the population, and that this shortage is
             29      expected to grow worse in the future as the population grows and continues to age.
             30      Noncompetition agreements exacerbate this shortage by prohibiting physicians and surgeons
             31      from establishing ambulatory surgical centers and providing outpatient medical and surgical
             32      services in locations where such services do not otherwise exist, by making it harder for
             33      medical practices in the state to recruit new physicians, and by contributing to a maldistribution
             34      of health care providers throughout the state generally and especially in rural areas. Therefore,
             35      to protect and advance the health and general welfare of the citizenry, the Legislature finds that
             36      such noncompetition provisions should be invalidated.
             37          (2) For purposes of this section:
             38          (a) "Freestanding ambulatory surgical center" means any distinct entity licensed under
             39      Title 26, Chapter 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act:
             40          (i) which exclusively provides outpatient surgical procedures and services to patients
             41      not requiring overnight hospitalization;
             42          (ii) which is neither part of nor located on a hospital campus; and
             43          (iii) in which no hospital or corporation owning multiple hospitals has an ownership
             44      interest.
             45          (b) "Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine under Title 58, Chapter
             46      67, Utah Medical Practice Act.
             47          (3) Any provision of a corporate, partnership, investment, or ownership agreement of a
             48      freestanding ambulatory surgical center which prohibits competition by a physician or restricts
             49      the right of a physician to establish, own, invest in, or be compensated by another freestanding
             50      ambulatory surgical center is null and void and unenforceable with respect to the restriction.
             51      All other provisions or terms of any such agreement shall remain enforceable to the extent
             52      allowed by law.
             53          (4) This section shall have retrospective as well as prospective effect.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-26-05 8:58 AM

Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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