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Second Substitute H.B. 69

Representative Kerry W. Gibson proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Bradley T. Johnson

Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Utah Dairy Act to allow the sale of raw milk under certain
             10      conditions.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines a cow-share program; and
             14          .    prohibits cow-share programs.
             15      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             16          None
             17      Other Special Clauses:
             18          None
             19      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             20      AMENDS:
             21          4-3-1, as enacted by Chapter 2, Laws of Utah 1979
             22          4-3-10, as enacted by Chapter 2, Laws of Utah 1979
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 4-3-1 is amended to read:

             26           4-3-1. Definitions.
             27          As used in this chapter:
             28          (1) "Adulterated" means any dairy product which:
             29          (a) contains any poisonous or deleterious substance that may render it injurious to
             30      health;
             31          (b) has been produced, prepared, packaged, or held under unsanitary conditions, or
             32      where it may have become contaminated or where it may have become diseased or injurious to
             33      health;
             34          (c) contains any food additive that is unsafe within the meaning of Section 409 of the
             35      Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act;
             36          (d) contains any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance, or fresh fluid milk which
             37      contains lactic acid at or above the level of .18 of 1%, or cream with a lactic acid level at or
             38      above .8 of 1%, or which is otherwise unfit for human food;
             39          (e) is the product of a diseased animal or an animal which died otherwise than by
             40      slaughter, or an animal fed upon uncooked offal;
             41          (f) has intentionally been subjected to radiation, unless the use of the radiation is in
             42      conformity with a regulation or exemption promulgated by the department; or
             43          (g) has any valuable constituent omitted or abstracted, or which has any substance
             44      substituted in whole or in part therefor, or which has damage or inferiority concealed in any
             45      manner, or which has any substance added, mixed, or packed with the product to increase its
             46      bulk or weight, or reduce its quality or strength, or make it appear better or of greater value.
             47          (2) "Cow-share program" means a program in which a person acquires an undivided
             48      interest in a milk producing hoofed mammal through an agreement with a producer that
             49      includes:
             50          (a) a bill of sale for an interest in the mammal;
             51          (b) a boarding arrangement under which the person boards the mammal with the
             52      producer for the care and milking of the mammal; and
             53          (c) an arrangement under which the person receives raw milk for personal
             54      consumption.
             55          [(2)] (3) "Dairy product" means any product derived from raw or pasteurized milk.
             56          [(3)] (4) "Distributor" means any person who distributes a dairy product.

             57          [(4)] (5) "Filled milk" means any milk, cream, or skimmed milk, whether condensed,
             58      evaporated, concentrated, powdered, dried, or desiccated, which has fat or oil other than milk
             59      fat added, blended, or compounded with it so that the resultant product is an imitation or
             60      semblance of milk, cream, or skimmed milk. It does not include any distinctive proprietary
             61      food compound which is prepared and designated for feeding infants and young children which
             62      is customarily used upon the order of a licensed physician; provided, that the word "milk" does
             63      not appear in the product name or in any statement on the label, and that the label conforms
             64      with the food labeling requirements.
             65          [(5)] (6) "Frozen dairy products" mean dairy products normally served to the consumer
             66      in a frozen or semifrozen state.
             67          [(6)] (7) "Grade A milk," "grade A milk products," and "milk" for the purposes of this
             68      chapter have the same meaning that is accorded such terms in the federal standards for grade A
             69      milk and grade A milk products unless modified by regulations of the department.
             70          [(7)] (8) "License" means a document allowing a person or plant to process,
             71      manufacture, supply, test, haul, or pasteurize milk or milk products or conduct such other
             72      activity as specified by the license.
             73          [(8)] (9) "Manufacturer" means any person who processes milk in such a way that its
             74      character is changed.
             75          [(9)] (10) "Manufacturing milk" means milk used in the production of non-grade A
             76      dairy products.
             77          [(10)] (11) "Misbranded" means any dairy product whose label is false or misleading in
             78      any particular, or whose label or package fails to conform to any federal regulation adopted by
             79      the department which pertains to packaging and labeling. It also means:
             80          (a) any dairy product in final packaged form manufactured in this state which does not
             81      bear the manufacturer's, packer's, or distributor's name, address, and plant number, if
             82      applicable; and, a clear statement of the product's common or usual name, quantity, and
             83      ingredients, if applicable, and any other information required by regulation of the department;
             84          (b) any butter in consumer package form that is not at least B grade, or that does not
             85      meet the grade claimed on the package, measured by U.S.D.A. butter grade standards;
             86          (c) any imitation butter made in whole or in part from material other than wholesome
             87      milk or cream, except clearly labeled "margarine";

             88          (d) renovated butter unless the words "renovated butter," in letters not less than
             89      1/2-inch in height appear on each package, roll, square, or container of such butter; or
             90          (e) any dairy product in final packaged form which makes nutritional claims or adds or
             91      adjusts nutrients that are not so labeled.
             92          [(11)] (12) "Pasteurization" means any process which renders dairy products practically
             93      free of disease organisms and is accepted by federal standards.
             94          [(12)] (13) "Permit or certificate" means a document allowing a person to market milk.
             95          [(13)] (14) "Plant" means any facility where milk is processed or manufactured.
             96          [(14)] (15) "Processor" means any person who subjects milk to a process.
             97          [(15)] (16) "Producer" means a person who owns [cows] a cow or other milk producing
             98      hoofed mammal that [produce] produces milk for consumption by persons other than the
             99      producer's family, employees, or nonpaying guests.
             100          [(16)] (17) "Raw milk" means unpasteurized milk.
             101          [(17)] (18) "Renovated butter" means butter that is reduced to a liquid state by melting
             102      and drawing off such liquid or butter oil and churning or otherwise manipulating it in
             103      connection with milk or any product of milk.
             104          [(18)] (19) "Retailer" means any person who sells or distributes dairy products directly
             105      to the consumer.
             106          Section 2. Section 4-3-10 is amended to read:
             107           4-3-10. Unlawful acts specified.
             108          It is unlawful for any person in this state to:
             109          (1) operate a plant without a license issued by the department;
             110          (2) market milk without a permit or certificate issued by the department;
             111          (3) manufacture butter or cheese, pasteurize milk, test milk for payment, or haul milk
             112      in bulk without a special license to perform the particular activity designated in this subsection;
             113      provided, that if more than one person working in a plant is engaged in the performance of a
             114      single activity designated in this subsection, it is sufficient if the person who directs the activity
             115      is licensed.
             116          (4) manufacture, distribute, sell, deliver, hold, store, or offer for sale any adulterated or
             117      misbranded dairy product;
             118          (5) manufacture, distribute, sell, deliver, hold, store, or offer for sale any dairy product

             119      without a license, permit, or certificate required by this chapter;
             120          (6) sell or offer for sale any milk not intended for human consumption unless it is
             121      denatured or decharacterized in accordance with the regulations of the department;
             122          (7) manufacture, distribute, sell, or offer for sale any filled milk labeled as milk or as a
             123      dairy product;
             124          (8) keep any animals with brucellosis, tuberculosis, or other infectious or contagious
             125      diseases communicable to humans in any place where they may come in contact with cows or
             126      other milking animals;
             127          (9) draw milk for human food from cows or other milking animals that are infected
             128      with tuberculosis, running sores, communicable diseases, or from animals that are fed feed that
             129      will produce milk that is adulterated;
             130          (10) accept, or process milk from any producer without verification that the producer
             131      holds a valid permit or certification or, if milk is accepted from out of the state, without
             132      verification that the producer holds a permit or certification from the appropriate regulatory
             133      agency of that state;
             134          (11) use any contaminated or unclean equipment or container to process, manufacture,
             135      distribute, deliver, or sell a dairy product;
             136          (12) remove, change, conceal, erase, or obliterate any mark or tag placed upon any
             137      equipment, tank, or container by the department; except, for the purpose of cleaning and
             138      sanitizing it;
             139          (13) use any tank or container used for the transportation of milk or other dairy
             140      products which is unclean or contaminated;
             141          (14) refuse to allow the department to take samples for testing; [or]
             142          (15) prohibit adding vitamin compounds in the processing of milk and dairy products
             143      in accordance with regulations of the department[.]; or
             144          (16) own, operate, organize, or otherwise participate in a cow-share program where the
             145      milk producing hoofed mammal is located in Utah.

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