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First Substitute H.B. 257

Representative David L. Hogue proposes the following substitute bill:





Chief Sponsor: David L. Hogue

Senate Sponsor: Darin G. Peterson

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding material harmful to minors.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends the definition of material that is harmful to a minor to include inappropriate
             14      violence; and
             15          .    provides a definition of inappropriate violence.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          76-10-1201, as last amended by Chapter 9, Laws of Utah 2001
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 76-10-1201 is amended to read:

             26           76-10-1201. Definitions.
             27          For the purpose of this part:
             28          (1) "Contemporary community standards" means those current standards in the
             29      vicinage where an offense alleged under this act has occurred, is occurring, or will occur.
             30          (2) "Distribute" means to transfer possession of materials whether with or without
             31      consideration.
             32          (3) "Exhibit" means to show.
             33          (4) (a) "Harmful to minors" means that quality of any description or representation, in
             34      whatsoever form, of nudity, sexual conduct, sexual excitement, or sadomasochistic abuse when
             35      it:
             36          [(a)] (i) taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest in sex of minors;
             37          [(b)] (ii) is patently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community as a whole
             38      with respect to what is suitable material for minors; and
             39          [(c)] (iii) taken as a whole, does not have serious value for minors. Serious value
             40      includes only serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value for minors.
             41          (b) "Harmful to minors" means that quality of any description or representation, in
             42      whatsoever form, of inappropriate violence.
             43          (5) "Inappropriate violence" means any description or representation, in an interactive
             44      video or electronic game, of violence when it:
             45          (a) is patently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community as a whole with
             46      respect to what is suitable material for minors; and
             47          (b) taken as a whole, does not have serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value
             48      for minors, based on but not limited to, the following criteria:
             49          (i) is glamorized or gratuitous;
             50          (ii) is graphic violence used to shock or stimulate;
             51          (iii) is graphic violence that is not contextually relevant to the material;
             52          (iv) is so pervasive that it serves as the thread holding the plot of the material together;
             53          (v) trivializes the serious nature of realistic violence;
             54          (vi) does not demonstrate the consequences or effects of realistic violence;
             55          (vii) uses brutal weapons designed to inflict the maximum amount of pain and damage;
             56          (viii) endorses or glorifies torture or excessive weaponry; or

             57          (ix) depicts lead characters who resort to violence freely.
             58          [(5)] (6) "Knowingly" means an awareness, whether actual or constructive, of the
             59      character of material or of a performance. A person has constructive knowledge if a reasonable
             60      inspection or observation under the circumstances would have disclosed the nature of the
             61      subject matter and if a failure to inspect or observe is either for the purpose of avoiding the
             62      disclosure or is criminally negligent.
             63          [(6)] (7) "Material":
             64          (a) means anything printed or written or any picture, drawing, photograph, motion
             65      picture, or pictorial representation, or any statue or other figure, or any recording or
             66      transcription, or any mechanical, chemical, or electrical reproduction, or anything which is or
             67      may be used as a means of communication[. Material]; and
             68          (b) includes undeveloped photographs, molds, printing plates, and other latent
             69      representational objects.
             70          [(7)] (8) "Minor" means any person less than [eighteen] 18 years of age.
             71          [(8)] (9) "Nudity" means the showing of the human male or female genitals, pubic area,
             72      or buttocks, with less than an opaque covering, or the showing of a female breast with less than
             73      an opaque covering, or any portion [thereof] of the female breast below the top of the nipple, or
             74      the depiction of covered male genitals in a discernibly turgid state.
             75          [(9)] (10) "Performance" means any physical human bodily activity, whether engaged
             76      in alone or with other persons, including but not limited to singing, speaking, dancing, acting,
             77      simulating, or pantomiming.
             78          [(10)] (11) "Public place" includes a place to which admission is gained by payment of
             79      a membership or admission fee, however designated, notwithstanding its being designated a
             80      private club or by words of like import.
             81          [(11)] (12) "Sado-masochistic abuse" means flagellation or torture by or upon a person
             82      who is nude or clad in undergarments, a mask, or in a revealing or bizarre costume, or the
             83      condition of being fettered, bound, or otherwise physically restrained on the part of one so
             84      clothed.
             85          [(12)] (13) "Sexual conduct" means acts of masturbation, sexual intercourse, or any
             86      touching of a person's clothed or unclothed genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or, if the person is a
             87      female, breast, whether alone or between members of the same or opposite sex or between

             88      humans and animals in an act of apparent or actual sexual stimulation or gratification.
             89          [(13)] (14) "Sexual excitement" means a condition of human male or female genitals
             90      when in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal, or the sensual experiences of humans engaging
             91      in or witnessing sexual conduct or nudity.

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