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S.B. 128 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Thomas V. Hatch

House Sponsor: David Clark

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill addresses the use of a revolving credit line trust deed.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines "revolving credit line";
             13          .    addresses a secured lender's release of security under a revolving credit line; and
             14          .    makes technical changes.
             15      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             16          None
             17      Other Special Clauses:
             18          None
             19      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             20      AMENDS:
             21          57-1-38, as last amended by Chapter 185, Laws of Utah 1995
             23      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             24          Section 1. Section 57-1-38 is amended to read:
             25           57-1-38. Release of security interest.
             26          (1) As used in this section:
             27          (a) "Revolving credit line" means an agreement between the borrower and a secured
             28      lender who agrees to loan the borrower money on a continuing basis so long as the outstanding
             29      principal amount owed by the borrower does not exceed a specified amount.

             30          [(a)] (b) "Secured lender" means:
             31          (i) a mortgagee on a mortgage;
             32          (ii) a beneficiary on a trust deed;
             33          (iii) a person that holds or retains legal title to real property as security for financing the
             34      purchase of the real property under a real estate sales contract; and
             35          (iv) any other person that holds or retains a security interest in real property to secure
             36      the repayment of a secured loan.
             37          [(b)] (c) (i) "Secured loan" means a loan or extension of credit, the repayment of which
             38      is secured by a mortgage, a trust deed, the holding or retention of legal title under a real estate
             39      sales contract, or other security interest in real property, whether or not the security interest is
             40      perfected.
             41          (ii) A judgment award secured by a judgment lien is not of itself a secured loan. A
             42      subsequent written agreement between a judgment creditor and a judgment debtor concerning
             43      payment of the judgment is a secured loan if it otherwise qualifies under the definition in
             44      Subsection (1)[(b)](c)(i).
             45          [(c)] (d) "Security interest" means an interest in real property that secures payment or
             46      performance of an obligation. Security interest includes a lien or encumbrance.
             47          [(d)] (e) "Servicer" means a person that services and receives loan payments on behalf
             48      of a secured lender with respect to a secured loan.
             49          (2) This section may not be interpreted to validate, invalidate, alter, or otherwise affect
             50      the foreclosure of a mortgage, the exercise of a trustee's power of sale, the exercise of a seller's
             51      right of reentry under a real estate sales contract, or the exercise of any other power or remedy
             52      of a secured lender to enforce the repayment of a secured loan.
             53          (3) A secured lender or servicer who fails to release the security interest on a secured
             54      loan within 90 days after receipt of the final payment of the loan is liable to another secured
             55      lender on the real property or the owner or titleholder of the real property for:
             56          (a) the greater of $1,000 or treble actual damages incurred because of the failure to
             57      release the security interest, including all expenses incurred in completing a quiet title action;

             58      and
             59          (b) reasonable attorneys' fees and court costs.
             60          (4) A secured lender or servicer is not liable under Subsection (3) if the secured lender
             61      or servicer:
             62          (a) has established a reasonable procedure to release the security interest on a secured
             63      loan in a timely manner after the final payment on the loan;
             64          (b) has complied with this procedure in good faith; and
             65          (c) is unable to release the security interest within 90 days after receipt of the final
             66      payment because of the action or inaction of an agency or other person beyond its direct
             67      control.
             68          (5) A secured lender under a revolving credit line shall close the revolving credit line
             69      and release the security interest if the secured lender receives:
             70          (a) payment in full from a third party involved in a sale or loan transaction affecting the
             71      security interest; and
             72          (b) (i) a request from a third party for full payoff of the credit line; or
             73          (ii) a written request to close the credit line.

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