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S.B. 135 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

House Sponsor: David Ure

             6      Cosponsor:Carlene M. Walker              7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill expands the definition of the inherent risk of skiing to include competitive and
             11      professional skiing and more fully describes the hazards associated with changing
             12      weather and snow conditions, surface and subsurface conditions, variations in different
             13      terrain, and the potential impact with towers and other structures.
             14      Highlighted Provisions:
             15          This bill:
             16          .    defines skier as a person who, within a ski area, uses skis, sled, tube, snowboard, or
             17      any other device to engage in the sport of skiing;
             18          .    defines the sport of skiing to include participation in, or practicing or training for,
             19      competitions or special events;
             20          .    more fully describes the inherent hazards of changing weather and snow conditions
             21      by identifying different types of snow conditions such as hard pack, powder, packed
             22      powder, wind pack, corn, crust, slush, cut-up snow, and machine-made snow;
             23          .    more fully describes the inherent hazards of surface and subsurface conditions by
             24      referencing cliffs, trees, streambeds, and other natural objects; and
             25          .    more fully describes variations and steepness in terrain to include snowmaking and
             26      grooming operations and terrain parks and features, such as jumps, rails, fun boxes,
             27      and other constructed and natural features, such as half pipes, quarter pipes, and
             28      freestyle-bump terrain.
             29      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:

             30          None
             31      Other Special Clauses:
             32          None
             33      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             34      AMENDS:
             35          78-27-52, as last amended by Chapter 86, Laws of Utah 1993
             37      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             38          Section 1. Section 78-27-52 is amended to read:
             39           78-27-52. Inherent risks of skiing -- Definitions.
             40          As used in this act:
             41          (1) "Inherent risks of skiing" means those dangers or conditions which are an integral
             42      part of the [sports of] sport of recreational, competitive, or professional skiing, [snowboarding,
             43      and ski jumping,] including, but not limited to:
             44          (a) changing weather conditions[, variations or steepness in terrain];
             45          (b) snow or ice conditions[;] as they exist or may change, such as hard pack, powder,
             46      packed powder, wind pack, corn, crust, slush, cut-up snow, or machine-made snow;
             47          (c) surface or subsurface conditions such as bare spots, forest growth, rocks, stumps,
             48      streambeds, cliffs, trees, and other natural objects;
             49          (d) variations or steepness in terrain, whether natural or as a result of slope design,
             50      snowmaking or grooming operations, and other terrain modifications such as terrain parks, and
             51      terrain features such as jumps, rails, fun boxes, and all other constructed and natural features
             52      such as half pipes, quarter pipes, or freestyle-bump terrain;
             53          (e) impact with lift towers and other structures and their components[;] such as signs,
             54      posts, fences or enclosures, hydrants, or water pipes;
             55          (f) collisions with other skiers; [and a skier's failure to ski or jump]
             56          (g) participation in, or practicing or training for, competitions or special events; and
             57          (h) the failure of a skier to ski within the skier's own ability.

             58          (2) "Injury" means any personal injury or property damage or loss.
             59          (3) "Skier" means any person present in a ski area for the purpose of engaging in the
             60      sport of skiing, nordic, freestyle, or other types of ski jumping, [and snowboarding] using skis,
             61      sled, tube, snowboard, or any other device.
             62          (4) "Ski area" means any area designated by a ski area operator to be used for skiing,
             63      nordic, freestyle, or other type of ski jumping, and snowboarding.
             64          (5) "Ski area operator" means those persons, and their agents, officers, employees or
             65      representatives, who operate a ski area.

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