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S.B. 150 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Gregory S. Bell

House Sponsor: Scott L Wyatt

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill requires the full amount of restitution to be paid before a person can be eligible
             10      for an expungement.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires the full amount of court ordered restitution be paid:
             14              .    before a person can be eligible for an expungement; and
             15              .    before a court can enter a conviction to the next lower degree of a criminal
             16      offense; and
             17          .    requires a petitioner to pay the full amount of restitution ordered by a court for the
             18      criminal conviction for which the person in seeking an expungement.
             19      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          76-3-402, as last amended by Chapter 7, Laws of Utah 1991
             26          77-18-12, as last amended by Chapter 2, Laws of Utah 2005
             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 76-3-402 is amended to read:

             30           76-3-402. Conviction of lower degree of offense.
             31          (1) If the court, having regard to the nature and circumstances of the offense of which
             32      the defendant was found guilty and to the history and character of the defendant, concludes it
             33      would be unduly harsh to record the conviction as being for that degree of offense established
             34      by statute and to sentence the defendant to an alternative normally applicable to that offense,
             35      the court may unless otherwise specifically provided by law enter a judgment of conviction for
             36      the next lower degree of offense and impose sentence accordingly.
             37          (2) If a conviction is for a third degree felony the conviction is considered to be for a
             38      class A misdemeanor if:
             39          (a) the judge designates the sentence to be for a class A misdemeanor and the sentence
             40      imposed is within the limits provided by law for a class A misdemeanor; or
             41          (b) (i) the imposition of the sentence is stayed and the defendant is placed on probation,
             42      whether committed to jail as a condition of probation or not;
             43          (ii) the defendant is subsequently discharged without violating his probation; and
             44          (iii) the judge upon motion and notice to the prosecuting attorney, and a hearing if
             45      requested by either party or the court, finds it is in the interest of justice that the conviction be
             46      considered to be for a class A misdemeanor.
             47          (3) An offense may be reduced only one degree under this section unless the prosecutor
             48      specifically agrees in writing or on the court record that the offense may be reduced two
             49      degrees. In no case may an offense be reduced under this section by more than two degrees.
             50          (4) This section may not be construed to preclude any person from obtaining or being
             51      granted an expungement of his record as provided by law.
             52          (5) Judgment for a conviction for a lower degree of offense may not be entered if there
             53      remains any unpaid balance on court ordered restitution for the offense for which the reduction
             54      is sought.
             55          Section 2. Section 77-18-12 is amended to read:
             56           77-18-12. Grounds for denial of certificate of eligibility -- Effect of prior
             57      convictions.

             58          (1) The division shall issue a certificate of eligibility to a petitioner seeking to obtain
             59      expungement for a criminal record unless prior to issuing a certificate of eligibility the division
             60      finds, through records of a governmental agency, including national criminal data bases that:
             61          (a) the conviction for which expungement is sought is:
             62          (i) a capital felony;
             63          (ii) a first degree felony;
             64          (iii) a second degree forcible felony;
             65          (iv) automobile homicide;
             66          (v) a felony violation of Section 41-6a-502 ;
             67          (vi) a conviction involving a sexual act against a minor;
             68          (vii) any registerable sex offense as defined in Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)[(d)] (e); or
             69          (viii) an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit any offense listed in Subsection
             70      77-27-21.5 (1)[(d)] (e);
             71          (b) the petitioner's record includes two or more convictions for any type of offense
             72      which would be classified as a felony under Utah law, not arising out of a single criminal
             73      episode, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the convictions occurred;
             74          (c) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of a crime
             75      which would be classified as a felony in Utah;
             76          (d) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of two or
             77      more convictions which would be classified as misdemeanors in Utah unless the convictions
             78      would be classified as class B or class C misdemeanors in Utah and 15 years have passed since
             79      these misdemeanor convictions;
             80          (e) the petitioner was convicted in any jurisdiction, subsequent to the conviction for
             81      which expungement is sought and within the time periods as provided in Subsection (2), of a
             82      crime which would be classified in Utah as a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction;
             83          (f) the [person] petitioner has a combination of three or more convictions not arising
             84      out of a single criminal episode including any conviction for an offense which would be
             85      classified under Utah law as a class B or class A misdemeanor or as a felony, including any

             86      misdemeanor and felony convictions previously expunged, regardless of the jurisdiction in
             87      which the conviction or expungement occurred; [or]
             88          (g) a proceeding involving a crime is pending or being instituted in any jurisdiction
             89      against the petitioner[.]; or
             90          (h) the petitioner has not paid the full amount of court ordered restitution pursuant to
             91      Section 77-38a-302 , or by the Board of Pardons pursuant to Section 77-27-6 on the conviction
             92      for which the person is seeking an expungement.
             93          (2) A conviction may not be included for purposes of Subsection (1)(e), and a
             94      conviction may not be considered for expungement until, after the petitioner's release from
             95      incarceration, parole, or probation, whichever occurs last and all fines ordered by the court
             96      have been satisfied, at least the following period of time has elapsed:
             97          (a) seven years in the case of a felony;
             98          (b) ten years in the case of:
             99          (i) a misdemeanor conviction or the equivalent of a misdemeanor conviction as defined
             100      in Subsection 41-6a-501 (2); or
             101          (ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             102          (c) five years in the case of a class A misdemeanor;
             103          (d) three years in the case of any other misdemeanor or infraction under Title 76, Utah
             104      Criminal Code; or
             105          (e) 15 years in the case of multiple class B or class C misdemeanors.
             106          (3) A petitioner who would not be eligible to receive a certificate of eligibility under
             107      Subsection (1)(d) or (f) may receive a certificate of eligibility for one additional expungement
             108      if at least 15 years have elapsed since the last of any of the following:
             109          (a) release from incarceration, parole, or probation relating to the most recent
             110      conviction; and
             111          (b) any other conviction which would have prevented issuance of a certificate of
             112      eligibility under Subsection (1)(e).
             113          (4) If, after reasonable research, a disposition for an arrest on the criminal history file is

             114      unobtainable, the division may issue a special certificate giving discretion of eligibility to the
             115      court.

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