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First Substitute S.B. 150

Senator Gregory S. Bell proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Gregory S. Bell

House Sponsor: Scott L Wyatt

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill requires the full amount of restitution to be paid before a person can be eligible
             10      for an expungement.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires a petitioner to pay the full amount of restitution ordered by a court for the
             14      criminal conviction for which the person in seeking an expungement.
             15      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             16          None
             17      Other Special Clauses:
             18          None
             19      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             20      AMENDS:
             21          76-3-402, as last amended by Chapter 7, Laws of Utah 1991
             22          77-18-12, as last amended by Chapter 2, Laws of Utah 2005
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 76-3-402 is amended to read:

             26           76-3-402. Conviction of lower degree of offense.
             27          (1) If the court, having regard to the nature and circumstances of the offense of which
             28      the defendant was found guilty and to the history and character of the defendant, concludes it
             29      would be unduly harsh to record the conviction as being for that degree of offense established
             30      by statute and to sentence the defendant to an alternative normally applicable to that offense,
             31      the court may unless otherwise specifically provided by law enter a judgment of conviction for
             32      the next lower degree of offense and impose sentence accordingly.
             33          (2) If a conviction is for a third degree felony the conviction is considered to be for a
             34      class A misdemeanor if:
             35          (a) the judge designates the sentence to be for a class A misdemeanor and the sentence
             36      imposed is within the limits provided by law for a class A misdemeanor; or
             37          (b) (i) the imposition of the sentence is stayed and the defendant is placed on probation,
             38      whether committed to jail as a condition of probation or not;
             39          (ii) the defendant is subsequently discharged without violating his probation; and
             40          (iii) the judge upon motion and notice to the prosecuting attorney, and a hearing if
             41      requested by either party or the court, finds it is in the interest of justice that the conviction be
             42      considered to be for a class A misdemeanor.
             43          (3) An offense may be reduced only one degree under this section unless the prosecutor
             44      specifically agrees in writing or on the court record that the offense may be reduced two
             45      degrees. In no case may an offense be reduced under this section by more than two degrees.
             46          (4) This section may not be construed to preclude any person from obtaining or being
             47      granted an expungement of his record as provided by law.
             48          (5) A judgment for a conviction under Subsection (2)(b) may not be entered if there
             49      remains any unpaid balance on court ordered restitution for that particular offense entered
             50      pursuant to Section 77-38a-302 .
             51          Section 2. Section 77-18-12 is amended to read:
             52           77-18-12. Grounds for denial of certificate of eligibility -- Effect of prior
             53      convictions.
             54          (1) The division shall issue a certificate of eligibility to a petitioner seeking to obtain
             55      expungement for a criminal record unless prior to issuing a certificate of eligibility the division
             56      finds, through records of a governmental agency, including national criminal data bases that:

             57          (a) the conviction for which expungement is sought is:
             58          (i) a capital felony;
             59          (ii) a first degree felony;
             60          (iii) a second degree forcible felony;
             61          (iv) automobile homicide;
             62          (v) a felony violation of Section 41-6a-502 ;
             63          (vi) a conviction involving a sexual act against a minor;
             64          (vii) any registerable sex offense as defined in Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)[(d)] (e); or
             65          (viii) an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit any offense listed in Subsection
             66      77-27-21.5 (1)[(d)] (e);
             67          (b) the petitioner's record includes two or more convictions for any type of offense
             68      which would be classified as a felony under Utah law, not arising out of a single criminal
             69      episode, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the convictions occurred;
             70          (c) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of a crime
             71      which would be classified as a felony in Utah;
             72          (d) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of two or
             73      more convictions which would be classified as misdemeanors in Utah unless the convictions
             74      would be classified as class B or class C misdemeanors in Utah and 15 years have passed since
             75      these misdemeanor convictions;
             76          (e) the petitioner was convicted in any jurisdiction, subsequent to the conviction for
             77      which expungement is sought and within the time periods as provided in Subsection (2), of a
             78      crime which would be classified in Utah as a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction;
             79          (f) the [person] petitioner has a combination of three or more convictions not arising
             80      out of a single criminal episode including any conviction for an offense which would be
             81      classified under Utah law as a class B or class A misdemeanor or as a felony, including any
             82      misdemeanor and felony convictions previously expunged, regardless of the jurisdiction in
             83      which the conviction or expungement occurred; [or]
             84          (g) a proceeding involving a crime is pending or being instituted in any jurisdiction
             85      against the petitioner[.]; or
             86          (h) the petitioner has not paid the full amount of restitution ordered by a court pursuant
             87      to Section 77-38a-302 , or by the Board of Pardons pursuant to Section 77-27-6 on the

             88      conviction for which the person is seeking an expungement.
             89          (2) A conviction may not be included for purposes of Subsection (1)(e), and a
             90      conviction may not be considered for expungement until, after the petitioner's release from
             91      incarceration, parole, or probation, whichever occurs last and all fines ordered by the court
             92      have been satisfied, at least the following period of time has elapsed:
             93          (a) seven years in the case of a felony;
             94          (b) ten years in the case of:
             95          (i) a misdemeanor conviction or the equivalent of a misdemeanor conviction as defined
             96      in Subsection 41-6a-501 (2); or
             97          (ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             98          (c) five years in the case of a class A misdemeanor;
             99          (d) three years in the case of any other misdemeanor or infraction under Title 76, Utah
             100      Criminal Code; or
             101          (e) 15 years in the case of multiple class B or class C misdemeanors.
             102          (3) A petitioner who would not be eligible to receive a certificate of eligibility under
             103      Subsection (1)(d) or (f) may receive a certificate of eligibility for one additional expungement
             104      if at least 15 years have elapsed since the last of any of the following:
             105          (a) release from incarceration, parole, or probation relating to the most recent
             106      conviction; and
             107          (b) any other conviction which would have prevented issuance of a certificate of
             108      eligibility under Subsection (1)(e).
             109          (4) If, after reasonable research, a disposition for an arrest on the criminal history file is
             110      unobtainable, the division may issue a special certificate giving discretion of eligibility to the
             111      court.

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